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English, Three Knights System (A27)
1 c4 e5 2 Nc3 Nc6 3 Nf3

Number of games in database: 576
Years covered: 1913 to 2017
Overall record:
   White wins 43.9%
   Black wins 27.4%
   Draws 28.6%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Wolfgang Uhlmann  12 games
Simon Kim Williams  11 games
Andras Adorjan  7 games
Predrag Nikolic  9 games
Vlastimil Hort  8 games
Walter Shawn Browne  7 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Sanahuja vs Fernandez, 1983
D Andreikin vs Karjakin, 2010
Muller vs NN, 1928
Seirawan vs Browne, 1979
Doroshkievich vs V Tukmakov, 1970
Fritz vs Kramnik, 2000
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 page 1 of 24; games 1-25 of 576  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. J Stapfer vs C Jaffe  0-129 1913 American NationalA27 English, Three Knights System
2. I Rabinovich vs Nenarokov  1-029 1925 USSR ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
3. P F van Hoorn vs Loman  0-120 1926 NED-chA27 English, Three Knights System
4. Ahues vs Saemisch  ½-½61 1926 BerlinA27 English, Three Knights System
5. Ahues vs Colle 1-027 1926 BerlinA27 English, Three Knights System
6. Kupchik vs H Steiner  0-152 1927 Manhattan Chess Club-ch'A27 English, Three Knights System
7. W F Wertheim vs Loman  0-139 1927 MatchA27 English, Three Knights System
8. Muller vs NN 1-010 1928 ViennaA27 English, Three Knights System
9. Kevitz vs Lasker 1-036 1928 Clock simul, 10bA27 English, Three Knights System
10. H R Bigelow vs Marshall 0-156 1929 Bradley BeachA27 English, Three Knights System
11. Nimzowitsch vs Stoltz  ½-½39 1931 BledA27 English, Three Knights System
12. I Mazel vs Riumin  ½-½20 1931 USSR ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
13. Kasparian vs Goglidze  0-143 1931 USSR ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
14. I Mazel vs Goglidze  ½-½33 1931 USSR ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
15. P Blechschmidt vs Kieninger  0-135 1932 Bad Ems GERA27 English, Three Knights System
16. I Mazel vs Riumin 0-129 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35A27 English, Three Knights System
17. Keres vs E Joonas 1-068 1934 Tallinn, Est chA27 English, Three Knights System
18. Fine vs H Steiner  1-050 1934 Mexican International MastersA27 English, Three Knights System
19. Euwe vs Milner-Barry 1-034 1935 Hastings 1934/35A27 English, Three Knights System
20. Chekhover vs Riumin  ½-½38 1935 MoscowA27 English, Three Knights System
21. Fine vs W A Ruth 1-030 1935 Western ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
22. P Trifunovic vs I Vistaneckis  1-051 1935 OlympiadA27 English, Three Knights System
23. M L Hanauer vs Factor  0-156 1936 US ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
24. M L Hanauer vs H Steiner  ½-½40 1936 US ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
25. A Simonson vs Factor 0-160 1936 US ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
 page 1 of 24; games 1-25 of 576  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-06-05  Helloween: Yes, in this line against the English Black refrains from Nf6 until he's already played f5. The game takes on a hybrid Dutch/Nimzo flavor. Black usually eliminates his Dark ♗ by playing Bb4 and Bxc3+, doubling White's queenside pawns to prevent their advance while he prepares to stir up trouble on the kingside. Smejkal vs Kurajica, 1982.

White may be better off playing 3.g3.

Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: I agree--the Nf3 is just too good a target for the eventual g7-g5-g4 or e5-e4. After 3.g3, White has the option of playing e2-e3 and Nge2, and an eventual f2-f4. This last move not only thwarts ...f5-f4, it also keep the Bc8 penned behind the f-pawn.
Feb-06-05  Helloween: On the other hand, the statistics seem awfully good for Black in 3.g3. If you follow the main line in this database it goes up to move 14 with 4 different alternatives for Black: The Light ♗ goes to e6, usefully controlling d5. Also, I don't think that g2-g3 necessarily thwarts f4; in fact, it may give Black a target to attack and forcefully pry open the f-file with or even advance to f3. In 3.Nf3, usually when the Knight gets pushed with e5-e4, this creates a weak square at f4 which can be exploited(Ng5-h3-f4). In any case, the English systems with an early f7-f5 for Black are quite double-edged.
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: I've seen those statistics, and they were very surprising to me. All I know is that *my* statistics were quite good. Perhaps this line is my personal Albin Countergambit--stinks for most people, works great for me?
Aug-06-05  melianis: i've had only bad experiences as white in this opening, but then i'm mostly a queen's gambit/catalan player. trying catalan type setups against this has lead to very complex games.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

English, Three Knights System
1.c4 e5 2.♘c3 ♘c6 3.♘f3

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