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Budapest Gambit (A52)
1 d4 Nf6 2 c4 e5 3 dxe5 Ng4

Number of games in database: 1020
Years covered: 1896 to 2014
Overall record:
   White wins 47.6%
   Black wins 26.1%
   Draws 26.2%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
PRACTITIONERS
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Loek van Wely  7 games
Viktor Korchnoi  6 games
Svetozar Gligoric  6 games
Pavel Blatny  18 games
Normunds Miezis  13 games
Wolfgang Heidenfeld  10 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Vallejo-Pons vs A Romero Holmes, 2002
Karpov vs Short, 1992
Capablanca vs Tartakower, 1928
Rubinstein vs Vidmar, 1918
S Takacs vs J Krejcik, 1920
Kramnik vs Mamedyarov, 2008
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 page 1 of 41; games 1-25 of 1,020  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Adler vs Maroczy 0-118 1896 BudapestA52 Budapest Gambit
2. J Esser vs Breyer 0-131 1916 Budapest HUNA52 Budapest Gambit
3. Helmer vs J Krejcik 0-117 1917 ViennaA52 Budapest Gambit
4. Rubinstein vs Mieses 0-131 1918 Berlin Four MastersA52 Budapest Gambit
5. Rubinstein vs Vidmar 0-124 1918 Berlin Four MastersA52 Budapest Gambit
6. Rubinstein vs Schlechter ½-½31 1918 Berlin Four MastersA52 Budapest Gambit
7. R P Michell vs W Winter  1-022 1919 HastingsA52 Budapest Gambit
8. Spielmann vs Reti 1-031 1919 01, BerlinA52 Budapest Gambit
9. Capablanca vs J H White 1-051 1919 London casualA52 Budapest Gambit
10. Weenink vs Reti  ½-½34 1920 AmsterdamA52 Budapest Gambit
11. S Takacs vs J Krejcik 0-16 1920 Wenen blitzA52 Budapest Gambit
12. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-031 1921 Offhand gameA52 Budapest Gambit
13. Bogoljubov vs Reti 1-026 1921 Kiel GERA52 Budapest Gambit
14. Euwe vs Spielmann 0-126 1922 Bad PistyanA52 Budapest Gambit
15. Bogoljubov vs Prokes 1-014 1922 Bad PistyanA52 Budapest Gambit
16. Yates vs Spielmann 1-034 1923 KarlsbadA52 Budapest Gambit
17. Euwe vs Mieses 1-032 1923 Hastings 1923/24A52 Budapest Gambit
18. Saemisch vs Spielmann  1-030 1923 CopenhagenA52 Budapest Gambit
19. F Bohatirchuk vs Ilyin-Zhenevsky 1-029 1923 USSR ChampionshipA52 Budapest Gambit
20. L Asztalos vs J A Seitz  ½-½19 1925 DebrecenA52 Budapest Gambit
21. G A Thomas vs Reti 1-073 1925 Baden-BadenA52 Budapest Gambit
22. Alekhine vs I Rabinovich 1-023 1925 Baden-BadenA52 Budapest Gambit
23. Alekhine vs J A Seitz 1-020 1925 Hastings 1925/26A52 Budapest Gambit
24. Duchamp vs R Crepeaux 0-136 1925 French ChA52 Budapest Gambit
25. Alekhine vs Gilg 0-167 1926 SemmeringA52 Budapest Gambit
 page 1 of 41; games 1-25 of 1,020  PGN Download
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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 4 OF 4 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Oct-13-06  NateDawg: <jahhaj> A good line for Black is 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e5 3.dxe5 Ng4 4.Bf4 Nc6 5.Nf3 Bb4+ 6.Nbd2 Qe7 7.e3 Ngxe5 8.Nxe5 Nxe5 9.Be2 O-O 10.0-0 a5!? 11.a3 Bxd2 12.Qxd2 d6 13.Rac1 b6. I am curious as to how you would say White has an advantage in this position.


click for larger view

So, while you are right that, for the prepared player, there is not much "to be afraid of" in the Budapest Gambit, it is still a sound opening which gives good chances for both sides.

Oct-16-06  ongyj: <NateDawg> In fact I haven't came across this line before:( Well, I suppose in that position White can try to make some disturbance with either b4 or Qd5 and try to get an open a file or something. But nothing concrete, just some abstract ideas in my mind:)
Oct-18-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  jahhaj: <NateDawg> I think you misread my post, comfortable edge was what I said, not considerable advantage. That the main thing that strikes me about this line. White's game is comfortable, he has reasonable winning chances, a clear plan, and no losing chances I can see.

I wouldn't look to a computer evaluation to judge an opening. I score very heavily against the Budapest, that's what I base my evaluation on.

I know an early 10...a5 is a current favourite for Black. If that line holds up then White can switch to the older 7.a3 which is also good.

In your position the usual queen side advance is called for I think, 14.b4. Looks OK to me.

Oct-18-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  jahhaj: <NateDawg> I really don't see the Ne5 as powerful. Inn fact I think it's one of Black's problems. If White gets a pawn to c5 (not hard to do) then Black sometimes cannot take dxc5 because the d6 pawn is needed to defend the knight. This can mean the d6 pawn is weak after White plays cxd6.

Black can avoid this by playing Ng6 but that puts the knight rather out of play. I don't see that it has any other good squares.

Oct-18-06  siggemannen: just play 1.d4 2.nf3 3.c4 and no budapest ever
Oct-18-06  RookFile: Is life that easy? When you play 1. d4 Nf6 2. Nf3, black can play either 2...c5, and you can't play the best lines in the Benoni involving f4, or 2....b6, which leads to super-solid lines in the Queen's Indian that are very difficult to beat.
Oct-20-06  ongyj: Haha <RookFile> If someone plays 2...c5 against me I'll simply bore him to death with 3.e3 :) Yeah life is easy after all, so long as you are willing to make it so! Also, in the above lone after 11.a3 can't Black choose to keep the Bishop with 11...Bc5 ? Thanks for answering these questions.
Oct-18-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  Harvestman: As a demonstration of how NOT to play the Budapest Gambit, I played the following atrocity as black over the board in a local league match last night, with plenty of time on my clock (i.e. not a rapidplay or anything)

1.d4 Ng6 2.c4 e5 3.dxe5 Ng4 4.Nf3 Bb4+ (mistake number 1) 5.Nc3 Bxc3+ (No. 2) 6.bxc3 Nc6 7.Bg5 (Oh dear) f6 8.exf6 Nxf6 9.e3 Qe7 (0-0) 10.Qc2 d6 (possibly Ne5 is better) 11.Bd3 g6? 12.Bxg6 1-0

My team captain was not impressed.

Aug-25-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  DarthStapler: Awesome opening
Aug-29-08  therangeravl: The Alekhine Variation is surely the most unusual and therefore most unpleasant variation for black. I think I read somewhere that 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e5 3.dxe5 Ng4 4.e4 Nxe5 5.f4 Nec6 6.a3!? a5 7.Be3 Na6 8.Bd3 Bc5 is about equal, but what about the direct 6.Be3 ? Could Black simply develop the same way or should he delay a5?

Aug-29-08  niemzo: After 6.Be3, black can play Bb4+ and keep the option of a5 for a later move. White doesn't waste a tempo with a3 so black shouldn't delay his own development.For example, after 7.Nc3 Bxc3 black has damaged white's pawn structure and has even the option of long castling after fianchettoing the bishop.
Aug-29-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Harvestman> After 11...Bg4


click for larger view

I think there is still plenty of play in it. I wouldn't call it 'sufficient compensation', though. :D

Apr-13-09  Nasgard: Whats wrong with 4.Qd4? I'm sure white must fall into a trap somewhere if he plays it, because at first glance it seems to hold everything down.
Apr-13-09  blacksburg: <Nasgard> hmmm...good question.

4...d6 would seem to be the move.

5.exd6 Bxd6 and no immediate trap, but black has a major lead in development.

for example

M Foudzi-Ahmad vs C Rogers, 2001
Beliavsky vs Epishin, 1991
M Foudzi-Ahmad vs H Shafruddin, 2001
Kobe vs G Georges, 1985
P Wharton vs Ali Abdoullah Elmejbi, 1980
V Kovalenko vs Beimanov, 1990
J Laszlo vs L Alfoldy, 1933

here's the only game that white has won in this line, according to the database.

V Eryomenko vs A Zakharchenko, 2001

Apr-13-09  blacksburg: upon closer inspection, this line seems to be like the Two Knights Defense (C55) with 4.Ng5 - it's probably very good for black, but you had better know your tactics before going in to it.
Apr-13-09  Nasgard: <blacksburg> Yeah looking at those games, while 4d6 does make the gambit permanent, black's lead in development is more than adequate compensation and it's obviously very easy to blunder, as M Foudzi-Ahmad vs C Rogers, 2001 testifies to.

Im just studying up on the Budapest because a 10 year old kid surprised me with it, and beat me in a match last weekend. I tried 4.e4 Alekhines variation, but fell into a really embarrassing trap. Ive being going over it all day on Fritz and I believe whites best try is probably 4.Bf4 then 4Nc6 5.Nf3 and if 5Bb4+ 6.Nbd2 but obviously white has to be careful there if black plays 6Qe7 with very nasty surprises in mind.

Apr-13-09  chessman95: <Nasgard: Whats wrong with 4.Qd4? I'm sure white must fall into a trap somewhere if he plays it, because at first glance it seems to hold everything down.>

Funny reputation that too-good-to-be-true moves have built up over these past few trap-obsessed decades...

Apr-13-09  chessman95: <Ive being going over it all day on Fritz and I believe whites best try is probably 4.Bf4 then 4Nc6 5.Nf3 and if 5Bb4+ 6.Nbd2 but obviously white has to be careful there if black plays 6Qe7 with very nasty surprises in mind.>

I can give a little advise if you like... the 6.Nbd2 line is called the Rubinstein Variation, and 6...Qe7 is indeed black's best move. After that white should probably play 7.a3, and the game usually continues 7...Ngxe5 8.Nxe5 Nxe5 9.e3 Bxd2+ 10.Qxd2 with the resulting position:


click for larger view

which is no more than slightly better for white. The other (main) option at move 6 is Nc3, which I beleive is considered the main line. Here the game usually goes: 6.Nc3 Bxc3+ 7.bxc3 Qe7 8.Qd5 f6 and now the exchange 9.exf6 Nxf6 and the queen should retreat to d3 with this position:


click for larger view

where white probably has more of an advantage than in the Rubinstein Variation.

-- In case anyone didn't get some of the moves in those lines, it is probably because the black queen on e7 and knight on e5 threaten smothered mate at times, making these lines very tactical.

I know it's kind of embarrising that I know some of this theory, but I guess my early fascination of gambits lured me into these crazy defenses... don't worry though; I play much more sound openings now.

Apr-13-09  Marmot PFL: <chessman95> Even if you don't play these openings you still have to meet them. I play that line for white too, but usually just play 7 e3, 8 Be2, and 9 0-0 instead of wasting time with a3.
Apr-14-09  Nasgard: Yeah I think a3 is a bit of a nothing move because the Bishop can't be taken, so why attack it?
Apr-14-09  chessman95: <Marmot PFL: <chessman95> Even if you don't play these openings you still have to meet them. I play that line for white too, but usually just play 7 e3, 8 Be2, and 9 0-0 instead of wasting time with a3.>

<Nasgard: Yeah I think a3 is a bit of a nothing move because the Bishop can't be taken, so why attack it?>

You are both right that the bishop cannot be taken immediatly, but this does not mean in any way that it is a 'wasted move' or anything. Just because a move does not have any immediate forced effect on the game does not mean it's 'useless', because once the mating tactics are eliminated the bishop will have to move or capture.

A good example of this is in the Ruy. The ...Qd4 tactic that black has means that the move 3.Bb5 does not have any immediate influence, and in fact the move can be totally ignored if the black player so wishes. However, in the long run the pressure that the bishop gives becomes enormous, and usually lands black in a somewhat cramped position.

Jul-18-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  notyetagm: Anyone know what line World Champion Viswanathan Anand plays against the <BUDAPEST GAMBIT> in simuls?

Only one such game exists in the cg.com database, Anand vs J Garcia Sanchez, 2007, in which Anand plays the <ADLER DEFENSE>.

Anand's simul play against the Budapest Gambit was addressed in <New In Chess Yearbook 88>; could someone please tell me what that Yearbook says Anand plays against the Budapest in simuls?

Thanks

Aug-19-09  muwatalli: does anyone know of any other ways to deal with the rubinstein variation other than 8... f6 or 8... Qa3. for instance early deviations or some such? i like the budapest defense but i sometimes have trouble with this variation. usually i don't find tactical compensation after 8 f6 exf6 9 nxf6 qd3 10 d6 followed by white playing e3 or g3, and qa3 is just not so good. but maybe i am just missing something.
May-06-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Here's an interesting little game, published in the <New York Evening Post> of April 25, 1936, and played between two players who, for reasons which may become clear, preferred to remain anonymous.

<1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e5 3.dxe5 Ng4 4.e4 h5 5.f4 Bc5 6.Nf3 f6 7.exf6 Qxf6 8.Nc3 Nc6 9.Bd2?! g5?!>

Up to the last move on each side the play has not been too unusual, at least not for a Budapest Gambit. However, <9.Bd2> was not good, and Black probably should have chomped away with 9...Nf2. Instead, they went in for the trappy <9...g5>, leading to this position:


click for larger view

White now finds the second-worst move on the board:

<10.Nxg5?? Qxg5! 11.fxg5? Bf2+ 12.Ke2 Nd4+ 13.Kd3 Ne5#>

Now, half of you are probably thinking, "What was the worst move?", while the other half are wondering, "Why not 10.fxg5?" You're both thinking the same thing: 10.fxg5?? Bf2+ 11.Ke2 Qxf3+!!, and it's mate after either 12.gxf3 Nd4+ 13.Kd3 Ne5#, or 12.Kxf3 Nd4+ 13.Kf4 O-O#!

No other information is available about the game, except that it was played in a rapid transit (ten seconds per move) tournament.

May-10-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <Phony Benoni> Black must have been a very strong player to see that in a rapid-transit game.
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