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Dutch, with c4 & Nc3 (A85)
1 d4 f5 2 c4 Nf6 3 Nc3

Number of games in database: 694
Years covered: 1836 to 2017
Overall record:
   White wins 43.9%
   Black wins 35.2%
   Draws 20.9%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Mark Taimanov  6 games
Jeroen Piket  6 games
Viktor Korchnoi  6 games
Anna Muzychuk  8 games
Michael Barron  8 games
Vladimir P Malaniuk  7 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Topalov vs F Vallejo Pons, 2014
Sakaev vs Kramnik, 1989
Radjabov vs M Bartel, 2004
Glucksberg vs Najdorf, 1929
V Litvinov vs Veresov, 1958
A Artidiello vs Onischuk, 2004
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 page 1 of 28; games 1-25 of 694  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. G Walker vs Saint Amant 0-143 1836 London m1A85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
2. Jaenisch vs Von Der Lasa 1-050 1842 BerlinA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
3. Jaenisch vs Von Der Lasa  ½-½35 1842 BerlinA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
4. Staunton vs Horwitz ½-½71 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34A85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
5. Staunton vs Horwitz  1-054 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34A85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
6. Staunton vs Horwitz 1-012 1846 London m3A85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
7. G W Medley vs Bird 1-036 1849 London ;HCL 34A85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
8. M van 't Kruijs vs F G Heijmans 1-045 1851 AmsterdamA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
9. C Messemaker vs M M Coopman  ½-½38 1851 AmsterdamA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
10. C Messemaker vs M M Coopman  0-128 1851 AmsterdamA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
11. E Williams vs Staunton 1-079 1851 London m6A85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
12. Staunton vs Horwitz 0-178 1851 LondonA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
13. Harrwitz vs de Riviere 1-026 1856 ParisA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
14. Harrwitz vs de Riviere  0-135 1856 ParisA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
15. B Wolff vs S Leow  ½-½42 1856 BerlinA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
16. R Brien vs Falkbeer ½-½25 1858 BCA-02.KongressA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
17. Harrwitz vs Kolisch 0-152 1859 4 Game SetA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
18. K de Heer vs Anderssen  1-024 1861 UnknownA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
19. E Schallopp vs G Neumann  0-135 1864 BerlinA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
20. De Vere vs G Neumann  ½-½63 1867 ParisA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
21. De Vere vs G Neumann 0-148 1867 Dundee CongressA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
22. G Neumann vs Paulsen 0-153 1870 Baden-BadenA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
23. A S Hollander vs L Goldsmith 0-131 1870 New South Wales v Victoria Telegraph MatchA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
24. Amsterdam vs The Hague  1-052 1873 City MatchA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
25. R Smith vs C M Fisher 0-141 1873 Fisher-Smith MatchA85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
 page 1 of 28; games 1-25 of 694  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jun-13-03  sick boy: I would like to play a game with one of you guys so would you be kind enough to play a game to see where I stand at in the game
Jun-13-03  maa: I do want a play a game with u my email is
Apr-20-04  PaulKeres: I just played a game going out of this database at move 7 for white, going as follows: 1. d4 f5 2. c4 Nf6 3. Nc3 d6 4. Bg5 Nbd7 5. Qc2 g6 6. Nf3 Bg7 <7. e3>

If anyone is interested I can post the rest of the game. It was a good one. I won't tell you who won, but who do you think has the edge after these moves?

Apr-20-04  humblespirit: paulkeres, if you don't mind,please post the game. What are your thoughts on the playing 2.Nc3
Apr-20-04  PaulKeres: I'm actually a King Pawn player, but like to try different things sometimes, so I was a bit out of my waters here. I shall post it but would really appreciate your comments on it. Neither I or my opponent are that good at chess, so there will be I'm sure plenty of blunders, but the end is interesting I believe.

As I say, I am not qualfied to give much advice on d4 games, but I usually c4 is played before Nc3, which wouldn't be possible with 2.Nc3, I guess then you might be looking at a (Richter-)Veresov type of game (D01), ie 1. d4 d5 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. Bg5, thus here instead <1.d4 f5 2.Nc3 (pass) 3. Bg5>? Why what are your plans with 2.Nc3 humblespirit?

Apr-20-04  PaulKeres: 1. d4 f5 2. c4 Nf6 3. Nc3 d6 4. Bg5 Nbd7 5. Qc2 g6 6. Nf3 Bg7 7. e3 0-0 8. h3 b6 9. Bd3 Bb7 10. g4? fxg4?!(Bxf3) 11. 0-0-0 Bxf3 12. hxg4 Bxd1 13. Qxd1 c5 14. Rh4 Qc8 15. Bh6 Qb7 16. Bxg7 Kxg7 17. d5 Rhe8 18. f4 e5 19. f5 gxf5 20. Bxf5 Rh8 21. Qc2 Nf8 22. g5 Ne8 23. Qh2 b5 24. Nxb5 a6 25. Nxd6 Nxd6 26. Qxe5+ Kg8 27. Qxd6 Rb8 28. b3 a5 29. Qe5 a4 30. g6 axb3 31. Be6+ Nxe6 32. Qxe6+ Kf8 33. g7+ Kxg7 34. Rg4+ Kf8 35. Rf4+ Kg7 36. Qg4+ Kh6 37. Rf6#
Apr-20-04  humblespirit: I am in all aspects a patzer. 1.d4 f5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bg5, well my misguided idea is to exchange the bishop for knight. And attempt to weaken the black kingside with pawn advances h4,g4. my chess knowlege is limited thus my insight into the line is rather non-existent.

I look forward to your input to my misguided schemes.

Sep-08-04  Giancarlo: <humbleSpirit>
as a regular on playing Dutch as black, if you really want to exchange the black knight on f6 via g5, your line:

<1.d4 f5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bg5>

is in accurate. 3..d6 and if White exchanges 4.Bxf6 I always find it to my advantage as Black. If you really want to go for the exchange, here's what I suggest:

<1.d4 f5 2.Bg5!>
Now here's the following:

If <2..nf6> then you can succesfully exchange and double black's pawns and then play g4 and h4 if you want. All though not reccomended. Work the Pawn majority out first.

Obvioulsy Black can't play <2..d6>

<2..h6>, this I have analyzed. Now Black hopes to run off the White Bishop so nf6 is possible. But..

<3.Bh4!? g5 4.Bg3! f4? 5.e3!>

And obviously advantage White!
My how the tables have turned!

How to decline it in a bit...

Sep-08-04  Giancarlo: Following my previous post:

<3.Bh4!? g5 4.Bg3!>

Now <4..f4> is wrong as proved, so it looks like Black has a terribly exposed King side. How should Black continue?

I suggest that this isn't as bad as it seems, as now Black has achieved his objective. He is able to play nf6


Now this forces Black to play a variation of the Leningrad system, which I think is the weakest of all the Dutch systems, but that doesn;t mean it is neccesairly bad. The only problem is if you don't like Leningrad, then White will most likely persue the line:

<1.d4 f5 2.Bg5>

If you want to play nf6 in this line while avoiding doubled pawns, there really is no choice but to play the above line. Thus, there is the classic way to defend this:

<1.d4 e6>

The only problem with this is you have to be willing to play French. If you don't, it will be hard to play the Dutch if you don't like the Leningrad. So my advice is, get to know solid thoery in the Leningrad System, because it is the base of Dutch play.

The 2 other lines in the Dutch seem solid:


<1.d4 f5 2.c4 nf6 3.nc3 e6 4.nf3 be7 5.g3 0-0 6.0-0 d5>


<1.d4 f5 2.c4 nf6 3.nc3 e6 4.nf3 be7 5.g3 0-0 6.0-0 d6>

The only difference being the last move of Black.


Premium Chessgames Member
  refutor: why not 4. ...Bb4 instead and go for an improved nimzo?
Dec-08-04  humblespirit: <GianCarlo>,

I greatly appreciate your input. But 2.Bg5 is not my style. The leningrad is too complicated a system for me. Why can't black play 2...d6 after 2.Bg5?

I don't play the dutch, i favour the semi-slav.

Dec-09-04  Poisonpawns: On 1.d4 f5 2.Bg5 the move 2..g6 was not mentioned, and it is very popular among dutch players.Plus the Leningrad is prob the best system to play in the Dutch once you learn it. Here are two good games that deal with the systems discussed above that are good for blackSmyslov vs Beliavsky, 1986 this gem Zsuzsa Polgar vs Beliavsky, 1991
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