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Dutch (A90)
1 d4 f5 2 c4 Nf6 3 g3 e6 4 Bg2

Number of games in database: 1371
Years covered: 1873 to 2017
Overall record:
   White wins 43.7%
   Black wins 22.8%
   Draws 33.5%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Alexander Beliavsky  9 games
Loek van Wely  9 games
Margeir Petursson  8 games
Teimour Radjabov  25 games
Igor V Glek  22 games
Simen Agdestein  21 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935
Petrosian vs Korchnoi, 1946
Alekhine vs Tartakower, 1930
Bogoljubov vs Alekhine, 1922
Kotov vs Bondarevsky, 1936
H Steiner vs Botvinnik, 1946
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 page 1 of 55; games 1-25 of 1,371  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. R Smith vs C M Fisher 0-137 1873 Fisher-Smith MatchA90 Dutch
2. R Smith vs C M Fisher 1-041 1873 Fisher-Smith MatchA90 Dutch
3. R Smith vs C M Fisher 0-127 1873 Fisher-Smith MatchA90 Dutch
4. Tinsley vs W Pollock 1-052 1895 HastingsA90 Dutch
5. C Curt vs E Delmar  1-046 1907 New York State Chess AssociationA90 Dutch
6. Loman vs Ed. Lasker  ½-½38 1913 ScheveningenA90 Dutch
7. Alekhine vs Tartakower ½-½57 1921 The HagueA90 Dutch
8. O Antze vs O Wegemund  1-040 1922 22. DSB KongressA90 Dutch
9. P F Johner vs Tarrasch 0-128 1922 Bad PistyanA90 Dutch
10. Bogoljubov vs Alekhine 0-153 1922 HastingsA90 Dutch
11. Rubinstein vs Kmoch 1-033 1922 ViennaA90 Dutch
12. J Von Patay vs S Wolf  ½-½61 1923 ViennaA90 Dutch
13. G Norman vs J Mieses  0-134 1924 Hastings 1923/24A90 Dutch
14. Bogoljubov vs Tartakower 1-065 1924 New YorkA90 Dutch
15. V Vukovic vs Tartakower  0-155 1927 KecskemetA90 Dutch
16. Carls vs S Rosselli del Turco  1-050 1928 Wch AmateurA90 Dutch
17. Gilg vs Tartakower  ½-½40 1929 KarlsbadA90 Dutch
18. A Sergeiev vs Ilyin-Zhenevsky  0-153 1930 Leningrad - Moscow MatchA90 Dutch
19. Alekhine vs Tartakower 1-050 1930 San RemoA90 Dutch
20. Nimzowitsch vs Colle 1-018 1930 LiegeA90 Dutch
21. Aistov vs S Tanin  0-130 1931 Ch URS (1/2 final)A90 Dutch
22. A Budo vs A Selezniev  ½-½45 1931 Ch URS (1/2 final)A90 Dutch
23. Kiselev vs Riumin  0-128 1931 Ch URS (1/2 final)A90 Dutch
24. H Mueller vs F Kunert  1-070 1931 Trebitsch mem 14thA90 Dutch
25. J Rejfir vs Spielmann  ½-½19 1931 Prague ol (Men)A90 Dutch
 page 1 of 55; games 1-25 of 1,371  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-02-04  Taidanii: So, what do we think about the Dutch, team?
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Their shoes are not good;)
Mar-02-04  BiLL RobeRTiE: Seems like an improved King's Indian to me (no tempi wasted unlocking the f-pawn.) Dunno why more people don't play it, Leningrad especially.
Mar-02-04  Taidanii: The only down side, it seems, is the lack of development on the queenside.
Mar-02-04  matein8: I think that Black's winning percentage with the Dutch provides a clue on how good the opening is.
Mar-02-04  Prophylaxis: "Seems like an improved King's Indian to me (no tempi wasted unlocking the f-pawn.)"

...f5 is not thematic in all KID structures. In some, ...c6 and/or ...b5 is a more reliable way of attacking white's center. Black's main idea in the KID is different than from her idea in the Dutch. In the KID, black lets white play e4 and create a large pawn center to restrain, blockade, and then attack with breaks like ...f5. In the Dutch Leningrad, white is never allowed to play e4 at all, at least not in the opening. Playing ...f5 on the first turn however allows white to adjust accordingly to black's setup with g3, Bg2.

Mar-02-04  Taidanii: <I think that Black's winning percentage with the Dutch provides a clue on how good the opening is.>

98% of games give white the advantage in any opening/defense variation. The fact that Black's percentage is lower proves absolutely nothing.

Mar-02-04  matein8: <Taidanii> Compare it to Black's winning percentage of other defenses such as the Nimzo: Nimzo-Indian (E20)
Mar-02-04  Taidanii: <matain8> e4 and d4 defences are completely different, you know this.
Mar-02-04  matein8: <Taidanii> The Dutch Defense and the Nimzo are both defenses against d4.
Mar-02-04  OneBadDog: Unless you're playing someone over 2200, openings really don't matter that much. The Dutch is a perfectly good defense to 1 d4.
Mar-02-04  Taidanii: <maitin8> When did I ever say the Dutch wasnt a d4 defence?
Mar-02-04  matein8: <Taidanii> I must have misunderstood you because I didn't know what you were implying by mentioning that e4 and d4 defenses are different.

The Dutch defense is very aggressive, much more aggressive than its e4 twin, the Sicilian defense. If you are an aggressive player, you might like it. If you can get good results and have fun with an opening, any opening, then you should play it.

Mar-02-04  Taidanii: <matein8> It's alright. I was just meaning that different white openings may infact dictate the succesion of a defence.

Well, being female, I generally have a passive personality. Something along the lines of the KID would better suit my playing style.

Mar-03-04  BiLL RobeRTiE: Prophylaxis, I thought that might be it. Thanks for verifying that. Still I think the Dutch offers good kingside attacking chances, maybe even better than the mainline Kings Indian with 10...f5.
Sep-10-04  Giancarlo: If white does not finachtto the King-side in the dutch, he may as well be opening the door for a black blood bath.

Without it,(Bg2)Black can easily finnachetto on b7 and the attacks are merciless. Just check out some of Bottvinnik's games where Black doesn't do a KSF. Black is dominant.

Jul-06-07  mokru: I wouldn't knock a statistical advantage, I really believe they imply the soundness of an opening. Is the dutch opening primarily for games where white plays an immediate d4? If white begins with c4, can black force white to play d4?
Premium Chessgames Member
  ganstaman: <mokru> No, black can never really force white to do anything (and vice versa, I believe). However, positions will likely be reached where white has nothing better than to play d4. Else, black can play ...e5 and claim more central space with a good game.

The Dutch certainly entails a risk, but I think that if you work a bit to really understand it, it will pay off.

Jul-07-07  Poisonpawns: In the Dutch you will either knockout your opponent or he will knock you out ;-)
Jul-22-07  consafo: a good thing about the dutch defence is you can you use it against a lot of opening systems
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