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French Defense (C00)
1 e4 e6

Number of games in database: 4263
Years covered: 1620 to 2014
Overall record:
   White wins 40.7%
   Black wins 33.1%
   Draws 26.3%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
PRACTITIONERS
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Mikhail Chigorin  53 games
Lawrence Day  37 games
Evgeni Vasiukov  28 games
Alexei Barsov  40 games
Simon Kim Williams  21 games
Viktor Korchnoi  21 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Fischer vs Myagmarsuren, 1967
Nimzowitsch vs Systemsson, 1927
Keres vs Verbac, 1933
M Ortueta vs J Sanz, 1933
Nimzowitsch vs Capablanca, 1911
Chigorin vs Blackburne, 1898
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 page 1 of 171; games 1-25 of 4,263  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Greco vs NN 1-012 1620 Miscellaneous GameC00 French Defense
2. Mrs. F vs The Turk 1-041 1827 ExhibitionC00 French Defense
3. C Vezin vs W Schlumberger  ½-½54 1827 friendlyC00 French Defense
4. McDonnell vs W Fraser  1-037 1831 London mC00 French Defense
5. McDonnell vs W Fraser ½-½74 1831 London mC00 French Defense
6. McDonnell vs La Bourdonnais 0-150 1834 LondonC00 French Defense
7. G Walker vs Saint Amant 0-144 1836 London m1C00 French Defense
8. La Bourdonnais vs D Wilson 1-044 1837 LondonC00 French Defense
9. La Bourdonnais vs Lecrivain 1-028 1837 ParisC00 French Defense
10. Kieseritzky vs Saint Amant 0-136 1839 ParisC00 French Defense
11. Staunton vs Popert 0-127 1840 London mC00 French Defense
12. Cochrane vs Staunton 0-138 1842 London m2C00 French Defense
13. Cochrane vs Staunton 0-138 1842 London m2C00 French Defense
14. Cochrane vs Staunton 1-023 1842 LondonC00 French Defense
15. Cochrane vs Staunton 0-124 1842 LondonC00 French Defense
16. Taverner vs Saint Amant  0-142 1843 Great BritainC00 French Defense
17. A Shishmanovich vs Zytogorski 1-020 1844 RousseC00 French Defense
18. Kieseritzky vs Desloges 1-045 1844 casualC00 French Defense
19. C Stanley vs E Rousseau  0-128 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C00 French Defense
20. Von Der Lasa vs Loewenthal  ½-½32 1846 WienC00 French Defense
21. Utrecht vs Wijk bij Duurstede 0-129 1848 City MatchC00 French Defense
22. E Lowe vs H Kennedy 0-142 1849 London m ;HCL 34C00 French Defense
23. Bird vs G Medley 0-129 1849 LondonC00 French Defense
24. Bird vs G Medley 1-033 1849 LondonC00 French Defense
25. Bird vs G Medley 1-021 1849 LondonC00 French Defense
 page 1 of 171; games 1-25 of 4,263  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 15 OF 15 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-23-12  kitbitzer31: Thanks <thomastonk>.... If you don't mind, can I ask you what happens after 8.c3 Bc7 9. Bxa3 Nc6? Once again, thanks for your help.
Sep-24-12  kitbitzer31: Sorry, upon closer investigation,

Maybe 9... Ne7 is better so as to meet 10.Bd6 with 10...Bxd6 11.Nxd6+ Kf8 12.Qf3 with 12... Nf5

Sep-24-12  thomastonk: <kitbitzer31> White is in no hurry to prove the compensation for the pawn. Black has a long lasting problem with his king. If Black intends 0-0, White can simply develop Nf3, Bd3, and 0-0, and then launch a king side attack. If Black forces White early to do something with Ba3/Nb5, then he won't be able to castle, and Black is permanently badly coordinated.
Sep-24-12  kitbitzer31: Ah... I see.Thanks. You were very helpful. I remember a quote by Petrosian that went something like this, "Many players after sacrificing a pawn aim not to obtain the initiativefor it but to regain the sacrificed material". It certainly applies here to me. Once again, thank you for your great help..
Sep-24-12  kitbitzer31: Once again, sorry to bother you but what would you play after 8...Bc7? Any recommendations for White? Thanks.
Sep-24-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  haydn20: <k31> 8....Bc7 9. Bxa3 Nc6 10. Qg4 g6 11. Bd3 followed up by Nf3 0-0 and Nxc7 and White has a blistering attack with an unopposed DSB, while Black is still trying to get developed. 6...cxd4 looks a lot more sensible for Black. Maybe one of the resident stronger players has a deeper view than I.
Sep-24-12  thomastonk: <kitbitzer31> Maybe this opening explorer can answer some of your questions: http://chessok.com/?page_id=352.
Sep-24-12  kitbitzer31: Thanks to both <haydn20> and <thomastonk> in answering my numerous questions. Thanks or being so patient and kind to an amateur.
Sep-24-12  kitbitzer31: But what if 9...Ne7 instead? Then after 10.Qg4 0-0....
Sep-24-12  kitbitzer31: It appears to me that there is no direct refutation in the 6...cxb4 line. Most likely the line has just gone out of fashion...
Sep-24-12  kitbitzer31: Can I play with Black against one of you with the 6...cxb4 line? Thanks.
Sep-24-12  thomastonk: <kitbitzer31: there is no direct refutation in the 6...cxb4 line.> Well, White cannot announce a mate or does not win a piece by force, but I think that Black is clearly worse, and hence it "gone out of fashion".

<Kitbitzer31: Can I play with Black against one of you with the 6...cxb4 line?> Where are you going to play?

Sep-24-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <kibitzer31>

<1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Ba5 6.b4 cxb4 7.Nb5 Nc6 8.axb4 Bxb4+ 9.c3 Be7 10.Ba3 Nh6 11.Bxe7 Qxe7 12.Nd6+ Kf8 13.Bb5 f6> is the mainline according to Fritz 11 opening book. However <13... Nf5> is the move Fritz suggested on infinitive search with <14.Nxf5 exf5>


click for larger view

and now either 15.Ne2 or 15.Qb3 with only +0.2 pawns advantage.

Sep-24-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: And for the sake of classification, the a.m. line belongs properly speaK more to French, Winawer, Advance (C17) or possibly even to C18
Sep-24-12  kitbitzer31: To <thomastonk>, In chesscube?
Sep-24-12  kitbitzer31: Thanks for the help guys... I've gotten a better idea on how to play the opening thanks to you guys..
Sep-24-12  kitbitzer31: <Whiteshark>, why 7...Nc6 and not 7...bxa3+?
Sep-26-12  kitbitzer31: Whiteshark, any help would greatly be appreciated. Thanks.
Sep-26-12  thomastonk: <kitbitzer31: why 7...Nc6 and not 7...bxa3+?> Well, 7.. bxa3 opens the diagonal a3-f8 for the Bc1, whereas 7.. Nc6 and another book line, 7.. b3, don't.

BTW, I don't like White's play in Fritz 11 opening book given above.

Sep-27-12  kitbitzer31: Ah. Thanks <thomastonk>..
Feb-18-13  Tigranny: I love the French.
Feb-18-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: <Tigranny: I love the French.>

I am learning to. I want to be a breed apart, also. :) List of books on the French on my forum.

Feb-24-13  2blackrooks: Hi all
I've been playing the odd rubinstein French Roll Eyes. It doesn't seem to get a good press and a lot of players think its boring. Is it possible to sex it up a bit and make it more aggressive?? I play it because it cuts down on the theory as I'm learning the game.

How does the Frere (Becker) variation hold up? 1,e4 e6. 2. d4 d5 3.Nc3/Nd2 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Qd5 Or the Ellis Gambit: 1,e4 e6. 2. d4 d5 3.Nc3/Nd2 dxe4 4. Nxe4 e5 Ellis Gambit Delayed: 1,e4 e6. 2. d4 d5 3.Nc3/Nd2 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Nc6 5.Nf3 e5.

Mar-05-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: <2blackrooks: Hi all
I've been playing the odd rubinstein French Roll Eyes. It doesn't seem to get a good press and a lot of players think its boring. Is it possible to sex it up a bit and make it more aggressive?? I play it because it cuts down on the theory as I'm learning the game.>

The Rub actually seems to be more popular than ever (relatively speaking). I've seen several articles on the so-called Fort Knox setup within the Rub.

Becker seems to be OK tho to me it looks as if black is just playing a somewhat limited Center Counter. The Ellis, on the other hand, I think you're sort of just asking for it...

Dec-24-13  zipperbear: French Defense is not a good option, much stronger is Russian Game, Stalin Defense! Just for fun.
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