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French, Advance (C02)
1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 e5

Number of games in database: 4399
Years covered: 1620 to 2014
Overall record:
   White wins 38.2%
   Black wins 35.0%
   Draws 26.8%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
PRACTITIONERS
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Petr Haba  72 games
Sergei Movsesian  68 games
Sveshnikov  65 games
Alexei Barsov  46 games
Viktor Korchnoi  39 games
Simon Kim Williams  30 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Nimzowitsch vs Hakansson, 1922
Nimzowitsch vs Salwe, 1911
Reshevsky vs A Vasconcellos, 1944
J McConnell vs Morphy, 1850
Bondarevsky vs Botvinnik, 1941
Spassky vs Korchnoi, 1978
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 page 1 of 176; games 1-25 of 4,399  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Greco vs NN 1-018 1620 Miscellaneous GameC02 French, Advance
2. NN vs Greco 0-150 1620 Miscellaneous GameC02 French, Advance
3. Antwerp vs Amsterdam 0-147 1827 City MatchC02 French, Advance
4. Staunton vs Popert 0-138 1840 LondonC02 French, Advance
5. Popert vs Staunton 1-023 1841 LondonC02 French, Advance
6. Cochrane vs Staunton 0-126 1841 London m1C02 French, Advance
7. Popert vs Staunton  0-157 1842 LondonC02 French, Advance
8. Haarlem vs Rotterdam 1-030 1846 City MatchC02 French, Advance
9. E Flower vs E Williams  0-160 1849 London ;HCL 34C02 French, Advance
10. E Lowe vs H Kennedy 1-035 1849 London m ;HCL 34C02 French, Advance
11. J McConnell vs Morphy 0-114 1850 New OrleansC02 French, Advance
12. J S Mucklow vs E Williams 0-129 1851 LondonC02 French, Advance
13. Mohishunder vs Cochrane  0-122 1855 CalcuttaC02 French, Advance
14. Mohishunder vs Cochrane  1-052 1855 CalcuttaC02 French, Advance
15. Somacarana vs Cochrane  0-161 1855 CalcuttaC02 French, Advance
16. S Leow vs B Wolff  1-062 1856 BerlinC02 French, Advance
17. Somacarana vs Cochrane 0-113 1856 CalcuttaC02 French, Advance
18. S Leow vs Bendix 0-147 1856 BerlinC02 French, Advance
19. A Meek vs W Fuller 0-124 1857 1st American Chess CongressC02 French, Advance
20. D M Salter vs A Cole  0-140 1862 LondonC02 French, Advance
21. J Mann vs J Pendrill 0-168 1871 New South Wales vs South Australia; Telegraph MatchC02 French, Advance
22. A W Franke vs K Leffmann  0-120 1877 LeipzigC02 French, Advance
23. Wemmers vs Metger 0-123 1877 WSB-11.KongressC02 French, Advance
24. W Paulsen vs A Schwarz 0-168 1878 WSB-12.KongressC02 French, Advance
25. Paulsen vs A Stern 1-022 1878 WSB-12.KongressC02 French, Advance
 page 1 of 176; games 1-25 of 4,399  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 8 OF 8 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Feb-12-10  nummerzwei: <Caissanist: Looking through Opening Explorer, the main-ish line seems to be 1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4. c3 Nc6 5. Nf3 Qb6 6. a3. But what is the point of that last move, exactly? Is there some white plan which it promotes, or some black threat which it prevents?>

<Caissanist the mainidea is covering d4 with a timely b4 , followed by Bb2.That I know , but I am not shure about the moveorder>

Beside that, 6.a3 has another, less obvious, point. After the natural 6...a5 (to prevent b4, of course, and also to claim some space on the queenside) White can play 7.Bd3 as in

S Zhigalko vs G Kanakaris, 2008

Now both after 7...Bd7 and 7...cxd4 followed by 8...Bd7, White can calmly retreat his bishop to c2, when the inclusion of 6.a3 a5 secures it against knight harassment from b4.

As a result, this line is better for White than the immediate 6.Bd3!?, which is why Black normally plays something like 6...c4 or 6...Nh6 in reply to 6.a3.

Mar-10-10  drukenknight: re position in the 8/21/09 post. A good endgame tip from Dvoretsky is that when it's N vs a pawn, the N has to stop the pawn before he gets to the 7th rank. Its a very simple tip and is very useful to remember. I am terrible with endgames so this stuff helps.
Mar-11-10  drukenknight: Here is another crazy tactical Advance French featuring that N cutback (...Nxe5 Bxd7+ Nxd7 winning a pawn), desperado Bishops, etc.

1. e4 e6
2. d4 d5
3. e5 c5
4. Nf3 Nc6
5. Bg5 (two corr. games from the mid 1990s and a game from 1970 actually got this far

5... Be7
6. Qd2 cxd4 (departing from Greiner/Xandu 1997 that went 6...Nxd4 7 Bxe7 and for some strange reason 7...Qxe7 and not ...Nxf3+

7. Bb5 Bxg5
8. Nxg5 Bd7
9. Qf4 Qa5+!?
10. c3 Nh6
11. Bxc6 Bxc6

after 11 Bxc6 find your way home:


click for larger view

Mar-11-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  OBIT: In the Advance French, I realize 3...c5 is very Nimowitschian and all, but I don't see why it has to be thought of as a virtually forced response. Every analysis I see in this thread has 3...c5 without comment, as if there is nothing else to consider.

Well, let me suggest an alternative move: 3...b6!? Black's plan is to play ...Ba6 to trade off his queenside bishop, i.e. the bishop that generally gets stuck behind the pawns with nothing to do, anyway. White doesn't have a natural way to prevent this trade. The move ...c5 will come later.

Hey, any French player worth his salt should like this idea. Trading off the queen bishop just about guarantees a won endgame, right? :)

Mar-11-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eric Schiller: 3...c5 is essential because d4 is the focal point of his central pressure. Other strategies have not succeeded.

Back also uses the move to enable the queen top get to b6, which, combined with ...Nc6, ups the pressure. And the queen also supports the ...Bd7-b5 exchange plan.

Mar-11-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <OBIT> There are 103 examples of 3...b6 in the database. It's been tried by Bronstein, Korchnoi, Seirawan, Short, and Vaganian among others

http://www.chessgames.com/perl/ches...

Korchnoi's game isn't much of an advertisement for it.

Kupreichik vs Korchnoi, 1970

But Bronstein plays a nice game with it.

G Ustinov vs Bronstein, 1970

The ever-creative Yakov Murey finds a complicated path to a rook and pawn ending:

G Burliaev vs Murey, 1966

A fine attack by Anand.

Anand vs I Rogers, 1990

Mar-17-10  drukenknight: I dont think 3...b6 is lost, after all after reading Eric's UCO book the one thing I came away with is that nothing is unsound until you start putting out moves out there. I think for me if I play French/Q indian, I either look for a conventional french line w/ c5, or if black goes 2 Nf3 then into Q indian. 3...b6 is sort of out of my mindset at that pt.

BUt maybe OBIT can show us some games?

Apr-06-10  James Demery: Is there any advantage to playing the Exchange vs the Advance variation? The Exchange looks to be simpler overall, but maybe its not as effective.
Apr-06-10  aktajha: <OBIT et al.> You should also note that black has a slight chance for the initiative in trade for the lack of space. By immediately pressuring d4, black is making the most of this slight advantage in development. Moving b6, Ba6 may be exchanges the light bishop, but gives all other trumps: space, initiative, development to white.

<James> The advantage of the exchange is that indeed it's simpler, French players (like me) don't really like to see it and there's not a lot of theory, development is rather straightforward.

However due to the symmetrical pawns on the d file and the fully open e-file a lot of heavy pieces are often quickly exchanged, so it's more difficult to play for a win.

I'd say if you play for a draw, play the exchange, otherwise play Nc3 (whole other beast by the way). Choosing between e5 or exd I'd play for e5, but I don't like 'simple' and drawish games

Apr-06-10  aktajha: <keypusher> Did you observe the difference in the Korchnoi and Bronstein games? I don't understand what Kupreichik is doing, why develop like that, with immediately Bd3. Ok, in a normal advance this is perfectly ok, but here: black obviously wants to play Ba6, why lose a tempo?
Apr-06-10  James Demery: aktajha: I don`t like the trade down and simplify brand of chess, but I`m very limited in my study time as well so there is my dilemma. I`d like a fairly straghtforward system with not a lot of exchanges.
Apr-10-10  aktajha: Then I'd suggest the King's Indian attack. Fairly straigtforward in the opening, while the middlegame poses enough possibility for creativity:

1. e4 2. d3 3. nd2, continue with nf3, g3, bg2 and 0-0. You can play for king side attack with something like Nh4, f5, Qe1 etc. or play with pressure in the centre.

Jul-25-10  MaxxLange: Question about the Milner-Barry Gambit:

After 1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 e5 c5 4 c3 Nc6 5 Nf3 Qb6 6 Bd3 cxd4 7 cxd4 Bd7 8 0-0 Nxd4 9 Nxd4 Qxd4 10 Nc3 Qxe5!? 11 Re1

theory seems to recommend 11...Qb8 12 Nxd5. But, after 11...Qd6 12 Nb5 Qb6, White doesn't seem to have anything better than 13 Be3 Qa5 14 Bd2 Qb6. Is that right? White can avoid the draw with 15 a4, 15, Qe2, 15 Nc3, or 15 Be3 Qa5 14 Nd4.....none of which look all that great

Jul-25-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <MaxxLange> To answer your question with a question: Why should black go for a line (11...Qd6) that leads only to a move repetition?

11...Qb8 or earlier 10... a6 are well known paths for more.

Aug-29-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: <MaxxLange>

Here is what I find in Jim Bickford's unpublished tome on the M-B:

1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 e5 c5 4 c3 Nc6 5 Nf3 Qb6 6 Bd3 cd4 7 cd4 Bd7 8 00 Nd4 9 Nd4 Qd4 10 Nc3 Qe5 11 Re1 Qd6 12 Nb5 Qb6

13 Be3 ---

13 a4.

13 Nc3 Nf6 14 Bg5 Be7 15 Bf6 Bf6 16 Nd5 Qd8 17 Qf3 Rb8 18 Nf6 Qf6 19 Qf6 gf6 20 Rac1 Rc8 21 f4 00 22 Rcd1 f5 23 h3 a6 24 g4 fg4 25 hg4 h6 0:1. 57. Chaudret-Laussac, FRA 2001.

13 Qb3 Bc5 14 Be3 Be3 15 Re3 a6 16 Na3 Qb3 17 ab3 Nf6 0:1 Cisler-Havik, Plzen 2004.

13 --- Qa5

13...Qd8 see GAME 10.16.

13...Bc5 14 Bc5 Qc5 15 Rc1 Qe7 16 Nc7 Kf8 17 Na8 Bc6 18 b4 a6 19 Nb6 Qb4 20 Qb3 Qg4 21 Qa3 Ne7 22 Qd6 1:0 Steinhauser-Nervisyan, CZE 2003.

14 Bd2 ---

: Adorjan-Farago, Hastings 1977.

14 a4 a6 15 Bd2 Qd8 16 Bg5 Nf6 17 Nc3 Be7 18 Bf6 Bf6 19 Nd5 00 20 Nf6 Qf6 21 Bh7 Kh7 22 Qd7 Rfd8 23 Qb7 Rab8 24 Qe4 g6 25 Rad1 Mololkina-Molkova, RUS 2001.

14 Qb3 Nf6 15 Bf4 Rc8 16 Nd6 Bd6 17 Bd6 Qb6 18 Qa3 Rc6 19 Bb8 a6 20 h3 Qc5 21 Qb3 b5 22 Bf4 00 23 a4 ba4 24 Qa4 Rb6 25 Qa2 Qb4 26 Be5 Bb5 27 Bc3 Qd6 28 Bd4 Bd3 29 Bb6 Qb6 30 Qa3 Bb5 1:0, 76. Bjelajac-Bornemann, Canarias 2004.

14 --- Qb6

14...Qd8 see GAME 10.17.

14...Bb4.

15 Be3 ---

: Bademian-Delgado, Buenos Aires 1978.

The text essentially informs Black that White is willing to settle for a draw by repetition. More adventurous is:

15 a4

15...Nf6 16 a5 Qd8 17 Bf4 Rc8 18 Na7.

15...a6 16 a5 Qd8 17 Nd4 Nf6 18 Qf3 Bc5 19 Bc3 00 20 Nb3 Bd6 21 Nd2 Bc6 0:1 Babkin-Kinkelin, IECG 2003

15 --- Qa5

15...Qd8 see GAME 10.18.

16 Bd2 Qb6

Roumegous-Jaulin, Paris 1993.

If you want games 10-16/17/18 let me know.

Feb-07-11  vonKrolock: <1. e4 e6
2. d4 d5
3. e5 c5
4. f4 >


click for larger view

<4...c5-c4>

Played in a game Brecht vs Benjamin, Svendborg 1934. (Yes, <Brecht> was here (!!) Bertolt, and <Benjamin> was not Joel, but (!!) Walter. More on this encounter in Winter's <"Chess Notes"> number 6932, from where a link conducts to this pdf article <Attrition in Friendship>, from the <radical philosophy> magazine.

Nov-03-11  rapidcitychess: As a recovering French player, I can tell you when I saw 3.e5, I was glad. It's much easier to play than against 3.Nc3...
Jan-15-12  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

Nimzowitsch Gambit
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.Qg4


click for larger view

May-24-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: The CG.com Opening Explorer doesn't cover 3. ...g6 which has also been played. The idea is to set up a Norwood-Gurgenidze type Robatsch and saving the ...Bg7 move tempo as it usually reverts to f8 later anyway.
May-24-12  SimonWebbsTiger: <parisattack>

that could be because the Gurgenidze system requires the light squared bishop to be outside the pawn chain.

Jan-31-13  Kikoman: <Opening of the Day>

Nimzowitsch Gambit
1. e4 e5 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4. Qg4


click for larger view

Jan-31-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: Look at the Opening Explorer for the response 4...Qa5+ to the Nimzowitsch French. The idea of the check debuted with I Rabinovich vs Botvinnik, 1937 and White has had a very hard time surviving ever since.
Jul-07-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: 5. Nd2 is marginally better than 5, c3 - but I doubt black has any real problems against either move.
Aug-03-13  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

Nimzowitsch Gambit
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.Qg4

Even though it's a gambit, I'm not sure where/what the sacrifice is.

Dec-12-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: Jim Bickford, correspondence chess master (BC) and author/publisher of the Syzygy chess opening books was especially found of: 1. e4, e6; 2. d4, d5; 3. e5, c5; 4. Nf3, Nc6; 5. Bd3, cd:; 6. 0-0.

He always felt the most difficult line for White was from this game. If anyone is interested I can pull his book on the variation, provide his suggested improvements for Black -

Keres vs W Hasenfuss, 1937

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