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French, Tarrasch (C05)
1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 Nd2 Nf6

Number of games in database: 3349
Years covered: 1889 to 2014
Overall record:
   White wins 46.3%
   Black wins 24.0%
   Draws 29.7%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
PRACTITIONERS
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Vlastimil Jansa  32 games
John van der Wiel  23 games
Michael Adams  22 games
Simon Kim Williams  61 games
Wolfgang Uhlmann  36 games
Nigel Short  27 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Korchnoi vs Udovcic, 1967
Tarrasch vs K Eckart, 1889
Alekhine vs Capablanca, 1938
Reshevsky vs Vaganian, 1976
E Kengis vs R Djurhuus, 1991
Filguth vs Korchnoi, 1979
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 page 1 of 134; games 1-25 of 3,349  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Tarrasch vs K Eckart 1-017 1889 **Rd--()-, NuremburgC05 French, Tarrasch
2. Tarrasch vs M Kuerschner 1-031 1890 NurnbergC05 French, Tarrasch
3. Tarrasch vs Von Gottschall 1-048 1892 DSB-07.KongressC05 French, Tarrasch
4. E Schallopp vs Metger  0-156 1893 8th DSB KongressC05 French, Tarrasch
5. Steinitz vs J C Halpern  1-033 1894 2nd City Chess Club TournamentC05 French, Tarrasch
6. Steinitz vs Allies  0-130 1894 Simultaneous exhibitionC05 French, Tarrasch
7. Schlechter vs J Noa ½-½85 1896 BudapestC05 French, Tarrasch
8. Steinitz vs C Enschede  ½-½28 1896 Harlem (Netherlands)C05 French, Tarrasch
9. Steinitz vs Schiffers  0-136 1896 Schiffers - SteinitzC05 French, Tarrasch
10. T F Lawrence vs E O Jones  1-031 1896 City of London ChC05 French, Tarrasch
11. W Cohn vs K A Walbrodt  0-165 1897 BerlinC05 French, Tarrasch
12. G G Bartoszkiewicz vs A Romashkevich  1-026 1897 6th Shakhmatny Zhurnal corr. t.C05 French, Tarrasch
13. Pillsbury vs Maroczy 1-046 1900 ParisC05 French, Tarrasch
14. H Suechting vs Olland 0-134 1902 13th DSB Kongress (Hanover)C05 French, Tarrasch
15. Teichmann vs Reggio  1-032 1903 Monte CarloC05 French, Tarrasch
16. E Canal vs H Johner 1-023 1917 ZuerichC05 French, Tarrasch
17. A N Stuart vs H G Wright  1-030 1925 Scarborough-CC05 French, Tarrasch
18. Alekhine vs Kukovec 0-141 1930 MariborC05 French, Tarrasch
19. Spielmann vs Stoltz 0-128 1930 Stokholm mC05 French, Tarrasch
20. L Roedl vs L Engels  1-040 1931 27. DSB KongressC05 French, Tarrasch
21. B Koch vs W John  ½-½69 1932 Berlin-chC05 French, Tarrasch
22. Capablanca vs I Friedmann  1-035 1933 SimulC05 French, Tarrasch
23. Spielmann vs C L C Dekker 1-039 1934 BussumC05 French, Tarrasch
24. M Yudovich Sr. vs Alatortsev  ½-½23 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35C05 French, Tarrasch
25. L Roedl vs W John  1-040 1934 GER-ch 2ndC05 French, Tarrasch
 page 1 of 134; games 1-25 of 3,349  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
Jul-30-02  smichellel: Don't you put only one game of the day?
Jul-30-02
Premium Chessgames Member
  chessgames.com: We have one "game of the day" each day, but we also have an opening of the day. Today the opening is the French Tarrasch.
Sep-08-05  ArturoRivera: doesnt this variation loses the right to castle as white? lets say after

1.-e4 e6
2.-d4 d5
3.-Nd2 Nf6
4.-e5 Nd7
5.-Bd3 c5
6.-c3 Nc6
7.-Ne2 Qb6
8.-Nf3 Bb4+

doesnt white must move now the king.

Sep-08-05  Resignation Trap: <ArturoRivera> Actually, you mean after 8...cxd4 9. cxd4 Bb4+, right?

Yes, White should play 10. Kf1 here, but the loss of the castling privilege is no big deal in such a blocked position, unless White gets a bit careless as in Spielmann vs Stoltz, 1931 . Generally speaking, White does quite well in this line, and two early examples which I can cite with it are Alekhine vs Capablanca, 1938 and Spielmann vs Dekker, 1934 .

Jan-23-06  chessboyhaha: No thatīs wrong, White has to lay very well to stay better or even fight for a drawn because in this variation that white loss the castle, the blacks should open the game in some moment with ...g5 as in this variation: 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5
3.Nd2 Nf6
4.e5 Nfd7
5.f4 c5
6.c3 Nc6
7.Ndf3 Qb6
8.g3 cd4
9.cd4 Bb4+
10.Kf2 g5!
11.fg Ndxe5
12.Nxe5 Nxe5
And the black has clear advantage because white has an uncastled king in a open position.
Jan-23-06  chessboyhaha: <ArturoRiviera> But I prefer to play 9...Be7!? thatīs quite interesting because black play with f6, 0-0(the e pawn is falling with check!)and g5!? and attack the white king at any cost as in Poliantsev vs Kaplun. That game was in 1983!
Feb-27-06  sirduke: <ArturoRivera> and <Resignation Trap>, in your line how about 8...cxd4 9.cxd4 Bb4+ 10.Bd2? Why move the King? If BxB, then QxB and the b2 is covered. Is there some reason for not playing this line?
Oct-08-06  WTHarvey: Here's a collection of puzzles from C05 miniatures: http://www.wtharvey.com/c05.html
Apr-16-07  artemis: Chessboyhaha: the difference is that in this line, white is not playing f4, so his position is not that open and g5 is not as serious of a threat.
Jun-12-07  OJC: I encountered the following unorthodox 5th move recently:

1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 Nf6 4.e5 Nfd7 5.Bd3 Qg5


click for larger view

I'd never seen this one before and it turns out it is not in chessgames' or chessbase's database. The French defense isn't ideal for early Queen adventures from the black side and the g2 pawn looks poisoned...

6.Ngf3 Qxg2 7.Rg1 Qh3 8.Ng5!

White has a won game already:

Possible continuations are:
(1) Black accepts a second pawn 8. ...Qxh2 9.Ndf3 Qh5 10.Rg3! and black's queen will be trapped.

e.g. (i) 10. ...Qh1+ 11.Bf1 h6 12. Nh3

(ii)10. ...Be7 11.Rh3 Qg4 12.Rh4 Qg2 13.Bf1

(2) If black ignores the h2 pawn the same basic outcome occurs 8. ...Qh4 9.Ndf3 Qh5 10.Rg3 Be7 11.Rh3 Qg4 12.Rh4 Qg2 13.Bf1 Qh1 14.Rg4 with Rg1 to follow.

So, the g2 pawn is strategically and tactically poisoned in this line.

The actual game was line (1,ii).

Feb-14-11  Lennonfan: Why such a dip in popularity in the 1910-20's,then a massive resurge thereafter??
Feb-14-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  suenteus po 147: <Lennonfan> I'm guessing World War I played its part in that dip in popularity.
Feb-14-11  Lennonfan: <suenteos po 147> Well world war 2 never bothered this opening??? And the first world war never bothered other openings neither...would you like to take another guess??
Feb-14-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Marmot PFL: As the Winawer became more popular, players turned to 3 Nd2 to avoid it.
Feb-14-11  Lennonfan: <marmot PFL>thank you...so im guessing that the war had nothing to do with it then??comparing the winawer's popularity to world war one is ridiculous,is it not?
Feb-14-11  Lennonfan: <Marmot PFL>And for some reason iv never liked nor played nd2! even though i see the winning percentage is double that of black in this excellent database....il try it next time now the war's long over...
Mar-24-11  ryanaly2010: Can somebody please tell me why black seems to never take the unprotected pawn on b2 with his queen on b6 after white moves his bishop to Bg5? I find this very confusing. Thanks!
Mar-25-11  SimonWebbsTiger: @ryanaly

Qxb2 runs into Nb5, and the black queen is compromised (depending on the variation, but I guess you mean the line in the Tarrasch where the Knight goes to c3 before the bishop moves from c1).

Nov-25-11  Penguincw: Opening of the Day:
French, Tarrasch
1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 Nd2


click for larger view

Jun-09-12  Tigranny: I love beating my opponent playing this system as Black by using Viktor Korchnoi's gambit like in this game - Korchnoi vs Udovcic, 1967.
Dec-02-13  hedgeh0g: A tip for players on the White side of this opening:

After 4.e5 Nfd7 5.f4 c5, the setup with 6.Ngf3 has been gaining in popularity recently, with the idea of provoking Black into closing the centre after 6...Nc6 7.Nb3! c4 8.Nbd2.

Regardless of where Black castles, he faces some difficulties: White has a natural space advantage and better development on the kingside, but retains the option of opening some lines on the queenside in the event Black castles over there.

White's recent results here speak for themselves, although there aren't really enough games to offer a definitive evalutation of this system.

Dec-22-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: White gets an awesome attack here, but mishandles it:

E Safarli vs H Tikkanen, 2013

Analyzed by Watson for ChessPublishing recently.

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