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Ruy Lopez (C67)
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 Nf6 4 O-O Nxe4

Number of games in database: 4112
Years covered: 1803 to 2017
Overall record:
   White wins 28.2%
   Black wins 20.8%
   Draws 51.0%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
PRACTITIONERS
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Alexey Shirov  57 games
Viswanathan Anand  43 games
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave  41 games
Vladimir Kramnik  78 games
Levon Aronian  61 games
Aleksej Aleksandrov  52 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
A W Fox vs H E Bauer, 1901
Kasparov vs Kramnik, 2001
T L Petrosian vs A Minasian, 2006
M Porges vs Lasker, 1896
Chigorin vs Zukertort, 1883
Shabalov vs Bologan, 2005
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 page 1 of 165; games 1-25 of 4,112  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. H Hesse vs NN 1-0191803CasualC67 Ruy Lopez
2. Szen vs Horwitz 1-0281851LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
3. Bird vs Horwitz 1-0611851London mC67 Ruy Lopez
4. F Greenaway vs Anderssen  0-1351851LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
5. Harrwitz vs Loewenthal 1-0881853LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
6. Zytogorski vs R Brien  ½-½271855Kling's Coffee HouseC67 Ruy Lopez
7. Eichborn vs Anderssen 1-0291857CasualC67 Ruy Lopez
8. Paulsen vs Morphy ½-½5318571st American Chess CongressC67 Ruy Lopez
9. J Rosanes vs Anderssen  1-0291862BreslauC67 Ruy Lopez
10. J Rosanes vs Anderssen ½-½381862BreslauC67 Ruy Lopez
11. P & Rosanes J Bloch vs Zukertort 1-0311862PostalC67 Ruy Lopez
12. Blackburne vs Steinitz ½-½161862LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
13. Anderssen vs Steinitz 1-0421862LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
14. J Robey vs Anderssen 0-1401862LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
15. T W Barnes vs Dubois 0-1351862LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
16. Blackburne vs Steinitz ½-½161863London m2C67 Ruy Lopez
17. K Lepge vs Paulsen  0-1591863LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
18. E Schallopp vs Anderssen 0-1521864BerlinC67 Ruy Lopez
19. G Neumann vs Anderssen  ½-½711864BerlinC67 Ruy Lopez
20. G Neumann vs Anderssen 1-0381864BerlinC67 Ruy Lopez
21. G Neumann vs Anderssen  ½-½361864BerlinC67 Ruy Lopez
22. Neumann / Treskow vs Gohle / Schallopp  1-0251864BerlinC67 Ruy Lopez
23. G Neumann vs Anderssen  0-1391865BerlinC67 Ruy Lopez
24. G Neumann vs Anderssen 1-0331865BerlinC67 Ruy Lopez
25. G Neumann vs Anderssen  1-0281865BerlinC67 Ruy Lopez
 page 1 of 165; games 1-25 of 4,112  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
Jul-26-03  Helloween: The Rio De Janerio Variation is essential study for positional 1...e5 players.
Aug-06-04  RonB52734: I notice that in the C67 as currently played, after 4...♘xe4 and 5.d4, black immediately retreats the ♘ to e6. Obviously, there is some known trap afoot if he doesn't. Can anyone explain?
Aug-06-04  BiLL RobeRTiE: The threat of Re1, pinning the Knight to the King, needs to be parried. 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nf6 3 Bb5 Nf6 4 O-O Nxe4 5 d4 exd4? 6 Re1, for example. 5...Be7, blocking the King off, is playable as well.
Aug-07-04  RonB52734: Thanks, <Bill>, I can see it now. The attraction of 5...♘e6 as opposed to 5...♗e7 is that the ♘ move attacks the ♗ at b5. Nevertheless, my computer at 9 ply (admittedly shortsighted) prefers the ♗ move slightly. I appreciate the reply.
Aug-11-05  atripodi: What are the differences (insofar as the nature of the game is concerned) between all of black's possible moves after 9.Nc3 in the main line? It looks like 9...Ne7, 9...Ke8, 9...Be6 and 9...h6 are all playable, and that most Berlin players play more than one of these. What is the reason for this?
Dec-13-05  Kriegspiel: <RonB52734> You have a typo in both posts: 5...Ne6 is impossible after 4...Nxe4; that should read 5...Nd6.

Incidentally, what is the name of the Open Berlin Defense variant which continues: 5.d4 Nd6 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.dxe5? These moves are common in the Opening Explorer and programmed into Jester's opening book, but I can't find this variation at any of three Internet sites, e.g., www.the65thsquare.com containing lists of opening variation names, though there are two with 6.dxe5 instead of Bxc6.

Kriegspiel

Jan-18-06  SniperOnG7: I have always answered 1.e4 with c5...never 1...e5! However, recently iv begun to get very interested in playing the open game. To avoid a ruy lopez theory overload, iv decided to play the Berlin Defence. Can anyone suggest a good book on it? Also, i realize its better to have 2 defences so i am also wondering what other defence is good (ie sound but not 2 much theory or transpositions)? Help will be much appreciated. Thx
Feb-06-06  hamworld: maybe 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6 4. d4 Be7 is more popular than Nd6 since I believe it's complicated and Be7 in devolopment is better!
Dec-06-06  atripodi: <Can anyone suggest a good book on it?> Kaufman's Chess Advantage in Black and White uses the Berlin as it's major response to 1.e4 and explains ideas pretty well. Of course you're also paying for the rest of the repertoire that may be useless for you.
Aug-07-07  get Reti: Could someone explain to me why in the Berlin if after d4 black plays 5... Nd6 6. Bxc6 white should capture with the d pawn, but if he plays 5...Be7 6. Qe2 Nd6 7.Bxc6 black should capture with the b pawn?
Dec-04-07  Cactus: <get Reti> In the first variation, by taking with the d pawn, black gets a nice queenside pawn formation and an open file. In the second one, white can play 7.dxe5 Nf5
8.Rd1!

This is extremely awkward. It has to be answered with Bd7 (not the best square for the bishop), and then there is a pin of the bishop, and black can't castle queenside (which he would in many other Berlin variations) because the queen won't move. Not very good :P

Aug-06-08  ILikeFruits: ich bin ein berliner....
Oct-23-08  Cactus: Ever since Kramnik's 200 match, this opening has exploded, and in the current European Club Championships it seems to be the most common answer to 1.e4. Also, notably, none of the games with this opening have been decisive.
Jul-27-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Opening of the Day <Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense <1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6>> Opening Explorer

following the mainline <4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.dxe5 Nf5 8.Qxd8+ Kxd8 9.Nc3>


click for larger view

Opening Explorer

Jul-27-09  blacksburg: <SniperOnG7> <I have always answered 1.e4 with c5...never 1...e5! However, recently iv begun to get very interested in playing the open game. To avoid a ruy lopez theory overload, iv decided to play the Berlin Defence.>

if you can handle the volume of theory in the sicilian dragon, i wouldn't worry about theory overload in the ruy.

May-05-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Can someone tell me who the J Rogers of the Berlin Wall variation is? Here is an example of this line:

Yifan Hou vs Z Almasi, 2012

May-05-12  JohnDahl: Gaige's <Chess Personalia> lists a <John Rogers>, born 1833, died 13/08/1905.

A snippet of his <BCM> obituary can be seen here: http://books.google.co.uk/books?lr=...

Nov-23-13  Cushion: Probably the most important opening today.
Oct-06-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  17.Bxg7: Question: Whta is the origin of the name "Rio de Janeiro Variation?". It is because of some Brazilian player? Or the Rio Interzonal in 1979?
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