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Ruy Lopez (C70)
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4

Number of games in database: 1251
Years covered: 1845 to 2019
Overall record:
   White wins 44.6%
   Black wins 31.2%
   Draws 24.1%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Georg Marco  9 games
Sergey Karjakin  6 games
Michael Adams  6 games
Wilhelm Steinitz  22 games
Svein Johannessen  12 games
Simen Agdestein  11 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Einstein vs Oppenheimer, 1933
B Wall vs J Chance, 1969
Spassky vs Taimanov, 1955
A Matanovic vs J H Donner, 1965
W G Addison vs Fischer, 1963
Tal vs J G van Eybergen, 1959
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 page 1 of 51; games 1-25 of 1,251  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 1-0691845New Orleans mC70 Ruy Lopez
2. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 1-0401845New Orleans mC70 Ruy Lopez
3. G W Medley vs Mongredien 1-0441850London mC70 Ruy Lopez
4. Jaenisch vs S Urusov  1-0341854St Petersburg m2C70 Ruy Lopez
5. Morphy vs G Hammond 1-0221859BostonC70 Ruy Lopez
6. J F Bateman vs Zytogorski  0-1371860BCA-03.KongressC70 Ruy Lopez
7. Anderssen vs C Messemaker 1-0371861RotterdamC70 Ruy Lopez
8. J A Leonard vs C A Gilberg  1-0251862Simultaneous blindfold exhibitionC70 Ruy Lopez
9. O Wuelfing vs J Kohtz 1-01718622nd West German CongressC70 Ruy Lopez
10. G Neumann vs Anderssen 0-1251864BreslauC70 Ruy Lopez
11. O Cordel vs B Suhle 1-0451864Cafe de BelvedereC70 Ruy Lopez
12. Zukertort vs Mayet  1-0321867BerlinC70 Ruy Lopez
13. Mackenzie vs G Reichhelm  ½-½341867MatchC70 Ruy Lopez
14. J Lord vs J W Hampton 0-1331868BCA-02.Challenge CupC70 Ruy Lopez
15. Zukertort vs H Munk  1-0341871BerlinC70 Ruy Lopez
16. F H Elder vs H Harding 1-02118712nd American Chess CongressC70 Ruy Lopez
17. F H Elder vs W B Haughton  1-03618712nd American Chess CongressC70 Ruy Lopez
18. M Judd vs H Harding 1-02818712nd American Chess CongressC70 Ruy Lopez
19. H D Smith vs H Harding  1-05518712nd American Chess CongressC70 Ruy Lopez
20. M Judd vs H Harding  ½-½3918712nd American Chess CongressC70 Ruy Lopez
21. W Kamphuijzen vs E Blanck  0-1371873DCA Congress 1stC70 Ruy Lopez
22. Anderssen vs Paulsen 1-0521876Leipzig mC70 Ruy Lopez
23. E Schallopp vs Winawer  0-1431877LeipzigC70 Ruy Lopez
24. Anderssen vs Paulsen 1-0491877LeipzigC70 Ruy Lopez
25. Anderssen vs Paulsen ½-½611877LeipzigC70 Ruy Lopez
 page 1 of 51; games 1-25 of 1,251  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Apr-16-04  PaulKeres: I'm a little surprised, prehaps someone out there can help? Why does the <4...b5> Ruy Lopez Caro variation (C70) do so badly for Black. And even more so the continuation <5. Bb3 Na5> so bad as well? OK, White has a good lead in development, but doesn't have the Bishop pair anymore.
Apr-16-04  ruylopez900: PaulKeres -- After Na5 Black's e5 pawn is hanging, thus White gets the upper hand developing to attack the poor pawn while Black's p[ieces are more passive.
Aug-24-04  Hanzo Steel: Could someone give me an opinion on how to confront 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 b5 5 Bb3 Bd6 as White? Bd6 seems inferior to me, but I can't really figure out how to exploit it best.
Aug-24-04  clocked: The simple answer is to play 0-0 and d3. Black will play some combination of Nf6 and Bb7 and you will reach a common position.
Aug-24-04  rover: My preference would be to play the normal main line setup with c3 and d4. Black can either exchange on d4 which is advantageous for white, go into an akward development scheme with Qe7 or Qf6, or is left with a completely passive position with Nc6 and Bd6 both defending the weak pawn on e5. Any of these 3 options should give white an advantage.
Aug-24-04  OneArmedScissor: I absolutely love the Ruy Lopez now.
I use to be confused so much by it, but I read a few things about it and I've grown to love it. It just suits my style of play quite well. It's the only opening I'll play with 1. e4 e5

I also must note that the only opening I play against 1. e4 is the Sicilian Defense.

Anyways... I think the reason why playing 4. ...b5 is bad, is because black neglects development and tries to claim the Lopez bishop. And the best way to stop an attack on the flanks is to attack/counter-attack in the center. Black tries to push through on the queenside, while white will try to steam roll through in the center.

Aug-26-04  ruylopez900: <One Armed> Yes, but if they wait, play ...Nf6 then ...b5 then you have the dangerous and dynamic Archangel defence!
Sep-17-04  Knight13: I play this Opening very often. Good opening thoe.
Dec-06-04  drukenknight: Spanish/Lucena variation, I guess. White forgets to advance the d pawn and black gets a pretty good game:

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5 a6
4. Ba4 Bc5
5. c3 Nf6
6. O-O Nxe4 (H. Steiner played this at least two times in the other database losing to Alkehine and Horowitz)

7. Qe2 (7 d5 is universally played)

7... b5
8. Bb3 Nxf2
9. Rxf2 Bxf2+
10. Kxf2

Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: Anyone have any experience with the Gambit line 4...b5 5.Bb3...Na5 6. Bf7+!?
Dec-05-07  jamesmaskell: A game from last night against a far stronger player. I was White.

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 b5 5. Bb3 Bc5 6. O-O Nf6 7. Re1 d6 8. c3 Bg4 9. h3 Bh5 10. d4 Bxf3 11. Qxf3 exd4 12. e5 Nxe5 (I thought I was being really smart but forgot about the knight...) 13. Bg5 O-O 14. Qg3 Re8 15. Nd2 dxc3 16. Qxc3 h6 17. Be3 Ned7 18. Re2 Bxe3 19. Rxe3 c5 20. Bc2 d5 21. Nf3 Qc7 22. Rae1 Rxe3 23 Rxe3 Qf4 24. g3 Qd6 25. Bf5 d4 26. Qd3 Qd5 27. Bxd7 dxe3 28. Qxd5 Nxd5 29. Bc6 Rd8 30. Bxd5 exf2+ 31. Kxf2 Rxd5 32. Ke3 f5 White resigns 0-1

Not too disappointed. We used about the same amount of time and the game looked fairly balanced for most of it. My weakness in strategy shows though my defensive skills are definitely improving. As Ive said, he was much stronger than me so little was expected other than holding him for as long as possible and using it as a learning experience.

May-17-18  Amarande: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 b5 5. Bb3 Nf6 6. Ng5 d5 7. exd5 Nxd5 8. Nxf7 Kxf7 9. Qf3+ Ke6 10. Nc3 Ne7 11. d4 c6 12. Bg5 Bb7 13. O-O-O b4 14. Ne4 Qc8 15. Nc5+ Kd6 16. dxe5+ Kc7 17. Bxe7 Bxe7 18. Bxd5 cxd5 19. Nxb7 Qxb7 20. Rxd5 Rab8 21. Rhd1 Rhd8 22. Qf7 Kc8 23. Qe6+ Rd7 24. Rc5+ Bxc5 25. Qe8+ Kc7 26. Rxd7+ Kc6 27. Rxb7+ Kxb7 28. Qf7+ Kb6 29. Qxg7 h5 30. e6 1-0

Where did Black go wrong here? Is 7 ... Nxd5 in fact losing or is it later on?

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