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Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical (D27)
1 d4 d5 2 c4 dxc4 3 Nf3 Nf6 4 e3 e6 5 Bxc4 c5 6 O-O a6

Number of games in database: 2358
Years covered: 1905 to 2017
Overall record:
   White wins 32.1%
   Black wins 17.1%
   Draws 50.8%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Vladimir Kramnik  39 games
Svetozar Gligoric  26 games
Alexey Dreev  21 games
Sergei Rublevsky  61 games
Viswanathan Anand  34 games
Irina Krush  26 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Karpov vs Gulko, 1996
Anand vs Ponomariov, 2002
Kramnik vs Anand, 2001
Kasparov vs Gulko, 1982
Kramnik vs Kasparov, 2001
Kramnik vs Anand, 2001
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 page 1 of 95; games 1-25 of 2,358  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Teichmann vs Blackburne  ½-½18 1905 OstendD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
2. Marshall vs Schlechter 1-029 1907 Ostend (Championship)D27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
3. Marshall vs Janowski  1-062 1907 Ostend (Championship)D27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
4. H Fowler Lee vs E F Schrader  0-151 1907 8th Western ChampionshipD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
5. Rubinstein vs S Von Freymann 1-016 1909 St. PetersburgD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
6. Levenfish vs Teichmann ½-½47 1911 KarlsbadD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
7. H H Hahlbohm vs Ed. Lasker  0-144 1918 Western ChampionshipD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
8. I S Turover vs V Sournin  ½-½34 1921 8th American Chess CongressD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
9. B Koch vs K Helling  0-144 1928 It BSGD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
10. Kupchik vs Rubinstein  ½-½27 1928 Exhibition GameD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
11. Kupchik vs Rubinstein  ½-½67 1928 Exhibition GameD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
12. N Pavlov-Pianov vs A Poliak  ½-½40 1929 USSR ChampionshipD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
13. Botvinnik vs Y Vilner ½-½45 1930 Leningrad ch-cityD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
14. Flohr vs Rubinstein  ½-½23 1931 Prague ol (Men)D27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
15. Pirc vs Gruenfeld  ½-½18 1933 Moravska OstravaD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
16. Flohr vs Gruenfeld  ½-½22 1933 OlympiadD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
17. S Rosselli del Turco vs Gruenfeld  1-037 1933 OlympiadD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
18. B Hoenlinger vs Gruenfeld  ½-½17 1933 Trebitsch mem 16thD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
19. Bogoljubov vs Alekhine ½-½58 1934 Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship RematchD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
20. Gruenfeld vs Flohr  ½-½20 1935 OlympiadD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
21. Dake vs E Eliskases  ½-½17 1935 OlympiadD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
22. Kevitz vs M L Hanauer  ½-½81 1936 US ChampionshipD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
23. Bogoljubov vs Fine ½-½55 1936 ZandvoortD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
24. Reshevsky vs Vidmar 1-026 1936 NottinghamD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
25. D May vs Koblents  ½-½18 1937 BrnoD27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
 page 1 of 95; games 1-25 of 2,358  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
May-01-04  chessplayermatthew: why is the popularety so high on this
Sep-02-04  krullichka: Im having some problems playing d27 with white. I played about 100 games against Fritz 8 and I won only once and draw about 10 times. I studied Gligoric and Botvinik (against Petrosjan 1963 games and still didnt find whats the best after 1.d4 d5 2.c4 dc 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 e6 5.Bc4 c5 6.0-0 a6 7.a4 Nc6 8.Qe2 cd4 9.Rfd1 Be7 10.ed4 0-0 11.Nc3 Nfd5 12.Bd3 Ncb4 13.Bb1 b6 (- that line played Portisch but he played 14...Bd7 which I think isnt so good as Fritz 14....Bb7). Now I have several continuings as 14.Ne5,14.a5,etc but afther 14.a5 Fritz play 14...Bb7 and i have nothing my bishop on b1 isnt so strong and after 14.Ra3 i still dont have attack.
Sep-02-04  Lawrence: Hi <krullichka>, welcome back. Don't you put Fritz on "infinite analysis" so it can pick out a good strong line for you?
Sep-03-04  krullichka: Hi Lawrence! The only thing it does it shoes
Sep-03-04  Lawrence: <krullichka>, there's a line that says "Fritz 8" in green, then the space that shows you which move it is considering at the moment, then "Stop" in red, then a "+" and a "-" sign. If you click on the "+" sign you get more candidate moves, and can choose the one you like the most. I always just choose the first one--but give the machine at least 3 minutes to think about it. Is this what you are doing?
Mar-31-05  Hesam7: Kramnik with white has really good scores in this line: +11 -4 =21
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: Here's one reason why this line is popular:

Alekhine vs Book, 1938

It's hard not to be excited by a game like this.

Apr-02-05  abujabishop: In this opening is it always mandatory for white to play 3.Nf3 because in some of the games i played using this opening black replies this move with 3....Bb4 pinning my knight and eventually taking it!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eric Schiller: My review of Rizzitano's fine new book on the QGA is up at, in case anyone is interested.
Sep-01-11  Robert Hill: If white plays d4 this is the variation i play the most. If the play e4 i always play d5.
Dec-21-13  nummerzwei: One of the more purposeful ECO codes.
My preference is for 7. a4.
Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: I really don't understand in general chess terms why it scores so poorly for Black.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <OCF>: Not sure why either, actually, for objectively the QGA is by no means bad.

One exception to your statement is the subvariation (from the above diagram): 7.Qe2 b5 8.Bb3 Bb7 9.Nc3 Nbd7 10.Rd1 Qb8, as played in Boleslavsky vs Dzindzichashvili, 1967, despite the result of that game. It surprised me to see how well Black has scored in this across the years.

From a subjective point of view, a problem with playing for a win as Black in the Classical QGA lies in the fairly commonly seen 7.dxc5, the choice of Kramnik when Kasparov(!) trotted out the QGA in their 2000 match.

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