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Queen's Gambit Declined (D52)
1 d4 d5 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 Nf6 4 Bg5 Nbd7 5 e3 c6 6 Nf3

Number of games in database: 1234
Years covered: 1892 to 2014
Overall record:
   White wins 38.1%
   Black wins 26.1%
   Draws 35.8%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
PRACTITIONERS
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Ernst Gruenfeld  14 games
Alexander Alekhine  13 games
Max Euwe  10 games
Sergey Smagin  26 games
Alexey Dreev  21 games
Efim Bogoljubov  19 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Capablanca vs Alekhine, 1927
Capablanca vs Alekhine, 1927
Kramnik vs L Bruzon, 2006
Capablanca vs Alekhine, 1927
Euwe vs Lasker, 1934
Karpov vs Kasparov, 1985
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 page 1 of 50; games 1-25 of 1,234  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. A Hodges vs Lasker 0-146 1892 New York simD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
2. Pillsbury vs Tinsley 1-071 1895 HastingsD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
3. Maroczy vs Albin 1-043 1896 BudapestD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Burn vs G Marco  1-031 1897 BerlinD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. Burn vs Schiffers 1-045 1897 BerlinD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
6. Burn vs Janowski ½-½72 1898 ViennaD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
7. Janowski vs G Marco  ½-½36 1898 ViennaD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
8. K A Walbrodt vs Tarrasch  ½-½60 1898 ViennaD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
9. Marshall vs Teichmann 0-126 1903 Monte CarloD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
10. M Lowcki vs O Bernstein  ½-½41 1903 RUS-ch03D52 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. Marshall vs Teichmann 1-058 1904 Cambridge SpringsD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
12. A Hodges vs J F Barry  1-023 1904 Cambridge SpringsD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
13. Schlechter vs Teichmann  ½-½30 1904 Cambridge SpringsD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. Schlechter vs O Bernstein ½-½39 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)D52 Queen's Gambit Declined
15. Swiderski vs G Marco  ½-½22 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)D52 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. Swiderski vs Von Bardeleben  1-069 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)D52 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. M Brody vs Von Bardeleben 0-137 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)D52 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. C Jaffe vs E Schrader  0-140 1904 7th American Chess CongressD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
19. L Van Vliet vs O C Mueller  1-052 1904 LondonD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
20. J Bendiner vs S Wolf 0-126 1904 10 min gameD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
21. Alapin vs O Bernstein  0-168 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier AD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
22. Leonhardt vs Mieses  ½-½54 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier AD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
23. Schlechter vs Alapin  1-068 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier AD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
24. H Suechting vs Mieses  0-170 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier AD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. Marshall vs Burn  1-034 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier AD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 50; games 1-25 of 1,234  PGN Download
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Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-11-05  Averageguy: After 6...Qa5 is this a Cambridge Springs Defense?
Dec-11-05  Dudley: Yes it is. Tim Taylor, the guy who caused a near meltdown at Chess Life with a racy piece on his Hungarian chess adventure, had this defense prepared to use in Europe, but said he never got a chance to use it. Everyone would avoid it by some earlier diversion. Exchange line?
Apr-11-07  gambitfan: 4... Nbd7 is very important bnecause we might be tempted to play 4... Be7?! (http://www.chessgames.com/perl/ches...)

The present line aims at ... Qa5 followed by ... Bb4

Apr-11-07  gambitfan: 4... Nbd7 is very important because we might be tempted to play 4... Be7?! (Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line (D66) ...) which is a boring old fashioned line

The present line aims at ... Qa5 followed by ... Bb4

Apr-11-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  KingG: <Tim Taylor, the guy who caused a near meltdown at Chess Life with a racy piece on his Hungarian chess adventure, had this defense prepared to use in Europe, but said he never got a chance to use it. Everyone would avoid it by some earlier diversion. Exchange line?>

With the move order 1 d4 d5 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 Nf6, i would expect most people to play the exchange variation, which surely gives White one of the most comfortable advantages in main-line theory after the plan of Ne2, followed by f3, etc. If i was a QGD player, i would probably try and avoid it with 3...Be7 instead, which prevents that particular plan.

Apr-12-07  gambitfan: By the way, what is the name of the line continuing with ... Qa5 and ... Bb4 ?
Apr-12-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  KingG: <By the way, what is the name of the line continuing with ... Qa5 and ... Bb4 ?> Cambridge Springs variation.
Oct-31-07  erad1288: This opening is the beast. There are so many ways for white to go wrong. The only thing about this opening is that it will take a long time before black's light squared bishop sees any light. If black can afford to keep the bishop pair, he/she has good prospects of netting a point in the endgame.
Oct-31-07  erad1288: One more thing, does anyone know how to approach this line as black? 1.d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Nbd7 5. e3 c6 6. Nf3 Qa5 7. Nd2 Bb4 8. Qc2 dxc4 9. Bxf6 Nxf6 10. Nxc4 .... is it better to try to opt out with Qc7 and try and hold the bishop pair at a cost of having a morbid light squared bishop or should black exchange Bxc3+ bxc3 with Qc7 and c5 allowing the bishop to come out much sooner?
Aug-16-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: In the <7. cxd5> main line of the Cambridge Springs Defence, the following position has arisen at master level:


click for larger view

http://www.chessgames.com/perl/ches...

Is it possible to take the <a3> pawn with impunity? I can find no game in which this has taken place. The following which is a rough sketch is given in the hope of encouraging further discussion:

<15.Qxa3> 16. c4 N5f6 17. c5 Nd5!?(<17... bxc5> seems to be an inferior try 18. dxc5 Nd5 19. Be4 Rb8 20. Bxd5 exd5 21. Qxd5) 18. c6 N7f6 19. Bxf6 Nxf6 20. Ne5 Qd6 21. Rfe1 Nd5 22. Be4 a5 23. Rb1

and White has undoubted pressure for his pawn, but no immediately decisive blow.

Aug-22-09  Swindler: <Chessical>: The following game has almost the same position, though White has retaken on d4 with his c-pawn rather than his e-pawn: Gligoric vs D Blagojevic, 2001 Black seems to get a comfortable game with an extra pawn.
Jun-15-10  Minty: Decent material on the Cambridge Springs seems to be hard to come by. I'm having difficulty with one line which is supposed to be good for black - good enough that nobody seems to have bothered analysing it in any detail - but I'm failing to see how black is doing well at all.

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Nbd7 5. e3 c6 6. Nf3 Qa5 7. Bd3

Neil McDonald then gives 7... Ne4 8. Bxe4 dxe4 9. Ne5 Nxe5 10. dxe5 Bb4, when black is supposed to be better because he can 'attack the loose pawns on the queenside', but after 11. O-O, I really don't see how black is doing well at all.

Black has an awful bishop on c8, and giving up the dark squared bishop (...Bxc3) to wreck white's queenside structure looks suicidal with all the weak dark squares in black's camp.

I'd like to play the cambridge springs, but I'm really not convinced by this line. Someone help me out here.

Jun-30-12  gezafan: <Minty: Decent material on the Cambridge Springs seems to be hard to come by. I'm having difficulty with one line which is supposed to be good for black - good enough that nobody seems to have bothered analysing it in any detail - but I'm failing to see how black is doing well at all. 1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Nbd7 5. e3 c6 6. Nf3 Qa5 7. Bd3

Neil McDonald then gives 7... Ne4 8. Bxe4 dxe4 9. Ne5 Nxe5 10. dxe5 Bb4, when black is supposed to be better because he can 'attack the loose pawns on the queenside', but after 11. O-O, I really don't see how black is doing well at all.

Black has an awful bishop on c8, and giving up the dark squared bishop (...Bxc3) to wreck white's queenside structure looks suicidal with all the weak dark squares in black's camp.

I'd like to play the cambridge springs, but I'm really not convinced by this line.>

Minty raises some good points. I tried to analyze the position and it seems to me, too, that white is better.

After 11...Bxc3 12.bxc3 Black's dark square weaknesses and white's control of the d file seem to outweigh white's queenside pawn weaknesses.

Black can't capture the pawns on c3 or e5 because of the mate threat. If black castles white plays Be7 followed by Qd6.

The best line I could come up with is for black to kick the bishop with h6 and g5, play Bd7 and try to castle queenside. But black still has a hemmed in bishop and weak dark squares.

Is McDonald wrong? My 50 year old opening book says black is better after 9...Bb4. Perhaps this is the correct way to play it.

Oct-07-14  ljfyffe: Also, arrived at through the Slav: 1d4 d5 2c4 c6 3Nf3 Nf6 4Nc3 e6 5Bg5 Nbd7 6e3 Qa5..
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