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Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense (C65)
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 Nf6

Number of games in database: 3676
Years covered: 1840 to 2018
Overall record:
   White wins 36.3%
   Black wins 24.4%
   Draws 39.3%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Viswanathan Anand  39 games
Peter Svidler  37 games
Magnus Carlsen  34 games
Vladimir Kramnik  52 games
Levon Aronian  40 games
Aleksej Aleksandrov  34 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Steinitz vs Chigorin, 1892
Morphy vs Anderssen, 1858
Capablanca vs O Bernstein, 1911
Marshall vs Lasker, 1907
Anderssen vs Steinitz, 1866
Anand vs Carlsen, 2013
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 page 1 of 148; games 1-25 of 3,676  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Von Der Lasa vs W Hanstein 0-1331840BerlinC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
2. Mayet vs Harrwitz 0-1221847Berlin mC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
3. NN vs Morphy 0-1241850New Orleans USAC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
4. Mohishunder vs Cochrane 0-1351850Calcutta mC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
5. Wallenrath vs Jaenisch ½-½541850St PetersburgC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
6. Bird vs Horwitz 1-0291851London mC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
7. Szen vs Horwitz 1-0381851LondonC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
8. Bird vs Anderssen 1-0441851LondonC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
9. Nijmegen vs Gouda  1-0501851correspondenceC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
10. Mayet vs Anderssen 1-0531851BerlinC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
11. Loewenthal vs E Williams 1-0601851London m5C65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
12. H Kennedy vs Szen 0-1301851LondonC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
13. Loewenthal vs Anderssen 0-1301851LondonC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
14. Jaenisch vs Staunton 0-1421851London m4C65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
15. J Trelawney vs R Brien  0-1431851ProvincialC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
16. Bird vs Horwitz 1-0591851LondonC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
17. E Williams vs Staunton 0-1611851LondonC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
18. Loewenthal vs Harrwitz 1-0591853LondonC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
19. Staunton vs Von Der Lasa 0-1271853MatchC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
20. Staunton vs Von Der Lasa ½-½691853MatchC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
21. Zytogorski vs R Brien  0-1271855Kling's Coffee HouseC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
22. Cochrane vs Mohishunder  ½-½411855CalcuttaC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
23. Bird vs Anderssen 1-0381857LondonC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
24. A Meek vs Morphy 0-12918571st American Chess CongressC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
25. S Boden vs Morphy 0-1241858Casual GameC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
 page 1 of 148; games 1-25 of 3,676  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 4 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jul-29-05  Holden: <1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nc6 4.0-0 Bc5 5.c3 Nxe4>

6. d4 exd4 7. Re1 and black can save the knight but there are plenty of ways for black to lose.

White's still down a pawn though.

Jul-29-05  Eric6312: Yes Holden! I think 7. Re1 is the key I missed. Thanks!
Jul-31-05  who: <Eric6312> see Alekhine vs Desai RE, 1933
Jul-31-05  who: <e4Newman> Fritz gives 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.0-0 Bc5 5.c3 Nxe4 6.Qe2 Bxf2+ 7.Kh1 d5 8.d3 Ng3+ 9.hxg3 Bxg3 as better for white.

After 6.Qe2!? Bxf2+! 7.Kh1! (7.Rxf2 Nxf2 8.Kxf2 f6) d5 8.c4!? it suggests 8...Bb6 as about equal. After 8...0-0 9.cxd5 it suggest 9...Ng3. After that Fritz is o.k. with all the moves played and gives the final position an evaluation of 2.32

Nov-14-05  Kriegspiel: <acirce> I went looking for the C65 game(s) your Kramnik quote refers to, and couldn't find any in the database. Turns out they are misclassified C67. For example, see:

Kasparov vs Kramnik, 2000


Feb-04-06  hamworld: here's a game of mine is 1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5 Nf6
4. 0-0 Nxe4
5. d4 Nd6
6. Bxc6 dxc6
7. dxe5 Nf5
8. Qxd8+ Kxd8
9. Rd1+ Ke8 equal?
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: <hamworld> Yes, that line seems very even for both sides, although White has a slim edge statistically = Opening Explorer Note the Kasparov-Kramnik games in London, 2000 went 9. Nc3 Bd7 10. b3 h6 for Game 1 Kasparov vs Kramnik, 2000 & Game 3 Kasparov vs Kramnik, 2000, then 9. Nc3 h6 10. Rd1+ Ke8 for Game 9 Kasparov vs Kramnik, 2000, then 9. Nc3 h6 10. h3 Ke8 for Game 13 Kasparov vs Kramnik, 2000
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <hamworld> Here is what Bronstein thinks about the position: Pilnik vs Bronstein, 1956
Premium Chessgames Member
  refutor: i'm surprised kasparov didn't try 9.Rd1+ v. kramnik...j.polgar has played 9.Rd1+ over the years
Jul-29-06  Ness: Lets say 4. O-O Bc5 how should white continue?
Sep-28-06  ongyj: After years of my previous post on this page I'm back again! I'd like to seek opinion of everyone on this continuation of the Berlin Wall defence. 4.d3 Bc5(Pretending Black's e pawn falls but in reality it doesn't. If I don't remember wrongly I think Topalov used it against Anand in the tournament he was crowned? Or was it the other way round?) 5.c3 d6 6.d4 exd4 7.cxd4 Bb4+ and Now White can "play safe with 8.Bd2" or try the interesting looking 8.Kf1!? All criticisms greatly appreciated.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Is trying to give Topalov and Kramnik a hint by picking this for OOTD?
Jan-11-07  Bobak Zahmat: <keypusher> Like expected Topalov didn't test Kramnik's Berlin Wall, because that would be just a waste of time.
Feb-13-07  druby: Maybe kasparov should have tried the nimzo larsen attack.
Jul-27-07  melianis: Looking at the statistics of the opening (closed berlin (Bc5)), it seems like <10.Nbd2 is a very good move.
Jan-17-09  blacksburg: Opening of the Day!

the best thing about playing the Berlin is that you get to study Lasker's games. :)

Jan-17-09  LaFreaK: search "WESLEY SO-NI HUA"
May-18-09  spirosgr: How about
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4. c3!?
i cant find any games starting like this though
Jul-24-09  WhiteRook48: that's because 4 c3 isn't attacking
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day : Ruy Lopez,Berlin Defense 1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘c6 3.♗b5 ♘f6.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: The Ruy Lopez is strong, but not unbreakable.

Same for the Petroff

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘c6 3.♗b5 ♘f6

click for larger view

May-28-13  dvpjal: Visit


Sep-25-13  Kikoman:

<Opening of the Day>

Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6

click for larger view

Dec-01-13  solskytz: I have a very basic question, as a totally non-opening-expert:

If black wants to play ...Nf6 early, isn't it more flexible for him to play 3...a6 first? And then on 4. Ba4, ...Nf6?

Doesn't this give him more options? Or is there something basic here that I'm missing?

Flexible because after 3...a6 and 4. Ba4, he can always break the pin if he wants, by playing ...b5 anytime he sees fit.

Explanation please! :-)

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