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Aron Nimzowitsch
Number of games in database: 582
Years covered: 1896 to 1934

Overall record: +264 -110 =200 (63.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 8 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Reti System (38) 
    A04 A06
 French Defense (28) 
    C02 C11 C00 C01 C12
 Four Knights (27) 
    C49 C48 C47
 English (18) 
    A18 A16 A15 A13 A10
 English, 1 c4 e5 (14) 
    A28 A20 A27 A21 A25
 Sicilian (14) 
    B22 B40 B32 B30 B50
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (44) 
    C01 C17 C11 C15 C13
 Queen's Pawn Game (39) 
    A46 D02 D05 A45 D04
 Caro-Kann (32) 
    B13 B16 B10 B15 B12
 Nimzo Indian (30) 
    E32 E23 E22 E20 E21
 Uncommon Opening (19) 
    B00 A00
 Queen's Indian (18) 
    E15 E16 E12 E18
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Saemisch vs Nimzowitsch, 1923 0-1
   Nimzowitsch vs Hakansson, 1922 1-0
   Nimzowitsch vs Alapin, 1914 1-0
   P F Johner vs Nimzowitsch, 1926 0-1
   Nimzowitsch vs Systemsson, 1927 1-0
   Nimzowitsch vs Rubinstein, 1926 1-0
   A E Post vs Nimzowitsch, 1905 1/2-1/2
   H K Mattison vs Nimzowitsch, 1929 0-1
   Nimzowitsch vs Salwe, 1911 1-0
   N Mannheimer vs Nimzowitsch, 1930 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Marienbad (1925)
   Dresden (1926)
   London (1927)
   Frankfurt (1930)
   Karlsbad (1929)
   San Sebastian (1912)
   San Remo (1930)
   Hamburg (1910)
   Bled (1931)
   Kecskemet (1927)
   Karlsbad (1907)
   Semmering (1926)
   Karlsbad (1911)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   Baden-Baden (1925)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Legend Nimzowitt by Gottschalk
   Chess Praxis (Nimzowitsch) by Qindarka
   N O P Players by fredthebear
   Nimzovich: Chess Praxis by setuhanu01
   Hypermodern chess: Aron Nimzovich by Reinfeld by nikolaas
   Annotated games by Nimzovitsch by macaoui
   mi sistema de nimzovich by LESTRADAR
   Annotations by Various Authorities & Fredthebear by fredthebear
   Aron Nimzowitsch's Best Games by KingG
   Nimzowitsch's System In Praxis by mw1975
   Move by Move - Nimzowitsch (Giddins) by Qindarka
   Bled 1931 by Benzol
   Bled 1931 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Bled 1931 international tournament by cuendillar

   Saemisch vs Nimzowitsch, 1923
   Nimzowitsch vs Hakansson, 1922
   Nimzowitsch vs Alapin, 1914
   Nimzowitsch vs Salwe, 1911
   Maroczy vs H Suechting, 1905

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(born Nov-07-1886, died Mar-16-1935, 48 years old) Latvia (federation/nationality Denmark)

[what is this?]

Aron Nimzowitsch, born in Riga, Latvia in 1886, came to prominence in the chess world just before the First World War. He was Russian Champion in 1913 (jointly with Alexander Alekhine) at St.Petersburg. He won a string of international events in the mid-1920s which led him to challenge Jose Raul Capablanca to a World Championship match in 1925, but negotiations dissolved after monetary backing could not be found. He took first place at Copenhagen (1923), Dresden (1926), Karlsbad (1929) and Frankfurt (1930).

Nimzowitsch's chess theories flew in the face of convention. He had a lengthy and somewhat bitter conflict with Siegbert Tarrasch over which ideas constituted proper chess play. While Tarrasch refined the classical approach of Wilhelm Steinitz, that the center had to be controlled and occupied by pawns, Nimzowitsch shattered these dogmatic assumptions, and proposed the controlling of the center with pieces from afar. In this way, the opponent is invited to occupy the center with pawns which thus become the targets of attack. This idea became known as the hypermodern school of chess thought.

Nimzowitsch, along with other hypermodern thinkers such as Richard Reti, revolutionized chess, proving to the chess world that controlling the center of the board mattered more than actually occupying it. Nimzowitsch is also a highly-regarded chess writer, most famously for the 1925 classic My System, to this day regarded as one of the most important chess books of all time. Other books include Chess Praxis, which further expounds the hypermodern idea, and the seminal work The Blockade, which explores the strategy implied by his famous maxim, "First restrain, then blockade, finally destroy!"

As a profound opening theoretician, Nimzowitsch has left a legacy of variations, many of which are still popular today. The Nimzo-Indian Defense (1.d4 ♘f6 2.c4 e6 3.♘c3 ♗b4) is named after him, as are several variations of the French Defense. He also is credited in part for the Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein (B29) Variation (1.e4 c5 2.♘f3 ♘f6), the Nimzovich-Larsen Attack (A01) (1.b3), the Nimzowitsch Defense (1.e4 ♘c6), and many others.

He died of pneumonia on March 16, 1935 in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Wikipedia article: Aron Nimzowitsch

Last updated: 2018-05-02 22:01:33

 page 1 of 24; games 1-25 of 583  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Nimzowitsch vs NN 1-0181896RigaB01 Scandinavian
2. B Blumenfeld vs Nimzowitsch 1-0291903BerlinC45 Scotch Game
3. Tarrasch vs Nimzowitsch ½-½711904Casual gameD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
4. E Cohn vs Nimzowitsch 0-130190414th DSB Congress - Hauptturnier AC41 Philidor Defense
5. Vidmar vs Nimzowitsch 1-048190414th DSB Congress - Hauptturnier AD02 Queen's Pawn Game
6. Nimzowitsch vs Hilse 1-065190414th DSB Congress - Hauptturnier AC27 Vienna Game
7. B Gregory vs Nimzowitsch 1-036190414th DSB Congress - Hauptturnier AA30 English, Symmetrical
8. P Kaegbein vs Nimzowitsch 1-042190414th DSB Congress - Hauptturnier AD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
9. Nimzowitsch vs Duras 1-055190414th DSB Congress - Hauptturnier AB15 Caro-Kann
10. Spielmann vs Nimzowitsch 1-0191905MatchB15 Caro-Kann
11. Nimzowitsch vs L Forgacs 0-1521905Vienna Masters TournamentC45 Scotch Game
12. Nimzowitsch vs Schlechter 0-1261905ViennaB22 Sicilian, Alapin
13. H Wolf vs Nimzowitsch ½-½341905Vienna Masters TournamentC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
14. Nimzowitsch vs Albin 1-0381905ViennaB02 Alekhine's Defense
15. Spielmann vs Nimzowitsch 1-0421905MatchC45 Scotch Game
16. Nimzowitsch vs Spielmann ½-½361905MatchC45 Scotch Game
17. Nimzowitsch vs Przepiorka ½-½251905Barmen Meisterturnier BB22 Sicilian, Alapin
18. Spielmann vs Nimzowitsch 1-0301905Barmen Meisterturnier BC25 Vienna
19. Nimzowitsch vs L Forgacs 0-1331905Barmen Meisterturnier BC45 Scotch Game
20. A H Pettersson vs Nimzowitsch 0-1301905Barmen Meisterturnier BC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
21. Nimzowitsch vs I Kopa 0-1541905Barmen Meisterturnier BB22 Sicilian, Alapin
22. H Caro vs Nimzowitsch 1-0361905Barmen Meisterturnier BA34 English, Symmetrical
23. Nimzowitsch vs Reggio  ½-½421905Barmen Meisterturnier BC45 Scotch Game
24. A E Post vs Nimzowitsch ½-½981905Barmen Meisterturnier BD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
25. Nimzowitsch vs J Perlis 0-1361905Barmen Meisterturnier BB40 Sicilian
 page 1 of 24; games 1-25 of 583  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Nimzowitsch wins | Nimzowitsch loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 75 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Dec-25-03  Marnoff Mirlony: What are you talking about, ughaibu?
Dec-25-03  ughaibu: ????? (Good one).
Dec-25-03  Marnoff Mirlony: Alright....
Dec-25-03  tud: <Shadowmaster> are you sure Botvinnik belongs to Rubinstein, Capablanca and Fischer team ? I think his work is very complex. Think at his openings... his middle games... When I studied Botvinnik I always had nightmares understanding his Sicilians for example. I think if Rubinstein or Capablanca wake up one day, they play against Fritz without any problems, whereas Botvinnik can have problems...
Dec-26-03  Benjamin Lau: I don't know about his openings, but his middlegame play is clear as water, at least in the QGD (white) and Nimzo Indian (black) (which are the areas I've studied his games the most; I can't comment on any other.)
Dec-26-03  Dick Brain: I'm surprised by Nimzowitsch's picture. I had always imagined him bearded and looking like Dr. Freud. But he does look a little like Kelsey Grammer which is close.
Dec-26-03  tud: Try variant Botvinnik in Slavian Defense. Also his way to combat Gruenfelds. His Sicilians with doubled pawns on f6.
Dec-27-03  shadowmaster: <tud> Ahhh, the Botvinnik semi-slav leads to complex positions. And Botvinnik’s handling of that opening is quite impressive. When I made my statement, I was thinking of the caro-kanns that Botvinnik played with Tal. Maybe Karpov is a better example.
Jan-06-04  Marnoff Mirlony: I enjoy Botvinnik's Semi-Slav.
Feb-08-04  Jimzovich: Aaron Nimzovich started to seriously study chess at a late age of 17, as compared to his contemporaries(Capa & Alekhine). With a late start, his combinative skill would not reach its height in power until his late 20's and early 30's. Unfortunately WW1 broke out and stifled his chess career. With the war over and pushing 40, he resumed his chess career. His string of wins in Copenhagen; 1st place wins in 1923,1924,1928 and more, show his strength and now a new "Modern style" at the chess table. True he was unable to overpower Alekhine or Capablanca(neither could anyone else) in tournaments. His contribution (his writings)to the royal game far out ways Alekhine or Capa's, combined! His wins and theories clearly made him third or forth strongest player in the world!! I would say that Aaron was basically robbed by the fate of timing(WW1). As it said on his business card "A. Niemzowitsch Candidate for the World Chess Championship and Crown Prince of the Chess World"
Apr-10-04  ConLaMismaMano: Nimzovich together with Reti and Breyer were the principal contributers to Hypermodernism.
Apr-11-04  square dance: <conlamismamano> nah, it was mostly me. ;-)
Apr-11-04  Benjamin Lau: Gruenfeld also contributed a lot to the hypermodern school, though not as much as Reti and Nimzowitsch in some respects.
Apr-17-04  nikolaas: A funny game from his younger years:
A.Nimzovich-G.Fluess, Zurich 1906

1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Bb4 5.exd5 Qxd5 6.Bxf6 Bxc3+ 7.bxc3 gxf6 8.Nf3 Nc6 9.Be2 Rhg8 10.0-0 Bd7 11.c4 Qh5 12.d5 0-0-0 13.Nd4 Qh6 14.g3 Rg6 15.dxc6 Bxc6 16.Nxc6 Rxd1 17.Rxd1 bxc6 "And now my good friend Fluess leaned back as who should say, 'The ending isn't easy, to be sure, but we'll find a way'" (Nimzovich) 18.c5 Rg8 19.Rab1 1-0 "Never shall I forget the comical look of horror on my opponent's face as he realized his plight" (Nimzovich).

It's not Nimzovich best game but it IS funny.

May-12-04  iron maiden: Nimzo was originally from Russia but later settled in Denmark, am I correct?
Premium Chessgames Member
  meloncio: <iron maiden> Yes, but not exactly. He was born in Riga, Latvia, those times a part of the czarist empire. After the soviet revolution he went away and settled in Denmark.
May-12-04  Poulsen: Yes, you are correct.

He came to Denmark a few years after WWI. He was born in Riga nov. 7th 1886 - and died in Denmark mar. 16th 1935. He is buried in Copenhagen.

His original name was Niemzowitsch - but the latvian authorities wrote Nimzowitsch in his passport - and since everybody called him by that name, he simply dropped the "e". The danes took him to their harts - though he was in many ways a strange and difficult man to socialise with. He is in Denmark still referred to as "Danmarks Skaklærer", i.e. the Chessteacher of Denmark.

His efforts in that direction was much needed in Denmark in the 20's and 30's, since there was practically no quality chesslitterature in danish. His writings - in danish - in the danish chessmagazine, "Skakbladet", are legendary.

Their is a straight line of development from Nimzowitsch to Denmarks first GM - Bent Larsen. Without Nimzowitsch in Denmark, there would proparly not have been a player with Bent Larsen's qualities - not as early as the mid-50's anyway.

May-12-04  Poulsen: Nimzowitsch is by the way buried at Bispebjerg Kirkegaard (Bispebjerg Cemetery), Copenhagen. The stone simply says "Skakstormesteren Aron Nimzowitsch" (The Chess Grandmaster Aron Nimzowitsch) together with dates of birth and death.

Denmark's first International Master Jens Enevoldsen (d. 1980) is also buried there.

May-12-04  Lawrence: Never even reached the age of 50, died of pneumonia.
Premium Chessgames Member
  ray keene: i am glad to see my notes to the nimzowitsch games are gradually starting to appear-the game v levenfish is the first one i saw-good work
Aug-02-04  Stavrogin: You who discuss the hypermoderns - do not forgot their PR Salesman - Tartakower.
Sep-22-04  benderules: Maybe not the best non champion ever but maybe the most influential non champion ever
Premium Chessgames Member
  paulalbert: I agree. I read My System 50 years ago as a boy, but it probably was too early to get full benefit from it particularly because I had no access to formal chess instruction. I have recently been rereading Nimzowitsch including Chess Praxis and also including Raymond Keene's outstanding book, Aron Nimzowitsch: A Reappraisal which helps to understand both the ideas and historical context, including his disagreements with Tarrasch, whom I also consider a great contributor to chess. To me reading works by the past masters, e.g.,Tarrasch, Lasker, Capablanca, and Alekhine, Bronstein combined with works like Raymond Keene's on Nimzowitsch and John Watson's , Secrets of Modern Chess Strategy can help even amateur players both play better and certainly have a greater understanding of and appreciation for the game. Unfortunately, a lot of modern young GMs seem to barely know or care much about the history and development of their game. Paul Albert
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Was I the only person who read My System and kept saying, "What's all this crap?"
Premium Chessgames Member
  cu8sfan: <offramp> I think "My System" is pretty much overrated. Maybe you've got to be a better player to really appreciate that book. I liked his talkative style though - something many readers criticize.
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