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Marshall 
 
Frank James Marshall
Number of games in database: 1,309
Years covered: 1893 to 1944
Overall record: +519 -327 =412 (57.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      51 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (130) 
    D53 D51 D63 D60 D61
 Queen's Pawn Game (71) 
    D00 A46 D02 A45 A40
 Tarrasch Defense (64) 
    D32 D33 D34
 Queen's Gambit Declined (41) 
    D31 D37 D30 D06 D38
 French Defense (29) 
    C01 C10 C12 C11 C13
 Center Game (23) 
    C21 C22
With the Black pieces:
 Petrov (91) 
    C42 C43
 Ruy Lopez (75) 
    C63 C62 C89 C77 C90
 Queen's Pawn Game (62) 
    D02 D00 D05 A46 E10
 Four Knights (51) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (44) 
    C12 C11 C00 C10 C01
 Queen's Gambit Declined (35) 
    D30 D38 D06 D37 D31
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   S Levitsky vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs G Marco, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs Burn, 1900 1-0
   Janowski vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs Stodie, 1920 1-0
   E M Jackson vs Marshall, 1899 0-1
   Marshall vs Von Scheve, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs H Rogosin, 1940 1-0
   Marshall vs Chigorin, 1905 1-0
   Marshall vs Capablanca, 1909 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Monte Carlo (1904)
   Scheveningen (1905)
   Janowski - Marshall, Match 2 (1905)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   15th DSB Kongress (Nuremberg) (1906)
   Havana (1913)
   Vienna (1903)
   New York Masters (1915)
   Paris (1900)
   Ostend (Championship) (1907)
   Moscow (1925)
   Karlsbad (1911)
   Ostend (1905)
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Monte Carlo (1903)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   MARSHALL'S BEST GAMES OF CHESS by hitsujyun
   Janowski vs. Marshall Matches by Phony Benoni
   Marshall Martials by chocobonbon
   99_Ostende A 1907 (Champion Tourn. to play Laske by whiteshark
   Monte Carlo 1904 by suenteus po 147
   New York 1924 by Benzol

GAMES ANNOTATED BY MARSHALL: [what is this?]
   Marshall vs Burn, 1900
   Marshall vs R Short, 1894
   Marshall vs D Gladstone, 1932
   Marshall vs P Gotay, 1936
   Kevitz vs Marshall, 1937
   >> 10 GAMES ANNOTATED BY MARSHALL

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FRANK JAMES MARSHALL
(born Aug-10-1877, died Nov-09-1944, 67 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Frank James Marshall, born in New York City on August 10, 1877, was United States champion from 1909-1936 and a respected international competitor for the first quarter of the 20th century.

He began international play by winning the Minor tournament at London 1899. In his major tournament debut at Paris 1900, Marshall finished =3rd with Geza Maroczy, defeating World Champion Emanuel Lasker in their individual game.

Known for an aggressive style and an ability to get out of trouble that earned him the nickname "The Great Swindler", Marshall recorded both high finishes and disappointing results in elite tournaments. For example, his best result came at Cambridge Springs 1904 where he finished 2.0 points ahead of Lasker and David Janowski. On the other hand, he finished in mid-field at Ostend 1905. His other successes at this time, which included 1st at Schevenigen 1905, 3rd at Barmen 1905 (1/2-point behind Janowski and Maroczy), and first at Nuremberg 1906 helped him find backing for the Lasker-Marshall World Championship Match (1907). However, he lost this match heavily by a score of +0 -8 =7. He suffered another disaster in Capablanca - Marshall (1909) (+1 -8 =14), but continued to be a dangerous and respected opponent in international play for many years. One of his best results came when he won the Havana tournament of 1913, edging out Capablanca by half a point.

Marshall won the US Championship by defeating Jackson Whipps Showalter in a 1909 match (+7 -2 =3). He defended the title once, against Edward Lasker in 1923 (+5 -4 =9), finally relinquishing it voluntarily in 1936 to allow the championship to be decided by tournament play.

Several opening variations are named after him, notably Ruy Lopez, Marshall (C89). Though his original use of it in Capablanca vs Marshall, 1918 resulted in a loss, the gambit is still studied today and played occasionally at the highest levels.

notes: Frank played consultation chess on the teams of Lasker/Chigorin/Marshall/Teichmann & Marshall / Allies.


 page 1 of 53; games 1-25 of 1,310  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Steinitz vs Marshall 1-026 1893 SimulC03 French, Tarrasch
2. Marshall vs R Short 1-018 1894 ch Montreal CCC51 Evans Gambit
3. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-134 1894 blind-simulD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-129 1894 BFX MontrealC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
5. R Short vs Marshall 0-122 1895 freeC51 Evans Gambit
6. W Napier vs Marshall 1-068 1896 Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
7. Marshall vs W Napier 0-177 1896 Napier - MarshallC55 Two Knights Defense
8. V Sournin vs Marshall 0-134 1896 New YorkA80 Dutch
9. Marshall vs W Napier 0-134 1896 Napier - MarshallC45 Scotch Game
10. W Napier vs Marshall 1-047 1896 Napier - MarshallB01 Scandinavian
11. Marshall vs W Napier 0-138 1896 Napier - MarshallA84 Dutch
12. W Napier vs Marshall 1-035 1896 Napier - MarshallB06 Robatsch
13. Marshall vs W Napier 0-123 1896 Napier - MarshallC29 Vienna Gambit
14. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½75 1896 Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
15. Marshall vs W Napier ½-½72 1896 Napier - MarshallC50 Giuoco Piano
16. Marshall vs W Napier 1-027 1896 Napier - MarshallD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½75 1896 Napier - MarshallC02 French, Advance
18. Marshall vs H Hansen  0-135 1897 freeC44 King's Pawn Game
19. Marshall vs S G Ruth 0-136 1897 Ch CityD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
20. H Helms vs Marshall 1-034 1897 SimulD00 Queen's Pawn Game
21. Marshall vs W Napier 1-054 1897 Ch CityD01 Richter-Veresov Attack
22. W Napier vs Marshall 1-065 1897 Ch CityC02 French, Advance
23. Marshall vs W Napier 1-046 1897 Ch CityA80 Dutch
24. Pillsbury vs Marshall 1-039 1897 blindfold exhibitionC13 French
25. H McMahon vs Marshall 0-17 1897 Ch CityC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
 page 1 of 53; games 1-25 of 1,310  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Marshall wins | Marshall loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 9 OF 12 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-30-11  Penguincw: < MaxxLange: I disagree. There are plans bad enough that they are much worse than no plan. >

Like what? Giving up a queen for a pawn with no compensation?

Mar-30-11  MaxxLange: castling into a crushing attack, exchanging down to a lost pawn endgame, etc
May-26-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is a Marshall game not in the database:

[Event "?"]
[Site "New Orleans"]
[Date "1914.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Gehl, JM"]
[Black "Marshall, Frank James"]
[Result "0-1"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. Nxe5 d6 4. Nc4 Nxe4 5. d4 d5 6. Qe2 Nc6 7. c3 Be7 8. Bf4 O-O 9. Ne3 Nxd4 10. cxd4 Bb4+ 11. Kd1 Qf6 12. Be5 Nxf2+ 13. Kc1 Qc6+ 14. Nc2 Nxh1 15. Qf3 Re8 16. Bd3 Bg4 17. Qxg4


click for larger view

17...Rxe5 18. dxe5 Qh6+ 0-1

Source: "Sunday Times", Perth, Western Australia, 22nd February 1914

May-26-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <Frank Marshall: Chess Master>

A Chess Spaghetti Western featuring film footage of Marshall v. Torre at Moscow 1925.

Music by Gabriel Faure and Ennio Morricone:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k8-L...

Jun-14-11  castledweller: Hi Jessica ...

THanks for posting the film footage. I think CG featured that Marshall brilliancy move where they tossed some coins on the table as a puzzle or GOTD not so long ago. Music was great!

Jul-06-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: From the <Brooklyn Daily Eagle>, April 20, 1912:

<CHESS CHAMPION SAFE
-----
Frank J. Marshall Not Among the Titanic's Ill-Fated Passengers>

"Mrs. B. Marshall, the mother of Frank J. Marshall, the United States chess champion, declared in her home in New York avenue, in an interview with an Eagle reporter, yesterday, that her anxiety regarding the safety of her son had been completely allayed since the arrival of the Carpathia with the survivors of the Titanic on board.

"It transpired that it was Henry Marshall, and not Frank, who was in the list of missing passengers. Not having heard from her famous son, and knowing that he had contemplated coming home in the course of this month, she naturally had been uneasy concerning him.

"The chess champion was last heard of in Paris, where he was filling professional engagements. Mrs. Marshall stated that, were he to change his mind about coming home to Brooklyn at this time, he would remain abroad for the international tournaments in at Poestyen, in Hungary, and at Breslau, in Germany, and not return until early in autumn."

Marshall did stay in Europe and play in both tournaments. Poor Levitsky never could catch a break.

Jul-30-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: From the <Brooklyn Daily Eagle>, September 2, 1926:

<"Frank Marshall, now appearing in '1926 Bare Facts' at the Triangle, has issued a challenge to actors for the chess championship in the theater. He is the son of Frank J. Marshall, the United States chess champion.">

In case you're wondering (and I'd be surprised if you weren't), "1926 Bare Facts" was one of those musical revues popular in the 1920s, of which the "Ziegfeld Follies" is probably the best known example.

Aug-10-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  talisman: happy birthday Frank...
Sep-23-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: C.N. 7112

<On page 16 of 'Comparative Chess' (Philadelphia, 1932) Frank Marshall referred to Zukertort as ‘a former champion of the world’ (see page 297 of 'A Chess Omnibus').>

Link: http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

Nov-08-11  AnalyzeThis: Well, both Zukertort and Steinitz claimed to be world champion. I supposed that you could call their match a unification bout. Certainly there weren't any questions after Steinitz's victory.
Dec-19-11  Resignation Trap: I have been looking for unfamiliar photos (to me, anyway!) of familiar chessplayers. I just found this one. It was taken by Hansel Mieth in 1939 and is from Life Images. Does anyone recognize the person on the left? I don't!http://www.anglonautes.com/voc_play...
Dec-19-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Resignation Trap> The man on the left is <Clarence Hewlett>, a member of the Marshall Chess Club. I don't have any other information about him offhand.

http://books.google.com/books?id=qj...

Dec-19-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Few of Clarence Hewlett's chess feats seem to have been recorded, but if the person on the left in the picture near the bottom of this page is the same guy then he had some other accomplishments:

http://ge.geglobalresearch.com/blog...

This may be another picture, from 1957 (I'm not that good at recognizing faces):

http://d.lib.ncsu.edu/collections/c...

And he may well be the father of this fellow, who I'm sure pulled off a smothered mate from time to time:

http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/da...

Dec-19-11  Resignation Trap: Thanks <Phony Benoni>!
Jan-20-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  visayanbraindoctor: <"The Jänisch is becoming frightening. It’s a good job I’m not a 1.e4 player" (Giri). It is very difficult to break Radjabov's Jänisch. It might be the reason.>

Marshall was the great pre-WW2 exponent of the Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense (C63).

Together with the Ruy Lopez, Marshall (C89)

and the Berlin, these openings may cause more e4 players to avoid the Ruy Lopez in the future; perhaps to play more Italians.

Notice Marshall's contribution to the first two openings above (and also in the Petrov Defense (C42)).

Contrary to the popular stereotype of Marshall being an unprepared slambang player, he went into competitions armed with an opening arsenal.

And it seems that chess history is taking note of this. Look at the effects of his black openings on today's e4 players.

Jul-04-12  LoveThatJoker: Frank J. Marshall, Player of the Day, today you are remembered!

LTJ

Jul-04-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  ketchuplover: Happy birthday to herr Marshall and the USA
Jul-04-12  RookFile: Marshall made some outstanding contributions to opening theory - the opening was certainly a strength with him.
Jul-04-12  King Death: Marshall was a fine all around player, unfortunately in his play he's remembered more than anything for the thrashings he took in matches against some of the all time greats. It's good to see that folks recognize him for what he did for the game.
Aug-10-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  talisman: happy birthday champ.
Aug-10-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  waustad: It looks like today's POTD and Marshall traded dates this year. I'll honor your B'day today!
Aug-10-12  LoveThatJoker: GM Marshall, today you are remembered with the utmost respect and admiration!

:)

LTJ

Sep-14-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: In Mannheim (Germany) on July 14, 1914 Marshall played a game against the amateur G. W. Lüdecke. They played for 5 hours and then adjourned the game. It was not possible to resume the game the next day as WWI broke out and Marshall went back to the USA. 24 years later, in 1938 Lüdecke travelled to the USA and they finally resumed the game at the Marshall Chess Club. They agreed to a draw after a short fight.

From page 109 of the 1938 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'

Sep-14-12  RookFile: Interesting story. Marshall had a sense of humor, this sounds just like him.
Sep-15-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: I have to correct my earlier post: Marshall and Lüdecke began playing on July 31 (instead of July 14). Sorry for that.
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