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Frank James Marshall
Number of games in database: 1,345
Years covered: 1893 to 1944

Overall record: +528 -333 =410 (57.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 74 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (135) 
    D53 D51 D63 D60 D61
 Queen's Pawn Game (72) 
    D00 A46 D02 A45 A50
 Tarrasch Defense (64) 
    D32 D33 D34
 Queen's Gambit Declined (41) 
    D31 D37 D30 D38 D06
 French Defense (29) 
    C01 C10 C11 C13 C12
 Center Game (28) 
    C21 C22
With the Black pieces:
 Petrov (93) 
    C42 C43
 Ruy Lopez (79) 
    C63 C62 C77 C89 C90
 Queen's Pawn Game (63) 
    D02 D00 D05 E10 A46
 Four Knights (53) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (46) 
    C12 C11 C10 C00 C01
 Queen's Gambit Declined (35) 
    D30 D38 D06 D37 D31
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   S Levitsky vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs G Marco, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs Burn, 1900 1-0
   Janowski vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs Stodie, 1920 1-0
   Marshall vs H Rogosin, 1940 1-0
   E M Jackson vs Marshall, 1899 0-1
   Marshall vs Von Scheve, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs Capablanca, 1909 1-0
   Marshall vs Chigorin, 1905 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Monte Carlo (1904)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   Scheveningen (1905)
   Janowski - Marshall, Match 2 (1905)
   15th DSB Kongress (Nuremberg) (1906)
   Havana (1913)
   Vienna (1903)
   New York Masters (1915)
   Paris (1900)
   Ostend (Championship) (1907)
   Moscow (1925)
   Karlsbad (1911)
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Monte Carlo (1903)
   Ostend (1905)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   MARSHALL'S BEST GAMES OF CHESS/hitsujyun by fredthebear
   My Fifty Years of Chess (Marshall) by Qindarka
   Veliki majstori saha 14 MARSHALL (Petrovic) by Chessdreamer
   M&M players... it's a mixed bag by fredthebear
   Janowski vs. Marshall Matches by sjw2214
   Janowski vs. Marshall Matches by Phony Benoni
   Marshall Martials by chocobonbon
   1900s Grandmasters Annointed by fredthebear

   Marshall vs Burn, 1900
   Marshall vs R Short, 1894
   J L McCudden vs Marshall, 1934
   Kevitz vs Marshall, 1937
   Santasiere vs Marshall, 1941

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Frank James Marshall
Search Google for Frank James Marshall

(born Aug-10-1877, died Nov-09-1944, 67 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]

Frank James Marshall, born in New York City on August 10, 1877, was United States champion from 1909-1936 and a respected international competitor for the first quarter of the 20th century.

He began international play by winning the Minor tournament at London 1899. In his major tournament debut at Paris 1900, Marshall finished =3rd with Geza Maroczy, defeating World Champion Emanuel Lasker in their individual game.

Known for an aggressive style and an ability to get out of trouble that earned him the nickname "The Great Swindler", Marshall recorded both high finishes and disappointing results in elite tournaments. For example, his best result came at Cambridge Springs 1904 where he finished 2.0 points ahead of Lasker and David Janowski. On the other hand, he finished in mid-field at Ostend 1905. His other successes at this time, which included 1st at Schevenigen 1905, 3rd at Barmen 1905 (1/2-point behind Janowski and Maroczy), and first at Nuremberg 1906 helped him find backing for the Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907). However, he lost this match heavily by a score of +0 -8 =7. He suffered another disaster in Capablanca - Marshall (1909) (+1 -8 =14), but continued to be a dangerous and respected opponent in international play for many years. One of his best results came when he won the Havana tournament of 1913, edging out Capablanca by half a point.

Marshall won the US Championship by defeating Jackson Whipps Showalter in a 1909 match (+7 -2 =3). He defended the title once, against Edward Lasker in 1923 (+5 -4 =9), finally relinquishing it voluntarily in 1936 to allow the championship to be decided by tournament play.

Several opening variations are named after him, most notably Ruy Lopez, Marshall (C89). Though his use of it in Capablanca vs Marshall, 1918 resulted in a loss, the gambit is still studied today and has been played by some of the world's leading players. Many prominent players avoid it as White, believing that there is no way to get a meaningful advantage against it. Another important and well-respected gambit, also referred to as the Marshall Gambit, arises after 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c6 4.e4 dxe4 5.Nxe4 Bb4+ 6.Bd2 Qxd4 7.Bxb4 Qxe4+.

notes: Marshall played consultation chess on the teams of Lasker / Chigorin / Marshall / Teichmann & Marshall / Allies.

Wikipedia article: Frank Marshall (chess player)

Last updated: 2018-02-05 06:21:22

 page 1 of 55; games 1-25 of 1,353  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Steinitz vs Marshall 1-0261893SimulC03 French, Tarrasch
2. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-1291894Blindfold simulC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
3. Marshall vs R Short 1-0181894ch Montreal CCC51 Evans Gambit
4. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-1341894Blindfold simul, 10bD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. R Short vs Marshall 0-1221895freeC51 Evans Gambit
6. V Sournin vs Marshall 0-1341896New YorkA80 Dutch
7. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1231896Napier - MarshallC29 Vienna Gambit
8. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0471896Napier - MarshallB01 Scandinavian
9. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1771896Napier - MarshallC55 Two Knights Defense
10. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½751896Napier - MarshallC02 French, Advance
11. Marshall vs W Napier ½-½721896Napier - MarshallC50 Giuoco Piano
12. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0351896Napier - MarshallB06 Robatsch
13. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1341896Napier - MarshallC45 Scotch Game
14. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0681896Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
15. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0271896Napier - MarshallD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½751896Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
17. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1381896Napier - MarshallA84 Dutch
18. Marshall vs S G Ruth 0-1361897Ch CityD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
19. Marshall vs H Hansen  0-1351897freeC44 King's Pawn Game
20. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0541897Ch CityD01 Richter-Veresov Attack
21. H Helms vs Marshall 1-0341897SimulD00 Queen's Pawn Game
22. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0461897Ch CityA80 Dutch
23. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0651897Ch CityC02 French, Advance
24. Marshall vs H Helms 0-1331897Ch CityC44 King's Pawn Game
25. H McMahon vs Marshall 0-171897Ch CityC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
 page 1 of 55; games 1-25 of 1,353  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Marshall wins | Marshall loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 9 OF 14 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: < MaxxLange: I disagree. There are plans bad enough that they are much worse than no plan. >

Like what? Giving up a queen for a pawn with no compensation?

Premium Chessgames Member
  MaxxLange: castling into a crushing attack, exchanging down to a lost pawn endgame, etc
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is a Marshall game not in the database:

[Event "?"]
[Site "New Orleans"]
[Date "1914.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Gehl, JM"]
[Black "Marshall, Frank James"]
[Result "0-1"]

1. e4 e5 2. ♘f3 ♘f6 3. ♘xe5 d6 4. ♘c4 ♘xe4 5. d4 d5 6. ♕e2 ♘c6 7. c3 ♗e7 8. ♗f4 O-O 9. ♘e3 ♘xd4 10. cxd4 ♗b4+ 11. ♔d1 ♕f6 12. ♗e5 ♘xf2+ 13. ♔c1 ♕c6+ 14. ♘c2 ♘xh1 15. ♕f3 ♖e8 16. ♗d3 ♗g4 17. ♕xg4

click for larger view

17...♖xe5 18. dxe5 ♕h6+ 0-1

Source: "Sunday Times", Perth, Western Australia, 22nd February 1914

Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <Frank Marshall: Chess Master>

A Chess Spaghetti Western featuring film footage of Marshall v. Torre at Moscow 1925.

Music by Gabriel Faure and Ennio Morricone:

Jun-14-11  castledweller: Hi Jessica ...

THanks for posting the film footage. I think CG featured that Marshall brilliancy move where they tossed some coins on the table as a puzzle or GOTD not so long ago. Music was great!

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: From the <Brooklyn Daily Eagle>, April 20, 1912:

Frank J. Marshall Not Among the Titanic's Ill-Fated Passengers>

"Mrs. B. Marshall, the mother of Frank J. Marshall, the United States chess champion, declared in her home in New York avenue, in an interview with an Eagle reporter, yesterday, that her anxiety regarding the safety of her son had been completely allayed since the arrival of the Carpathia with the survivors of the Titanic on board.

"It transpired that it was Henry Marshall, and not Frank, who was in the list of missing passengers. Not having heard from her famous son, and knowing that he had contemplated coming home in the course of this month, she naturally had been uneasy concerning him.

"The chess champion was last heard of in Paris, where he was filling professional engagements. Mrs. Marshall stated that, were he to change his mind about coming home to Brooklyn at this time, he would remain abroad for the international tournaments in at Poestyen, in Hungary, and at Breslau, in Germany, and not return until early in autumn."

Marshall did stay in Europe and play in both tournaments. Poor Levitsky never could catch a break.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: From the <Brooklyn Daily Eagle>, September 2, 1926:

<"Frank Marshall, now appearing in '1926 Bare Facts' at the Triangle, has issued a challenge to actors for the chess championship in the theater. He is the son of Frank J. Marshall, the United States chess champion.">

In case you're wondering (and I'd be surprised if you weren't), "1926 Bare Facts" was one of those musical revues popular in the 1920s, of which the "Ziegfeld Follies" is probably the best known example.

Premium Chessgames Member
  talisman: happy birthday Frank...
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: C.N. 7112

<On page 16 of 'Comparative Chess' (Philadelphia, 1932) Frank Marshall referred to Zukertort as ‘a former champion of the world’ (see page 297 of 'A Chess Omnibus').>


Premium Chessgames Member
  AnalyzeThis: Well, both Zukertort and Steinitz claimed to be world champion. I supposed that you could call their match a unification bout. Certainly there weren't any questions after Steinitz's victory.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Resignation Trap: I have been looking for unfamiliar photos (to me, anyway!) of familiar chessplayers. I just found this one. It was taken by Hansel Mieth in 1939 and is from Life Images. Does anyone recognize the person on the left? I don't!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Resignation Trap> The man on the left is <Clarence Hewlett>, a member of the Marshall Chess Club. I don't have any other information about him offhand.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Few of Clarence Hewlett's chess feats seem to have been recorded, but if the person on the left in the picture near the bottom of this page is the same guy then he had some other accomplishments:

This may be another picture, from 1957 (I'm not that good at recognizing faces):

And he may well be the father of this fellow, who I'm sure pulled off a smothered mate from time to time:

Premium Chessgames Member
  Resignation Trap: Thanks <Phony Benoni>!
Premium Chessgames Member
  visayanbraindoctor: <"The Jänisch is becoming frightening. It’s a good job I’m not a 1.e4 player" (Giri). It is very difficult to break Radjabov's Jänisch. It might be the reason.>

Marshall was the great pre-WW2 exponent of the Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense (C63).

Together with the Ruy Lopez, Marshall (C89)

and the Berlin, these openings may cause more e4 players to avoid the Ruy Lopez in the future; perhaps to play more Italians.

Notice Marshall's contribution to the first two openings above (and also in the Petrov Defense (C42)).

Contrary to the popular stereotype of Marshall being an unprepared slambang player, he went into competitions armed with an opening arsenal.

And it seems that chess history is taking note of this. Look at the effects of his black openings on today's e4 players.

Premium Chessgames Member
  LoveThatJoker: Frank J. Marshall, Player of the Day, today you are remembered!


Jul-04-12  ketchuplover: Happy birthday to herr Marshall and the USA
Jul-04-12  RookFile: Marshall made some outstanding contributions to opening theory - the opening was certainly a strength with him.
Jul-04-12  King Death: Marshall was a fine all around player, unfortunately in his play he's remembered more than anything for the thrashings he took in matches against some of the all time greats. It's good to see that folks recognize him for what he did for the game.
Premium Chessgames Member
  talisman: happy birthday champ.
Aug-10-12  waustad: It looks like today's POTD and Marshall traded dates this year. I'll honor your B'day today!
Premium Chessgames Member
  LoveThatJoker: GM Marshall, today you are remembered with the utmost respect and admiration!



Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: In Mannheim (Germany) on July 14, 1914 Marshall played a game against the amateur G. W. Lüdecke. They played for 5 hours and then adjourned the game. It was not possible to resume the game the next day as WWI broke out and Marshall went back to the USA. 24 years later, in 1938 Lüdecke travelled to the USA and they finally resumed the game at the Marshall Chess Club. They agreed to a draw after a short fight.

From page 109 of the 1938 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'

Sep-14-12  RookFile: Interesting story. Marshall had a sense of humor, this sounds just like him.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: I have to correct my earlier post: Marshall and Lüdecke began playing on July 31 (instead of July 14). Sorry for that.
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