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Adolf Anderssen
Number of games in database: 796
Years covered: 1844 to 1878

Overall record: +417 -312 =65 (56.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Evans Gambit (105) 
    C51 C52
 King's Gambit Accepted (92) 
    C39 C33 C38 C37 C34
 Ruy Lopez (48) 
    C77 C65 C61 C70 C63
 French Defense (26) 
    C01 C13 C11 C14 C10
 Sicilian (22) 
    B20 B21 B45 B32 B43
 Two Knights (14) 
    C59 C58 C55
With the Black pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (91) 
    C33 C37 C39 C38
 Ruy Lopez (68) 
    C65 C67 C60 C77 C64
 Evans Gambit (63) 
    C51 C52
 Giuoco Piano (44) 
    C50 C54 C53
 Sicilian (38) 
    B40 B23 B20 B44 B46
 King's Pawn Game (28) 
    C44 C40 C20
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 1-0
   Anderssen vs Dufresne, 1852 1-0
   J Rosanes vs Anderssen, 1863 0-1
   Anderssen vs Zukertort, 1869 1-0
   Mayet vs Anderssen, 1859 0-1
   Anderssen vs Zukertort, 1865 1-0
   Anderssen vs B Suhle, 1860 1-0
   J Rosanes vs Anderssen, 1862 0-1
   Anderssen vs Morphy, 1858 1-0
   Anderssen vs Paulsen, 1873 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Anderssen - Harrwitz (1848)
   London (1851)
   Anderssen - Kolisch (1861)
   Anderssen - Paulsen (1862)
   Aachen, 7th congress WDS (1868)
   Baden-Baden (1870)
   Anderssen - Morphy (1858)
   Anderssen - Steinitz (1866)
   Leipzig (1877)
   Vienna (1873)
   Paris (1878)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Anderssen! by chessgain
   Match Anderssen! by amadeus
   Anderssen!! by Garre
   Anderssen - Blackburne - Charousek by fredthebear
   Kings Gambit by Nodreads
   The Chess Champions (Romantic Era) by Owl
   Anderssen, Blackburne, Charousek by monet11
   attack_1900 by heuristic
   Vienna 1873 by suenteus po 147
   Leipzig 1877, The Anderssen-Feier by Calli
   Selected 19th century games by atrifix
   Paris 1878 by suenteus po 147
   FAVORITE PLAYERS by gambitfan

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(born Jul-06-1818, died Mar-13-1879, 60 years old) Germany

[what is this?]

Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen was born in Breslau. He was one of the strongest players of his day and was regarded by some to be the World Champion after his victory in the London (1851) tournament.1,2 He lost this honor in the Anderssen - Morphy (1858) match. One year later, however, Paul Morphy retired from international chess, and Anderssen was able to regain his reputation as the world's leading player, drawing Ignatz von Kolisch in Paris 1860 (+5 -5 =1),3 and winning the Anderssen - Kolisch (1861) match in London (+4 -3 =2). Anderssen also won the London International 1862 over Louis Paulsen, who finished second.2 He subsequently drew him in the Anderssen - Paulsen (1862) match (+3 -3 =2). In 1866, Anderssen narrowly lost a match with Wilhelm Steinitz (+6 -8 =0). He scored his final great success by winning the Baden-Baden (1870) tournament, ahead of Steinitz and Joseph Henry Blackburne. 4

Anderssen is regarded as the quintessential Romantic, and his sacrificial brilliancies such as The Immortal Game (Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851) and The Evergreen Game (Anderssen vs Dufresne, 1852) have stood the test of time.

Anderssen died of a heart attack at the age of 60. During World War II, bombing raids on his hometown damaged his grave.

Anderssen also played consultation chess on the teams of Adolf Anderssen / Johannes Zukertort / Dr C. Schmid, Adolf Anderssen / Allies, Anderssen / Stern, Anderssen / Goring / Allies & Adolf Anderssen / Bernhard Horwitz / Josef Kling.


1 Wikipedia article: Adolf Anderssen




Last updated: 2016-09-18 07:53:54

 page 1 of 32; games 1-25 of 796  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Seligo vs Anderssen 1-028 1844 BreslauC26 Vienna
2. Von Der Lasa vs Anderssen 1-021 1845 BreslauC44 King's Pawn Game
3. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 0-132 1845 BreslauC38 King's Gambit Accepted
4. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 1-029 1845 BreslauB01 Scandinavian
5. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 0-128 1846 BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
6. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 0-134 1846 BreslauC58 Two Knights
7. Von Der Lasa vs Anderssen 1-048 1846 BreslauC39 King's Gambit Accepted
8. Von Der Lasa vs Anderssen 0-120 1846 BreslauB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
9. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 0-155 1848 Anderssen - HarrwitzC01 French, Exchange
10. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-136 1848 Anderssen - HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
11. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 1-017 1848 Anderssen - HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
12. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 0-130 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
13. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-126 1848 Anderssen - HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
14. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 1-032 1848 Anderssen - HarrwitzC44 King's Pawn Game
15. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 1-028 1848 Anderssen - HarrwitzB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
16. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 1-037 1848 Anderssen - HarrwitzC53 Giuoco Piano
17. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 0-134 1848 Anderssen - HarrwitzD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-150 1848 Anderssen - HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
19. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-138 1848 BFX BreslauC39 King's Gambit Accepted
20. Salpius vs Anderssen 1-037 1849 BerlinC52 Evans Gambit
21. N Nathan vs Anderssen 0-122 1850 BerlinC39 King's Gambit Accepted
22. Falkbeer vs Anderssen 0-132 1851 BerlinC44 King's Pawn Game
23. Anderssen vs Dufresne  0-142 1851 BerlinC30 King's Gambit Declined
24. Anderssen vs K Klaus 1-026 1851 LeipzigC30 King's Gambit Declined
25. Anderssen vs Loewenthal 0-152 1851 London MatchC42 Petrov Defense
 page 1 of 32; games 1-25 of 796  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Anderssen wins | Anderssen loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: I thought he was born in Breslau, not Badass.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Quote of the Day

< "I was wrong in supposing that I could bottle up my chess and put it in a glass case." >

-Anderssen (after defeated by Morphy)

I assume it's after Anderssen-Morphy (1858) (like the whole thing).

Sep-10-13  DoctorD: Anderssen as problem composer:

Sep-21-13  TwoKnights:

Every time I pick up Sid Picard's book on Anderssen it's like electric magic like Tal's winning combinations.

The memorial essay at the beginning is a very moving salute to this great master.

Sep-22-13  DoctorD: I'd love to get the book, but Picard's tome on Sam Loyd was incredibly disappointing.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: He had a fantastic brain for spotting mates in seven or less.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <offramp: He had a fantastic brain for spotting mates in seven or less.>

Good to know that just six moves separate us.

Feb-24-14  Conrad93: The first world Champion.

The only difference is that he didn't claim it.

May-21-14  kereru: Anderssen could be scathing. Asked what Morphy thought of his play, he replied:

"It was impossible for Morphy to express an opinion on this subject, as I did not go to Paris to get a certificate of ability. Those who surrounded the American, however, seemed to think that they flattered me most when they said, how high an opinion he had of my play, and that he considered me the strongest of all opponents he had met till now. But to be reckoned stronger than a Lowenthal, I consider next door to nothing."

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Adolf Anderssen. A while ago, I made a bio of him: Game Collection: Bio: Adolf Anderssen.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Big Pawn: A question for chess historians and Anderssen fans: Do you think Anderssen's style changed after Morphy entered the scene in the late 1850's? Morphy was influential and changed the way the game was played but did Anderssen also change his style a bit?
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: He is often, understandably, forgotten when people talk about the best players of all time. Perhaps there is a bit of reverse snobbery; "He played the Immortal and Evergreen games but these are all old hat!"

But he was the best player in the world from 1850 to 1870, apart from Morphy's little blip.

And he played hundreds of great games!

Unfortunately, I can't think of any at the moment.

Jan-23-15  mcgee: >>A question for chess historians and Anderssen fans: Do you think Anderssen's style changed after Morphy entered the scene in the late 1850's? Morphy was influential and changed the way the game was played but did Anderssen also change his style a bit?<< The general consensus is that he did change his style and start to study the game more seriously. Given that he had few if any bad results in his career other than the Morphy thrashing, it's easy to understand why people feel he might have given a better account of himself in the 1858 match had he studied properly and had plenty of match and tournament practice. The six-year hiatus was an impossible hurdle for him to overcome and he admitted as much.

Here's an Anderssen game against Steinitz from his tournament win at Baden-Baden in 1870 that I like a lot. It shows how finely his style had evolved - the tactics serve a purpose beyond the idea of a quick checkmate and are combined with excellent positional judgement. Anderssen vs Steinitz, 1870

Jan-23-15  mcgee: And another excellent game against Steinitz from their 1866 match. Again, Anderssen had played little or no serious chess after winning at London in 1862 which gives grounds to believe that Steinitz's narrow win (8-6, no draws) may have been reversed in different circumstances.

Steinitz vs Anderssen, 1866

Jan-23-15  mcgee: I mean an excellent positional game
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: This could go either in Morphy's or Anderssen's page. I put it here since I have a Berliner follow-up:


A Paris letter, says: "Mr. Morphy may shortly pay a fiyixg visit to Berlin, for the purpose or playing a few games with Liege, Dafresne and Mayet.

Anderssen particularly requested him so-to do, to close the months of the Berliners.


<New York Daily-Tribune, Thursday Feb 3, 1859 p6>

And note that Anderssen was not a Berliner himself, though the foreign press often identified him as such.

For those interested in a little more about what comes out of the mouths of Berliners:


Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <It is ... impossible to keep one's excellence in a little glass casket, like a jewel, to take it out whenever wanted. On the contrary, it can only be conserved by continuous and good practice> - Adolph Anderssen.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Attack! Always Attack!> - Adolf Anderssen.
Premium Chessgames Member
  ketchuplover: I hereby change his middle name to Attack.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Zanzibar: This could go either in Morphy's or Anderssen's page. I put it here since I have a Berliner follow-up: <

A Paris letter, says: "Mr. Morphy may shortly pay a fiyixg visit to Berlin>

Flying visit.

Jul-06-15  choosea: > Randomness is scary! After watching this game, I immediately set up a 3m blitz between Morphy and Anderssen in Chessmaster: GM Edition (which is a great program).

The result left me shocked. After 8 seconds of thinking by Anderssen and 1(!) second by Morphy, they had reached the EXACT same game as here!

>> Morphy plays unofficial world champion Anderssen and blows him off the board.

>> 'Staunton ducked a match with Morphy'.

>> Morphy was simply much better than anyone else in the world.

Morphy vs Anderssen, 1858

Jul-06-15  ughaibu: Mcgee: supposedly Anderssen had the best tournament record before Lasker, but his match results weren't very good.
Aug-21-15  WTHarvey: A short, 'no ad' print edition copy of "Adolf Anderssen: 59 brilliancies from his chess games" is available at Find the winning moves.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Did you know that the German abbreviation Gmbh stands for Gambit Hotel?

Anderssen used to live there.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <offramp> Indeed Anderssen did, and he gave as good as he got while residing in that venue.
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