Adolf Anderssen
Number of games in database: 796
Years covered: 1844 to 1878
Overall record: +417 -314 =64 (56.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      1 exhibition game, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Evans Gambit (105) 
    C51 C52
 King's Gambit Accepted (91) 
    C39 C33 C38 C37 C34
 Ruy Lopez (48) 
    C77 C65 C61 C70 C63
 French Defense (26) 
    C01 C13 C11 C14 C00
 Sicilian (22) 
    B20 B21 B45 B43 B32
 Two Knights (14) 
    C58 C59 C55
With the Black pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (91) 
    C33 C37 C39 C38
 Ruy Lopez (68) 
    C65 C67 C60 C64 C77
 Evans Gambit (63) 
    C51 C52
 Giuoco Piano (44) 
    C50 C53 C54
 Sicilian (39) 
    B40 B23 B20 B44 B42
 King's Pawn Game (28) 
    C44 C40 C20
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 1-0
   Anderssen vs Dufresne, 1852 1-0
   J Rosanes vs Anderssen, 1863 0-1
   Anderssen vs Zukertort, 1869 1-0
   Anderssen vs B Suhle, 1860 1-0
   Mayet vs Anderssen, 1859 0-1
   J Rosanes vs Anderssen, 1862 0-1
   Anderssen vs Morphy, 1858 1-0
   Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 1-0
   Anderssen vs Paulsen, 1873 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Anderssen-Harrwitz (1848)
   London (1851)
   Anderssen-Morphy (1858)
   Anderssen-Kolisch (1861)
   Anderssen-Paulsen (1862)
   Anderssen-Steinitz (1866)
   Aachen, 7th congress WDS (1868)
   Baden-Baden (1870)
   Vienna (1873)
   Leipzig (1877)
   Paris (1878)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Anderssen! by amadeus
   Anderssen!! by Garre
   Kings Gambit by Nodreads
   Adolf Anderrsen Attacks by Owl
   attack_1900 by heuristic
   Vienna 1873 by suenteus po 147
   Leipzig 1877, The Anderssen-Feier by Calli
   Selected 19th century games by atrifix
   Paris 1878 by suenteus po 147
   WCC Index [London 1851] by suenteus po 147
   FAVORITE PLAYERS by gambitfan
   Blunderchecked games II by nimh
   Baden-Baden 1870 by suenteus po 147

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(born Jul-06-1818, died Mar-13-1879) Germany

[what is this?]
Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen was born in Breslau. He was one of the strongest players of his day and was even crowned unofficial World Champion after his victory in the London (1851) tournament (1). In 1858 he lost this honor in a match with Paul Morphy. One year later, however, Morphy was to retire from international chess, and Anderssen was able to regain his reputation as the world's leading player, drawing with Ignatz Von Kolisch in Paris 1860 (+5 -5 =1) ( and defeating Kolisch (+4 -3 =2) in London 1861. Especially he won the London International of 1862 ( where he and the 2nd placed Louis Paulsen then tied a decisive match (+3 -3 =2) and Anderssen could claim the title. In 1866 he narrowly lost a match with Wilhelm Steinitz (scoring six wins to his rival's eight, with no draws). In 1870 he scored his final great success by winning the Baden-Baden Tournament ( ahead of Steinitz and Joseph Henry Blackburne.

He is regarded as the quintessential Romantic, and his sacrificial brilliancies such as The Immortal Game (Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851) and The Evergreen Game (Anderssen vs Dufresne, 1852) have stood the test of time.

He died of a heart attack at the age of 60. During World War II, bombing raids on his hometown damaged his grave.

notes: Anderssen played consultation chess on the teams of Adolph Anderssen / Johannes Zukertort / Dr C. Schmid, Adolf Anderssen / Allies, Anderssen & Stern & Anderssen / Goring / Allies Anderssen / Horwitz / Kling vs Staunton / Boden / Kipping, 1857.

References: (1) , (2) Wikipedia article: Adolf Anderssen

 page 1 of 32; games 1-25 of 796  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Seligo vs Anderssen 1-028 1844 BreslauC26 Vienna
2. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 0-132 1845 BreslauC38 King's Gambit Accepted
3. Von Der Lasa vs Anderssen 1-021 1845 BreslauC44 King's Pawn Game
4. Von Der Lasa vs Anderssen 0-120 1846 BreslauB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
5. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 0-128 1846 BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
6. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 0-134 1846 BreslauC58 Two Knights
7. Anderssen vs Von Der Lasa 1-029 1846 BreslauB01 Scandinavian
8. Von Der Lasa vs Anderssen 1-048 1846 BreslauC39 King's Gambit Accepted
9. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 1-028 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
10. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 0-134 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-150 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
12. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-136 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
13. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 0-133 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
14. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 0-155 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzC01 French, Exchange
15. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-138 1848 BFX BreslauC39 King's Gambit Accepted
16. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 1-032 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzC44 King's Pawn Game
17. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 0-127 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
18. Harrwitz vs Anderssen 1-017 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzC33 King's Gambit Accepted
19. Anderssen vs Harrwitz 1-037 1848 Anderssen-HarrwitzC53 Giuoco Piano
20. Salpius vs Anderssen 1-037 1849 BerlinC52 Evans Gambit
21. N Nathan vs Anderssen 0-122 1850 BerlinC39 King's Gambit Accepted
22. Dufresne vs Anderssen 0-123 1851 It BerlinC52 Evans Gambit
23. H Buckle vs Anderssen 1-022 1851 London2C54 Giuoco Piano
24. Szen vs Anderssen 1-031 1851 LondonB44 Sicilian
25. Anderssen vs Kieseritzky 0-133 1851 LondonC51 Evans Gambit
 page 1 of 32; games 1-25 of 796  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Anderssen wins | Anderssen loses  

4 DVD Set

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 7 OF 7 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Dec-09-11  Petrosianic: Trolling, more like it. We all know how many times Kasparov defended his title.
Dec-09-11  King Death: < Petrosianic: Trolling, more like it...>

A little light bulb went off and I looked at his kibitzing history. He took 18 months off between one set of obnoxious posts and another one. Maybe this troll will take a longer break. Maybe even make it permanent and do us a huge favor.

Premium Chessgames Member
  mrbasso: Oh, stopping to post for 18 months is now the sign of a troll? Well, at least I'm not a fanboy..
Kasparov and Fischer both stopped to play rated games completely, but AFAIK they never stopped to be concerned with the game. Their Ego was so big, that they couldn't stand the prospects of someone clearly stronger showing up, which inevitably would have happened.
Dec-31-11  Penguincw: Hmm. Back then, they didn't how many games ending in draws. Today, that's about more than half of have the games end.
Jan-21-12  Antiochus: "Attack, attack always!"

Adolf Anderssen

Jan-21-12  Nemesistic: "Attack Attack Everyone" - Adolf Hitler.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: "Pure combinative chess reached its climax in Anderssen. He represents the spirit of sacrifice, free and unrestrained."

~ Reuben Fine

Jul-06-12  LoveThatJoker: WC Anderssen, today you are remembered!


Oct-23-12  chesssalamander: LTJ, I think A. ought to be considered the first WC, from 1851-1858. He was WC in every sense that really matters. Then, Morphy, then A. again, then Steinitz.
Premium Chessgames Member
  PhilFeeley: This is an interesting game:

I wonder why it's not here.

Premium Chessgames Member
  thomastonk: <PhilFeeley> I think the final sentence explains why: "Reinfeld stated in The Joys of Chess that the game was an Evans Gambit, but we have yet to trace the full score."
Jun-08-13  Poisonpawns: What I found most intriguing about his games(I have deeply studied 60) is the amount of totally lost positions he was in.Due to his extremely active style of play; he was always dangerous even in "busted" positions. He would be losing and his opponent would make a one move error, and the tides would be turned completely. There are a few Falkbeer games that come to mind;Harritz, and also Von der Lasa, where Anderrsen was good as lost but won. It is because of Anderssen, that I never lose with my pieces undeveloped. I always have them active! win or lose.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: Today - on the occasion of <Adolf Anderssen>'s 195th birthday on July 6th, 2013 - it is a great gesture by you people of <> that you haven chosen the game B Hund vs C Hartog, 1978 to be THE GAME OF THE DAY since that very game B Hund vs C Hartog, 1978 climaxes in the sacrifice of two rooks that seems to be inspired by <Adolf Anderssen>'s greatest victory, that epic battle Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 !
Premium Chessgames Member
  redlance: Happy Birthday!!!
Premium Chessgames Member
  playground player: Modern chess players congratulate themselves while standing on the shoulders of giants like Anderssen.

Oh, I don't mean all modern players. I expect the top masters know and appreciate what they owe to their illustrious predecessors. It's the moderns who aren't masters, and never will be, who show the least respect to the past.

Premium Chessgames Member
  ketchuplover: HBD Herr Anderssen
Jul-06-13  nok: Happy birthday to this badass player.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: I thought he was born in Breslau, not Badass.
Sep-08-13  Penguincw: Quote of the Day

< "I was wrong in supposing that I could bottle up my chess and put it in a glass case." >

-Anderssen (after defeated by Morphy)

I assume it's after Anderssen-Morphy (1858) (like the whole thing).

Sep-10-13  DoctorD: Anderssen as problem composer:

Sep-21-13  TwoKnights:

Every time I pick up Sid Picard's book on Anderssen it's like electric magic like Tal's winning combinations.

The memorial essay at the beginning is a very moving salute to this great master.

Sep-22-13  DoctorD: I'd love to get the book, but Picard's tome on Sam Loyd was incredibly disappointing.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: He had a fantastic brain for spotting mates in seven or less.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <offramp: He had a fantastic brain for spotting mates in seven or less.>

Good to know that just six moves separate us.

Feb-24-14  Conrad93: The first world Champion.

The only difference is that he didn't claim it.

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