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Thomas Wilson Barnes
T W Barnes 
Number of games in database: 55
Years covered: 1855 to 1862
Overall record: +18 -31 =6 (38.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

Repertoire Explorer
Most played openings
C42 Petrov Defense (6 games)
C41 Philidor Defense (6 games)
C01 French, Exchange (4 games)
C27 Vienna Game (3 games)
B00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening (3 games)
B40 Sicilian (3 games)
C52 Evans Gambit (3 games)
B27 Sicilian (2 games)
A20 English (2 games)
C64 Ruy Lopez, Classical (2 games)

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(born 1825, died Aug-20-1874, 49 years old) United Kingdom

[what is this?]
Thomas Wilson Barnes was one of the strongest English players in the 1850s. His only tournament appearance was in London 1862 but he did not do himself justice. He's best remembered for having more wins against Paul Morphy in friendly play than anyone else. Being overweight he decided to reduce his size, but the loss of 130 pounds in 10 months was more than his system could handle and resulted in his death in 1874.

consultation games: Owen / Barnes, Morphy / Barnes, Lowenthal / Barnes & Bauer / Barnes / Crespi.

Wikipedia article: Thomas Wilson Barnes

 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 55  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Zytogorski vs T W Barnes 1-0381855Kling's Coffee HouseB20 Sicilian
2. Zytogorski vs T W Barnes 1-0681855Kling's Coffee HouseC00 French Defense
3. T W Barnes vs Zytogorski 1-0591855Kling's Coffee HouseA02 Bird's Opening
4. Zytogorski vs T W Barnes 1-0441855Kling's Coffee HouseB22 Sicilian, Alapin
5. T W Barnes vs Zytogorski 0-1441855Kling's Coffee HouseA20 English
6. T W Barnes vs Falkbeer 1-0271856LondonC60 Ruy Lopez
7. T W Barnes vs Loewenthal  0-1381856London m2C50 Giuoco Piano
8. T W Barnes vs Falkbeer 1-0371856McDonnell Chess Club-fA02 Bird's Opening
9. T W Barnes vs Cunningham 0-1311856LondonC01 French, Exchange
10. Falkbeer vs T W Barnes 0-1511856LondonC41 Philidor Defense
11. T W Barnes vs Staunton  0-1321856London m4C01 French, Exchange
12. de Riviere vs T W Barnes 0-1361856LondonC54 Giuoco Piano
13. T W Barnes vs Staunton 0-1431856London m4C41 Philidor Defense
14. Cunningham vs T W Barnes  1-0581856LondonC01 French, Exchange
15. Owen vs T W Barnes 1-0311856London (England)C52 Evans Gambit
16. T W Barnes vs Loewenthal  ½-½511856London m2C51 Evans Gambit
17. Cunningham vs T W Barnes  1-0521856LondonB20 Sicilian
18. T W Barnes vs Loewenthal  1-0251856London m2C45 Scotch Game
19. Falkbeer vs T W Barnes 1-0311856McDonnell Chess Club-fB40 Sicilian
20. Owen vs T W Barnes 1-0271857LondonC27 Vienna Game
21. Loewenthal vs T W Barnes 0-1341857MatchC42 Petrov Defense
22. Owen vs T W Barnes 1-0221857London (England)C52 Evans Gambit
23. Loewenthal vs T W Barnes 0-1541857MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
24. T W Barnes vs H G Cattley ½-½441857LondonC45 Scotch Game
25. T W Barnes vs Morphy 0-1221858Casual GameC41 Philidor Defense
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 55  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Barnes wins | Barnes loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: Thomas Wilson Barnes
Aug-07-03  uponthehill: Thomas Barnes is an interesting person. Morphy considered him the strongest player he's ever encountered. (together they defeated Staunton and Owen in a consultation game). Barnes has the best record against Morphy. Although later, Barnes results do not confirm that achievements, for sure his games deserves being reviewed.
Dec-03-03  waddayaplay: His openings reminds me of guests on ICC.
Jul-20-04  nikolaas: He invented the first mechanical chess clock.
Jul-20-04  sneaky pete: <nikolaas> Are you sure? , Wasn't that invented by Kasparov, like the magnetron and intergalactic travel? , See the Kasparov page.
Jul-20-04  nikolaas: Kasparov invented the first mechanical clock? No way, these clocks are being used since 1880 or so. I wasn't talking about electrical clocks which he maybe invented, I don't know about that. But you were joking weren't you? Intergalactic travel and the magnetron invented by Gazza? What on earth??

( doesn't work on my PC at this moment)

Jul-20-04  sneaky pete: <nikolaas> 1880 or so is no problem for the inventor of the time machine. , I meant the Kasparov page.
Jul-20-04  HailM0rphy: <nikolaas> you'd get it if you went to the kasparov page and read the last 20 or so posts :)
Jul-21-04  nikolaas: Yeah, I saw what you mean. There are some crazy people working there.
Aug-09-04  DanielBryant: He also defeated Morphy with 1. e4 f6!!
Premium Chessgames Member
  BishopBerkeley: From the bio: "Being overweight [Barnes] decided to reduce his size, but the loss of 130 pounds in 10 months was more than his system could handle and resulted in his death in 1874."

A dubious diagnosis at best! I doubt that, for a severely overweight person, losing 13 pounds per month over 10 months would kill them. Of course, there may have been some other medical condition which resulted in the weight loss, and perhaps that was the cause of death.

All that being said, I wish I could have shared my wonderful "Chess Environment" with Mr. Barnes! I have set up a table across my exercise bicycle that enables me to get my daily exercise while playing Chess against the computer! So, while Shredder (Computer) is burning away my pieces, I am burning away calories and getting a good cardio-vascular-neural workout! Exercise for the mind and body: perhaps the most valuable 30-60 minutes I spend in my day for health.

I encourage you to give it a try! The only tricky part is building the table, since it has to be fashioned specifically for your exercise bicycle. My entire table is built from 2-by-4s, and you'd be surprised how nice it looks (I think, assuming your aesthetic standards are as low as mine!)

A true investment in ones well-being!

(: ♗ Bishop Berkeley ♗ :)
BishopBerkeley's Chess Interface:

Jul-20-06  Mendrys: Losing 10 or more pounds a month is incredibly taxing on your system. Even now there are people who die from kidney and liver problems that result from rapid weight loss. <BishopBerkely> certainly has the right idea though.
Mar-19-07  SirBruce: Barnes has the lowest winning percentage of just about all the great "masters" in the chessgames database. Both he and John Cochrane are below 40%.
Sep-03-07  TheaN: Chessmaster 9000 lists 1.e4 f6???!?!? as the Barnes Defense. Seems to figure... the database mentions a game from 1858 against Morphy... CG really has everything.
Premium Chessgames Member
  playground player: I've been trying, unsuccessfully, to find out more about the cause of Barnes' death. Did he put himself into the hands of one of those spectacular medical quacks who flourished during the Victorian Era? Or was his "diet" (or whatever it was) something he devised himself?
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Wiki-Bio:

<TheaN> Also 'a variation of the Ruy Lopez called the "Barnes Defense" was named after him: <1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 g6?!>'.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: "This time last year he weighed 16 stones; he went abroad, and his strength seemed suddenly to leave him. With difficulty he got into a cab. He gradually wasted away, until he became 7 st. 8 Ib., and this was the last time he was weighed (two months since), and he was certainly much less weight at the last. Physicians were in vain. No one really knows the cause of his death ; some have suspected a cancer in the stomach, and, unfortunately, he would not give permission to have a post mortem, so that the real cause will always remain a matter of surmise. Our impression is that he died from " banting." from being an enormous eater he suddenly stopped his food, taking meat only once a week ; and soon, from want of use, the stomach refused to fulfil its functions. He died in peace, and desired kind remembrances to all his friends. To us his last words were whispered, " Kind, kind to the last ; God bless your wife and little ones." He lost his voice ten days before his death, and for twelve days he ate nothing." - Westminster Papers
Mar-07-09  alshatranji: What is "banting"?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: William Banting advocated a lo-carb diet.

[And I thought that diet was a modern invention.]

Mar-07-09  Ziggurat: Curiously enough, dieting is still called "bantning" (after Banting) in Swedish.
Aug-20-09  PinnedPiece: TWB: Active 1855-2001

This is my goal as well, to be active for 146 years.


Aug-01-18  YoungEd: Not many draws for this fellow!
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