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Preston Ware
Number of games in database: 82
Years covered: 1859 to 1882

Overall record: +19 -49 =13 (31.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 1 exhibition game, blitz/rapid, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (19) 
    D00 A40 A45
With the Black pieces:
 Scandinavian (12) 
 Uncommon Opening (12) 
    B00 A00
 French Defense (5) 
    C01 C14 C11
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   P Ware vs Max Weiss, 1882 1-0
   P Ware vs J A Congdon, 1880 1/2-1/2
   P Ware vs Steinitz, 1882 1-0
   P Ware vs Meitner, 1882 1-0
   J A Congdon vs P Ware, 1880 0-1
   J Grundy vs P Ware, 1880 0-1
   Sellman vs P Ware, 1880 0-1
   A Cohnfeld vs P Ware, 1880 0-1
   P Ware vs V Hruby, 1882 1-0
   A Johnston vs P Ware, 1871 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   2nd American Chess Congress (1871)
   4th American Chess Congress (1876)
   5th American Chess Congress (1880)
   Vienna (1882)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Cleveland 1871 by crawfb5
   Ware Wins Stonewalls by Stonewaller2

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Preston Ware
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(born Aug-12-1821, died Jan-29-1890, 68 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Preston Ware Jr. was a leading Boston player of the late nineteenth century. He was the President of the Boston Chess Club from 1868 to 1873. He was elected President of the American Chess Foundation in 1872. His few tournament appearances were not successful, due in part to an eccentric opening repertoire; for example, at New York 1880 he played 1...a5 in all nine games with Black and 1.a4 in two of his games with White. The highlight of his career was the victory against Wilhelm Steinitz in his lone international tournament at Vienna (1882).

The Stone-Ware Defense to the Evans Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Bd6!? - has details) was named for Preston Ware and Henry Nathan Stone, also of Boston. Despite its eccentric appearance, it is still played today, with excellent results for Black.

Wikipedia article: Preston Ware. See also

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 82  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Morphy vs P Ware 1-0281859New York000 Chess variants
2. H Montgomery vs P Ware 1-0291860PhiladelphiaC41 Philidor Defense
3. P Ware vs Mackenzie  0-14418712nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
4. P Ware vs H Hosmer  1-04318712nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
5. P Ware vs F H Elder  1-03818712nd American Chess CongressD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
6. F H Elder vs P Ware  ½-½4418712nd American Chess CongressC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
7. Mackenzie vs P Ware 1-02018712nd American Chess CongressC01 French, Exchange
8. P Ware vs H Harding 1-04418712nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
9. P Ware vs H D Smith 1-03318712nd American Chess CongressA02 Bird's Opening
10. P Ware vs F H Elder  ½-½3418712nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
11. H D Smith vs P Ware 1-04318712nd American Chess CongressB32 Sicilian
12. P Ware vs A Johnston  1-05218712nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
13. P Ware vs M Judd 0-16618712nd American Chess CongressD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. M Judd vs P Ware  1-04718712nd American Chess CongressC01 French, Exchange
15. H Hosmer vs P Ware  0-14418712nd American Chess CongressC51 Evans Gambit
16. F H Elder vs P Ware  1-05918712nd American Chess CongressC41 Philidor Defense
17. A Johnston vs P Ware  0-12118712nd American Chess CongressC41 Philidor Defense
18. H Harding vs P Ware  1-04418712nd American Chess CongressA00 Uncommon Opening
19. B M Neill vs P Ware 1-0271874BostonC38 King's Gambit Accepted
20. J Elson vs P Ware  1-03918764th American Chess CongressB01 Scandinavian
21. P Ware vs J Elson 1-06918764th American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
22. P Ware vs Bird 0-16218764th American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
23. Bird vs P Ware ½-½8718764th American Chess CongressB01 Scandinavian
24. M Judd vs P Ware  1-04318764th American Chess CongressB01 Scandinavian
25. P Ware vs M Judd  0-17718764th American Chess CongressD00 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 82  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Ware wins | Ware loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Nov-19-04  Leviathan: This man had an extremely unorthodox style - he often played the d4-f4-e3 stonewall and weird first moves like 1.a4?! or 1. .. a5?!

Does anyone have any information about this (quite original) player?

Jan-03-05  AdrianP: "Preston Ware, (1821-1890). An American player who came to notice because of his original treatment of the opening. For example, a variation to which his name was given begins with the moves 1.a4 e5 2.a5 d5 3.e3 f5 4.a6." (from
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Together with Henry Nathan Stone he was responsible for the 'Stone-Ware' Defence.
Jul-23-05  DutchDunce: Not to mention his brothers Silver and Tupper.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: After cornering the market on KitchenWare, he created a room just for storage, and thus the first WareHouse was born.
Jun-23-06  Tariqov: lol
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: This player was very bad on property values. Any place he lived became part of the "Ware-house district." lol

He did popularize the CORNSTALK defense-good for him!

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: I've heard one day he became Self A.Ware.
Mar-02-09  WhiteRook48: I have heard that he is wondering Ware he is going
Mar-12-11  Morphischer: Ware's his picture?
Oct-15-13  thomastonk: There has been a thematic match in 1889 between F.K. Young as White, and Stone and Ware consulting as Black to test "the validity of the new Stone-Ware defence to the Evans gambit". This match has been reported by the "Boston Herald", see for example In the same source, a correspondence match with this line between players of New York (Mintz, Ryan and Hanham) and Stone and Ware is mentioned.

Games of both matches can be found on October 13 and 20, November 3, 10, 17 in the "Boston Herald", see Later issues of these newspaper present games between Burille and Young, Young and Ware, further anaylsis, and games between the YMCA in Brooklyn and the duo Stone/Ware.

Jan-30-14  Karposian: <thomastonk> Interesting. I wasn't aWare of this.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Sounds like a set of heavy tea cups.

"Mother! The in-laws are coming to visit!"

"Right. Get the Preston-ware out."

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Preston Ware.
Aug-12-15  Sho: And inventor of press 'n Ware temporary tattoos.
Mar-30-16  zanzibar: Preston Ware, though having been both born and died in Massachusetts, actually moved to Baltimore at the age of 17 to clerk, and it was there that he learned the moves of chess.

He returned to Boston in 1852, and meeting in the US Hotel, established the Boston CC together with Dr. W. Everett, Dr. J.W. Stone, and Mr. Hammond.

Apparently, he was a very successful businessman and capitalist, first in shoes and boots, later shipping, and rubber.

~<He participated in the 2nd, 3rd, and 5th American Chess Congresses and in the Intl Chess Congress at Vienna. Across the board he meet almost every celebrated player of the time, including Paul Morphy, and was recognized as one of the pillars of American chess.>

Biographical sketches of representative citizens of the commonwealth of Massachusetts ... Graves & Steinbarger, 1902, p850

I wonder if his portrait is available anywhere. I don't remember coming across it (yet).

Mar-30-16  zanzibar: And remember, Preston was one son of a Preston.

And not a junior, at least according to bio above.

Mar-30-16  zanzibar: BCM v10-11 p135 has this obit:

<We regret to announce the death of Mr. Preston Ware, of Boston, a veteran and most enthusiastic player, who trusted more to his own eccentric originality to puzzle his opponents than to any knowledge of book openings. He was the inventor of the "Stonewall" and "Meadow Hay" debuts, and in 1882 he took part in the Vienna Congress, where he succeeded in defeating Mr. Steinitz and Herr Max Weiss.>

Mar-31-16  Granny O Doul: Meadow Hay, btw, was the thing with White playing e3 and pushing the a-pawn all the way up.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Preston Ware.
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