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Preston Ware
Number of games in database: 82
Years covered: 1859 to 1882
Overall record: +19 -49 =13 (31.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      1 exhibition game, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (19) 
    D00 A40 A45
With the Black pieces:
 Uncommon Opening (12) 
    B00 A00
 Scandinavian (12) 
 French Defense (5) 
    C14 C15 C11 C01
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   P Ware vs Max Weiss, 1882 1-0
   P Ware vs Steinitz, 1882 1-0
   P Ware vs J A Congdon, 1880 1/2-1/2
   P Ware vs Meitner, 1882 1-0
   J Grundy vs P Ware, 1880 0-1
   J A Congdon vs P Ware, 1880 0-1
   P Ware vs V Hruby, 1882 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   2nd American Chess Congress (1871)
   Philadelphia (1876)
   5th American Chess Congress (1880)
   Vienna (1882)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Cleveland 1871 by crawfb5
   Ware Wins Stonewalls by Stonewaller2

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(born Aug-12-1821, died Jan-29-1890, 68 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Preston Ware Jr. was a leading Boston player of the late nineteenth century. He was the President of the Boston Chess Club from 1868 to 1873. He was elected President of the American Chess Foundation in 1872. His few tournament appearances were not successful, due in part to an eccentric opening repertoire; for example, at New York 1880 he played 1...a5 in all nine games with Black and 1.a4 in two of his games with White. The highlight of his career was the victory against Wilhelm Steinitz in his lone international tournament at Vienna (1882).

The Stone-Ware Defense to the Evans Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Bd6!? - has details) was named for Preston Ware and Henry Nathan Stone, also of Boston. Despite its eccentric appearance, it is still played today, with excellent results for Black.

Wikipedia article: Preston Ware. See also

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 82  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Morphy vs P Ware 1-028 1859 New York000 Chess variants
2. H Montgomery vs P Ware 1-029 1860 PhiladelphiaC41 Philidor Defense
3. Mackenzie vs P Ware 1-020 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC15 French, Winawer
4. P Ware vs A Johnston  1-052 1871 2nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
5. F H Elder vs P Ware  ½-½44 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
6. H D Smith vs P Ware 1-043 1871 2nd American Chess CongressB32 Sicilian
7. H Hosmer vs P Ware  0-144 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC51 Evans Gambit
8. P Ware vs F H Elder  ½-½34 1871 2nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
9. M Judd vs P Ware  1-047 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC01 French, Exchange
10. H Harding vs P Ware  1-044 1871 2nd American Chess CongressA00 Uncommon Opening
11. P Ware vs M Judd 0-166 1871 2nd American Chess CongressD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
12. A Johnston vs P Ware  0-121 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC41 Philidor Defense
13. P Ware vs F H Elder  1-038 1871 2nd American Chess CongressD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. P Ware vs H Hosmer  1-043 1871 2nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
15. F H Elder vs P Ware  1-059 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC41 Philidor Defense
16. P Ware vs Mackenzie  0-144 1871 2nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
17. P Ware vs H D Smith 1-033 1871 2nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
18. P Ware vs H Harding 1-044 1871 2nd American Chess CongressA80 Dutch
19. B M Neill vs P Ware 1-027 1874 BostonC38 King's Gambit Accepted
20. M Judd vs P Ware  1-043 1876 PhiladelphiaB01 Scandinavian
21. P Ware vs J Elson  1-069 1876 PhiladelphiaA80 Dutch
22. A Roberts vs P Ware  1-051 1876 PhiladelphiaB01 Scandinavian
23. J Elson vs P Ware  1-039 1876 PhiladelphiaB01 Scandinavian
24. P Ware vs M Judd  0-177 1876 PhiladelphiaD00 Queen's Pawn Game
25. J Mason vs P Ware  1-036 1876 PhiladelphiaD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 82  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Ware wins | Ware loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Nov-19-04  Leviathan: This man had an extremely unorthodox style - he often played the d4-f4-e3 stonewall and weird first moves like 1.a4?! or 1. .. a5?!

Does anyone have any information about this (quite original) player?

Jan-03-05  AdrianP: "Preston Ware, (1821-1890). An American player who came to notice because of his original treatment of the opening. For example, a variation to which his name was given begins with the moves 1.a4 e5 2.a5 d5 3.e3 f5 4.a6." (from
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Together with Henry Nathan Stone he was responsible for the 'Stone-Ware' Defence.
Jul-23-05  DutchDunce: Not to mention his brothers Silver and Tupper.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: After cornering the market on KitchenWare, he created a room just for storage, and thus the first WareHouse was born.
Jun-23-06  Tariqov: lol
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: This player was very bad on property values. Any place he lived became part of the "Ware-house district." lol

He did popularize the CORNSTALK defense-good for him!

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: I've heard one day he became Self A.Ware.
Mar-02-09  WhiteRook48: I have heard that he is wondering Ware he is going
Mar-12-11  Morphischer: Ware's his picture?
Oct-15-13  thomastonk: There has been a thematic match in 1889 between F.K. Young as White, and Stone and Ware consulting as Black to test "the validity of the new Stone-Ware defence to the Evans gambit". This match has been reported by the "Boston Herald", see for example In the same source, a correspondence match with this line between players of New York (Mintz, Ryan and Hanham) and Stone and Ware is mentioned.

Games of both matches can be found on October 13 and 20, November 3, 10, 17 in the "Boston Herald", see Later issues of these newspaper present games between Burille and Young, Young and Ware, further anaylsis, and games between the YMCA in Brooklyn and the duo Stone/Ware.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karposian: <thomastonk> Interesting. I wasn't aWare of this.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Sounds like a set of heavy tea cups.

"Mother! The in-laws are coming to visit!"

"Right. Get the Preston-ware out."

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Preston Ware.
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