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Zukertort 
 
Johannes Zukertort
Number of games in database: 465
Years covered: 1860 to 1888
Overall record: +263 -114 =79 (66.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      9 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Evans Gambit (40) 
    C51 C52
 Ruy Lopez (35) 
    C65 C77 C67 C64 C70
 Vienna Opening (27) 
    C25 C28 C29 C26
 Queen's Pawn Game (20) 
    D05 D00 D02 D04 A46
 French Defense (20) 
    C01 C11 C14 C00 C15
 Sicilian (19) 
    B46 B45 B40 B23 B43
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (70) 
    C67 C65 C77 C80 C83
 King's Gambit Accepted (30) 
    C33 C39 C37
 Evans Gambit (27) 
    C52 C51
 Giuoco Piano (15) 
    C53 C50
 Scotch Game (14) 
    C45
 Four Knights (9) 
    C49 C48 C47
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Zukertort vs Blackburne, 1883 1-0
   Zukertort vs NN, 1877 1-0
   Zukertort vs Anderssen, 1865 1-0
   Zukertort vs Anderssen, 1865 1-0
   Zukertort vs Count Epoureano, 1872 1-0
   Chigorin vs Zukertort, 1883 0-1
   Steinitz vs Zukertort, 1886 0-1
   Zukertort vs Anderssen, 1865 1-0
   Zukertort vs Englisch, 1883 1-0
   Zukertort vs Steinitz, 1886 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Steinitz-Zukertort World Championship Match (1886)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Aachen, 7th congress WDS (1868)
   Leipzig (1877)
   Paris (1878)
   Rosenthal-Zukertort (1880)
   Blackburne - Zukertort Match (1881)
   Berlin (1881)
   Vienna (1882)
   London (1883)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Challengers Zukertort & Gunsberg by Imohthep
   London 1883 by suenteus po 147
   Vienna 1882 by suenteus po 147
   Paris 1878 by suenteus po 147
   Rosenthal-Zukertort 1880 London Match by optimal play
   Blackburne-Zukertort 1881 London Match by optimal play
   Leipzig 1877, The Anderssen-Feier by Calli
   Kings Gambit by Nodreads

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Johannes Zukertort
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JOHANNES ZUKERTORT
(born Sep-07-1842, died Jun-20-1888) Poland (citizen of United Kingdom)

[what is this?]
Johannes Hermann Zukertort was born in Lublin, Congress Poland*.

Background

Zukertort’s father was a Christian Protestant missionary of Jewish origin at a time when the Christian mission among the Jews in Russian-occupied Poland was illegal. Consequently, the Zukertorts emigrated to Prussia. In 1861, Johannes enrolled at the University of Breslau to study medicine, although it is unclear if he completed his degree. It was in Breslau he met Adolf Anderssen and started playing chess, moving to Berlin several years later in 1867. After again moving, this time to London, he became a naturalised citizen of the United Kingdom in 1878.

Matches

<Non-title> In 1868, he played and lost a match to Anderssen in Berlin by 3.5-8.5 (+3 -8 =1). In 1871, he turned the tables, defeating Anderssen in a match by 5-2 (+5 -2). In 1872, he moved to London where he played Wilhelm Steinitz, losing 9-3 (+1 -7 =4). In May - June 1880, he had defeated Samuel Rosenthal, the French champion, Game Collection: Rosenthal-Zukertort 1880 London Match. In 1881, he played and defeated Joseph Henry Blackburne by 8.5-4.5 (+6 -2 =5). After losing the World Championship match against Steinitz in 1886, he lost a second match he played against Blackburne in 1887 by 5-9 (+1 -5 =8),Game Collection: Blackburne - Zukertort 1887 London Match, probably because of declining health (he died the following year).

<Title> The Steinitz-Zukertort World Championship Match (1886) lasted from 11 January to 29 March 1886. After leading by 4-1 after 5 games, Zukertort won only one more game, the thirteenth, going on to lose the match by 7˝-12˝ (+5 -10 =5).

Tournaments

Zukertort placed 3rd in London in 1872 behind Steinitz and Blackburne; 2nd behind Blackburne in London in 1876; 1st in Cologne and 2nd in Leipzig in 1877 behind Louis Paulsen; equal 1st with Simon Winawer at the Paris International Chess Congress in 1878, beating Winawer in the play-off; 2nd at Berlin in 1881 behind Blackburne; =4th in Vienna in 1882 behind Steinitz, Winawer and James Mason; and 1st in London in 1883, 3 points ahead of Steinitz. Zukertort's win in London in 1883 was considered to be his most significant success. The tournament was a double round robin contest with 14 players and therefore ran for 26 rounds; it also featured the first time the double-sided chess clock was used in competition. He won his games against most of the world's leading players including Steinitz, Blackburne, Winawer, Mikhail Chigorin, George Henry Mackenzie, Berthold Englisch, Samuel Rosenthal, and Henry Edward Bird, scoring 22/26 (after starting with 22/23), and finishing 3 points ahead of Steinitz, who was 2nd with 19/26. This tournament led to the World Chess Championship match between these Zukertort and Steinitz three years later.

After his defeat in the World Championship match in 1886, Zukertort's health declined, and he was diagnosed with rheumatism, coronary heart disease, kidney problems, and arteriosclerosis. His tournament results declined steeply, placing 7th in London and 3rd in Nottingham in 1886; 15th in Frankfurt and 4th in London in 1887, and 7th in London in 1888. When he unexpectedly died later that year, he was leading a tournament at Simpson’s Divan in which he was scheduled to play his last two rounds against Blackburn and Amos Burn.

...Dr. Frank Jeeves, the house physician of Charing-Cross Hospital ...had since made a post-mortem examination, and found that death was due to cerebral haemorrhage. The kidneys of the deceased were slightly unhealthy ...and the arteries and the base of the brain were diseased...

Source - <Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Monday 25 June 188, p.8.>

Chess legacy and epilogue

Zukertort was one of the ablest attacking players of his generation, ranked by Chessmetrics as the number 1 player for 56 months between 1878 and 1886.** Yet, unlike the majority of attacking players, Zukertort preferred openings such as 1. c4 and 1. Nf3 that were closed or semi-closed and offered the possibility of transpositions. In the early 1880s 1. Nf3 was known as "Zukertort’s Opening", 40 years before it became known as the Réti Opening. His name is also associated with the Colle-Zukertort Opening: <1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 d5 3.e3 e6 4.Bd3 c5 5.b3 Nc6 6.O-O Bd6 7.Bb2 O-O>, which is frequently reached by transposition. In 1879, Zukertort was co-editor, with Leopold Hoffer, of The Chess Monthly. He also demonstrated his ability to play blindfold simuls when in 1876, he played sixteen games simultaneously while blindfolded, winning by 13-3 (+11 -1 =4).

He died in London after playing a game in a tournament at Simpson's Divan. He was buried in Brompton Cemetery in London. In recent times his grave had fallen into disrepair and in 2012 it was restored and rededicated after British Grandmaster Stuart Conquest organized a chess appeal that attracted the necessary funds from the Polish Government and the chess community.***

Sources

* Congress Poland was essentially a Russian possession of part of 19th century Poland which was subsequently returned to Poland at the end of World War I: Wikipedia article: Congress Poland; ** Chessmetrics: http://chessmetrics.com/cm/CM2/Play...; *** Johannes Zukertort’s grave rededicated in London: http://www.chessvibes.com/reports/j...; Edward Winter’s Chess Notes ; http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...Johannes Zukertort by Bill Wall: http://web.archive.org/web/20091028...

Wikipedia article: Johannes Zukertort


 page 1 of 19; games 1-25 of 465  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Hirschfeld vs Zukertort  1-023 1860 ?C25 Vienna
2. P & Rosanes J Bloch vs Zukertort 1-031 1862 PostalC67 Ruy Lopez
3. NN vs Zukertort 0-110 1862 PosenC42 Petrov Defense
4. Zukertort vs NN 1-024 1862 PosenC37 King's Gambit Accepted
5. Zukertort vs Anderssen  0-136 1862 GermanyC54 Giuoco Piano
6. Zukertort vs Oppler 1-030 1862 PosenC51 Evans Gambit
7. G Neumann vs Zukertort  0-136 1864 BreslauB40 Sicilian
8. Zukertort vs Anderssen  0-127 1864 It BreslauC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
9. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-027 1864 BreslauC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
10. Zukertort vs Anderssen 0-139 1864 BreslauC66 Ruy Lopez
11. C Lehmann vs Zukertort 0-115 1864 PoznanC44 King's Pawn Game
12. L Waldstein vs Zukertort 0-121 1864 PosenC39 King's Gambit Accepted
13. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-034 1864 BreslauC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
14. Zukertort vs Lowinsohn 1-029 1864 PosenC50 Giuoco Piano
15. G Neumann vs Zukertort 1-018 1864 BreslauC51 Evans Gambit
16. Zukertort vs Anderssen  1-033 1864 BreslauC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
17. Zukertort vs C Lehmann 1-033 1864 PosenB12 Caro-Kann Defense
18. Zukertort vs Anderssen 0-122 1864 BreslauC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
19. Zukertort vs Anderssen 0-151 1864 BreslauC52 Evans Gambit
20. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-017 1865 BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
21. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-025 1865 BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
22. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-028 1865 BerlinB40 Sicilian
23. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-023 1865 BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
24. Zukertort vs Anderssen ½-½48 1865 BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
25. Zukertort vs Anderssen  ½-½50 1865 BreslauC52 Evans Gambit
 page 1 of 19; games 1-25 of 465  PGN Download
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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 9 OF 9 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jun-29-12  Petrosianic: That was one of Gleason's favorite jokes too, and I think he worked it into other shows besides The Honeymooners. "A string of pola-punnies". It's just one of those things that defies reason. It's so much funnier than it has any right to be.
Jun-29-12  Petrosianic: Oh cool, the scene is on YouTube.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rbJN...

Jun-29-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  twinlark: Aussies have been pronouncing the name as "kozzy-osko" since forever, but the official pronunciation is more like "kosh-choosh-ko".
Sep-07-12  rapidcitychess: A well deserved player of the day.

Shining play often seems to be dim in the strong light we often saw in this period, but they all deserve our respect.

Sep-07-12  LoveThatJoker: Had they given out GM titles in your day, you would surely have received it!

GM Zukertort, today you are remembered!

LTJ

Jan-23-13  ajmer: One thing puzzles me. Many people state, that he preferred 1. d4, 1. c4 or 1. Nf3 over 1. e4, yet the vast majority of his games in chessgames.com database as white starts with 1. e4. Why is that so?
Jan-23-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  thomastonk: <ajmer> The answer is quite simple: the history of chess is full of myths!

Zukertort played mainly 1.e4, but in the WC match with Steinitz he preferred 1.d4. When Reti tried 1.Sf3 in the 1920s, people called this the Zukertort opening, and the Oxford Campanion to Chess still uses this name! Indeed Zukertort played this sometimes, but continued 1.. d5 2.d4, and hence transposed to known territory.

Jul-03-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <"Considering the combined mental and physical effort that Dr. Zukertort undergoes in chess-play, and more particularly in match games or in simultaneous exhibitions, it is wonderful how he bears up so successfully under the strain with so weak a physique as he has.

"When a lad he had a fall of twenty feet or more, striking on his side upon an upright post, fracturing three ribs and remaining insensible for hours. The fractures seem never to have been perfectly reduced, and, in addition, he suffers from disease of the mitral valves of the heart!">

"Baltimore American", October 4, 1885, edited by Alexander G. Sellman. This was during negotiations for what would be the Steinitz - Zukertort match in 1886.

Sellman generally credited his sources, so this information may have come from Zukertort himself. Besides their games at London 1883, the two played a couple of exhibition games when Zukertort visited Baltimore in December, 1883.

Sep-07-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: R.I.P. master Zukertort.
Sep-07-13  Penguincw: R.I.P. Johannes Zukertort.
Oct-21-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  tjipa: I wonder how definite is the data on Lublin, Poland, as his birthplace, since some sources (Koblencs in his Chess School and some websites) claim he was born in Riga, my hometown. Does anybody have any information what either of these versions is based on?
Oct-21-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: <tjipa>

Gaige gives Lublin, Poland as his place of birth on p. 481 of the paperback 'Chess Personalia'. He cites many sources, among them p. 307 of the 1888 'British Chess Magazine' which I can confirm. I don't know what the Riga version is based on. But you hardly find a more diligent and accurate chess historian than Gaige.

Oct-21-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  tjipa: Thanks, Karpova!
Dec-29-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Joseph Henry Blackburne beat Johannes Zukertort 15 to 14, with 15 draws.> They played some memorable games together which are very interesting to play through.
Dec-29-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  thomastonk: <tjipa,Karpova> There is a biography by Domanski and Lissowski. The German edition is called "Der Großmeister aus Lublin", Berlin 2005. They report on troublesome research in archives that yield an indisputable proof that Z. was born in Lublin as Jan Herman Cukiertort.
Dec-29-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I have just seen a photo of his restored gravestone at http://www.chessvibes.pl/sites/defa.... I am very disappointed.
The headstone reads, "<POLISH CHESS GRANDMASTER JOHANNES HERMANN ZUKERTORT
7. 09. 1842 LUBLIN, POLAND
+ 20. 06. 1888 LONDON
ONE OF THE WORLD'S NOTABLE CHESS PLAYERS
WORLD CHAMPION CONTENDER 1886
THE GREATEST POLISH GRANDMASTER
OF THE XIX CENTURY
ALWAYS IN OUR MEMORY>
"

There is a similar inscription underneath that in Polish.

The English version is not very good. The old inscription was much simpler: <In Memory of J.H. Zukertort, the Chess Master, Born September 7th, 1842. Died June 20th, 1888> That is certainly the form that the dates should have taken, not some decimal/SI-unit-style of dates.

Also what is the point of telling the reader that Zukertort was <ONE OF THE WORLD'S NOTABLE CHESS PLAYERS> and then informing us that he was, <WORLD CHAMPION CONTENDER 1886>?

Here is how it should have read:
"<IN MEMORIAM
JOHANNES HERMANN ZUKERTORT
POLISH CHESS MASTER
Born September 7th, 1842, Lublin.
Died June 20th, 1888, London.
REST IN PEACE>
"

Dec-30-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: It really is a terrible headstone. Very little thought has gone into it. They could not quite decide how to describe Zukertort so they thought they'd try a few things:

<POLISH CHESS GRANDMASTER> is attempt number one. But it seems someone thought either that Grandmaster was an anachronism or that it was not praise enough. So attempt number 2 was made: <ONE OF THE WORLD'S NOTABLE CHESS PLAYERS> But some malcontent said, "Shouldn't we say <why> he is notable? 'Notable' is a bit vague." After a bit of thought someone comes up with the vague: <WORLD CHAMPION CONTENDER 1886> Contender LOL! Isn't that what they call the participants on TV hit Gladiator? It doesn't say how many contenders there were (there were two).

Better would have been:
"HE PLAYED STEINITZ IN THE FIRST WORLD CHESS CHAMPIONSHIP".

Now someone realised that the Polish nation - who paid for this mess - have not been mentioned enough. So one last descriptive attempt is made: <THE GREATEST POLISH GRANDMASTER OF THE XIX CENTURY>
That is waffle. It is a longueur as the French would say. Never mind that Zukertort was never a Grandmaster, and would not have needed the title even if it was around, just as one never says Grandmaster Fischer or Grandmaster Kortschnoi. And that annoying mish-mash <XIX CENTURY>. Why the Roman numerals? <19TH CENTURY> would be simple and correct, but the whole phrase is redundant.

So my own attempt, based on the original, would be far better. But if one wanted extra verbiage it could read in full:

<IN MEMORIAM
JOHANNES HERMANN ZUKERTORT
POLISH CHESS MASTER
HE PLAYED STEINITZ IN THE FIRST WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH IN 1886 Born September 7th, 1842, Lublin.
Died June 20th, 1888, London.
REST IN PEACE>

But whether or not that <is> any good, at least I put 10 minutes thought into it and didn't just scribble down the first things that popped into my head.

Dec-30-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: <offramp> lol, very funny. FIrst time I saw a headstone annotated!

Simpler would have been better, but it is hard to blame the Polish Heritage Society, who probably had a hard time convincing people to support such a project, and not much knowledge of chess.

Had they left out the redundancies, they could have included the Polish version of his original name "Jan Herman Cukiertort", if that is a correct claim of the Polish biography. http://www.chesscafe.com/text/revie...

Dec-30-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: < tamar: <offramp> lol, very funny. FIrst time I saw a headstone annotated...>

LOL, <Tamar>! Of course I'm not being totally serious! I'm going to go there soon, Brompton Cemetery, to smoke a Camberwell Carrot while prostate on JZ's slab.

Dec-30-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: I hope you can go. The Camberwell Carrot would be a nice touch.

Zukertort took digitalis for a heart condition, but I don't know if he smoked it.

Its originator as a therapeutic drug ,William Withering, described it as a "beautiful green powder" that he made from the leaves. He also made it into a tea.

Dec-30-13  RedShield: < I'm going to go there soon, Brompton Cemetery>

If you're relying on public transport, the 345 bus over Battersea Bridge is your best bet. It'll also give you a chance to see how the other half live:

http://www.bathchronicle.co.uk/expe...

Dec-31-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I think I'll take the 14 from Fulham Broadway station.
Dec-31-13  RedShield: Tell a lie, you need the 319.
Dec-31-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I'll take the K12, the R1, the 512 to Waterloo. Then the Dial-A-Ride to St George's. The G1 to Clapham South. The N12 to Clapham Junction then the next day the Overground to West Bromptom.

Then the 319.

Should be about a day and a bit.

Apr-05-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <offramp> Zuke's head stone isn't all that horrible. Actualy, its sort of funny how an entire obit was chiseled in two languages
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