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Joseph Henry Blackburne
Number of games in database: 975
Years covered: 1861 to 1916
Overall record: +454 -236 =218 (62.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      67 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 French Defense (62) 
    C11 C01 C14 C00 C13
 Ruy Lopez (53) 
    C77 C65 C60 C67 C70
 Scotch Game (49) 
 Vienna Opening (42) 
    C25 C29 C26 C28
 French (38) 
    C11 C00 C13 C10
 Evans Gambit (36) 
    C51 C52
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (87) 
    C01 C11 C00 C14 C02
 Ruy Lopez (45) 
    C61 C62 C66 C63 C60
 French (38) 
    C11 C00 C10 C13
 Sicilian (33) 
    B45 B21 B22 B25 B30
 Queen's Pawn Game (26) 
    D00 D02 D05 A46 A40
 Scandinavian (24) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   NN vs Blackburne, 1880 0-1
   Blackburne vs NN, 1863 1-0
   NN vs Blackburne, 1871 0-1
   A Steinkuehler vs Blackburne, 1863 0-1
   Blackburne vs J Schwarz, 1881 1-0
   Blackburne vs Mr. L, 1886 1-0
   Bird vs Blackburne, 1886 0-1
   Blackburne vs Lipschutz, 1889 1-0
   Lasker vs Blackburne, 1899 0-1
   Blackburne vs Blanchard, 1891 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Berlin (1881)
   Vienna (1873)
   Nuremberg (1883)
   Paris (1878)
   London (1883)
   Hamburg (1885)
   Baden-Baden (1870)
   Berlin (1897)
   Vienna (1882)
   London (1899)
   9th DSB Kongress, Leipzig (1894)
   Breslau (1889)
   Hastings (1895)
   Nuremberg (1896)
   Vienna (1898)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   tactics 2 by tactics
   New York 1889 by suenteus po 147
   Blindfold Blackburne by ughaibu
   London 1883 by suenteus po 147
   Vienna 1873 by suenteus po 147
   Vienna 1882 by suenteus po 147
   FAVORITE PLAYERS by gambitfan
   Joseph Henry Blackburne by capybara
   London 1899 by suenteus po 147
   Tullius' favorite games by Tullius
   Paris 1878 by suenteus po 147
   Blackburne and Tal meet NN by ughaibu
   ANNOTATED GAMES by gambitfan

   NN vs Blackburne, 1880
   NN vs Blackburne, 1871
   Blackburne vs NN, 1863
   A Steinkuehler vs Blackburne, 1863
   Bird vs Blackburne, 1886

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Joseph Henry Blackburne
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(born Dec-10-1841, died Sep-01-1924, 82 years old) United Kingdom

[what is this?]
Joseph Henry Blackburne was born in Chorlton, Manchester. He came to be known as "The Black Death". He enjoyed a great deal of success giving blindfold and simultaneous exhibitions. Tournament highlights include first place with Wilhelm Steinitz at Vienna 1873, first at London 1876, and first at Berlin 1881 ahead of Johannes Zukertort. In matchplay he lost twice to Steinitz and once to Emanuel Lasker. He fared a little better with Zukertort (Blackburne - Zukertort Match (1881)) and Isidor Gunsberg, by splitting a pair of matches, and defeating Francis Joseph Lee, ( Blackburne - Lee (1890) ). One of the last successes of his career was at the age of 72, when he tied for first place with Fred Dewhirst Yates at the 1914 British Championship. He died of a heart attack.

note: Blackburne played on the teams of Steinitz / Bird / Blackburne, Blackburne / Bird / MacDonnell, Bird / Blackburne, Blackburne / Aloof, Steinitz / Blackburne, Blackburne / Steinitz / De Vere, Blackburne / Potter, Blackburne / Horace Chapman & Joseph Henry Blackburne / Allies.

Wikipedia article: Joseph Henry Blackburne

 page 1 of 39; games 1-25 of 975  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Paulsen vs Blackburne 1-033 1861 Manchester blind simC00 French Defense
2. Paulsen vs Blackburne 1-050 1861 Manchester (England)C15 French, Winawer
3. A Steinkuehler vs Blackburne 0-124 1861 ManchesterC44 King's Pawn Game
4. Blackburne vs Steinitz 0-119 1862 LondonA82 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
5. Blackburne vs A Steinkuehler 1-021 1862 Manchester (England)C51 Evans Gambit
6. Anderssen vs Blackburne 1-053 1862 LondonC01 French, Exchange
7. Blackburne vs A G Puller 1-050 1862 Blindfold simulC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
8. Blackburne vs H B Parminter 0-135 1862 Blindfold simulC51 Evans Gambit
9. Blackburne vs Ravensworth ½-½22 1862 Blindfold simulB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
10. Blackburne vs J Robey 0-136 1862 LondonC44 King's Pawn Game
11. Blackburne vs Mongredien  ½-½52 1862 LondonB01 Scandinavian
12. Anderssen vs Blackburne 1-029 1862 LondonC33 King's Gambit Accepted
13. Blackburne vs Steinitz ½-½20 1862 LondonA82 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
14. Blackburne vs S Wellington 1-027 1862 ManchesterC84 Ruy Lopez, Closed
15. G MacDonnell vs Blackburne 1-050 1862 LondonC54 Giuoco Piano
16. Blackburne vs Howard 1-036 1862 Blindfold simulC55 Two Knights Defense
17. Steinitz vs Blackburne 1-042 1862 London (England)C01 French, Exchange
18. Blackburne vs V Green 1-043 1862 LondonC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
19. Steinitz vs Blackburne 0-170 1862 LondonC01 French, Exchange
20. Blackburne vs A Pigott 1-021 1862 Blindfold simulC34 King's Gambit Accepted
21. Blackburne vs Payne 1-030 1862 ManchesterC45 Scotch Game
22. Mongredien vs Blackburne  ½-½35 1862 LondonC33 King's Gambit Accepted
23. Blackburne vs Paulsen 0-155 1862 LondonD00 Queen's Pawn Game
24. Blackburne vs J F Gillam 0-132 1862 Blindfold simulB40 Sicilian
25. Blackburne vs Steinitz 0-140 1862 London (England)C51 Evans Gambit
 page 1 of 39; games 1-25 of 975  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Blackburne wins | Blackburne loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 7 OF 7 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Dec-10-13  Robespierre: I'm one of those patzers who's a big Blackburne enthusiast because of his fondness for the Evans Gambit -- at which opening he was quite successful! And, how many top level chess players live to the age of 82!!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Joseph Henry Blackburne.
Dec-10-13  Nosnibor: One of the feww players of his time to have a plus score against Pillsbury.(+2).R.I.P.Master Blackburne
Dec-10-13  TheFocus: <Nosnibor> Not all of the Pillsbury - Blackburne games are here in <CG>.

Their actual record is +4=4-4.

Dec-10-13  Nosnibor: <TheFocus> I am afraid I do not agree.Their actual head to head scores is 5 wins to Blackburne,3 wins to Pillsbury and 5 draws,ignoring 2 consultation games where they scored one each.Blackburne won at Nuremberg 1896,Cable match 1896,twice at London 1899 and Cable match 1899.Pillsbury won twice at Vienna 1898 and Cable match 1901.Draws were scored in the Cable matches in 1897, 1898 and 1900,Hastings 1895 and an exhibition game in Vienna 1898.I am not aware of any other games between these two contestants.
Dec-10-13  TheFocus: I am talking about official games, not exhibitions or consultations.
Dec-10-13  Petrosianic: Depends what you mean by exhibition games. Simultaneous exhibitions, sure. But there were a lot of one or two-shot games in those days, played independently of a tournament or match, and regarded as absolutely "official" (whatever that meant in those days). One of Capablanca's most famous games was one such exhibition:

O Bernstein vs Capablanca, 1914

Dec-10-13  TheFocus: I am wrong. I thought they split their games in London 1899. Instead Blackburne won them both.

Thanks <Nosnibor>. I will change my database.

Dec-10-13  TheFocus: I consider those 2 game shots to be matches.

I do draw the line at a one game shot. To me that is an exhibition game.

But, I don't get to make those decisions. That's above my pay grade.

Dec-10-13  Petrosianic: If it's played under classicial time controls, with no funny rules (like theme openings or the like), I have no problem counting it as an official game. But I agree, a 1-shot is pretty odd.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: The British Chess Federation started a collection for Blackburne. A fund was to be created to allow for the Blackburnes to have a carefree evening of life. At around mid-January 1911 they had already collected almost 7200 Kronen.

Source: Page 71 of the February 1911 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Feb-02-14  RedShield: < 7200 Kronen>

In Danegeld?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: As it was an Austrian newspaper, the Austro-Hungarian krone is probably meant.
Feb-02-14  RedShield: Blackburne was a beneficiary of krone capitalism.
Feb-11-14  Poulsen: In an old chessmagazine (~ 1910) I saw a reference to an interview with Blackburne at his 50 years anniversary as chess player.

He is supposed to have said, that Zukertort (not Steinitz) was the strongest player, that he had known. And that Morphy was his 'idol' as chessplayer - he thought, that Morphy was stronger than Lasker - however Lasker was by far the strongest player alive at this point in time.

Has anyone seen a record of the interview?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Man At Work:

Apr-02-14  zanzibar: When a blindfold game is adjourned, is the blindfolded player allowed to see the board at any time before resumption of play?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gottschalk: [Event "Great Britain"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1875.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "J H Blackburne"]
[Black "William Norwood Potter"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C45"]
[PlyCount "73"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nxc6 bxc6 6. Bd3 d5 7. Qe2 Be7 8. O-O O-O 9. Bf4 Rb8 10. Nd2 Re8 11. e5 Bf8 12. Nb3 Nd7 13. Bg3 c5 14. c4 d4 15. f4 Rb6 16. Rae1 Nb8 17. Qc2 g6 18. Nd2 f5 19. exf6 Rxe1 20. Bxe1 Qxf6 21. Ne4 Qe7 22. Ng3 Nc6 23. a3 Bg7 24. Bd2 Bd7 25. Re1 Qf8 26. b4 cxb4 27. c5 Rb8 28. axb4 Re8 29. Rxe8 Bxe8 30. b5 Nd8 31. Qa2+ Kh8 32. Qxa7 Ne6 33. b6 Qxc5 34. Qa8 Qxb6 35. Qxe8+ Nf8 36. f5 gxf5 37. Nxf5 1-0

May-04-14  RedShield: Quit posting game scores to players' pages: PGN Upload Utility
May-26-14  Nosnibor: In 1919 at the age of nearly 78 Blackburne gave two simultaneous exhibitions at the Victory Tournament in Hastings,losing only one game(Oskam) out of forty three.What a battling player he was!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: Blackburne (without Ng1) - NN:

1. e4 e5 2. d4 exd4 3. c3 dxc3 4. Bc4 Bc5 5. O-O d6 6. Nxc3 Nc6 7. Kh1 Be6 8. Bb5 Qd7 9. f4 f6 10. b4 Bb6 11. f5 Bf7 12. e5 fxe5 13. Qg4 g6 14. fxg6 Qxg4 15. gxf7+ Kf8 16. fxg8=Q+ Kxg8 17. Bh6 Qh4 18. Rf6 Qxf6 19. Bc4+ Qf7 20. Nd5 Qe6 21. Rf1 Qxh6 22. Ne7+ Kg7 23. Rf7# 1-0

Dec-10-14  Nosnibor: There will be a new book to be published in connection with Blackburne.This is due out shortly and I have placed my order with Tim Harding who is without question one of our leading chess historians. R.I.P.Master Blackburne.
Dec-28-14  poorthylacine: TO NOSNIBOR: thank you a lot for this information!!
I will order this book as soon it will be available, because this kind of books may be soon exhausted, like the one of Jimmy Adams about Zukertort which was a long time not available before reprinting!!

I hope many of the games will be annotated: Blackburne is one of my favorite players of the nineteenth century, together with Zukertort and Mackenzie, even I have of course much respect and admiration for Steinitz...

Dec-28-14  poorthylacine: I like too the book about the games of Anderssen by Gottschall, the only problem I need an electronic microscope to read it, lol!
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Whiskey stimulates the imagination--but eating a big meal before the game is equivalent to giving knight odds.>

The great man was, of course, known to stimulate his imagination thus.

This recalls a Walter Browne interview in CL&R long ago, in which he stated that he was more than willing to buy that evening's opponent a steak dinner. 'Let him try to play after that'.

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