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J M Hanham 
James Moore Hanham
Number of games in database: 99
Years covered: 1866 to 1906
Overall record: +28 -47 =19 (39.9%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      5 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Giuoco Piano (16) 
    C53 C50
 Queen's Pawn Game (7) 
    D00 D05
 King's Pawn Game (5) 
With the Black pieces:
 Philidor's Defense (25) 
 King's Gambit Declined (5) 
 Queen's Pawn Game (4) 
    D00 D02
 Vienna Opening (4) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Lasker vs J M Hanham, 1901 0-1
   J M Hanham vs F W Lord, 1895 1/2-1/2
   J M Hanham vs Taubenhaus, 1889 1-0
   A Ettlinger vs J M Hanham, 1893 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   2nd City Chess Club Tournament (1894)
   1st City Chess Club Tournament (1893)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   New York 1893, The Impromtu Tournament by Calli

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(born Jan-04-1840, died Dec-30-1923, 83 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
James Moore Hanham was born in Woodville, Mississippi. Despite his Southern origins, he fought on the side of the Union during the Civil War and was promoted to major in the U.S. Army. He saw action at Fort Pickens and Baton Rouge. After the Civil War, he moved to Manhattan. In 1885, he took 2nd place at the 7th Manhattan Chess Club championship. In 1885, he took 2nd in the 8th Manhattan Chess Club championship. In 1888, he tied for 2nd-3rd in the 1st United States Chess Association tournament in Cincinnati, won by Jackson Whipps Showalter. He reintroduced at the New York tournament 1889 the "Lord Variation" with the idea of maintaining a strong defensive center. This variation reached by 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nbd7, and known today as the "Hanham Variation" after him, has become one of the main lines of the Philidor Defense (C41). In 1891, he won the New York State Chess Association championship. He died in Manhattan, at age 83 the oldest player of master rank in the United States.

Wikipedia article: James Hanham

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 99  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Zukertort vs J M Hanham  ½-½63 1866 2nd BCA CongressA53 Old Indian
2. E Schallopp vs J M Hanham  1-047 1886 NottinghamC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
3. M Judd vs J M Hanham  1-026 1886 New YorkC11 French
4. J M Hanham vs Chigorin 0-130 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
5. J M Hanham vs Showalter 1-035 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkD00 Queen's Pawn Game
6. J W Baird vs J M Hanham 1-019 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC41 Philidor Defense
7. J M Hanham vs Lipschutz  ½-½44 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (38-1)D00 Queen's Pawn Game
8. Max Weiss vs J M Hanham 1-066 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC41 Philidor Defense
9. Blackburne vs J M Hanham 1-026 1889 New YorkC25 Vienna
10. W Pollock vs J M Hanham 1-049 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC41 Philidor Defense
11. J M Hanham vs J Mason  ½-½35 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (32-1)A80 Dutch
12. J M Hanham vs W Pollock 0-135 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC55 Two Knights Defense
13. E Delmar vs J M Hanham  ½-½29 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (26-1)C41 Philidor Defense
14. Lipschutz vs J M Hanham  1-025 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC30 King's Gambit Declined
15. J M Hanham vs Max Weiss 0-141 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkD00 Queen's Pawn Game
16. N MacLeod vs J M Hanham 0-143 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC20 King's Pawn Game
17. Gossip vs J M Hanham ½-½42 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (35-1)C30 King's Gambit Declined
18. J M Hanham vs Burille ½-½39 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
19. Taubenhaus vs J M Hanham ½-½64 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (28-1)C25 Vienna
20. J M Hanham vs Burn  0-130 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkD00 Queen's Pawn Game
21. Blackburne vs J M Hanham 0-147 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (20-2)C41 Philidor Defense
22. J M Hanham vs Taubenhaus 1-085 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
23. J M Hanham vs Taubenhaus ½-½15 1889 USA-06.CongressC20 King's Pawn Game
24. J M Hanham vs D G Baird 1-029 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC20 King's Pawn Game
25. Burille vs J M Hanham 1-030 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC30 King's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 99  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Hanham wins | Hanham loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  Knight13: No comment on this player? <At his death at age 84, he was the oldest chessplayer of master rank in the United States.> I didn't know that. So it's James Moore Hanham. I'm gonna remember that.
Jan-06-06  Rama: Somewhere in his writings, Nimzovich referenced the "Hanham Defense" in the Philidor. It is noted in the write-up above as the "Lord Variation." Now I know where it came from!
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Knight13: <... I'm gonna remember that.>> Really? :D
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Rama: <Somewhere in his writings, Nimzovich referenced the "Hanham Defense" in the Philidor.>>

Nimzowitsch annotated Teichmann vs Nimzowitsch, 1911 in 'My System' (game#2)

You may wonder why he didn't do it here: Teichmann vs Nimzowitsch, 1911


Jan-04-09  WhiteRook48: is he part of the Muslim Moores?
Premium Chessgames Member
  sleepyirv: Born in Mississippi but fought for the Union? That shows principle- or he moved to the North young.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Knight13: Or maybe he was one of the few in the south who hated the institution of slavery.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Happy 171st birthday!
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Player of the Day


Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Morphy didn't fight for either side (he was hardly the type), but absented himself from the country for much of the Civil War. While in school, I believe a few years before the war began, he wrote a paper on the limited circumstances in which he thought it was proper for a state to secede from the Union. Judging from the paper, he did not consider that the South had a legitimate basis for secession.
Premium Chessgames Member
  waustad: His Philidor line with different move order has been played often of late. I've seen it a lot from some Austrian players and occasionally elsewhere. When e5 is delayed it seems to be called the "Improved Hanham" variation. I'd say "happy b'day" but he isn't likely to read it.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. James Moore Hanham.
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <waustad> Right. Often people play move orders like 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 e5 4.Nf3 Nbd7 5.Bc4 Be7. The problem with the straight Hanham move order <1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nd7> is <4.Bc4!> almost forcing <4...c6> [4...Nf6? 5.Ng5; 4...Be7? 5.dxe5 Nxe5 (5...dxe5?? 6.Qd5!) 6.Nxe5 dxe5 7.Qh5! winning a pawn; 4...h6? 5.dxe5 dxe5 (5...Nxe5 6.Nxe5 dxe5 7.Bxf7+!) 6.Bxf7+! Kxf7 7.Nxe5+! Kf6 and now 8.Nc3! is supposed to be a forced win for White] <5.Nc3 Be7> (5...Ngf6 6.Ng5) <6.dxe5! dxe5> (6...Nxe5? 7.Nxe5 dxe5 8.Qh5!) <7.Ng5! Bxg5> (7...Nh6 8.Ne6! fxe6 9.Bxh6 gxh6 10.Qh5+ Kf8 11.Bxe6 ) <8.Qh5!> winning the bishop pair. White scores very heavily from that position. Opening Explorer
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Rest in peace, sir.
Feb-04-16  zanzibar: In connection with his performance at <2nd BCA Congress - London (1886)>

<"Of Major Hanham's play it is not necessary to say much as during most of the Tournament he was indisposed and played more from a sense of duty than anything else. At times, how ever, he showed what he could do, and under more favourable circumstances he will doubtless show a better score."

- BCM v7 p355>

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