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J M Hanham 
 
James Moore Hanham
Number of games in database: 96
Years covered: 1886 to 1906
Overall record: +28 -45 =18 (40.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      5 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Giuoco Piano (16) 
    C53 C50
 Queen's Pawn Game (7) 
    D00 D05
 King's Pawn Game (5) 
    C20
With the Black pieces:
 Philidor's Defense (25) 
    C41
 King's Gambit Declined (5) 
    C30
 Queen's Pawn Game (4) 
    D00 D02
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Lasker vs J M Hanham, 1901 0-1
   J M Hanham vs Taubenhaus, 1889 1-0
   J M Hanham vs Taubenhaus, 1889 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   2nd City Chess Club Tournament (1894)
   1st City Chess Club Tournament (1893)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   New York 1893, The Impromtu Tournament by Calli

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JAMES MOORE HANHAM
(born Jan-04-1840, died Dec-30-1923, 83 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
James Moore Hanham was born in Woodville, Mississippi. Despite his Southern origins, he fought on the side of the Union during the Civil War and was promoted to major in the U.S. Army. He saw action at Fort Pickens and Baton Rouge. After the Civil War, he moved to Manhattan. In 1885, he took 2nd place at the 7th Manhattan Chess Club championship. In 1885, he took 2nd in the 8th Manhattan Chess Club championship. In 1888, he tied for 2nd-3rd in the 1st United States Chess Association tournament in Cincinnati, won by Jackson Whipps Showalter. He reintroduced at the New York tournament 1889 the "Lord Variation" with the idea of maintaining a strong defensive center. This variation reached by 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nbd7, and known today as the "Hanham Variation" after him, has become one of the main lines of the Philidor Defense (C41). In 1891, he won the New York State Chess Association championship. He died in Manhattan, at age 83 the oldest player of master rank in the United States.

Wikipedia article: James Hanham


 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 96  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. M Judd vs J M Hanham  1-026 1886 New YorkC11 French
2. J M Hanham vs W Pollock 0-135 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC55 Two Knights Defense
3. E Delmar vs J M Hanham  ½-½29 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (26-1)C41 Philidor Defense
4. Lipschutz vs J M Hanham  1-025 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC30 King's Gambit Declined
5. J M Hanham vs Max Weiss  0-141 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkD00 Queen's Pawn Game
6. N MacLeod vs J M Hanham 0-143 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC20 King's Pawn Game
7. Gossip vs J M Hanham ½-½42 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (35-1)C30 King's Gambit Declined
8. J M Hanham vs Burille ½-½39 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
9. Taubenhaus vs J M Hanham ½-½64 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (28-1)C25 Vienna
10. J M Hanham vs Burn  0-130 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkD00 Queen's Pawn Game
11. Blackburne vs J M Hanham 0-147 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (20-2)C41 Philidor Defense
12. J M Hanham vs Taubenhaus 1-085 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
13. J M Hanham vs Taubenhaus ½-½15 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (28-2)C20 King's Pawn Game
14. J M Hanham vs D G Baird 1-029 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC20 King's Pawn Game
15. Burille vs J M Hanham 1-030 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC30 King's Gambit Declined
16. J M Hanham vs Bird 0-141 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkB34 Sicilian, Accelerated Fianchetto
17. J M Hanham vs Gunsberg 0-145 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (21-2)D00 Queen's Pawn Game
18. J Mason vs J M Hanham 1-042 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkD00 Queen's Pawn Game
19. J M Hanham vs J W Baird ½-½31 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (25-1)C53 Giuoco Piano
20. J M Hanham vs N MacLeod 1-033 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
21. J M Hanham vs Blackburne  ½-½71 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (20-1)C53 Giuoco Piano
22. Burn vs J M Hanham 0-172 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC41 Philidor Defense
23. J Mason vs J M Hanham  ½-½26 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (32-2)C41 Philidor Defense
24. Showalter vs J M Hanham ½-½70 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC41 Philidor Defense
25. M Judd vs J M Hanham 0-164 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC41 Philidor Defense
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 96  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Hanham wins | Hanham loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-22-05  Knight13: No comment on this player? <At his death at age 84, he was the oldest chessplayer of master rank in the United States.> I didn't know that. So it's James Moore Hanham. I'm gonna remember that.
Jan-06-06  Rama: Somewhere in his writings, Nimzovich referenced the "Hanham Defense" in the Philidor. It is noted in the write-up above as the "Lord Variation." Now I know where it came from!
Sep-11-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Knight13: <... I'm gonna remember that.>> Really? :D
Sep-11-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Rama: <Somewhere in his writings, Nimzovich referenced the "Hanham Defense" in the Philidor.>>

Nimzowitsch annotated Teichmann vs Nimzowitsch, 1911 in 'My System' (game#2)

You may wonder why he didn't do it here: Teichmann vs Nimzowitsch, 1911

:D

Jan-04-09  WhiteRook48: is he part of the Muslim Moores?
Jan-04-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  sleepyirv: Born in Mississippi but fought for the Union? That shows principle- or he moved to the North young.
Jul-18-09  Knight13: Or maybe he was one of the few in the south who hated the institution of slavery.
Jan-04-12  Penguincw: Happy 171st birthday!
Jan-04-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Player of the Day

Wiki-bio: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_...

Jan-04-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Morphy didn't fight for either side (he was hardly the type), but absented himself from the country for much of the Civil War. While in school, I believe a few years before the war began, he wrote a paper on the limited circumstances in which he thought it was proper for a state to secede from the Union. Judging from the paper, he did not consider that the South had a legitimate basis for secession.
Jan-04-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  waustad: His Philidor line with different move order has been played often of late. I've seen it a lot from some Austrian players and occasionally elsewhere. When e5 is delayed it seems to be called the "Improved Hanham" variation. I'd say "happy b'day" but he isn't likely to read it.
Jan-04-14  Penguincw: R.I.P. James Moore Hanham.
Jan-04-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <waustad> Right. Often people play move orders like 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 e5 4.Nf3 Nbd7 5.Bc4 Be7. The problem with the straight Hanham move order <1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nd7> is <4.Bc4!> almost forcing <4...c6> [4...Nf6? 5.Ng5; 4...Be7? 5.dxe5 Nxe5 (5...dxe5?? 6.Qd5!) 6.Nxe5 dxe5 7.Qh5! winning a pawn; 4...h6? 5.dxe5 dxe5 (5...Nxe5 6.Nxe5 dxe5 7.Bxf7+!) 6.Bxf7+! Kxf7 7.Nxe5+! Kf6 and now 8.Nc3! is supposed to be a forced win for White] <5.Nc3 Be7> (5...Ngf6 6.Ng5) <6.dxe5! dxe5> (6...Nxe5? 7.Nxe5 dxe5 8.Qh5!) <7.Ng5! Bxg5> (7...Nh6 8.Ne6! fxe6 9.Bxh6 gxh6 10.Qh5+ Kf8 11.Bxe6 ) <8.Qh5!> winning the bishop pair. White scores very heavily from that position. Opening Explorer
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