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Max Judd
M Judd 
Book of the 2nd American Chess Congress, Cleveland (1871)    
Number of games in database: 180
Years covered: 1870 to 1904

Overall record: +84 -70 =24 (53.9%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (38) 
    C80 C67 C65 C60 C83
 Scotch Game (13) 
 Ruy Lopez, Open (12) 
    C80 C83
 French Defense (10) 
    C01 C00 C11 C15
 French (5) 
    C00 C11
 Giuoco Piano (5) 
    C50 C53
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (26) 
    C80 C77 C62 C84 C60
 French Defense (11) 
    C11 C01 C13 C14
 King's Pawn Game (7) 
    C44 C20
 Ruy Lopez, Open (7) 
 French (7) 
    C11 C13
 Evans Gambit (5) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   M Judd vs J A Congdon, 1874 1-0
   M Judd vs Mackenzie, 1878 1-0
   M Judd vs Albert Roberts, 1876 1-0
   M Judd vs F Bock, 1874 1/2-1/2
   Bird vs M Judd, 1876 0-1
   M Judd vs C Jaffe, 1904 1-0
   H Harding vs M Judd, 1871 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   4th American Chess Congress (1876)
   Judd - Mackenzie (1881)
   7th American Chess Congress (1904)
   3rd American Chess Congress (1874)
   2nd American Chess Congress (1871)
   5th American Chess Congress (1880)
   New York (1889)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   New York 1889 by suenteus po 147
   New York 1880 by suenteus po 147
   Cleveland 1871 by crawfb5
   Philadelphia 1876 by suenteus po 147
   US Open 1903, Chicago = 4th Western Champ. by Phony Benoni
   Chicago 1874 by suenteus po 147
   St. Louis 1904 by crawfb5
   Showalter - Judd 1890 match by crawfb5

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(born Dec-27-1851, died May-07-1906, 54 years old) Poland (federation/nationality United States of America)

[what is this?]
Max Judd (Maximlian Judkiewich) was born in Cracow and emigrated to America in 1862. He was an American cloak manufacturer, consul-general in Vienna, and chess master. In 1881, he lost a chess match with George Henry Mackenzie for the US chess championship (+5-7=3), held in St. Louis. In 1887 Judd defeated Albert Hodges (+5-2=2) in a non-title match, held in St, Louis. In 1888, Judd took last place in the 1st United States Chess Association tournament, held in Cincinnati (won by Jackson Whipps Showalter). In 1890, Judd defeated US chess champion Jackson Whipps Showalter in a match in St. Louis (+7-3=0), but did not claim the title. In 1892, Judd lost to Jackson Whipps Showalter in a match in St, Louis (+4-7=3). In 1899, he lost a match against Harry Nelson Pillsbury in St. Louis (+1-4=0) In 1903 he won the Western Chess Congress (US Open) in Chicago. At one time he was offered to play in Ajeeb, the Automaton in New York, but he did not want to leave St. Louis. The job was then offered to Albert Hodges. Judd had the habit of sucking on a lemon when it was his opponent’s move. He was founder and president of the St. Louis Chess Club. He was appointed by President Cleveland as the U.S. Consul General to Austria. Judd played in six successive American Chess Congress tournaments: 2nd American Chess Congress (1871) - 4th, 3rd American Chess Congress (1874) - 3rd, 4th American Chess Congress (1876) - 2nd, 5th American Chess Congress (1880) - 5th, 6th - placed 8th, and the 7th - placed 2nd. In 1904, Judd tried to arrange the Seventh American Chess Congress in St. Louis, with the stipulation that the US title be awarded to the winner. Harry Nelson Pillsbury objected to Judd’s plans, so the stipulation was not accepted. Frank James Marshall won the 7th American Congress in St. Louis in 1904. His brother Maurice Judd also played chess.

Wikipedia article: Max Judd

 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 180  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. M Judd vs H D Smith  1-0401870MatchC23 Bishop's Opening
2. H D Smith vs M Judd  1-0361870Casual gameC51 Evans Gambit
3. M Judd vs H D Smith  1-0211870Casual gameC00 French Defense
4. A Johnston vs M Judd  ½-½3918712nd American Chess CongressA20 English
5. F H Elder vs M Judd  1-02818712nd American Chess CongressC77 Ruy Lopez
6. M Judd vs H Hosmer 0-13918712nd American Chess CongressB40 Sicilian
7. H Hosmer vs M Judd  ½-½3818712nd American Chess CongressC77 Ruy Lopez
8. M Judd vs P Ware  1-04718712nd American Chess CongressC01 French, Exchange
9. M Judd vs H Harding 1-02818712nd American Chess CongressC70 Ruy Lopez
10. P Ware vs M Judd 0-16618712nd American Chess CongressD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. Mackenzie vs M Judd 1-06318712nd American Chess CongressC77 Ruy Lopez
12. M Judd vs H Hosmer  0-17218712nd American Chess CongressB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
13. A Johnston vs M Judd  0-12418712nd American Chess CongressB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
14. M Judd vs H D Smith  1-05318712nd American Chess CongressC45 Scotch Game
15. M Judd vs A Johnston 1-07418712nd American Chess CongressC78 Ruy Lopez
16. M Judd vs Mackenzie 0-14918712nd American Chess CongressC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
17. M Judd vs F H Elder  1-02618712nd American Chess CongressC01 French, Exchange
18. H D Smith vs M Judd  1-03918712nd American Chess CongressB40 Sicilian
19. M Judd vs H Harding  ½-½3918712nd American Chess CongressC70 Ruy Lopez
20. H Harding vs M Judd 0-11918712nd American Chess CongressA00 Uncommon Opening
21. Mackenzie vs M Judd ½-½4418743rd American Chess CongressC78 Ruy Lopez
22. M Judd vs Mackenzie 0-15118743rd American Chess CongressC53 Giuoco Piano
23. H Hosmer vs M Judd  0-15618743rd American Chess CongressC45 Scotch Game
24. M Judd vs H Hosmer 0-12118743rd American Chess CongressC50 Giuoco Piano
25. F Bock vs M Judd  0-13018743rd American Chess CongressC01 French, Exchange
 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 180  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Judd wins | Judd loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Dec-27-12  Kikoman: Rest In Peace Sir Max Judd.
Premium Chessgames Member
  wwall: Newspapers reported that Max Judd died of a heart attack, superinduced by excitement over the chess tournament being held in St. Louis at the time. He had been warned by physicians not to participate.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Hey Judd! Don't make it bad.

Take a sad song and, well, you know...

Mar-25-15  Raisin Death Ray: <HeMateMe> Judd/Jude? You're still not funny. Never will be.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Hi ray. you're not a ray of hope or sunshine. Say hello to your mother for me.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: I'd like to see references for the lemon and the heart both.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Judd and P. Ware played a 5-game match in 1875, four of the games appear here:

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: There is notice in <Dubuque Chess Journal Aug 1873 p486> Item 965 that Max Judd left the midwest to live in San Francisco.

Sensible fellow.

Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: <zanzibar> Quite interesting, did he move back to Mid-West? Wiki page entry have his death at May 7, 1906, St. Louis.

The reason I brought this up, was looking at the date of death, and thinking of the great earthquake and fire in SF.

Made me wonder if he was injured during the earthquake/fire and that led to his passing.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: From <Dubuque Chess Journal Nov 1875 p533-4> comes this:

<1803. This is the answer received in reply to yours that the match must be played in St. Louis, and for a consideration:

"In reference to what I wrote you about playing with Max Judd, and your answer that he would play only for what the old miser in one of Scott's novels calls 'a consideration.' I have to say that I do not gamble at any game, and if I should begin I don't think the remnant of conscience I might have left would permit me to put so noble a mental exercise as Chess to so vile a use. I should not mind playing in a general tourney where prizes were given the successful, but to play with one man, for so much current coin of the realm—No 1 I am neither a Swiss, nor a Hessian, nor yet a gladiator to stake my blood for money. "1 had rather be a dog and bay the moon," than such a Chess-player.

The above have always been our sentiments, and this puts us in mind of a St. Louis Chess-player that fourteen years ago, would only play with us at ten dollars a game he said, and now he has just lost a 8200 match in New York State. We have yet (and we are nearly fifty years old) to see any good come from gambling. It unsteadies the mind, makes a man miserable, craving, dissatisfied, like all illgotten gains it brings its own punishment.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: So, we have found <chrisowen>'s great-great-great-great grand father...
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <wannabe> I don't know, I'm doing a lot of posting of items I find while searching out other items. So Judd was a bit of a detour for me really.

Your suggestion is quite possible.

A search for contemporaneous sources of his obituary would be the place to look.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: From <San Francisco Call, Volume 73, Number 123, 2 April 1893> comes this news item:


Anti-Semitism Has Run Mad in the Austrian Empire.

Vienna, April 1.— The anti-Semites and clericals are agitated over the appointment by Cleveland of Max Judd of Missouri as Consul-General of the United States at Vienna, the opposition to Judd being based upon the ground that he is a Hebrew and is therefore an undesirable person for the office. A petition is being prepared, addressed to the Emperor Francis Joseph an to the Austrian Foreign Offlce asking the Imperial officers to refuse to accent Judd as American Consul-General.>

I don't think it was an April Fool's joke.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: And I forgot to mention, that he was back in Missouri by 1893 - so <wannabe>'s theory is unlikely.

The proximity of the date of his death and the SF earthquake are likely just a coincidence.

(Also, I did find his obit in BCM - and he was supposed to participate in Cambridge Springs but had to withdraw due to ill health. Sounds likely his health was poor in the years just before his death).

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: A long write-up by Pollack of Judd-Showalter 1892 has been transcribed by Batgirl:

This has the best photo of Judd that I've seen, and I'll resubmit it to <CG>.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: His obituary, from <BCM v26 July 1906 p287>:


The New Orleans Times Democrat of May 20th records the death of Mr. Max Judd, of St. Louis, one of the strongest of America's amateur chess players. In the course of a lengthy obituary notice our contemporary says :—" Mr. Judd was born in 1852, and during the past thirty-six years took part in nearly every American chess congress, and contributed generously to Caissa's cause.

In 1871 he won fourth prize at the Cleveland International Tourney; third at Chicago, in 1874; second at Philadelphia, in 1876; fifth at New York, in 1880; a special prize at New York, in 1889; second in the St. Louis, or seventh American Congress of two years ago. In 1903 he won the Championship Tourney of the Western Chess Association, and was selected to participate in the Cambridge Springs Tourney, but ill-health prevented his playing. For several years he was President of the St. Louis Chess Club, and it was mainly through his untiring efforts that the sixth and seventh American Chess Congresses were made possible. In none of his matches against St. Louis players was Mr. Judd ever defeated. In 1874 he won a match from the then well-known Italian master, Alberoni, by the score of six games to three; in 1884 he defeated A. B. Hodges with five wins to the two of his opponent, no games being drawn; in 1890 he defeated J. W. Showalter by seven points to his adversary's three.

Taking into account all the characteristics of Mr. Max Judd's play—its solidity, it's depth, its quick grasp of the strategic possibilities of a position, and so, too, its frequently manifested capacity for the achievement of the brilliant in the game—there could be no question but that he belonged to the ranks of the undoubted masters. Had he, like certain others with a similar natural aptitude for chess, made it the business of his life, instead of merely its recreation, it is not hazarding too much to say that he would have occupied a very much higher rank in the history of the game—fully on a plane with Weiss, English, Kolisch, Zukertort, and even Steinitz, all of his own Jewish race and faith. But that he chose wisely in resting content with a strictly amateur status it is very sure that none can fairly doubt">

(PP's added)

Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: <zanzibar> Thanks, my man.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: I have <BCM v2 1882 p358> giving the dob as Tues Dec 26, 1851.

What is the source of the Dec 27 dob?

Wiki points to another web page which in turn points to a stale web page.

Dec-27-15  Hobo Erectus: The player of the day Max Judd is Max Surban Gyud, isang baduy na bisakol.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: DSZ v45 N1 (Jan 1890) G-5288 p20

has <Judd--Bardeleben 1889.11 Cafe Kaiserhof (26) 0-1>

game, with M-4 coming, if anyone is interested.

Dec-27-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Max Judd.
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: Nice pic of Paulsen. There is famous caption error in the book of the 2nd American Chess Congress. Max Judd has a round face and wore glasses:

Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: After further review I would like to revise my statement; "Boy, that early pic of Judd sure looks a lot like Paulsen".

In the pix I've compared Judd has a more pronounced ear lobe spacing from ear to skull, and he also has a widow's peak hairline, which this photo also shows. The pix of Paulsen appear to be inconsistent with those particular features shown here.

Color me embarrassed.

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Close resemblance though when Judd was young. Could be mistaken for an antsy brother.
Jun-10-17  mifralu: Die Presse 25 April 1882, p.9 reported, concerning ==>Vienna (1882)

<The well-known chess player Max J u d d will arrive from New York next week to participate at the local Chess Tournament, starting on May 10th.>

"Fake news" as early as 1882!!

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