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Prokes 
From left to right: Prokes, (unidentified), Steiner, Neuwirth, Treybal.  
Ladislav Prokes
Number of games in database: 190
Years covered: 1905 to 1930
Overall record: +56 -78 =56 (44.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Giuoco Piano (11) 
    C50 C54 C53
 Queen's Pawn Game (9) 
    A46 D02 D00 D05
 Ruy Lopez (9) 
    C77 C88 C84 C70 C67
 Orthodox Defense (6) 
    D53 D61 D51 D52
 Caro-Kann (6) 
    B10 B13 B15 B18
 French Defense (6) 
    C11 C10 C01
With the Black pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (13) 
    A46 D05 A45 D02 E00
 French Defense (13) 
    C12 C11 C13 C01 C14
 Orthodox Defense (12) 
    D51 D67 D60 D63 D55
 French (10) 
    C12 C11 C13 C00 C10
 Ruy Lopez (10) 
    C68 C77 C64 C93 C96
 Bogo Indian (8) 
    E11
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Dus Chotimirsky vs Prokes, 1908 0-1
   Hromadka vs Prokes, 1922 0-1
   Prokes vs K Krofta, 1909 1-0
   Prokes vs O Zander, 1925 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Debrecen (1925)
   Prague (1908)
   Bad Pistyan (1922)

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LADISLAV PROKES
(born Jun-07-1884, died Jan-09-1966, 81 years old) Czech Republic

[what is this?]
Ladislav Prokes (PROK-kesh) was born in Prague. Joint Czechoslovak champion (=Karel Hromadka) in 1921, he played for the Czech Olympiad team (in 1927, 1928 and 1931) but is best remembered as one of the most prolific composers of endgame studies of all time. His lifetime output of 1,159 studies ranks 4th among all composers, according to the endgame database of Harold Van der Heijden. He was the master of the study that looks easy, but is much more difficult than the solver thinks at first glance. In 1951, Professor Prokes published the acclaimed Kniha Sahovych Studii, a collection of 623 of his compositions.

He passed away in Prague in 1966 at the age of 81.

obituary: http://www.gadycosteff.com/eg/eg5.pdf

Wikipedia article: Ladislav Proke%C5%A1


 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 190  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Prokes vs F Nachtikal 0-135 1905 UJCS-1.KongressD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
2. K Treybal vs Prokes  0-132 1905 UJCS-1.KongressD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
3. Duras vs Prokes  1-045 1905 UJCS-1.KongressC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
4. Prokes vs T Sika 1-031 1905 UJCS-1.KongressB24 Sicilian, Closed
5. Maroczy vs Prokes 1-028 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
6. J Genttner vs Prokes  0-126 1907 BrnoC87 Ruy Lopez
7. Prokes vs Spielmann  ½-½49 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialC24 Bishop's Opening
8. H Wolf vs Prokes  ½-½31 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialC00 French Defense
9. Mieses vs Prokes 1-033 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialC12 French, McCutcheon
10. Prokes vs A Perna  ½-½41 1907 BrnoD53 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. Prokes vs Albin  1-031 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialB07 Pirc
12. Prokes vs J Rasovsky 1-027 1907 BrnoD53 Queen's Gambit Declined
13. J N Berger vs Prokes  1-049 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
14. K Treybal vs Prokes  ½-½27 1907 BrnoC12 French, McCutcheon
15. A Beck vs Prokes  0-141 1907 BrnoC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
16. Duras vs Prokes 1-045 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialC12 French, McCutcheon
17. Prokes vs L Taussig  1-035 1907 BrnoD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. Schlechter vs Prokes  1-020 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
19. F Treybal vs Prokes  ½-½26 1907 BrnoC49 Four Knights
20. Prokes vs J Perlis  0-131 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialC50 Giuoco Piano
21. Prokes vs M Gargulak  0-128 1907 BrnoD53 Queen's Gambit Declined
22. Prokes vs Vidmar  0-130 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialC77 Ruy Lopez
23. Prokes vs Tartakower  0-130 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialA43 Old Benoni
24. Prokes vs L Loewy Sr  0-145 1907 1st Trebitsch MemorialC55 Two Knights Defense
25. Prokes vs J Brach Sr  ½-½26 1907 BrnoD61 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack
 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 190  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Prokes wins | Prokes loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
Jan-23-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  chessgames.com: Photograph: http://www.jbmd.com/sach/profProkes...
Jan-23-06  BIDMONFA: Ladislav Prokes

PROKES, Ladislav
http://www.bidmonfa.com/prokes_ladi...
_

Aug-11-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: He has some interesting end game studies. I just posted one on my forum, and am trying to find a few more.
Dec-09-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: German Wikipedia page:
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ladisl...

Picture from Bad Pistyan 1922 (Breyer Memorial):
http://www.chessbase.de/2005/badpis...

CB-report about Bad Pistyan 1922 (Breyer Memorial): http://www.chessbase.de/nachrichten...

Dec-09-07  paladin at large: Not a bad player, as well as having his name on the "Prokes Maneuver" (which is pretty nifty - nice link <whiteshark>) and being the first victim of the "Monticelli Trap"......sounds like an adventurous life.
Dec-09-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <paladin at large> For the lazy kibutzers: <"Monticelli Trap">: M Monticelli vs Prokes, 1926
Jun-07-08  wolfmaster: Prokes lived until 1966, does anyone know if he was awarded an IM title from FIDE based on his performances in the early 20th century?
Jun-07-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: A simple study from Prokes, with a useful point. It's White to Play and Win:


click for larger view

<1.Kc6!>

And not 1.Kc7, as we'll see.

<1...Ka7 2.b4 b5>

2...a5 3.b5 is easy.

<3.Kc7 a5>


click for larger view

Now, of course, 4.bxa5 renders White's pawns useless. He could force Black to play ...b4, but only by stalemating Black's king first.

<4.a4!>

Now White wins after 4...axb4 5.axb5 or 4...bxa4 5.b5 as he can support the b-pawn all the way to glory, with similar lines following 4...Ka6 5.Kc6. And now you can see why White had to use the move order Kc6-Kc7; had he reversed the moves, Black could now take a pawn and play ...Kb8.

Jun-28-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  Peligroso Patzer: The "Prokes Maneuver", refeenced in an earlier comment, is from a 1938 study:

White to move and win from this position:


click for larger view

Solution (translated from Prokes's German):

1. b7 Nd6+ 2. Kd4! (not 2. Kd5? Nxb7 3.e7 Kf7 drawn) Nxb7 3. Kd5 Kg7 (3… Nc5 also loses: 4. e7 Na6 (the promotion is temporarily prevented by the threatened Knight fork on c7) 5. Kd6 Kf7 6. Nd8+ Ke8 7. Ne6 (threatening 8. Ng7+) Kf7 8. Ng7 Nc7 9. Kd7 (zugzwang) Kf6 10.Ne8+ and the Knight fork ends Black’s resistance.) 4. Nd8! Nxd8 5. e7 (echo to the first move: 1. b7) wins, because now the promotion cannot be prevented. Although the king can reach the square of the pawn (5. … Kf7), the square rule is not applicable in this case, because the pawn can escape the King’s attack by 6. exd8=Q.

Jun-28-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  Peligroso Patzer: The most useful finesse (in terms of potential to be used over-the-board) from the 1938 Prokes Study is from this position:


click for larger view

In the above position, 1. Nd8! is the only winning move. It threatens 2. e7 (when 2. ... Kf7 will not be possible in reply), as well as 2. Nxb7 winning easily), so Black has nothing better than 1. ... Nxd8, but this also loses, as the analysis by Prokes quoted above demonstrates.

Jul-16-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is a transcript of a talk given by AJ Roycroft of the Chess Endgame Study Circle in London in 1966 about some of Prokes' endgame studies:

http://www.gadycosteff.com/eg/eg7.pdf

Oct-19-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: GM Lubomir Kavalek on <Prokes's Windmills> http://chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp...
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