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Max Euwe
Number of games in database: 1,629
Years covered: 1911 to 1981

Overall record: +812 -251 =524 (67.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 42 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (104) 
    D63 D52 D50 D66 D55
 Nimzo Indian (97) 
    E38 E32 E33 E22 E39
 French Defense (56) 
    C13 C12 C11 C07 C02
 Ruy Lopez (49) 
    C86 C83 C85 C91 C78
 King's Indian (44) 
    E60 E67 E62 E64 E66
 Queen's Gambit Declined (40) 
    D30 D31 D35 D37 D06
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (120) 
    C83 C77 C80 C68 C82
 Slav (75) 
    D12 D15 D17 D19 D10
 Sicilian (71) 
    B83 B88 B56 B57 B59
 Ruy Lopez, Open (60) 
    C83 C80 C82 C81
 Nimzo Indian (49) 
    E59 E34 E26 E35 E41
 Queen's Pawn Game (48) 
    D02 A46 D00 D04 A45
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Tartakower vs Euwe, 1948 0-1
   Geller vs Euwe, 1953 0-1
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Euwe vs Najdorf, 1953 1-0
   Euwe vs Loman, 1923 1-0
   Euwe vs Reti, 1920 1-0
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Euwe vs S Van Mindeno, 1927 1-0
   Euwe vs Fischer, 1957 1-0
   Szabo vs Euwe, 1946 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Alekhine - Euwe World Championship Match (1935)
   Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937)
   FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Weston (1924)
   Hastings 1923/24 (1923)
   Hastings 1930/31 (1930)
   Bournemouth (1939)
   Zaanstreek (1946)
   Maastricht (1946)
   London B (1946)
   Gothenburg B (1920)
   Zurich (1934)
   Berne (1932)
   Zandvoort (1936)
   Groningen (1946)
   Nottingham (1936)
   Wertheim Memorial (1951)
   Karlsbad (1929)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Euwe (International)! by amadeus
   Max Euwe - The Biography (Munninghoff) by Qindarka
   E F G Players by fredthebear
   Law and Order by Garre
   MAXimum Teacher by Garre
   Law and Order Compiled by Garre / Euwe by fredthebear
   MAXimum Teacher Compiled by Garre by fredthebear
   World Champion - Euwe (I.Linder/V.Linder) by Qindarka
   My Games (Euwe) by Qindarka
   From My Games 1920 - 1937 by Benzol
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by LionHeart40
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Max Euwe - From Steinitz to Fischer, Part 2 by Chessdreamer
   number 2 by Frodo7

GAMES ANNOTATED BY EUWE: [what is this?]
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1937

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Max Euwe
Search Google for Max Euwe

(born May-20-1901, died Nov-26-1981, 80 years old) Netherlands
[what is this?]

Machgielis (Max) Euwe was the fifth World Champion.

Early years

Euwe was born in Watergraafsmeer in Amsterdam. His mother, Elizabeth van der Meer, taught him the moves when he was four. He was a student of mathematics at Amsterdam University where he graduated with honours in 1923, gaining his doctorate in 1926, after which he taught mathematics in Rotterdam and later in Amsterdam. Younger brother of Willem Euwe.


Euwe won 102 tournaments during his career, squeezing them - and his other tournaments - into the little spare time he had during a busy professional career as a teacher, mathematician and lecturer, and while raising a family. His first international foray was in the Hastings Victory tournament after WW1 in the summer of 1919 where he placed 4th. He won the Dutch National Championship on five consecutive occasions in 1921, 1924, 1926, 1929 and 1933, and then on six more consecutive occasions in 1938, 1939, 1942, 1947, 1948 and 1952. His 12th win was in 1955; these 12 wins of the Dutch Championship are still a record, three wins ahead of the next most prolific winner, Jan Timman. Euwe was a regular competitor in the Hastings tournament, winning it three times in 1923-24, 1930-31, 1934-35. In 1928 he became the Second World Amateur Champion after Hermanis Karlovich Mattison (Paris 1924). Other important results occurred when he won Wiesbaden 1925, placed 2nd behind Alexander Alekhine at Berne 1932, 2nd behind Alekhine (whom he beat) at Zurich 1934, 2nd at Zandvoort 1936 behind Reuben Fine, 3rd at Nottingham 1936 half a point behind Mikhail Botvinnik and Jose Raul Capablanca but ahead of Alekhine, =1st at Amsterdam 1936 with Fine, 1st at Bad Nauheim-Stuttgart-Garmisch 1937, ahead of Alekhine, =4th with Alekhine and Samuel Reshevsky at AVRO 1938, 1st at Amsterdam-Hilversum-The Hague in 1939, and 1st at Budapest in 1940. After the Second World War, he came 1st in London in 1946 and had his best tournament result, second behind Botvinnik at Groningen in 1946, a result which contributed to his receiving an invitation to play in the FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948).


Soon after Euwe won the Dutch Championship for the first time in 1921, he played and drew a short match with Geza Maroczy with 2 wins, 8 draws, and 2 losses. He played and lost what amounted to a short training match with Alekhine in 1926-7, a few months before the Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927), by +2 =5 -3. In 1928 Euwe defeated Edgar Colle in a match with 5 wins and 1 draw. A few days later he played Efim Bogoljubov in a match and lost, scoring 2 wins, 5 draws, and 3 losses. After winning Hastings 1930-1 ahead of Capablanca, he played Capablanca in a match, but lost with 8 draws and 2 losses. Soon after his good result in Berne 1932, he drew a match with Salomon Flohr with 3 wins, 10 draws, and 3 losses. Later in 1932, he won a training match with Rudolf Spielmann in 1932, with 2 wins and 2 draws, but lost another training match with Spielmann in 1935. He played a match with Paul Keres in The Netherlands in 1939-40, losing 6½-7½ (+5 =3 -6). In 1941 Euwe traveled to Carlsbad and defeated Bogoljubov in a match with 5 wins, 3 draws, and 2 losses. He drew a match in 1949 with Vasja Pirc (+2, =6, -2) Euwe - Pirc (1949).

In 1957, Euwe played a short informal match against 14-year-old future world champion Robert James Fischer, winning one game and drawing the other. His lifetime score against Fischer was one win, one loss, and one draw.

World Championship

In 1935 Alexander Alekhine selected him as his opponent for the World title, the last time in which a challenger was selected until Garry Kasparov selected Vladimir Kramnik to challenge him for the Kasparov - Kramnik World Championship Match (2000). The match was held in Amsterdam, The Hague, Delft, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Gouda, Groningen, Baarn, 's-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, Zeist, Ermelo, and Zandvoort, and played in 23 different venues. Euwe won the match (+9 =13 -8) on 15 December 1935 to become the fifth World Champion. This was also the first world championship match in which the players had seconds to help them with analysis during adjournments. In 1937 he lost the Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937) (+4 =11 -10). Their lifetime tally was +28 -20 =38 in favour of Alekhine. After Alekhine's death in 1946, Euwe was invited to contest the 1948 World Championship Match Tournament, and although he came last in that event, he continued to play in the world championship cycle until the Zurich Candidates of 1953.


He played top board for The Netherlands in seven Olympiads between 1927 to 1962, scoring 10½/15 at London 1927, 9½/13 at Stockholm 1937 to win bronze, 8/12 at Dubrovnik 1950, 7½/13 at Amsterdam 1954, 8½/11 at Munich 1958 to win silver medal (aged 57), 6½/16 at Leipzig 1960, and 4/7 in his last Olympiad at Varna in 1962. His Olympiad aggregate was 54½/87 for 62.6 per cent.

Legacy and testimonials

While he was World Champion, Euwe handed FIDE the power to organise the World Championship, apart from the return match with Alekhine that had already been agreed upon.

In 1957, while visiting the United States to study computer technology, he played two unofficial chess games in New York against Bobby Fischer, winning one and drawing the second. A couple of years later, he became director of The Netherlands Automatic Data Processing Research Centre in 1959 and from 1961 to 1963, chairman of a committee set up by Euratom to examine the feasibility of programming computers to play chess. In 1964, he was appointed to a chair in an automatic information processing in Rotterdam University and, following that, at Tilburg University. He retired as professor at Tilburg in 1971. A fuller description of his non-chess career can be found at Max Euwe (kibitz #517), courtesy of <achieve>.

From 1970-1978 he was a peripatetic President of FIDE, visiting more than 100 countries at his own expense, promoting chess world wide and helping add over 30 new member countries to FIDE. During his terms as FIDE President, he exercised immense diligence and effort to ensure the Match of the Century, the Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972) occurred. While he was successful in that endeavour, similarly Herculean efforts to enable the Karpov - Fischer World Championship Match (1975) eventually foundered.

Euwe wrote over 70 chess books, including <The Road to Chess Mastery>, <Judgement and Planning in Chess>, <The Logical Approach to Chess>, and <Strategy and Tactics in Chess Play>. Many of his books are still in print, enabling several generations of good Dutch players to develop their games from reading his works. His bibliography can be gleaned from the following links at ((English); and (Dutch). He died in 1981, age 80. The Max Euwe Plein (square) (near the Leidseplein) in Amsterdam has a large chess set and statue, where the 'Max Euwe Stichting' is located in a former jailhouse. It has a Max Euwe museum and a large collection of chess books. Euwe’s granddaughter, Esmé Lammers, has written a children's book called Lang Leve de Koningin (Long live the Queen), which is a fairy tale about a young girl who learns to play chess and at the same time finds her father. Lammers filmed the story in 1995 (

• "Strategy requires thought; tactics requires observation." - Max Euwe

• "Does the general public, do even our friends the critics realize that Euwe virtually never made an unsound combination? He may, of course, occasionally fail to take account of an opponent's combination, but when he has the initiative in a tactical operation his calculation is impeccable." – Alexander Alekhine

• "He is logic personified, a genius of law and order. One would hardly call him an attacking player, yet he strides confidently into some extraordinarily complex variations." – Hans Kmoch

• "There's something wrong with that man. He's too normal." – Bobby Fischer


(1) Wikipedia article: 2nd Chess Olympiad; (2) Wikipedia article: Hastings International Chess Congress; (3) (4)

Wikipedia article: Max Euwe

 page 1 of 66; games 1-25 of 1,629  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Euwe vs NN 1-0111911AmsterdamC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
2. Jacques Davidson vs Euwe 0-1501912Simul, 30bC01 French, Exchange
3. R Wielinga vs Euwe  0-1461912Amsterdam-North HollandC00 French Defense
4. J W te Kolste vs Euwe  0-1291913VAS simulD00 Queen's Pawn Game
5. Euwe vs A A de Graaff  1-0181915NSB 2nd classC30 King's Gambit Declined
6. G Zittersteyn vs Euwe  0-1281918Arnhem-BD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
7. Euwe vs Weenink  1-0211918VAS AmsterdamC53 Giuoco Piano
8. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0451919Amsterdam m1C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
9. Euwe vs G Kroone  0-1281919Amsterdam m2D34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
10. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0261919Amsterdam m1C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
11. Euwe vs G Kroone  ½-½261919Amsterdam m1D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
12. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½381919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
13. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0451919Amsterdam m1D33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
14. G Kroone vs Euwe 1-0161919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
15. Euwe vs G Kroone 0-1141919Amsterdam m1B45 Sicilian, Taimanov
16. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½371919Amsterdam m2A84 Dutch
17. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0201919Amsterdam m2C33 King's Gambit Accepted
18. Euwe vs G Kroone  1-0431919Amsterdam m1C54 Giuoco Piano
19. G Kroone vs Euwe 0-1351919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
20. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0541919Amsterdam m1C53 Giuoco Piano
21. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½161919Amsterdam m2C29 Vienna Gambit
22. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0141919Amsterdam m2C56 Two Knights
23. Euwe vs G Zittersteyn  1-0351919HaarlemB01 Scandinavian
24. Euwe vs J J O'Hanlon 1-0291919Hastings-CC54 Giuoco Piano
25. H van Hartingsvelt vs Euwe 0-1301919HaarlemC44 King's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 66; games 1-25 of 1,629  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Euwe wins | Euwe loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 21 OF 28 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Feb-06-12  paladin at large: Pronunciation: Here you can hear both Capablanca and Han Hollander (a Dutchman) pronounce Euwe's name.

I apologize if this has already been presented here; it was over on the Lasker link.

Feb-06-12  King Death: We can split hairs all day over this but I agree with <RookFile> that Euwe should be considered an amateur unless there's some kind of proof (not supposition) that he was backed financially. <visayan> may be right but even he admits that there's no concrete evidence. Even if there was, what does it prove anyway and who really cares?
Feb-07-12  Shams: I have to love the pronunciation guides being added to the player bios, though in the case of Max Euwe here I actually came out the other side knowing how to pronounce one <fewer> of his names than I did going in.
Feb-07-12  King Death: <Shams> That first name's really a mouthful, no wonder it was shortened to Max!
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Euwe certainly did make some money while engaged in chess related activities: as a player, writer, and later of course as a salaried FIDE President.

But for the most part he had made his living as a College/university Professor of mathematics. That was his true profession.

Feb-14-12  thomastonk: <brankat: But for the most part he had made his living as a College/university Professor of mathematics.>

That's not correct.

After he received the doctoral degree in 1926, Euwe became teacher at a secondary school for girls. In 1940, he became director of Van Amerongen, some kind of general store. After the tournament Groningen 1946, he became a chess professional for exactly three years. Then he returned to teaching the girls.

In 1956 he started research on early computers for Remington. In 1959 he became the manager of a research center for automatic data processing, and then in 1964 he finally became an associate professor in the same field at the University in Rotterdam, and later - I don't know the year - he became a full professor in this field in Tilburg.

So, he was many years a maths teacher, but only at the age, when others retire, he was a professer in computer science.

Feb-14-12  achieve: <Max Euwe> <Social careers>



Cum laude doctorandus in mathematics


Teacher mathematics in Winterswijk

Cofounder of FIDE


Teacher mathematics in Rotterdam


At the University of Amsterdam cum laude promoted to doctor in mathematics and physics


Teacher of mathematics at the Amsterdams Lyceum Girls


Director of Van Amerongen, a department store chain in food. (Euwe knew food transports to cater for the underground movement in Amsterdam)


Teacher mathematics


Scientific Advisor to the computer Division of Remington Rand (Remington Rand was later acquisitioned by Univac)


Director Study Centre Automatic Data Processing


President of the Euratom Commission (investigating possibilities to chess programs for a computer to write)


Euwe was appointed Professor in the Informatics, first in Netherlands(teaching: the methodology of the Automatic Data processing)


Extraordinary Professor at the Economic College of Rotterdam (Erasmus) and Professor at the Katholieke Hogeschool in Tilburg (KU brabantine)


At the request of the Commission of the EC a number of universities in Member States visited Euwe doctrine course in Informatics at these institutes to study it


Emeritus Professor (speech on The Computer and the exaugurale ' Ethics ')


Professor of Cybernetics at the University of Mantenach in Luxembourg



Marriage with Caro Bergman, father of three daughters


Boxing, swimming, table tennis, flying (Euwe was in possession of a pilot's licence)


Copied from the Website of the Max Euwe Centrum; automatic translation by Bing; corrections by yours truly.

Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <achieve> Thank You Niels.

So, I was not very much "off" when stating that Dr.Euve's primary profession was Teacher/Professor of mathematics?

Feb-14-12  achieve: You are never "far off", <brankat>, and teaching Mathematics and Informatica, can be labeled his main professions, although I would especially stress the width, as well as depth, of Euwe's activities, as a writer, researcher, amateur boxer, FIDE founder and later president, truly a pioneer in many ways, and a trail blazer.
Feb-14-12  thomastonk: <achivie,brankat> I knew the information on the MEC site, too, and so far as I see, the only real difference to what I wrote are the missing three years as a chess professional 1946-1949 on MEC's site. These years are often neglected, maybe because Euwe's greatest defeat - the WC tournament 1948 - is exactly in his professional period. I will talk to Eddy Sibbing, the manager of the MEC, when I will meet him the next time.

I used the "not correct" phrase not to offend anybody, but only to stress that teacher of maths in a secondary school for girls and professor for computer science are very different jobs, and hence together with his other activities Euwe's professional live offside of chess cannot be summarized in one simple sentence.

My information is taken from Münninghoff's biography, where the relations of teaching maths, research in maths and playing chess in Euwe's live are discussed in detail. The "research thing" was several times an option for Euwe in his early years, and it is due to Kmoch that Euwe decided in 1934 to go for the match with Alekhine and keep teaching, and not to become a professor of maths.

BTW, this book however does not emphasise Euwe's later years very much: everything after the mid 1950s is only sketched.

Feb-14-12  achieve: <thomastonk> Then maybe the phrase, "Not entirely correct" might be more appropriate, but really it doesn't matter that much; what matters is that there is some accurate information on Euwe's social and professional life, his hobbies, etc., as there are so many myths floating around in Chess universe, and in this case you have contributed very well to painting a clearer picture of <Dr. Max Euwe>, as it can be checked from reliable sources.

I ought to have the Münninghoff Bio in my book collection, but alas, I haven't, so any additional info from you is always welcomed and appreciated.

Feb-14-12  thomastonk: <achieve> Thanks.
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <achieve> <thomastonk>

Thank You guys. It is refreshing to actually be able, on occasion, to have a civilized conversation on this site :-)

In regards to the width and depth of Dr.Euwe's interests/pursuits, it is interesting to note how, some 3-4 generations ago, there were so many great chess masters of a "renessaince man" stripes.

Dr.Tarrasch, Dr.Lasker, Maroczy (math professor),Dr.Vidmar, Dr.Tartakower, Dr.Bernstein, Dr.Treybal, Dr.Botvinnik, Dr.Fine, Borislav Kostic (a globe-trotter fluent in 32 languages). And there had been others. Even earlier:A.Anderssen, Staunton.

People of superb education and culture, intellectuals and scientist. And still great chess players.

Aaah, good old days :-)

Feb-14-12  Olavi: It is actually unclear whether the FIDE president post carried a salary back then. It is a fact that Euwe covered the costs himself when travelling in FIDE matters.
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <Olavi> You may be right. I do remember Dr.Euwe covering the costs himself. Although I still think he did have a salary, but probably no "expense account". Times have changed :-)
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: According to Alex Dunne, this was Euwe's first correspondence game:

[Event "cr"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1952.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Max Euwe"]
[Black "Mario Napolitano"]
[Result "1-0"]

1. d4 ♘f6 2. c4 e6 3. ♗g5 ♗b4+ 4. ♘d2 h6 5. ♗xf6 ♕xf6 6. a3 ♗xd2+ 7. ♕xd2 d6 8. e3 e5 9. ♘e2 exd4 10. ♘xd4 ♗d7 11. ♗e2 O-O 12. O-O ♘c6 13. ♘b5 ♖ac8 14. f4 a6 15. ♘c3 ♘e7 16. e4 ♖cd8 17. ♖ae1 ♗e6 18. ♔h1 c6 19. f5 ♗c8 20. ♗d1 ♕e5 21. f6 ♘g6 22. ♘e2 ♕g5 23. ♕c3 ♖fe8 24. ♘g3 ♘e5 25. fxg7 ♖e6 26. ♖f5 ♕e7 27. ♖ef1 ♖g6 28. ♖5f2 ♕h4 29. ♖f4 ♕g5 30. ♖1f2 c5 31. ♘f5 ♖e8 32. h4 ♕d8 33. ♗h5 ♗xf5 34. exf5 ♖xg7 35. f6 ♖h7 36. ♗d1 ♔h8 37. ♗c2 ♕c7 38. ♗f5 d5 39. cxd5 ♖g8 40. ♕c2 ♘g6 41. ♗xg6 1-0

Source: Alex Dunne, "The Complete Guide to Correspondence Chess", Thinkers Press, Davenport, Iowa, 1991, p.84

Mar-02-12  Stonehenge: Picture (caption: 02-03-1948 - Max Euwe tijdens schaakpartij in Amsterdam):

Mar-09-12  laurenttizano: What can i say Euwe is the strongest world champion! No doubt living 80 years!
Mar-14-12  thomastonk: Game wanted!

I have found one game Euwe vs Otto Brech, played in October 1925 on board 1 of a team match of the Netherlands against Rhineland-Westphalia (a part of Germany). In Münninghoff's Euwe biography the result is 2-0 in Euwe's favour. Does anybody have the moves of the second game, i.e. Brech vs Euwe? (I have checked several databases including that of the Max Euwe Centrum. Brech was the best player of Aachen, where I live since 30 years.)

Mar-17-12  Dr. Yes: Concerning whether Euwe was a professional or not, my two cents is that it is highly unlkely that a girl's school teacher would put up a small fortune to play Alekhine for a WCC match, hence he must have had sponsors.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <Dr. Yes> Dr. Euwe was not paid for the match. He only received some expense money. Alekhine got 10000 francs. I think this was about $4,000 at that time. The match was mainly financed by selling tickets to the games. In order to get the most ticket sales, the organizers scheduled games in various Dutch towns. Alekhine and Euwe played in 13 different places!
Mar-26-12  Dr. Yes: Thanks Calli, but since there are sponsors for the match and Euwe did receive some money, this is the definition of a professional, which has caused problems for countless 'amateurs' in the past and is still causing problems today for American college athletes.
Mar-26-12  Dr. Yes: Another poster called attention to the wipe-out score in the second Euwe-Alekhine match. I too, always thought this was strange. Fine's explanation doesn't seem to hold the entire truth, since the match started out well contested, until all of a sudden Euwe was simply blown away.

I really think that Fine wasn't as good a second as Kmoch was. Perhaps, Fine was secretly enjoying Euwe's downfall, since Fine, himself had designs on becoming Champion eventually. The psychological fit wasn't good because Fine's real interests were for himself.

Mar-26-12  ughaibu: Imagine that you're in the pub, with a friend. In order to decide who buys the first round, you toss a coin, and the result is in your favour. If your friend suddenly remembers an appointment, gives you the money for a drink and leaves, you're committed to the claim that you're a professional gambler. A professional tosser to be exact. Is that really your claim?
Mar-29-12  Dr. Yes: @ughaibu. The professional tosser is only so called when he forgets to buy the next round the next time.
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