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Max Euwe
Number of games in database: 1,629
Years covered: 1911 to 1981

Overall record: +812 -251 =524 (67.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 42 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (104) 
    D63 D52 D50 D66 D55
 Nimzo Indian (97) 
    E38 E32 E33 E22 E39
 French Defense (56) 
    C13 C12 C11 C07 C02
 Ruy Lopez (49) 
    C86 C83 C85 C91 C78
 King's Indian (44) 
    E60 E67 E62 E64 E66
 Queen's Gambit Declined (40) 
    D30 D31 D35 D37 D06
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (120) 
    C83 C77 C80 C68 C82
 Slav (75) 
    D12 D15 D17 D19 D10
 Sicilian (71) 
    B83 B88 B56 B57 B59
 Ruy Lopez, Open (60) 
    C83 C80 C82 C81
 Nimzo Indian (49) 
    E59 E34 E26 E35 E41
 Queen's Pawn Game (48) 
    D02 A46 D00 D04 A45
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Tartakower vs Euwe, 1948 0-1
   Geller vs Euwe, 1953 0-1
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Euwe vs Najdorf, 1953 1-0
   Euwe vs Loman, 1923 1-0
   Euwe vs Reti, 1920 1-0
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Euwe vs S Van Mindeno, 1927 1-0
   Euwe vs Fischer, 1957 1-0
   Szabo vs Euwe, 1946 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Alekhine - Euwe World Championship Match (1935)
   Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937)
   FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Weston (1924)
   Hastings 1923/24 (1923)
   Hastings 1930/31 (1930)
   Bournemouth (1939)
   Zaanstreek (1946)
   Maastricht (1946)
   London B (1946)
   Gothenburg B (1920)
   Zurich (1934)
   Berne (1932)
   Zandvoort (1936)
   Groningen (1946)
   Nottingham (1936)
   Wertheim Memorial (1951)
   Karlsbad (1929)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Euwe (International)! by amadeus
   Max Euwe - The Biography (Munninghoff) by Qindarka
   E F G Players by fredthebear
   Law and Order by Garre
   MAXimum Teacher by Garre
   Law and Order Compiled by Garre / Euwe by fredthebear
   MAXimum Teacher Compiled by Garre by fredthebear
   World Champion - Euwe (I.Linder/V.Linder) by Qindarka
   My Games (Euwe) by Qindarka
   From My Games 1920 - 1937 by Benzol
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by LionHeart40
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Max Euwe - From Steinitz to Fischer, Part 2 by Chessdreamer
   number 2 by Frodo7

GAMES ANNOTATED BY EUWE: [what is this?]
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1937

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Max Euwe
Search Google for Max Euwe

(born May-20-1901, died Nov-26-1981, 80 years old) Netherlands
[what is this?]

Machgielis (Max) Euwe was the fifth World Champion.

Early years

Euwe was born in Watergraafsmeer in Amsterdam. His mother, Elizabeth van der Meer, taught him the moves when he was four. He was a student of mathematics at Amsterdam University where he graduated with honours in 1923, gaining his doctorate in 1926, after which he taught mathematics in Rotterdam and later in Amsterdam. Younger brother of Willem Euwe.


Euwe won 102 tournaments during his career, squeezing them - and his other tournaments - into the little spare time he had during a busy professional career as a teacher, mathematician and lecturer, and while raising a family. His first international foray was in the Hastings Victory tournament after WW1 in the summer of 1919 where he placed 4th. He won the Dutch National Championship on five consecutive occasions in 1921, 1924, 1926, 1929 and 1933, and then on six more consecutive occasions in 1938, 1939, 1942, 1947, 1948 and 1952. His 12th win was in 1955; these 12 wins of the Dutch Championship are still a record, three wins ahead of the next most prolific winner, Jan Timman. Euwe was a regular competitor in the Hastings tournament, winning it three times in 1923-24, 1930-31, 1934-35. In 1928 he became the Second World Amateur Champion after Hermanis Karlovich Mattison (Paris 1924). Other important results occurred when he won Wiesbaden 1925, placed 2nd behind Alexander Alekhine at Berne 1932, 2nd behind Alekhine (whom he beat) at Zurich 1934, 2nd at Zandvoort 1936 behind Reuben Fine, 3rd at Nottingham 1936 half a point behind Mikhail Botvinnik and Jose Raul Capablanca but ahead of Alekhine, =1st at Amsterdam 1936 with Fine, 1st at Bad Nauheim-Stuttgart-Garmisch 1937, ahead of Alekhine, =4th with Alekhine and Samuel Reshevsky at AVRO 1938, 1st at Amsterdam-Hilversum-The Hague in 1939, and 1st at Budapest in 1940. After the Second World War, he came 1st in London in 1946 and had his best tournament result, second behind Botvinnik at Groningen in 1946, a result which contributed to his receiving an invitation to play in the FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948).


Soon after Euwe won the Dutch Championship for the first time in 1921, he played and drew a short match with Geza Maroczy with 2 wins, 8 draws, and 2 losses. He played and lost what amounted to a short training match with Alekhine in 1926-7, a few months before the Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927), by +2 =5 -3. In 1928 Euwe defeated Edgar Colle in a match with 5 wins and 1 draw. A few days later he played Efim Bogoljubov in a match and lost, scoring 2 wins, 5 draws, and 3 losses. After winning Hastings 1930-1 ahead of Capablanca, he played Capablanca in a match, but lost with 8 draws and 2 losses. Soon after his good result in Berne 1932, he drew a match with Salomon Flohr with 3 wins, 10 draws, and 3 losses. Later in 1932, he won a training match with Rudolf Spielmann in 1932, with 2 wins and 2 draws, but lost another training match with Spielmann in 1935. He played a match with Paul Keres in The Netherlands in 1939-40, losing 6½-7½ (+5 =3 -6). In 1941 Euwe traveled to Carlsbad and defeated Bogoljubov in a match with 5 wins, 3 draws, and 2 losses. He drew a match in 1949 with Vasja Pirc (+2, =6, -2) Euwe - Pirc (1949).

In 1957, Euwe played a short informal match against 14-year-old future world champion Robert James Fischer, winning one game and drawing the other. His lifetime score against Fischer was one win, one loss, and one draw.

World Championship

In 1935 Alexander Alekhine selected him as his opponent for the World title, the last time in which a challenger was selected until Garry Kasparov selected Vladimir Kramnik to challenge him for the Kasparov - Kramnik World Championship Match (2000). The match was held in Amsterdam, The Hague, Delft, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Gouda, Groningen, Baarn, 's-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, Zeist, Ermelo, and Zandvoort, and played in 23 different venues. Euwe won the match (+9 =13 -8) on 15 December 1935 to become the fifth World Champion. This was also the first world championship match in which the players had seconds to help them with analysis during adjournments. In 1937 he lost the Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937) (+4 =11 -10). Their lifetime tally was +28 -20 =38 in favour of Alekhine. After Alekhine's death in 1946, Euwe was invited to contest the 1948 World Championship Match Tournament, and although he came last in that event, he continued to play in the world championship cycle until the Zurich Candidates of 1953.


He played top board for The Netherlands in seven Olympiads between 1927 to 1962, scoring 10½/15 at London 1927, 9½/13 at Stockholm 1937 to win bronze, 8/12 at Dubrovnik 1950, 7½/13 at Amsterdam 1954, 8½/11 at Munich 1958 to win silver medal (aged 57), 6½/16 at Leipzig 1960, and 4/7 in his last Olympiad at Varna in 1962. His Olympiad aggregate was 54½/87 for 62.6 per cent.

Legacy and testimonials

While he was World Champion, Euwe handed FIDE the power to organise the World Championship, apart from the return match with Alekhine that had already been agreed upon.

In 1957, while visiting the United States to study computer technology, he played two unofficial chess games in New York against Bobby Fischer, winning one and drawing the second. A couple of years later, he became director of The Netherlands Automatic Data Processing Research Centre in 1959 and from 1961 to 1963, chairman of a committee set up by Euratom to examine the feasibility of programming computers to play chess. In 1964, he was appointed to a chair in an automatic information processing in Rotterdam University and, following that, at Tilburg University. He retired as professor at Tilburg in 1971. A fuller description of his non-chess career can be found at Max Euwe (kibitz #517), courtesy of <achieve>.

From 1970-1978 he was a peripatetic President of FIDE, visiting more than 100 countries at his own expense, promoting chess world wide and helping add over 30 new member countries to FIDE. During his terms as FIDE President, he exercised immense diligence and effort to ensure the Match of the Century, the Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972) occurred. While he was successful in that endeavour, similarly Herculean efforts to enable the Karpov - Fischer World Championship Match (1975) eventually foundered.

Euwe wrote over 70 chess books, including <The Road to Chess Mastery>, <Judgement and Planning in Chess>, <The Logical Approach to Chess>, and <Strategy and Tactics in Chess Play>. Many of his books are still in print, enabling several generations of good Dutch players to develop their games from reading his works. His bibliography can be gleaned from the following links at ((English); and (Dutch). He died in 1981, age 80. The Max Euwe Plein (square) (near the Leidseplein) in Amsterdam has a large chess set and statue, where the 'Max Euwe Stichting' is located in a former jailhouse. It has a Max Euwe museum and a large collection of chess books. Euwe’s granddaughter, Esmé Lammers, has written a children's book called Lang Leve de Koningin (Long live the Queen), which is a fairy tale about a young girl who learns to play chess and at the same time finds her father. Lammers filmed the story in 1995 (

• "Strategy requires thought; tactics requires observation." - Max Euwe

• "Does the general public, do even our friends the critics realize that Euwe virtually never made an unsound combination? He may, of course, occasionally fail to take account of an opponent's combination, but when he has the initiative in a tactical operation his calculation is impeccable." – Alexander Alekhine

• "He is logic personified, a genius of law and order. One would hardly call him an attacking player, yet he strides confidently into some extraordinarily complex variations." – Hans Kmoch

• "There's something wrong with that man. He's too normal." – Bobby Fischer


(1) Wikipedia article: 2nd Chess Olympiad; (2) Wikipedia article: Hastings International Chess Congress; (3) (4)

Wikipedia article: Max Euwe

 page 1 of 66; games 1-25 of 1,629  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Euwe vs NN 1-0111911AmsterdamC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
2. Jacques Davidson vs Euwe 0-1501912Simul, 30bC01 French, Exchange
3. R Wielinga vs Euwe  0-1461912Amsterdam-North HollandC00 French Defense
4. J W te Kolste vs Euwe  0-1291913VAS simulD00 Queen's Pawn Game
5. Euwe vs A A de Graaff  1-0181915NSB 2nd classC30 King's Gambit Declined
6. Euwe vs Weenink  1-0211918VAS AmsterdamC53 Giuoco Piano
7. G Zittersteyn vs Euwe  0-1281918Arnhem-BD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
8. Euwe vs G Kroone 0-1141919Amsterdam m1B45 Sicilian, Taimanov
9. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½371919Amsterdam m2A84 Dutch
10. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0201919Amsterdam m2C33 King's Gambit Accepted
11. Euwe vs G Kroone  1-0431919Amsterdam m1C54 Giuoco Piano
12. G Kroone vs Euwe 0-1351919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
13. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0541919Amsterdam m1C53 Giuoco Piano
14. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½161919Amsterdam m2C29 Vienna Gambit
15. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0141919Amsterdam m2C56 Two Knights
16. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0451919Amsterdam m1C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
17. Euwe vs G Kroone  0-1281919Amsterdam m2D34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
18. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0261919Amsterdam m1C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
19. Euwe vs G Kroone  ½-½261919Amsterdam m1D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
20. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½381919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
21. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0451919Amsterdam m1D33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
22. G Kroone vs Euwe 1-0161919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
23. Euwe vs J J O'Hanlon 1-0291919Hastings-CC54 Giuoco Piano
24. Euwe vs B J van Trotsenburg 0-1191919HaarlemC29 Vienna Gambit
25. H van Hartingsvelt vs Euwe 0-1301919HaarlemC44 King's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 66; games 1-25 of 1,629  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Euwe wins | Euwe loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 22 OF 28 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: --Morphy had a law degree.

--Anderssen taught mathematics.

--Steinitz spend most of his time writting.

--Tarrasch was a medical doctor.

--Lasker had a doctorate in mathematics and taught at the university level.

--Nimzovitch, Reti and Tartakower spend more time working on their books and magazine/newspaper articles than on participating in tournaments.

--Capablanca worked for Cuban diplomatic services.

--Alekhine had a degree in Law.

--Vidmar was mostly interested in electrical engineering.

--Euwe in mathematics and teaching.

--Reshevsky in accounting.

--Botvinnik in electronics.

--Fine in Psychology.

--Smyslov in playing the piano and singing.

--Gligoric in journalism.

--Geller in economics.

Etc, etc, etc.

So then, Bobby Fischer was the only professional chess player between 1850s and 1950s.

Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Born exactly 111 years ago!

R.I.P. Dr Euwe.

Premium Chessgames Member

The world is a better place because of Max Euwe's life and works. It's amazing how much a person can fit into a lifetime, and Dr Euwe was an amazing person.

He visited Australia soon after he became FIDE President, and he seemed such a pleasant and unassuming person, seemingly belying his great achievements in life.

R.I.P. Dr Max Euwe.

May-20-12  achieve: A fitting tribute following <brankat>, and <twinlark>'s fine praise for Dr Euwe's achievements may be the following game, played in a League match, 6 months before Euwe passed away, one of his very last games, where Euwe "elegantly ruthlessly" simplifies to a won endgame (<41. Rxg7+!!), showcasing his wonderful tactical and positional vision, he still had it until the very last, which had brought him that elusive spot, half a century earlier, at the summit of the Chess Olympus:

Max Euwe - Tom de Ruiter
Rotterdam-BSG, 2 juli 1981

1.e4 c5 2.Pf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Pxd4 Pf6 5.Pc3 a6 6.Le2 e6 7.0-0 Le7 8.f4 Pbd7 9.Kh1 0-0 10.De1 Dc7 11.Dg3 Kh8 12.Le3 b5 13.Lf3 Lb7 14.e5 Pe8 15.Lxb7 Dxb7 16.Tad1 Tc8 17.f5 Pxe5 18.fxe6 fxe6 19.Txf8+ Lxf8 20.Pxe6 Pf6 21.Pxf8 Txf8 22.Ld4 Dc6 23.a3 Pe4 24.Dh4 Pxc3 25.Lxc3 Dc4 26.Dxc4 Pxc4 27.Kg1 Td8 28.Te1 h6 29.Te7 Pe5 30.Ta7 Td7 31.Txa6 Pc4 32.Ta8+ Kh7 33.Tb8 Tf7 34.Txb5 Pe3 35.h3 Tf1+ 36.Kh2 Tf2 37.Kh1 Txg2 38.a4 Tg6 39.a5 Pxc2 40.Tb7 d541.Txg7+ Txg7 42.Lxg7 Pb4 43.Lc3 Pa6 44.Kg2 Kg6 45.Kg3

To replay the game replace the Dutch names/letters for the pieces in the notation with the English ones:


A quich search confirmed Tom de Ruiter being in the CG database...

But this historical is MISSING FROM THE RECORD!

Will be added asap.

Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: A great find Niels!
May-20-12  achieve: <brankat> Well, I stole it from the Max Euwe Centrum online News Letter, heh. The April News Letter at that, I think they'd better be quick with May issue...

- - - - -

And a small correction, P=N

P stands for Paard (horse), of course must be replaced by N, not a K.

And apologies for several typos; I unfortunately didn't take the time to edit and repost before I went out.

Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <achieve> <To replay the game replace the Dutch names/letters for the pieces in the notation with the English ones:

P=K >

Interestingly enough, all the Dutch notation letters listed here, except the last one (P), are the same as in my own mother tongue! A small world, indeed :-)

May-21-12  achieve: <brankat> Remarkable - I guess Germany might have something to do with that, König; Dame; Turm; Laufer; <Springer>; Bauer

The Springer being the odd one, also in your language, and Bauer, which means peasant, also differs from Dutch.

I tried to look up what languages were are spoken in former Yugoslavia, but that proved rather complex to recognize the names of the pieces from (wiki).

Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <achieve> Yes, Germany, but there is also a measure of coincidence involved, at least in Yugoslavian case.

-- Konig (King): it just so happened that the word with the same meaning starts also with the letter "K" - Kralj ("j" is pronounced as the English "y")

-- Dame (Lady, not Queen!) = Dama.

-- Turm: I don't know the meaning of the word. A "tower"? Anyhow, in Yugoslav notation they use the word- "Top", meaning the "Cannon". On one hand the Rook is usually carved in a way that makes it resemble a turret of a cannon, but also there is a connotation of a military aspect of Chess.

-- Laufer = Lovac ("c" is pronounced as "tz" in English), meaning "Hunter", not Bishop.

-- Springer = Skakac (this "c" sounds like English "ch"), has exactly he same meaning as Springer and also starts with an "S" :-)

-- Bauer (Pawn) = P(j)esak. Letter "j" is used in Croatia, and is absent from Serbian version of the word. Again "j" sounds like "y", and the "s" like "sh". The word itself, when used in chess means "foot soldier", but the more usual application is as "pedestrian" ;-)

Wow! I didn't realize that the comparative study of languages can be so complex. Is there any such thing as an "easy and simple subject matter"? :-)

May-21-12  achieve: <brankat> <Is there any such thing as an "easy and simple subject matter"? :-)> Well now, Branko, this surprises me... Of course there is!

It's called Anthropogenic Global Warming!


But seriously, I was looking via wikipedia to enlighten me on indeed the Croatian, Serbian and Bosnian language articles on Chess/Schach, but my comparative research efforts seemed to bring forth very little. And actually I am thankful for your detailed information, as it gives me a new starting point for further exploration.

I am really nuts you see, sometimes a subject, related to language, grabs me by the throat and I can't BUT dig into it, thereby sacrificing my daily schedule, as I found just now that I missed a doctor's appointment.

Go figger...

Turm indeed is a tower, in Dutch a Toren.

Laufer and Loper are also twins, meaning "walker/runner", as it obviously is faster than a pedestrian. We are on to something, definitely. :)

I have several chess books in German, and I used to wonder back in the pre-web days how the pieces were named in other European countries. Languages.

Gotta mahe a few calls now...


May-21-12  Troller: English/German/French/Danish


The Bishop is a very transformative piece; I think it originated as an elephant, then in Europe became both a bishop (representing the clergy) and a fool (I recall something about the hat on the chesspiece being confused or something?!). The Rook is generally perceived as representing landowners, while the knight is more of landless nobility I would say; perhaps the younger generation?

Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <achieve> In regards to languages used in former Yugoslavia: Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Montenegroan (?), in essence they are the same language. There are differences in dialects, accents, some slangs etc, but still the same language. It is being used by about 80% of the overall population.

Just like it is the case with languages of any country. For instance the English of Australia, South Africa, England (and within England), the USA (within the USA, and within every state) there are sometimes considerable differences. But they still all speak English.

In former Yugoslav lands, unfortunately, many deny this, for nationalistic (patriotic??) reasons. In Croatia in particular, artificial, unnatural, and unnecessary changes have been virtually forced upon the languages, just to make it look more different.

Two other languages are being spoken there, too. Slovenian in the North-western part of the (ex)-country, and Macedonian in the South-east. They are both fairly "small", and also similar to the "main" language.

The distant origin/root of all these tongues is exactly the same. Just as it is of the nations themselves. This, too, hardly anyone is willing to recognize.

May-21-12  achieve: <Troller>, <brankat> Thanks for that information, much appreciated, or should I say somewhat saddening, regarding <brankat>'s observations in casu forced changes for (geo-)political ends.

Back later.

May-21-12  achieve: Oh - I read yesterday that one of Euwe's best friends, among fellow GMs, was the Hungarian, Geza Maroczy, and "coincidence" will have it that both lived 81 years, their birthdays about a week apart, Maroczy being exactly 30 years Euwe's senior.
May-21-12  RookFile: And in games played, they died each other, 5 to 5, with 13 draws.
May-21-12  backrank: <RookFile: And in games played, they died each other, 5 to 5, with 13 draws.>

I guess you mean 'tied' :)

May-21-12  RookFile: Yes, quite right. Maroczy only played Korchnoi when he was dead.
Jul-15-12  achieve: For those still interested in the much discussed <Euwe> pronunciation: I submitted the correct one to CG and you can hear it by clicking the "PRONUNCIATION" button located at the top of the Bio section.
Aug-07-12  waustad: Probably due to growing up in Cleveland I would have broadened the 'a' in Max, but speaking German I'd have gotten "Euwe" almost exactly.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Petrosianic: As far as I know, the closest phonetic pronunciation would be "Erva".
Sep-10-12  Conrad93: The only patzer to become World Champion.
Sep-10-12  thomastonk: <Conrad93> You are not well informed. Here you call him a "patzer" and on Keres' page you state that has was "a very weak player" who "never deserved to be WC". That's all completely wrong.

In his time as WC he led the historical rating list for 14 months. I don't claim that this proves much, but it surely disprove your statements.

Max Euwe had a very interesting playing style. You can learn a lot studying his games, and from your motto I learned that's the reason you are here.

Sep-10-12  achieve: <You are not well informed>

<thomastonk>, you use the much more soothing "not well informed" phrasing, while I lean towards the slightly more agressive "raving lunatic" one.

Sep-10-12  achieve: PS - see the Alekhine page for further evidence.
Sep-10-12  achieve: Joachim Löw!

Actually, the well-known french words like "deux" and "vieux" would do nicely, but the americans pronounce it like dew/doo and view, so that doesn't help much, as they pronounce Danke schön, as denke shain... It's a lost cause ;)

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