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Liu Wenzhe
  
Number of games in database: 40
Years covered: 1965 to 2000
Last FIDE rating: 2473

Overall record: +17 -16 =7 (51.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (7) 
    B74 B28 B92 B62 B33
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (12) 
    B31 B57 B56 B39 B23
 Modern Benoni (5) 
    A65 A60 A61
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Liu Wenzhe vs J H Donner, 1978 1-0
   Gheorghiu vs Liu Wenzhe, 1982 0-1

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LIU WENZHE
(born Oct-07-1940, died Sep-20-2011, 70 years old) China
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]

IM (1980) Liu Wenzhe was the first Chinese player to defeat a grandmaster, in Liu Wenzhe vs Krogius, 1965. He also became the second Chinese chessplayer to defeat a western GM, in what has become known as "The Chinese Immortal": Liu Wenzhe vs J H Donner, 1978 in round 7 of the 1978 Olympiad, the first win being by Qi Xingjuan over Gudmundur Sigurjonsson in round 1 of the same Olympiad. Liu was born in Harbin on the 7th of October 1940 and is the founder of the modern Chinese School of Chess. His family were originally in Dalian city, Liaoning Province. At the Beijing Chess Research Centre he became a chess coach in 1961. He won the National Championship in 1980 and 1982 and was appointed to the position of Chief National Coach in 1986. Under his tutelage the Chinese Woman's Team won gold at the Chess Olympics of 1998 and repeated the performance in 2000 and 2002. He was also well known as an expert on the games of Go, Bridge and XiangQi (Chinese Chess).

Wikipedia article: Liu Wenzhe


 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 40  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Liu Wenzhe vs Krogius 1-0401965China vs USSR MatchC54 Giuoco Piano
2. Liu Wenzhe vs D H Campora  0-1491978OlympiadC66 Ruy Lopez
3. Petursson vs Liu Wenzhe  0-1261978OlympiadB39 Sicilian, Accelerated Fianchetto, Breyer Variation
4. Liu Wenzhe vs V Ciocaltea  0-1571978OlympiadB06 Robatsch
5. H Wirthensohn vs Liu Wenzhe  1-0421978OlympiadA10 English
6. A Delgado Malagón vs Liu Wenzhe  0-1351978OlympiadB56 Sicilian
7. Liu Wenzhe vs N Tabbane  0-1641978OlympiadB67 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 8...Bd7
8. L A Schneider vs Liu Wenzhe  ½-½291978OlympiadB31 Sicilian, Rossolimo Variation
9. Roman Hernandez vs Liu Wenzhe  0-1811978OlympiadA10 English
10. Liu Wenzhe vs J H Donner 1-0201978OlympiadB07 Pirc
11. Liu Wenzhe vs P Pazos Gambarrotti  1-0381978OlympiadB31 Sicilian, Rossolimo Variation
12. Liu Wenzhe vs Miles  ½-½301980MLTB28 Sicilian, O'Kelly Variation
13. Plaskett vs Liu Wenzhe 0-1341980?B66 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6
14. Myagmarsuren vs Liu Wenzhe  ½-½611980Valetta olmB31 Sicilian, Rossolimo Variation
15. Ulf Andersson vs Liu Wenzhe  1-0411980Chess OlympiadA04 Reti Opening
16. Speelman vs Liu Wenzhe 0-1281981China/PhilippinesB56 Sicilian
17. Keene vs Liu Wenzhe ½-½331981China/PhilippinesA65 Benoni, 6.e4
18. Liu Wenzhe vs E Torre 0-14319814th Asian Team ChC91 Ruy Lopez, Closed
19. I Rogers vs Liu Wenzhe  1-04019814th Asian Team ChE91 King's Indian
20. V Small vs Liu Wenzhe  0-1431982Zone 10 ChB62 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer
21. Qi Jingxuan vs Liu Wenzhe  0-1281982Chinese National Chess OpenB69 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 11.Bxf6
22. Liu Wenzhe vs K Oda  1-0281982Zone 10 ChB74 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
23. Miles vs Liu Wenzhe  1-0571982Chess OlympiadA65 Benoni, 6.e4
24. Gheorghiu vs Liu Wenzhe 0-1241982Chess OlympiadA61 Benoni
25. Liu Wenzhe vs Ljubojevic  0-1521982Chess OlympiadB92 Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 40  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Liu Wenzhe wins | Liu Wenzhe loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Nov-24-05  Peter Yang: Mr. Liu is the first generation of Chinese chess players. Here is a nice game of his. Liu Wenzhe vs J H Donner
Dec-24-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  notyetagm: <Peter Yang> means Liu Wenzhe vs J H Donner, 1978, the first victory by a Chinese player over a Western grandmaster. And what a way to gain your first win, a 20-move miniature featuring a queen sacrifice and a mating attack.
Jan-23-08  silvermoon: He has written an informative book:

"Chinese School of Chess"

Published in 2003 by Batsford.

Jun-23-08  wrap99: Perhaps a biography would be of interest -- he is certainly of some historical importance. Birthdate, etc.

Is he also a master of chinese chess?

Aug-12-08  myschkin: IM <Liu Wenzhe> born October 7, 1940 was the first Chinese chess master and China's first chess player to defeat a grandmaster (see the 1978 Donner game below). He has been considered as a pioneer of chess in China and is the <founding father of the Chinese School of Chess>. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liu_We...

Especially during the Cultural Revolution, the political climate in China meant that chess was not an encouraged activity (basically from 1966 to 1976).

“At that time, moreover, he could not even feed his family and himself. All his food for a day was two steamed buns. He would go in his shabby clothes to Beijing Library to translate Russian writings on chess ...” (by Yi Shui)

Aug-17-08  wrap99: Thanks. What is the method by which this info can be in the bio proper here, rather than merely the kibbitzing section.

As your posting shows, his is certainly a remarkable story.

Oct-07-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Olimpbase: http://www.olimpbase.org/players/jx...
Dec-16-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <RichardTaylor> has kindly lent me his book "Chinese School of Chess" and I must say that so far it has been a fascinating read.
Dec-16-08  Ziggurat: <Benzol> Yeah, it's pretty cool. I can't say I understand everything he writes about the "Chinese school of chess" - it's often pretty abstract - but the games are good and the whole thing is thought-provoking.
May-16-11  wordfunph: <In 1981, B.T. Batsford Ltd sponsored a British chess team on a visit to China. This opened a new chapter in the history of chess relations between the two countries. At that time I was a player in the Chinese team. Afterwards I often wore a good-quality blue t-shirt with "Batsford" printed on it. I never suspected that twenty years later, Batsford would gladly agree to publish my book. Surprisingly, my life is once again connected with them.>

- Liu Wenzhe (foreword of the book Chinese School of Chess)

i still have to scan the book, seems a good read..

Apr-25-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: Hello dear <wrap99>,today I would like to come back to your posting from <Jun-23-08>. The career of <Liu Wenzhe> has been unstoppable because of his his roots in Chinese Chess <XiangQi>, therefore, if you read <Liu Wenzhe>'s book <"Chinese School of Chess">, there you will find the assessment that the rise of young Chinese stars has a lot to do with China's ages-old culture of Chinese Chess <XiangQi>.
Apr-25-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: The <LIVING LEGEND of International Chess> in China, namely <Liu Wenzhe>, is not the only person who has not only learned International Chess, but Chinese Chess <XiangQi> as well.

Members of the club are: the former Women's World Champion in International Chess, namely Zhu Chen ; the former Women's World Champion in International Chess, namely Xie Jun.

Prominent male players who both play International Chess and <XiangQi> are: the most handsome guy in the chess circus, that is Alexander Grischuk; the World Champion in International Chess 2004, that is Rustam Kasimdzhanov; and the former German candidate to become World Champion of International Chess, that is Robert Huebner , please check out the personal pages of these players!

Apr-25-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: In case that one would like to know more about that mysterious Chinese brand of chess that has been the basis of so many Chinese careers in International Chess, namely that thrilling game <XiangQi>: herewith the link that will lead you to a clip that the German program of MTV has produced on Chinese Chess aka <XiangQi>: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0NBX....

The Chinese version of Chess can be compared to modern strategic <tabletop games>, please have a look at a clip that features the climax of a game of <XiangQi> after having transformed the traditional pieces into units on a tabletop: Red army corners Black General, and that is the matrix of the dreaded <HORSE-CANNON-PALCORNER-CHECKMATE> - please watch the final moves in http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r_ef... .

The foregoing clip has transformed the final moves of the friendly game Rene Gralla vs Phan Thang, Hamburg 2003, into a scenario of <Chinese Battle Chess>.

That very game <Rene Gralla vs Phan Thang> has been battled out on February 28th, 2003, at Hamburg, Germany, at the place of the Vietnamese <Doctor Quang Nguyen-Chi> at the square <Berliner Platz> in the eastern part of Hamburg.

The well-known <Doctor Quang Nguyen-Chi> is a mentor of Chinese Chess, herewith a photo: http://shaolinchess.de/svalban0.gif .

Apr-26-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: The game that has been featured in the <XiangQi>-video that has been aired by MTV, namely the contest between the well-known German experts on e-sports and electronic games, that is to say: Daniel "Budi" Budiman (herewith the biography: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel...)/ Red vs. Etienne Cedric "Eddy" Garde (herewith the biography: http://www.esport.de/wiki/Etienne_G... )/Black - please see once more again the clip http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0NBX... - , can be watched from the first move to the last check by following the link as follows: http://www.gameone.de/blog/2010/9/g... , you have just to click on the second picture on that page!
Oct-07-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Happy birthday.

:)

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