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Botvinnik 
 
Mikhail Botvinnik
Number of games in database: 1,184
Years covered: 1924 to 1983
Overall record: +568 -138 =466 (68.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      12 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Nimzo Indian (89) 
    E40 E48 E24 E45 E23
 King's Indian (67) 
    E67 E69 E62 E60 E72
 English (51) 
    A16 A15 A13 A14 A10
 Queen's Gambit Declined (41) 
    D37 D31 D30 D35 D38
 English, 1 c4 e5 (37) 
    A22 A28 A26 A25 A20
 Slav (32) 
    D10 D13 D19 D14 D11
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (86) 
    C18 C19 C15 C05 C01
 Sicilian (61) 
    B63 B62 B72 B58 B27
 Ruy Lopez (47) 
    C98 C90 C92 C68 C82
 French Winawer (46) 
    C18 C19 C15 C17
 Nimzo Indian (45) 
    E34 E21 E33 E38 E22
 Caro-Kann (40) 
    B12 B18 B19 B10 B15
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Botvinnik vs Capablanca, 1938 1-0
   Botvinnik vs Portisch, 1968 1-0
   Botvinnik vs Chekhover, 1935 1-0
   Botvinnik vs Vidmar, 1936 1-0
   Botvinnik vs Keres, 1966 1-0
   Smyslov vs Botvinnik, 1941 0-1
   Denker vs Botvinnik, 1945 0-1
   Botvinnik vs Alekhine, 1938 1-0
   Botvinnik vs Euwe, 1948 1-0
   A Yurgis vs Botvinnik, 1931 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948)
   Botvinnik - Bronstein World Championship Match (1951)
   Botvinnik - Smyslov World Championship Match (1954)
   Botvinnik - Smyslov World Championship Return Match (1957)
   Botvinnik - Smyslov World Championship Rematch (1958)
   Tal - Botvinnik World Championship Match (1960)
   Tal - Botvinnik World Championship Return Match (1961)
   Petrosian - Botvinnik World Championship Match (1963)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Leningrad Championship (1932)
   USSR Championship (1931)
   Moscow (1935)
   USSR Absolute Championship (1941)
   USSR Championship (1944)
   USSR Championship (1939)
   USSR Championship (1945)
   Moscow (1947)
   USSR Championship (1952)
   Groningen (1946)
   Alekhine Memorial (1956)
   USSR Championship (1933)
   Palma de Mallorca (1967)
   Budapest (1952)
   USSR Championship (1940)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Botvinnik! by amadeus
   Mikhail Botvinnik's Best Games by KingG
   Guess-the-Move Chess: 1940-1959 (Part 1) by Anatoly21
   GOOD STILL TODAY by Imohthep
   1d410's favorite games by 1d410
   BOTVINNIK"S BEST GAMES VOL 1: 1925-1941 by Malacha
   Botvinnik's Best Games 1947-1970 by uglybird
   botvinnik best games by brager
   BOTVINNIK'S BEST GAMES: VOL 2,1943-1956 by Malacha
   Botvinnik's best games by HOTDOG
   Botvinnik "100 Selected Games" by uglybird
   Match Smyslov! by amadeus
   1d410's favorite games2 by 1d410
   Botvinnik vs the World Champions Decisive Games by visayanbraindoctor

GAMES ANNOTATED BY BOTVINNIK: [what is this?]
   Robatsch vs Botvinnik, 1962

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Mikhail Botvinnik
Search Google for Mikhail Botvinnik


MIKHAIL BOTVINNIK
(born Aug-17-1911, died May-05-1995, 83 years old) Russia
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]
Mikhail Moiseevich Botvinnik was born in Kuokkala, near Viipuri (Today, Vyborg) in what was then Finland. He was raised in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). He learned the game early and progressed rapidly, winning the 1st of his 6 USSR Championships in 1931; the other 5 victories were in 1933, 1939, 1944, 1945 and 1952. He also won the Leningrad tournament of 1934, the Absolute Soviet Championship in 1941, and the Sverdlovsk super tournament of 1943. Other significant achievements include equal first with Salomon Flohr in Moscow 1935, 2nd at Moscow 1936 behind Jose Raul Capablanca, equal first with Capablanca at Nottingham 1936, 3rd at AVRO 1938, and first at Groningen 1946 before playing for the World Championship in 1948. He also won the Tchigorin Memorial tournament of 1947 and came equal first with David Bronstein in the Alekhine Memorial of 1956.(1)

With the death of Alexander Alekhine in 1946, the FIDE saw its chance to take control of the World Championship and invited six players to take part in a tournament to determine the championship. With Reuben Fine declining the invitation to play, Botvinnik won it ahead of Vassily Smyslov, Paul Keres, Samuel Reshevsky, and Dr Max Euwe in the quintuple round robin FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948). He retained the crown in 1951 against David Bronstein when he tied the match, by winning and drawing his last two games. He again retained it in 1954 against Vasily Smyslov by again drawing the match, however Smyslov turned the tables in 1957 by wresting the crown from Botvinnik. At the time, a defeated champion was entitled to a return match the following year and so in 1958, Botvinnik defeated Smyslov in a return match. Likewise, after losing to Mikhail Tal in 1960, Botvinnik defeated him in a return match in 1961. He lost the title for the last time to Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian in 1963. FIDE had eliminated the return match and so Botvinnik chose to retire from world championship play.

Generally regarded as the Patriarch of the Soviet Chess School, his style was based on rigorous opening preparation, deep calculation, and accurate endgame technique. Students of his school include Anatoly Karpov, Garry Kasparov and many more.

Live footages of Botvinnik from 1933-1963 starting at the following link: Mikhail Botvinnik.

Special edition of This Week in Chess devoted to Botvinnik and his career, assembled by Mark Crowther soon after Botvinnik's death in 1995: http://www.theweekinchess.com/html/...

Wikipedia article: Mikhail Botvinnik

(1) Crosstables of competitions mentioned in this paragraph are successively linked at [rusbase-1], [rusbase-2], [rusbase-3], [rusbase-4], [rusbase-5], [rusbase-6], [rusbase-7], [rusbase-8], http://www.worldchesslinks.net/ezig..., [rusbase-9], [rusbase-10], http://www.worldchesslinks.net/ezig..., http://www.worldchesslinks.net/ezig..., [rusbase-11], and [rusbase-12]


 page 1 of 48; games 1-25 of 1,184  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. G Abramovic vs Botvinnik 0-132 1924 Leningrad jrE61 King's Indian
2. Botvinnik vs N Timofeev 1-023 1924 LeningradD26 Queen's Gambit Accepted
3. Botvinnik vs S Kaminer  0-141 1924 Training GameE90 King's Indian
4. V Zbandutto vs Botvinnik ½-½43 1924 Leningrad 2nd catC98 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
5. S Kaminer vs Botvinnik 1-028 1924 Training GameD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
6. Botvinnik vs I Folga 1-037 1924 LeningradA48 King's Indian
7. Botvinnik vs A Makhlin 1-028 1924 Leningrad 2/3th catC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
8. G Andreev vs Botvinnik 0-146 1924 LeningradE60 King's Indian Defense
9. G Abramovic vs Botvinnik 0-117 1924 Soviet UnionA80 Dutch
10. Botvinnik vs I Kalinin 1-029 1924 Leningrad 2/3th catC55 Two Knights Defense
11. V Miliutin vs Botvinnik 0-123 1924 juniorsD72 Neo-Grunfeld, 5.cd, Main line
12. Botvinnik vs A Zilberman 1-048 1924 Leningrad jrD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
13. Botvinnik vs N Begunov 1-032 1924 Leningrad 2/3th catD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. N Proskurin vs Botvinnik  0-136 1925 Leningrad 1st catC90 Ruy Lopez, Closed
15. K Nadporoshky vs Botvinnik 0-136 1925 Leningradd catC84 Ruy Lopez, Closed
16. Botvinnik vs B Rivlin  1-033 1925 Leningrad 1st catD67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
17. Botvinnik vs B Rivlin 1-021 1925 Leningrad mD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
18. A Perfiliev vs Botvinnik 0-136 1925 Leningrad 1st catC56 Two Knights
19. G Jagdfeld vs Botvinnik 0-135 1925 Leningradd catD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
20. Capablanca vs Botvinnik 0-132 1925 LeningradD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
21. B Yuriev vs Botvinnik 1-038 1925 Leningrad 1st catD02 Queen's Pawn Game
22. B Rivlin vs Botvinnik 0-133 1925 RussiaE00 Queen's Pawn Game
23. J Dobropistsev vs Botvinnik 0-135 1925 Leningrad 1st catC98 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
24. Botvinnik vs S Kaminer 1-039 1925 Leningradd catD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. A Vait vs Botvinnik 0-131 1925 Leningrad 1st catD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 48; games 1-25 of 1,184  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Botvinnik wins | Botvinnik loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 56 OF 56 ·  Later Kibitzing>
May-01-15  TheFocus: <Yes, I have played a blitz game once. It was on a train, in 1929> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-02-15  TheFocus: <Chess is the art which expresses the science of logic> - Botvinnik, Mikhail.
May-03-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <TheFocus: <Chess is the art which expresses the science of logic> - Botvinnik, Mikhail.>

A work of art can be copyrighted, so if a game of chess can't be copyrighted it is not a work of art.

The reason you can't copyright a chess game is that it is created by two people working in opposition to each other. A work of art <can> be copyrighted by two people because they are cooperating.

May-03-15  TheFocus: <Above all else, before playing in competitions a player must have regard to his health, for if he is suffering from ill-health he cannot hope for success. In this connection the best of all tonics is 15 to 20 days in the fresh air, in the country> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-03-15  TheFocus: <Chess is the art of analysis> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-06-15  1d410: Botvinnik was a monster chess player, (68.3 win percentage) kind of like Karpov or Kasparov except without theory to help him
May-06-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <1d410: Botvinnik was a monster chess player, (68.3 win percentage) kind of like Karpov or Kasparov except without theory to help him>

At last, the truth revealed: the two Ks really could not play.

May-08-15  TheFocus: <Don't worry kids, you'll find work. After all, my machine will need strong chess player-programmers. You will be the first> - (to Karpov & students, 1965) - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-08-15  1d410: <perfidious> I don't get it. Make more sense!
May-09-15  TheFocus: <A Knight endgame is really a Pawn ending> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-09-15  TheFocus: <If you are weak in the endgame, you must spend more time analyzing studies; in your training games you must aim at transposing to endgames, which will help you to acquire the requisite experience> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-09-15  1d410: Yeah focus, let's keep the discussion focused on my favorite player, MB. I refuse to talk about the two K's on this page!
May-15-15  TheFocus: <Chess, like any creative activity, can exist only through the combined efforts of those who have creative talent, and those who have the ability to organize their creative work> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-15-15  TheFocus: <If you are going to make your mark among masters, you have to work far harder and more intensively, or, to put it more exactly, the work is far more complex than that needed to gain the title of Master> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-15-15  TheFocus: <You have to accustom yourself to practical study at home, you have to devote time to studies, to the history of chess, the development of chess, of chess culture> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-15-15  TheFocus: <I ... have two vocations: chess and engineering. If I played chess only, I believe that my success would not have been significantly greater. I can play chess well only when I have fully convalesced from chess and when the 'hunger for chess' once more awakens within me> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-15-15  TheFocus: <It is peculiar but a fact nonetheless, that the gamblers in chess have enthusiastic followers> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-16-15  TheFocus: <Every great master will find it useful to have his own theory on the openings, which only he himself knows, a theory which is closely linked with plans for the middle game> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-16-15  TheFocus: <Memorization of variations could be even worse than playing in a tournament without looking in the books at all> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-16-15  TheFocus: <It must be clearly understood that Soviet players do not seek simple systems in the opening, but try to formulate opening systems in which everything is complicated, distinctive, or new> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-17-15  TheFocus: <When my opponent's clock is going I discuss general considerations in an internal dialogue with myself. When my own clock is going I analyze concrete variations> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
May-17-15  tallike: Anyone knows where the above photo of Botvinnik was taken?
May-19-15  TheFocus: <Botvinnik almost makes you feel that difficulty attracts him and stimulates him to the full unfolding of his powers. Most players feel uncomfortable in difficult positions, but Botvinnik seems to enjoy them> - Max Euwe.
May-19-15  TheFocus: <Where dangers threaten from every side and the smallest slackening of attention might be fatal; in a position which requires a nerve of steel and intense concentration - Botvinnik is in his element> - Max Euwe.
May-24-15  TheFocus: <Chess, like any creative activity, can exist only through the combined efforts of those who have creative talent, and those who have the ability to organize their creative work> - Mikhail Botvinnik.
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