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Moisei Elyashiv
M Elyashiv 
 
Number of games in database: 31
Years covered: 1902 to 1914

Overall record: +13 -11 =6 (53.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 1 exhibition game, blitz/rapid, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (6) 
    C66 C71 C82 C79 C77
With the Black pieces:
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Rotlewi vs M Elyashiv, 1909 1/2-1/2
   E Farago vs M Elyashiv, 1904 0-1
   S F Lebedev vs M Elyashiv, 1909 0-1
   M Elyashiv vs P A Evtifeev, 1909 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   All Russian Amateur (1909)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   All Russian Amateur (St. Petersburg, 1909) by Phony Benoni


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MOISEI ELYASHIV
(born Apr-06-1869, died 1919, 50 years old) Lithuania

[what is this?]

Moisei Elyashiv (Elyashov, Eljaschoff) was born in Kaunas, Lithuania on 6 April, 1869. He was one of 10 children in a well established Jewish family. His father Zalkind Shlomo Kalman Elyashiv was a tradesman in Kaunas. The other nine children raised by his mother Khaia Sora Elyashiv were: Rachel Berlin, Khiena Shteinberg, Aron Elyashiv, Israel Isidor Elyashiv, Sheyna Fridman, Yirmiya Elyashiv, Yudel Marcus Elyashiv, Dr. Ester (Esfir) Gurliand Veiskorth, and Baruch Elyashiv. Moisei was the older brother of Dr. Israel Isidor Elyashiv, the first Yiddish literary critic, born in Kaunas, Lithuania on 31 August, 1871. (1)

In 1894, Moisei moved from Kaunas to Dvinsk, Russian Empire (since 1920: Daugavpils, Latvia). He became a member of the city chess club (founded in 1891), and shortly, together with local player Abelman, became one of its two best players. He took part in the Daugavpils telegraph match against the Riga chess club. (2) Later, Moisei Elyashiv moved to Switzerland and studied at the University of Bern. He participated in the Swiss championship in Basel (1898), and ended 7th. (3) On 4-7 February, 1898, in Davos, Switzerland held an International chess tournament. Eighteen players participated in three semifinal groups, two players from each advancing to a final 6-player tournament, which Elyashiv won with 4.5/5. Second was Dr. Karl Karstens (Kiel) (4/5), and 3rd was L Pasternak from Zürich (3/5). (3, 4) In the Swiss championship in Lausanne (1899), Elyashiv was 3rd. (3) In August 1900, Elyashiv won the Nebenturnier A of the 12th DSB (German Chess Federation) Congress in Munich. (5) On 8-9 June 1901, in the 11th Swiss championship in St. Gallen, he was 5th with 3/5. Max Pestalozzi, Dr. Eugen Meyer, Hans Duhm, and Andreas Duhm shared 1st place (3.5/6). (6) In March 1902, Elyashiv won a tournament in Munich, after defeating Kullmann in the tie-break. (7) In 1902, in Berlin, he won a match against Carl Johan Margot Carls (+3 -1 =0). (8) The 13th DSB Congress was held in Hanover, 21 July to 11 August 1902. Elyashiv had now already settled in Munich. The 28 players in Hauptturnier B were divided in four groups. Elyashiv played in Group 4, and was 1st with 5.5/6. The two best in each group then played in a Siegergruppe (winners group), which was won by Leo Fleischmann Forgacs (5/7), ahead of Max Lange (4/5). Elyashiv shared 3rd place with Johannes Esser, Paul Fiebig and Alfred Ehrhardt Post (3.5/7). (9) In the Swiss championship in Zürich (1903), he took a shared 2nd place. (3) The 14th DSB Congress was held in Coburg, 18 July - 1 August 1904. Elyashiv played in Hauptturnier B, and was 2nd with 8/10, behind Hans Fahrni. (9) On 7-28 November 1904, a double-round 4-player tournament was held in Munich. Rudolf Spielmann won (7/9), Friedrich Koehnlein was 2nd (5.5/9), and Elyashiv was 3rd (4/9). (10) In June 1906, at the 16th Swiss Chess Federation congress in Basel (Hauptturnier A), 1st place was shared between Walter Henneberger and Moriz Henneberger (4 pts). Elyashiv shared 3rd, with Walter Preiswerk (3 pts). (11) In June/July 1906 in Ostend (Hauptturnier B), Elyashiv was 1st with 13/17. (12) On 6-24 November 1906, the Altmunchen chess club held a 6-player masters tournament in Munich. First was Aron Nimzowitsch (8.5/10), 2nd was Rudolf Spielmann (6.5/10), and Elyashiv shared 3rd with Erich Cohn and David Przepiorka (5/10). (13) In the Ostend International Amateur tournament, 30 March - 13 April 1907, Elyashiv was 13th with 9/19. Georg Schories won with 14.5/19. (14) In 1908, Elyashiv participated in the Prague International tournament (18 May - 12 June). The 32 players in the Hauptturnier played in three sections, eight players in each. Elyashiv shared 5th place in section C with J. Musil (3.5/7). The win was shared between Jaroslav Engler and Bernhard Kagan (5/7). (15) At the 16th DSB Congress, Düsseldorf 3-19 August 1908, Elyashiv was 2nd in Hauptturnier B (10.5/13), after Kurt Moll (12/13). (16)

Elyashiv returned to Kaunas in 1909. He represented Kaunas in the All Russian Amateur tournament in St. Petersburg (15 February - 12 March), sharing 4th place with Dawid Daniuszewski and Boris Evgenievich Maliutin (9.5/16). The winner was 16-year-old Alexander Alekhine (13/16). (17) The year after, Elyashiv participated in the 17th DSB (German Chess Federation) Congress in Hamburg (18 July - 6 August). He played in Hauptturnier B, which consisted of 60 players in six groups (10 players in each), and came 2nd in Group 3 (6/9), advancing to Siegergruppe 2 (which consisted of the six 2nd place takers). Hans Johner won this (3.5/5), and Elyashiv shared 5th with Rudolf Duhrssen (1.5/5). (18) In 1911, at the All Russian Amateur tournament in St. Petersburg (October/November), Elyashiv represented Kovno (Kaunas), as one of the 22 players from 13 cities of the Russian Empire. The winner was Stefan Levitsky (16.5/21). Elyashiv was ill and had to undergo an operation after the tournament ended. He scored 6.5/20 and finished 20th. (19) I 1912, the 18th German Chess Federation Congress was held in Breslau (14 July to 7 August). Elyashiv played in Hauptturnier A, sharing 7th place with Lajos Asztalos (9/16). The winner was Bernhard Gregory (11.5/16). (20) Shortly after, in the All-Russian Masters tournament in Vilnius (19 August to 17 September), he was 17th in the International Main tournament (5.5/19). The winner was Karel Hromadka (15/19). (21) In 1913/1914, Elyashiv tied for 17th with Bernhard Gregory (3.5/17) at the All-Russian Masters Tournament in St. Petersburg (8th Russian championship). Alexander Alekhine and Aron Nimzowitsch shared 1st place with 13.5/17. (22)

The 19th DSB Chess Congress started in Mannheim on Sunday 19 July 1914. About 100 players participated, and Elyashiv attended as a correspondent for Russian newspapers. During Round 11, there was the Russian-German declaration of war, and trouble had started for the Russian nationals. On Friday 31 July, Elyashiv was arrested while swimmimg in the Rhine near the railway bridge. The bridge was of strategic importance, being on the main line connecting Strasburg and Metz (France). Elyashiv was suspected of espionage, and brought by four soldiers to the main guard of the Castle where he spent the Friday and Saturday nights. It was not until Sunday morning that Peter Saburov, the president of St. Petersburg Chess Club convinced the Germans to release him. Next evening he was brought to the headquarters of the chess congress by two security agents. Elyashiv was then sent to Baden-Baden in a good hotel, as the Germans still believed he was a Russian general playing the role of a chess correspondent (due to the strange figures in his telegrams). Eventually, the intervention of the American consul led to the liberation of all the Russian masters, and of Elyashiv, who was able to make the journey to Zürich, Switzerland. (24)

Notes

1) https://www.geni.com/people/Moisey-...
2) Chess history of Dinaburg (since 1993: Dvinsk) - article of Wolf Rubinchik at http://www.chessds.lv/index.php?opt... and http://www.grani.lv/daugavpils/3773...
3) Article of Dmitry Gorodin, History of International chess tournaments in Swiss, at http://www.e3e5.com/article.php?id=....
4) Allgemeine Sport-Zeitung, 27 February 1898, p. 203. Dr. Karl Karstens, oceanographer, was a member of of the Imperial-Royal Geographical Society. Source: Dr. J. M. Juttner in Mittheilungen der kaiserlich-königlichen Geographischen Gesellschaft, Vienna, p. 604.
5) Wiener Schach-Zeitung, August/September 1900, Nr. 8/9, p. 180, and Wikipedia article: Swiss Chess Championship.
6) Neue Hamburger Zeitung, 6 July 1901, p. 18, and Wikipedia article: Swiss Chess Championship.
7) Neue Hamburger Zeitung, 29 March 1902, p. 14.
8) Di Felice, Chess Results 1901-1920, p. 23, and Feenstra Kuiper, 100 Jahre Schachzweikämpfe, p. 32.
9) Altonaer Nachrichten, 1 August 1902, p. 7, Neue Hamburger Zeitung, 2 August 1902, Wiener Schach-Zeitung, September 1902, p. 185, and Di Felice, Chess Results 1901-1920, p. 16.
10) Neue Hamburger Zeitung, 17 December 1904, p. 20, and Di Felice, Chess Results 1901-1920, p. 43.
11) Neue Hamburger Zeitung, 30 June 1906, p. 18, and Wikipedia article: Swiss Chess Championship.
12) Wiener Schach-Zeitung, September 1906, p. 309, Gaige, Chess Tournament Crosstables II, p. 263, and Sergeant, Century of British Chess, p. 247.
13) Wiener Schach-Zeitung, Nr. 11/12, November/December 1906, p. 373, Neue Hamburger Zeitung, 15 December 1906, p. 22, and Allgemeine Sport-Zeitung, 8 December 1906, p. 1505.
14) Wiener Schach-Zeitung, Nr. 5/6, May/July 1907, p. 164, and Di Felice, Chess Results 1901-1920, p. 96.
15) Prager Tagblatt, Nr. 142, 23 May 1908, p. 7, Neues Wiener Tagblatt, 28 May 1908, p. 11, and Wiener Schach-Zeitung, Nr. 5/6, May/June 1908, p. 180.
16) Di Felice, Chess Results 1901-1920, p. 105.
17) All Russian Amateur (1909), and Wiener Schach-Zeitung, Nr. 11/12, June 1909, pp. 193-194.
18) Allgemeine Sport-Zeitung, 21 August 1910, p. 1123, Di Felice, Chess Results 1901-1920, pp. 140-141, and Wiener Schach-Zeitung, Nr. 14/16, July/August 1910, p. 338.
19) Wiener Schach-Zeitung, Nr. 21/24, November/December 1911, p. 351, and Di Felice, Chess Results 1901-1920, p. 164.
20) Di Felice, Chess Results 1901-1920, p. 172.
21) Wiener Schach-Zeitung, February/May 1914, p. 129, and Di Felice, Chess Results 1901-1920, p. 184.
22) Game Collection: All Russian Masters St Petersburg 1914, and Di Felice, Chess Results 1901-1920, p. 217.
23) Cf. Wikipedia article: Peter Petrovich Saburov
24) Schweizerische Schachzeitung, Nr. 2, February 1915, p. 17, and article of Sergei Voronkov, Russian Sphinx, at http://chesspro.ru/_events/2008/vor....

Last updated: 2017-04-02 07:18:40

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 31  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Pillsbury vs M Elyashiv  0-1341902Hanover Blindfold ExhibitionC30 King's Gambit Declined
2. Spielmann vs M Elyashiv 1-0291903MunichC39 King's Gambit Accepted
3. M Elyashiv vs Fahrni  0-1511904DSB-14.Kongress Hauptturnier BD02 Queen's Pawn Game
4. E Farago vs M Elyashiv  0-1211904DSB-14.Kongress Hauptturnier BC46 Three Knights
5. H Appunn vs M Elyashiv  ½-½411904DSB-14.Kongress Hauptturnier BC49 Four Knights
6. M Elyashiv vs O Wegemund  1-0331904DSB-14.Kongress Hauptturnier BD02 Queen's Pawn Game
7. Koehnlein vs M Elyashiv  1-0321904MunichC29 Vienna Gambit
8. M Elyashiv vs D Daniuszewski  0-1471909All Russian AmateurC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
9. B Maliutin vs M Elyashiv  0-1261909All Russian AmateurB15 Caro-Kann
10. M Elyashiv vs S Izbinsky  0-1581909All Russian AmateurB44 Sicilian
11. M Elyashiv vs V Rozanov  1-0601909All Russian AmateurB00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
12. A Chepurnov vs M Elyashiv 1-0381909All Russian AmateurB12 Caro-Kann Defense
13. M Elyashiv vs P A Evtifeev ½-½831909All Russian AmateurC66 Ruy Lopez
14. N Tereshchenko vs M Elyashiv 0-1381909All Russian AmateurC44 King's Pawn Game
15. M Elyashiv vs B Gregory  1-0631909All Russian AmateurC66 Ruy Lopez
16. B Verlinsky vs M Elyashiv  0-1471909All Russian AmateurD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. M Elyashiv vs Alekhine 0-1201909All Russian AmateurC01 French, Exchange
18. P Romanovsky vs M Elyashiv  ½-½491909All Russian AmateurD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
19. M Elyashiv vs V Nikolaev  1-0621909All Russian AmateurC02 French, Advance
20. S F Lebedev vs M Elyashiv  0-1691909All Russian AmateurD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
21. M Elyashiv vs Viakhirev  ½-½581909All Russian AmateurC82 Ruy Lopez, Open
22. K Rosenkrantz vs M Elyashiv  ½-½711909All Russian AmateurB15 Caro-Kann
23. M Elyashiv vs G Helbach 1-0811909All Russian AmateurC71 Ruy Lopez
24. Rotlewi vs M Elyashiv ½-½161909All Russian AmateurC49 Four Knights
25. Chodera vs M Elyashiv  0-1251910Hauptturnier-BC47 Four Knights
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 31  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Elyashiv wins | Elyashiv loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
Oct-03-03
Premium Chessgames Member
  chessgames.com: Honza, thanks for helping us sort out this fellow's games. Question: is this also Eljaschev or is that a different player?
Oct-03-03
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: Eljaschev is definitely Moisei Zakharovich Elyashov. By the way, game Eljaschev vs Alekhine, 1930 is a copy of M Elyashov vs Alekhine, 1909 with different order of moves in the opening. The game was played in the All-Russian tournament 1909 (Alekhine won it) which took place as an associated event to the great international tournament in St. Petersburg.
Oct-17-07  Resignation Trap: Here is a photo of that tournament, Elyashov is seated on the far right: http://www.chesspro.ru/_images/mate... .
Dec-21-07  xeroxmachine: User: Resignation Trap Is the one in the middle behind the clocks by any chance named Lenin?
Dec-21-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: "There are several anecdotes about chessplayers who ran into trouble because their books or notes were suspicious to the authorities, written as they are in an incomprehensible code.

...

Another supposed victim of a spy hunt was the Russian player <Moisei Elyashov>, who was present as a reporter at the tournament in Mannheim in 1914, when it was disbanded at the outbreak of World War I. This seems a more plausible story."

Source: http://www.chesscafe.com/text/hans1...

True ? What happend to Elyashov after 1914 ?

Dec-21-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eric Schiller: I had problems entering the USSR in 1974 because the east German chess books I had used figurines where the kings had crosses on top. The inspector who hassled me was yelled at by a superior who called him an idiot and waved me in.
Dec-21-07  Resignation Trap: <xeroxmachine> Nyuk, nyuk! No that's not Lenin, that is Anatoly Alekseevich Chepurnov .
Jun-24-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: Can anyone translate the names of the players in <Resignation Trap's> photograph?
Jun-24-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <An Englishman: Can anyone translate the names of the players in <Resignation Trap's> photograph?>

Well, not me, but here's the list of participants (as 1st aid).

All Russian Amateur (1909)

Jun-24-13  Stonehenge: http://www.chesspro.ru/_images/mate...

Back row:

Dawid Daniuszewski, Eugene Aleksandrovich Znosko-Borovsky and Boris Verlinsky.

Second row:

Vasily I Rozanov, Alexander M Levin, Boris Evgenievich Maliutin, Y.O. Sosnitsky, P.P Saburov, Prince Demidov San Donato, V.A Chudovsky, Grigory Helbach, Karl Wilhelm Rosenkrantz and Stefan Izbinsky.

Front row:

Viktor Nikolaev, Nikolay Semenovich Tereshchenko, Peter Arsenievich Romanovsky, Bernhard Gregory, Anatoly Alekseevich Chepurnov, Alexander Alekhine, Peter Artemievich Evtifeev and Moisei Zakharovich Elyashov.

Jun-24-13  Eastfrisian: Great work <Stonehenge>. Thanks
Jun-25-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: <Stonehenge>, great work indeed, than you.
Mar-10-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <Moisei Zakharovich Elyashov was born in Krustpils, Latvia.> <Date of birth 1870.06.24>

WRONG! FAKE NEWS!

He was born in Kaunas, Lithuania, April 6, 1869

Source:
http://www.geni.com/people/Moisey-M...

Mar-12-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <Moisei Zakharovich Elyashov was born in Krustpils, Latvia><born 24 July 1870> ONE OF THE BIGGEST MISTAKES OF CHESS PLAYERS BIOGRAPHIS!

This is taken by mistake from the biography of Dr.Max Eliaschow not of chess master Moisei Elyashiv.

In archive of Estonian Jewish Museum http://eja.pri.ee/ the search of "Eliaschow" will return link to download the list of students of Tartu University. eja.pri.ee/Genealogy/TU%201889-1918%20site.xls
On the line number 281: Eliaschow Max, born 24.6.1870, born in Krustpils, Daugavpils district, studied medicine 1891-1899

It is wrong in "Chess Personalia", Jeremy Gaige, 1987.

According to "Chessplayer notebook", Leningrad, 1929 p.506 (it is possible to see online on
http://dlib.rsl.ru/viewer/010054875...) Eljashov M.Z., Russian chess player, born in Kovno (Kaunas).

His real biography entered by Eilat Gordin Levitan on https://www.geni.com/people/Moisey-...

Ellyashiv was born in Kaunas on April 6, 1869.
His father was a Jew, Zalkind, not Russian, Zakhar, so adding "Zakharovich" doesn't make any sense. His name should be Moisei Elyashiv.

Mar-13-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <Stonehenge> Thanks for updating date and place of birth. I already started working on the bio of Moisei Elyashiv.
Mar-19-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: The documents and a picture (on page 9) of Max Eliaschow, the person that Jeremy Gaige wrongly assumed to be a chess master Moisei Elyashiv: http://earchive-estlatrus.eu/ru/col...
Mar-24-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <tabanus> thanks for editing the bio. I guess it is still work in progress. I made a typo: "Schweizerische Sehachzeitung" instead of "Schweizerische Schachzeitung".
Apr-02-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <hemy> Best I can do, but it can still be improved. Check again 1910 Hauptturnier B, which was a little hard to understand.

Any pictures?

Apr-02-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <tabanus> many thanks for editing. You always making the bio's better.

Regarding the 17th DSB Congress 1910 Hauptturnier B: First step included 6 sections (6 Gruppen) tournaments, 10 players in each section. On the next step winners of the 6 sections played in the "Winners section 1" (Siegergruppe 1) tournament for the first 6 prizes. The prizes of this section were 350, 250, 200, 175, 150 and 125 Mk. The 2nd place players from the 1st step advanced to the "Winners section 2" (Siegergruppe 2) tournament for the last 6 prizes. The prizes of this section were 100, 90, 80, 70, 60 and 50 Mk.

Elyashiv played in the section C (Gruppe 3) and was 2nd with 6/9. Elyashiv advanced to "Siegergruppe 2", where he shared 5-6 prize with Rudolf Dührssen, 1.5/5 and 55 Mk each one. In the "Siegergruppe 1" 1st place took Zsigmond Barasz (Budapest) with 4/5.

There is no reliable information about his further fate after Elyashiv escaped to Zurich in 1914. The DoD taken from Chess Personalia is not supported by any reliable document as well.

Apr-02-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <hemy> Thanks. I wondered about "Section C group 3" which could imply nine groups (A1, A2, A3, B1, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3) instead of six. And so I removed the "Section C" part.
Apr-02-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: I placed in my Dropbox the picture of Elyashiv. It is taken from the group picture of the players of All Russian Amateur tournament in St. Petersburg: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/3xqrvhrc...
Apr-06-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <chessgames.com> thanks for adding the picture.
Apr-27-18  mifralu: Here is a nice photo:

https://screenshots.firefox.com/FDB...

Apr-27-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <mifralu> indeed a nice photo. where it was originally published?
Apr-27-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <mifraru> I found where the photo was originally published: The article of Hans Fahrni "Internat. Schachturnier in Davos." in "Schweizer Sportblatt", Volume 1 (1898), heft (issue) 3, page 3.
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