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Philip Stuart Milner-Barry
Photograph © 1973 Bassano. National Portrait Gallery, London.  
Number of games in database: 179
Years covered: 1923 to 1987

Overall record: +54 -76 =48 (43.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 1 exhibition game, blitz/rapid, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (21) 
    B22 B72 B74 B20 B30
 Vienna Opening (18) 
    C25 C28 C27 C29 C26
 Caro-Kann (12) 
    B15 B13 B12 B14
 French Defense (11) 
    C13 C11 C14 C07 C10
 Sicilian Dragon (8) 
    B74 B72
 King's Gambit Declined (8) 
    C30 C32
With the Black pieces:
 Nimzo Indian (16) 
    E33 E43 E45 E21 E30
 Queen's Pawn Game (11) 
    E00 D02 D04 A46 A45
 Petrov (10) 
    C43 C42
 Ruy Lopez (8) 
    C78 C80 C65 C92 C64
 English (6) 
    A18 A15 A13
 King's Gambit Accepted (6) 
    C34 C36 C37
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Milner-Barry vs Tartakower, 1932 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs V Hanninen, 1956 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs Capablanca, 1939 1/2-1/2
   M Yeo vs Milner-Barry, 1977 0-1
   Milner-Barry vs Znosko-Borovsky, 1928 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs Wade, 1946 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs J Mieses, 1935 1-0
   O M Hindle vs Milner-Barry, 1962 1/2-1/2
   Milner-Barry vs J van den Bosch, 1947 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Margate (1937)
   Margate (1938)
   Hastings 1938/39 (1938)
   Margate (1936)
   Margate (1935)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Margate 1937 by suenteus po 147
   Margate 1939 by suenteus po 147
   Hastings 1938/39 by sneaky pete
   Margate 1938 by sneaky pete
   Margate 1936 by suenteus po 147

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Philip Stuart Milner-Barry
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(born Sep-20-1906, died Mar-25-1995, 88 years old) United Kingdom

[what is this?]
Sir Philip Stuart Milner-Barry was born in 1906. A true amateur, he worked in the British Civil Service and was never able to devote all his time to chess. He was part of the team that worked at Bletchley Park, alongside famed cryptanalyst and mathematician Alan Turing and British chess stalwarts Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander and Harry Golombek, cracking the German Enigma codes. He worked for the Treasury after the War and in 1954 he was promoted to Assistant Secretary, and then to an under-secretary position.

He placed 2nd at Hastings 1953, played on four English Olympic squads from 1937 to 1956, and was chess correspondent for The Times. His name is also associated with a variation of the Nimzo-Indian Defence (1.d4 ♘f6 2.c4 e6 3.♘c3 ♗b4 4.♕c2 ♘c6), for the Milner-Barry Gambit in the Advance French (1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4.c3 ♘c6 5. ♘f3 ♕b6 6.♗d3 cxd4 7.cxd4 ♗d7 8.0-0 ♘xd4 9.♘xd4 ♕xd4 10.♘c3) and for the Milner-Barry variation in the Petroff Defence (1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘f6 3.♘xe5 d6 4.♘f3 ♘xe4 5.♕e2 ♕e7 6.d3 ♘f6 7. ♗g5 ♘bd7).

Wikipedia article: Stuart Milner-Barry

 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 179  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Alekhine vs Milner-Barry 1-030 1923 Blindfold simul, 11bD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
2. Milner-Barry vs Znosko-Borovsky 1-026 1928 Tenby Major opB13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
3. Milner-Barry vs Koltanowski 0-136 1928 it?C28 Vienna Game
4. Milner-Barry vs C H Alexander 0-126 1932 CambridgeC25 Vienna
5. Kashdan vs Milner-Barry 1-065 1932 LondonC78 Ruy Lopez
6. Milner-Barry vs Tartakower 1-041 1932 LondonB12 Caro-Kann Defense
7. Maroczy vs Milner-Barry  ½-½41 1932 LondonC42 Petrov Defense
8. Milner-Barry vs Alekhine  0-129 1932 LondonC28 Vienna Game
9. Flohr vs Milner-Barry 1-025 1932 LondonE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
10. Milner-Barry vs G A Thomas  ½-½60 1932 LondonB15 Caro-Kann
11. Sultan Khan vs Milner-Barry 1-044 1932 LondonD04 Queen's Pawn Game
12. Milner-Barry vs Menchik ½-½57 1932 LondonC14 French, Classical
13. W Winter vs Milner-Barry  ½-½33 1932 LondonA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
14. Koltanowski vs Milner-Barry  1-026 1932 LondonE43 Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation
15. Milner-Barry vs V Berger  ½-½44 1932 LondonB15 Caro-Kann
16. Sultan Khan vs Milner-Barry 1-056 1932 CambridgeE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
17. Menchik vs Milner-Barry 1-031 1932 CambridgeE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
18. Milner-Barry vs G Wheatcroft  0-123 1932 Oxford vs Cambridge Past matchB20 Sicilian
19. Milner-Barry vs R P Michell  1-019 1933 London 5C33 King's Gambit Accepted
20. Milner-Barry vs C H Alexander 0-129 1933 England-chC33 King's Gambit Accepted
21. Menchik vs Milner-Barry  ½-½42 1933 Hastings 1933/34E11 Bogo-Indian Defense
22. Milner-Barry vs E Eliskases  ½-½47 1933 Hastings 1933/34B20 Sicilian
23. Flohr vs Milner-Barry  1-027 1933 Hastings 1933/34D10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
24. Milner-Barry vs R P Michell  1-047 1933 Hastings 1933/34C27 Vienna Game
25. Tylor vs Milner-Barry 1-035 1934 Hastings 1933/34A46 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 179  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Milner-Barry wins | Milner-Barry loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Nov-24-07  xeroxmachine: Da man is still alive!?????

Or maybe he died 12 years ago :(

Nov-24-07  Karpova: <xeroxmachine: Or maybe he died 12 years ago :(>

Yes, he died on March 25 in 1995

Nov-24-07  xeroxmachine: *holds a quiet mintue fer da man*
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Some more details about him:
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Picture from the Contestants at <Nottingham 1946>:

Back row l - r: Gabriel Wood, Reginald Broadbent, <Philip Milner-Barry>, A.R.B.Thomas, Barry Wood.

Front: Bob Wade, Frank Parr, William Winter, Robert Combe, Hugh Alexander, Harry Golombek, Gerald Abrahams.


Sep-20-08  BIDMONFA: Philip Stuart Milner-Barry

MILNER, Philip

Sep-20-08  weary willy: As well as his line in the Nimzo-Indian Defence, don't forget the Milner-Barry Gambit in the French Defence, and the Milner-Barry variation in the Petroff Defence. (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3. Nxe5 d6 4. Nf3 Nxe4 5. Qe2 Qe7 6. d3 Nf6 7. Bg5 Nbd7).

Astonishing that an amateur could be known for lines in 3 major openings

Sep-20-08  MarkThornton: In 1985, I had the privilege of playing against Sir Stuart, then aged 79, in a county match, Cambridgeshire v. Kent.

At the time, I played nothing but the French Defence against 1. e4. Sir Stuart had White, so he played the Milner-Barry Gambit against me!

I was 19, and thought I knew all the theory on this line. But at move 10 or 11, Sir Stuart played a move that was completely unknown to me! (He later told me that he had recently discovered it at home.)

At the board, his TN totally bamboozled me, and I was soon in trouble. I managed to survive into an endgame, but his excellent technique gave me no chance whatsoever.

A year or two later, Sir Stuart was the guest speaker at the Annual Dinner of Cambridge University Chess Club. He delighted the gathering with his memories of Capablanca, Alekhine and other famous players.

He was a delightful old gentleman, with a lively mind and a gracious manner towards everyone.

Premium Chessgames Member
  sisyphus: Here's to Milner-Barry, whose gambit line has enabled me to survive the French for many years.
Sep-20-08  belgradegambit: Milner-Barry gambit a la Tal: Tal vs I Nei, 1958
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: An interesting piece from the Milner-Barry papers held in the Churchill Archives Centre:

“He was one of the senior code-breakers at Bletchley Park, 1940-45. He was Gordon Welchman’s deputy at Bletchley Park and was primarily responsible for the vital “cribs” of Hut 6 and in 1943 he took over responsibility for Hut 6. On 21st October 1941, Milner-Barry along with Alan Turing, Gordon Welchman, Hugh Alexander wrote directly to Churchill to seek more staff for Bletchley Park. Milner-Barry delivered the letter personally to 10 Downing Street and Churchill gave them his support."

Premium Chessgames Member
  kingscrusher: Code breaker at Bletchley park

Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: A talented man, and a very strong chess player.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Dionysius1: Milner-Barry was never the Under Secretary of the Treasury. There were many Under Secretaries in each Government Department. It was the name given to a senior manager in charge of a significant function, and HM Treasury would have had a dozen or more. THE Under Secretary is short for the Permanent Under Secretary of which there was only one at any one time, as permanent head of the Treasury officials (in informal language). I've submitted a correction slip.
Sep-20-11  SimonWebbsTiger: Ray Keene wrote back in 2004:

<he was knighted for his work as a civil servant including being a codebreaker with turing during the war-sir stuart was the one chosen to go to churchill from bletchley and ask for more money and resources to help break the nazi codes.>

Just in case ppl forget to scroll back and read past comments! ;o)

He was breaking codes with Golombek and some other notables. Fantastic disguise against 5th columnists, to have well known chess players saying they are off to play chess!

Sep-20-11  scormus: <SWT well known chess players saying they are off to play chess!> Ja, klar!
Sep-20-11  SimonWebbsTiger: @<scormus>

Keine dirty tricks, jawolh?

Sep-20-11  noctiferus: <An Englishman>
I don't know if it is allowed in CG, but I'd to like to suggest a more smooth and shallow presentation of Bletchley Park's achievements (with a non technical reference to Colossus): Singh
The Code book
whose reference is missing in Wikipedia page.
Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: "If I think about guys Sir Stuart Milner Barry, he really was incredibly violent in his games; he always played like a caveman. He was also one of the most quiet and gentle guys that I've come across in chess."

- GM Nigel Short

Source: Interview with a Grandmaster by Aaron & Claire Summerscale

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: At the Civil Service Club on Scotland Yard there is a Milner-Barry Suite. It is used for lots of different events but I'm hoping to go along when it is host to a Masonic meeting. It would be strange to see the old chequer-board carpet laid out in a room named after one of England's greatest masters.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Another game from an old NZ Chess magazine. This one played in the first round of the British Championship in 1963.

[Event "British Championship"]
[Site "England"]
[Date "1963.??.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "1"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Milner-Barry, Sir Philip Stuart"]
[Black "Cafferty, Bernard"]
[ECO "C02"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "55"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4. c3 Qb6 5. Bd3 Bd7 6. dxc5 Bxc5 7. Qe2 a5 8. Nd2 a4 9. Ngf3 Ne7 10. Nf1 Ra5 11. Ng3 Bb5 12. O-O Nd7 13. Nh5 O-O 14. Bxb5 Qxb5 15. Qd2 Ng6 16. Nxg7 Ndxe5 17. Nxe5 Kxg7 18. Qh6+ Kg8 19. Bg5 f6 20. Nxg6 Rf7 21. Bh4 hxg6 22. Qxg6+ Rg7 23. Qxf6 Ra6 24. Qd8+ Kh7 25. Rae1 Qc4 26. Re5 Ra8 27. Rh5+ Kg6 28. Rg5+ 1-0

An interesting game with the line in the French Defence that bears his name.

Apr-30-14  MountainMatt: What a classically English face. He looks a bit like my grandpa.
Apr-19-15  kamagong24: the code breaker!
Aug-06-16  wrap99: When I read posts recounting playing him as an old man, I am reminded what to me is great about chess: the connection with the past. Related to this is the general social aspect of the game -- I spent years in a terrible, run-down rural community surrounded by people of very conservative views -- chess was my way out, a way to meet different sorts of people from all over.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, P.S. Milner-Barry.
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