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Israel Rabinovich-Barav
  
Number of games in database: 1
Years covered: 1928


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ISRAEL RABINOVICH-BARAV
(born Oct-02-1907, died Jul-10-1979, 71 years old) Ukraine (federation/nationality Israel)

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Israel Rabinovich (changed his surname in 1948 to Barav) was born in Karabchiev, Ukraine (Kiev region) on 2nd October 1907 and passed away in Tel Aviv, Israel on 10th July 1979.

In 1921, he emigrated with his parents Yechiel and Nechama Rabinovich to Palestine/Israel where he studied in the Herzlyia Gymnasium in Tel Aviv until the end of 1926.

From this period there is only one score sheet of a drawn game he played with his cousin Nachum Labounsky (who later became the first secretary of the Israel chess association) and the score sheets of the 6 games he played in a match with then well-known Tel Aviv player Churgin (who was 2nd in Tel Aviv Championship 1928). The final score was 4-2 (+4 =0 -2) in favor of Rabinovich-Barav.

At the end of 1926, Israel Rabinovich-Barav went to Europe where he studied in university, mainly at the "Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin", but also one year in Paris and one year in Munich, until March 1933.

While in Berlin, in January 1927, he joined the "Springer" chess club and played much chess in various competitions and tournaments, including in league matches for the Sport Club Charlottenburg (S.C.C.)(1)

His earliest participation in chess in Berlin was in a 52 players simultaneous display by Aron Nimzowitsch which took place on 9th December 1926. Rabinovich-Barav was one of the 6 players who won a game.(2)

In the "Springer" club tournament (November 1927 - June 1928), in which 16 players participated, Rabinovich-Barav took 6th place: Berthold Koch 13.5, Wilhelm Koch 12.5, Erhard Adeler 12, Hohensee 11, Ripp 9.5, Rabinovich 9, H. Strasdas 8.5 etc.(3)

After the tournament ended, he wrote to his parents that he had won against the first three (the game with Adeler was played on January 29, 1928). He added that despite his disappointment, "obtaining the 6th place out of 16 players in one of Berlin’s best chess clubs, is not bad".(4)

Rabinovich-Barav was 1st, with 4/6, in qualifying group B in a competition organized by the German Chess Association for the title of German Meister in 1928, ahead of Dr. Witte 4/6, Freiberg, Oehrn and Hugo Bodenstein 3/6, Otto Deutschmann 2.5/6 and Eschrich 1.5/6. It was reported that he waived his right to qualify under the Berger-tie system, and played 3 sudden-death games with Dr. Witte, losing one and winning 2. Rabinovich-Barav then played for the title against Kurt Paul Otto Joseph Richter (who won the qualifying group A with 6/6) to whom he lost 1.5-0.5(5)

In group A of the qualifying round for the 1929 Berlin Chess Association’s championship (there were 4 such groups, the first 3 players in each group reached the final round) Rabinovich-Barav achieved 2nd place (on the application of the Berger tie-break system) with 7.5/11, after Councillor Bernhard Richter and Bauschke, who came joint 1st with 8 points, and ahead of Ohern 7.5, Baron 7, Franz Kunert and Heinz Nowarra 6, etc.(6)

In the final round, Rabinovich-Barav came joint 3rd (together with Paul Waechter and Herbert Dahl) with 7 points in 11 games, ahead of Heinz Ullrich 6.5, Dr.Prober 5, B.Richter 4.5, Schneider and Barensfeld 3, Bauschke and Deutschmann, 2.5. The joint winners were Strasdas and Adeler with 9 points.(7)

Many of Rabinovich-Barav’s games have been published in German periodicals (the spelling of his name in German is Rabinowitsch). His win against Paul Waechter in the 1929 Berlin Chess association championship, one of the best games he played in Berlin, was published in "Schachwart"(8) and in "Vossiche Zeitung".(9)

In class 1 group of the Berlin Chess Association summer tournament 1931, Rabinovich-Barav came joint first (with Kurt Gumprich, Wilhelm Koch and Strasdas) with 6.5/9, having lost no game(10(11) The game he won against Braun (who came joint third with 5/9) and the game he drew with W. Koch were published in "Schachwart".(12)

In the 1931/32 Preliminary qualifying group C for the winter tournament of the Berlin club "Schachgesellshaft", which he seems to have by then joined, Rabinovich-Barav came first with 5.5/7, winning against Karl Helling and Rudolf Elstner and drawing with Friedrich Saemisch (13) He did not participate in the final round because, since he had already left for Munich.(14)

In Berlin, Rabinovich-Barav also played in numerous Blitz tournaments which took place, mainly at the Cafe König.¨In the "smokers" masters group of the tournament organized on 9th August 1928 by the Berlin Chess Association (there were altogether 7 groups of 12 players each), he came 4th with 8/11 after Sämisch 10.5/11, Carl Ahues 10/11 and Bernhard Kagan with 8.5/11.(15) In a Blitz tournament at the same location, which was played on October 23, 1930, he was 2nd in his group with 5.5 points after Sämisch 9 points, and ahead of Ahues, Erwin Kipke and Simon Rotenstein 5 points.(16)

On 4,11,18 and 25 November 1931, Rabinovich-Barav played in a Blitz tournament at the cafe Kōnig in which 16 players participated. He finished in the 5th place with 51/60, after Sämisch 56/60, Helling 54/60, Ludwig Rellstab 52.5/60, and K.Richter 52/60, ahead of inter alia, Rotenstein 50/60, Daniel Noteboom 39/60 and Leo Kreisberg 36.5/60(17)

Rabinovich-Barav came 4th with 9/11 (after B. Koch 10, Strasdas & W. Koch 9, and ahead of Hohensee 7.5, Robert Modrach 6, Friedrich Furchert 5, Lehmann 4.5) in a promotional Blitz tournament organized on June 24, 1928 under the auspices of the "Springer" club in the gardens of the Schultheiss brewery.(18) He came first with 10 points in the "Springer" club Blitz tournament on 15th September 1928, ahead of W. Koch 8.5, H. Dahl and B. Koch 7.5(19) In the first class group of the Blitz tournament played at the "Springer" club on November 13, 1928, Rabinovich-Barav was 2nd with 7/9 , after the winner B. Koch 8.5/9, and preceding H. Dahl 6/9, Adeler and Ripp 5.5/9(20) In a Blitz tournament on June 25, 1929 at the "Haus der technik", 54-56a Oranienburgstrasse, Berlin, with 56 participants divided into 4 groups of 14 players each, Rabinovich-Barav shared 3rd place with 9/13, after Ahues with 13/13 and K. Richter with 10/13, and ahead of Erwin Kipke 7.5/13, Immo Engert and B. Koch 7/13.(21)

In March 1933, Israel Rabinovich Barav returned to Israel, to Haifa. In 1940 he moved to Tel Aviv, where he joined the famous "Emanuel Lasker" chess club and was, for a period, its chairman.(1)

In 1944 he took part in the "Lasker" club Jubilee ("Yovel") tournament, in which he finished 2nd with 10/14, drawing with Yosef Porat who came 1st with 12/14 and winning against strong players such as Yosef Dobkin (4th place with 9.5/14) and I J Kniajer (13th place with 4.5/14).(22) His win against Vidor who was 11th with 5/14, is regarded as one of Rabinovich-Barav’s most spectacular games and has been published in various books and periodicals.(23)

In 1945, Rabinovich-Barav got 3rd place in the Palestine/Israel chess championship with 8/13. The tournament was held in "Emanuel Lasker" chess club in Tel Aviv from February 24 to April 21,1945 Rabinovich-Barav defeated Izak Aloni (who won the competition with 11/13), drew with Foerder/Porat (Foerder) who came 2nd with 10.5/13 and with Abram Blass who was 4th with 7.5/13, and won against, inter alia Kniajer who came 6th with 7/13 and Shlomo Smiltiner who finished in 10th place with 6/13.(24)

In 1948 Rabinovich-Barav was the first chess player have made a simultaneous display in a military camp near Tel Aviv that ended with result (+16 =0 –1). (25) On December 18, 1948 he made another simultaneous exhibition against 22 soldiers, this time at the Tel Aviv "Lasker" chess club. The score was (+18 -1 =3)(26)

The 1st Independent State of Israel's chess championship was held in Tel Aviv (9 rounds), Haifa (2 rounds), Rishon LeZion (1 round) and Hedera (1 round) from February 1, 1951 to March 31, 1951. Rabinovich-Barav together with other 13 players, participated in this competition, of which he was one of the principal organizers. He shared 8-9 place with Ernst Fisher (6/13), drawing with Menachem Oren (Chwojnik) who won the championship (9/13), and with Aloni, who shared 5-7 place, (7/13) and winning against strong payers such as Foerder-Porat and Smiltiner who shared 10-11 place (5.5/13).(27) This competition was considered especially strong and it was pointed out that the score difference between the winner and the competitor who came last was only 4.5 points.(28)

On Passover holidays in April 1951 Rabinovich-Barav played simultaneous games in Kibbbutz Afikim on 20 boards, which resulted in the score (+18 = 2 -0).(29)

In the first rating by the Israel Chess Federation in 1952, Israel Rabinovich-Barav was designated as one of the 14 national masters (in addition to two international masters: Moshe Czerniak and Foerder-Porat).(30)

He served for some years as chairman of the Israel Chess Association and in 1954 accompanied the Israeli team to the Amsterdam Olympiad.(31)

In the early 1950-s Rabinovich-Barav together with some other players left "Lasker" club and joined the "Richard Reti" chess club, which was founded in Tel Aviv in 1953. He played on 3rd board of "Reti" in the 1956 Israeli Major league. In the match against "Lasker" he drew with Israel Dyner. On the 1st board Smiltiner ("Reti") defeated Aloni ("Lasker"). Dr. Oren (2nd board) and Friedman (5th board) from "Lasker" won against, respectively Blass, and Wolfinger from "Reti". Zadok Domnitz (4th board) and Gutti (6th board) of the "Lasker" team drew, respectively, with Rauch and Dr. Grunegard from "Reti". The final result of the "Lasker"-"Reti" match was 3.5-2.5(32) At the same year Rabinovich-Barav shared 1st place (with Rauch and Smiltiner) with 10/14 at the "Reti" club championship, ahead of Blass and Binour with 9.5 points.(33)

In the 1958 "Reti" club championship participated 12 players. Rabinovich-Barav was 3rd with 7.5/11, after Yair Kraidman (8.5/11) and Smiltiner (8/11), ahead of Blass (7/11), Persitz (6/11), Dr. Grunegard (5.5/11), etc.(34) After the 1958 "Reti" tournament he started gradually to withdraw from chess playing. In 1960 Rabinovich-Barav played on 3rd board of "Reti" club in the Major League match against "Lasker" club. The match between the best 2 teams in Israeli League was held on July 2, 1960 in the 6th round, one round before the end of the tournament. After 5 rounds "Lasker" had 23.5 points, only 0.5 point ahead of "Reti". He won against Domnitz in the only game he played for the "Reti" team in the 1960 league competition, where he was registered on 3rd board. On the first two boards "Lasker" scored 2 full points, Aloni - Persitz 1-0 and Dr.Oren - Smiltiner 1-0. On the 4th board Grunegard ("Reti") drew with Friedman ("Lasker"), on the 5th board Wolfinger ("Reti") defeated Kagan ("Lasker") and on the last board Zilberman ("Reti") drew with Tcherniavsky ("Lasker"). The final result was 3-3. In the last round "Lasker" had easier opponent then "Reti" and won the League championship. "Reti" was 2nd.(35)

In 1964 Rabinovich-Barav took part in the "Reti" Jubilee ("Yovel") 11 rounds Swiss tournament that was held in Tel Aviv from March 25 to May 27. The press wrote: "The appearance of the veteran master I. Barav (Rabinovich) after long absence elicits great interest".(36) After strong start he was among tournament's leaders, having 3.5 poins after 5 rounds and 5/7 after winning against Smiltiner in round 7. The last part of the tournament wasn't successful for him. The winner of this tournament was Leonid Bobis 9/11 preceding Shimon Kagan (8/11) and Yair Kraidman (7/11).(37) This was the last chess competition in which Rabinovich-Barav participated.

In obituaries written about him, Israel Rabinovich-Barav was described as having been "one of the principal and most interesting figures in the years prior to the establishment of the State of Israel and in its first years. His love of chess was great but he was attracted to its artistic beauty. His game style was strong and daring distanced from the banal. As much as he loved games which displayed hair-raising combinations with fertile imagination, so he hated boring tie games... He was a real genius in Blitz games".(38) "Some of his brilliant combinations have become classics in the Israeli combinatory treasure."(39)

1) family archive and letters of Israel Rabinovich-Barav - courtesy of Dr. Ami Barav
2) letter sent by Israel Rabinovich to his parents, December 14, 1926
3) "Schachwart" chess magazine, (organ of the Brandenburg chess club), Berlin, 1928 p.161
4) letter sent by Israel Rabinovich to his parents, June 20, 1928
5) the article in "Schachwart", 1928, p.165, with the comment that Rabinovich was, probably, the strongest among the competitors
6) "Schachwart" chess magazine, 1929, p.71
7) the German newspaper "Hamburgischer Correspondent" 1929, June 16, p.16 and "Schachwart", June 1929, pp.105-106
8) the article in the "Schachwart", June 1929 pp.106-107, under the title "Zertrümmert" ("Destroyed"), with the comment: "Rabinovich, who also belongs to the "Springer" club, is a new talent of whom we expect far more already in the next tournament.His game against Wächter is very good"
9) the article "Kräftigen Figurenspiel" ("Strong piece play") in the German newspaper "Vossiche Zeitung", 1929, May 26 p.12
10) "Schachwart" chess magazine, 1931, p.188
11) letter sent by Israel Rabinovich-Barav to his parents, September 25, 1931.
12) "Schachwart" chess magazine, 1931, p.161 and the article "Zu späte Rochade" ("Castling too late") in "Schachwart" chess magazine, 1931, p.190 and the article "Dem Tod etronned" ("Death escaped") in "Schachwart" chess magazine, 1931, p.191
13) The cross table of this qualifying tournament was handwritten by Berthold Koch and was gracefully communicated to us by Mr Alan McGowan
14) "Deutsche Schachzeitung", March 1932, p.68
15) "Schachwart", 1928 pp.168-169
16) "Schachwart", November 1930, p.212 and letter to his parents, November 20, 1930
17) "Schachwart" 1931 pp.197&238
18) "Schachwart", 1928, p.161
19) "Schachwart", 1928, p.203 and letter to his parents, October 4, 1928
20) "Schachwart" 1928 p.243
21) "Schachwart" 1929 July p.136
22) the article of Raphael Persitz with extensive analysis and comments in "British Chess Magazine", 1960, pp.299-300
23) the Israeli magazine "Schachmat" ("Chess"), April 1946, p.6 and the books of Shaul Hon, "Hassiyum Beschachmat" ("the endgame in Chess",) 1961, p.30 and "Petichot Beschachmat" ("Openings in Chess"), 1965 p.30; and the magazine "Schachmat", August 1979, p.176 and the newspaper "Maariv", 1979, July 20, p.32. In the book in Hebrew "Tacharout Amanim Bechachmat" ("Chess masters competition"), Persitz & Albert Mandelbaum, 1952, p.92, included the comments: "this game is, according to many (and it is difficult to argue to the contrary) the most brilliant and glaring of the combinatory games played in our country. Its place in Chess world literature is guaranteed without a doubt, and justifiably."
24) "Palestine Post", April 25, 1945, p.2 and the newspaper in Hebrew "Al Hamishmar", April 29, p.2 On his performance in this competition, the "Palestine Post" wrote: "the third prize goes to Israel Rabinovich, the stormy petrel of chess players, who delights in brilliant combinations."
25) "Davar Hashavua", weekly supplement of daily newspaper "Davar", September 10, 1948, p.18)
26) "Davar Hashavua", December 31, 1948, p.17
27) the newspaper "Al Hamishmar", February 2, 1951, p.1 and "Al Hamishmar", April 6, 1951, p.4 and "Chess Results 1951-1955" by Gino Di Felice, p.80 and the book in Hebrew "Tacharout Amanim Bechachmat" ("Chess masters competition"), Persitz & Mandelbaum, 1952 and newspaper "Haboker" ("Morning"), April 1, 1951, p.4
28) The article of Eliyahou Schachaf, "Al Hamishmar" April 6, 1951 p.4
29) "Davar Hashavua", April 30, 1951, p.14
30) List of the Israeli masters in the 1950-s, published by Moshe Czerniak in first issue of chess magazine "64 Mishbatzot", February 1956, p.17
31) "Haboker", June 25, 1954, p.8 and "Davar Hashavua", October 6, 1954, p.13
32) "Davar", July 6, 1956, p.7
33) "Davar", July 13, 1956, p.7
34) the newspaper "LaMerchav", May 2, 1958, p.4
35) the newspaper "LaMerchav", February 12, 1960, p.8 and "Davar", July 8, 1960, p.6 and "Davar", July 31, 1960, p.3
36) "Davar, March 26, 1964, p.4
37) "Davar", April 10, 1964, p.13 and "Davar", April 23, 1964, p.4 and "Davar", May 7, 1964, p.4 and "Maariv", May 15, 1964, p.58 and "Davar", May 27, 1964, p.7 and "Davar", June 4, 1964, p.4
38) the article of Avraham Yosha in the magazine "Schachmat", August 1979, p.176
39) the article of Elyahu Schachaf, "Davar", July 29, 1979, p.12

We thank Dr. Ami Barav, son of Israel Rabinovich-Barav, for private communications and for providing archive of documents, photo album (http://www.chessgames.com/documents...) and information concerning his father.
Many thanks to chess historian and author Alan McGowan for his extensive research on Israel Rabinovich-Barav chess career in Germany period of his life.

Last updated: 2018-01-15 15:39:29

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Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. I Rabinovich-Barav vs B Koch 1-0231928Springer chess club tournamentA45 Queen's Pawn Game

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