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Photograph courtesy of  
Garry Kasparov
Number of games in database: 2,349
Years covered: 1973 to 2012
Last FIDE rating: 2812
Highest rating achieved in database: 2851
Overall record: +779 -116 =766 (70.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      688 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (192) 
    B30 B40 B31 B50 B33
 Ruy Lopez (102) 
    C92 C84 C97 C67 C80
 Nimzo Indian (86) 
    E32 E34 E21 E20 E46
 Queen's Gambit Declined (81) 
    D37 D31 D35 D30 D38
 Queen's Indian (80) 
    E12 E15 E17 E16
 Slav (63) 
    D19 D10 D15 D11 D17
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (341) 
    B90 B84 B82 B83 B22
 King's Indian (157) 
    E92 E97 E76 E60 E75
 Sicilian Najdorf (111) 
    B90 B92 B97 B93 B96
 Grunfeld (98) 
    D85 D97 D76 D78 D87
 Sicilian Scheveningen (70) 
    B84 B82 B83 B80 B81
 English (34) 
    A15 A10 A11 A13
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Kasparov vs Topalov, 1999 1-0
   Karpov vs Kasparov, 1985 0-1
   Kasparov vs Kramnik, 1994 1-0
   Kramnik vs Kasparov, 1994 0-1
   Kasparov vs Karpov, 1990 1-0
   Kasparov vs Anand, 1995 1-0
   Karpov vs Kasparov, 1993 0-1
   Kasparov vs Portisch, 1983 1-0
   Adams vs Kasparov, 2005 0-1
   Kasparov vs Karpov, 1986 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1984)
   Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1985)
   Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Rematch (1986)
   Kasparov - Karpov World Championship Match (1987)
   Kasparov - Karpov World Championship Match (1990)
   Kasparov - Short World Championship Match (1993)
   Kasparov - Anand World Championship Match (1995)
   Kasparov - Kramnik World Championship Match (2000)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Novgorod (1997)
   Las Palmas (1996)
   Linares (1997)
   Astana (2001)
   Wijk aan Zee Corus (2000)
   Sarajevo (2000)
   Linares (1999)
   Russian Championships 2004 (2004)
   10th Euwe Memorial (1996)
   Lichthof Chess Champions (2006)
   XXII Torneo Ciudad de Linares (2005)
   Linares (1994)
   Tilburg Fontys (1997)
   Bled Olympiad (2002)
   European Clubs Cup (Men) (2003)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Garry Kasparov's Best Games by KingG
   Kasparov's super simuls by crawfb5
   Match Kasparov! by amadeus
   Size GAZA by lonchaney
   senakash's favorite games by senakash
   kasparov best games by brager
   senakash's favorite games qgd by senakash
   Guess-the-Move Chess: 1990-1999 (Part 3) by Anatoly21
   KASPAROV GAMES by gambitfan
   senakash's favorite games mini by senakash
   Road to the Championship - Garry Kasparov (I) by Fischer of Men
   Garry Kasparov's Greatest Chess Games (Stohl) by AdrianP
   senakash's favorite games ruylopez by senakash
   senakash's favorite games garry by senakash

   Kasparov vs Karpov, 1987
   Kasparov vs Igor Ivanov, 1978

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Garry Kasparov
Search Google for Garry Kasparov
FIDE player card for Garry Kasparov

(born Apr-13-1963) Azerbaijan (citizen of Russia)
[what is this?]
One of the greatest players of all time, Kasparov was undisputed World Champion from 1985 until 1993, and Classical World Champion from 1993 until 2000. Known to chess fans world wide as the <Beast From Baku> on account of his aggressive and highly successful style of play, his main early influence was the combative and combinative style of play displayed by Alexander Alekhine.

Early Years

Originally named Garry Kimovich Weinstein (or Weinshtein), he was born in Baku, in what was then the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (now the Republic of Azerbaijan), and is the son of Klara Shagenovna Kasparova and Kim Moiseyevich Weinstein. At five years old, young Garry Weinstein taught himself how to play chess from watching his relatives solve chess puzzles in a newspaper. His immense natural talent was soon realized and from age 7, he attended the Young Pioneer Palace in Baku (where for some time he was known as "Garry Bronstein".*). At 10, he began training at the Mikhail Botvinnik Soviet chess school. He was first coached by Vladimir Andreevich Makogonov and later by Alexander Shakarov. Five years after his father's untimely death from leukaemia, the twelve year old chess prodigy adopted the Russian-sounding name Garry Kasparov (Kas-PARE-off) a reference to his mother's Armenian maiden name, Gasparyan (or Kasparian).


Junior Twelve-year old Kasparov won the Soviet Junior Championship, held in Tbilisi in 1976 scoring 7/9, and repeated his success in 1977, winning with a score of 8˝ of 9. The next several years were spent marking his rise as a world-class talent. He became World Junior Champion in 1980 in Dortmund, the same year he earned the grandmaster title.

National He first qualified for the Soviet Chess Championship at age 15 in 1978, the youngest ever player at that level. He won the 64-player Swiss system tournament at Daugavpils on tiebreak over Igor Vasilievich Ivanov, to capture the sole qualifying place. He was joint Soviet Champion in 1980-81 with Lev Psakhis ** and in 1988 Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov tied in the Super-Soviet Championship***. In 2004, Garry Kasparov won the Russian Championships 2004 (2004) with a stunning +5 score.

World On the basis of his result in the 1981 Soviet Championship, which doubled as a zonal tournament for the USSR region, he earned a place in the 1982 Moscow Interzonal tournament, which he won, to qualify for the Candidates Tournament matches that were held in 1983 and 1984. At age 19, he was the youngest Candidate since Robert James Fischer, who was 15 when he qualified in 1958. At this stage, he was already the #2-rated player in the world, trailing only world champion Karpov on the January 1983 list. These Candidates matches were the first and last Candidates matches Kasparov contested, as he declined to participate in the Candidates held under the auspices of the PCA in 2002 to decide a challenger to his successor as classical World Champion, Vladimir Kramnik. Kasparov's first Candidates match in Moscow was a best-of-ten affair against Alexander Beliavsky, whom he defeated 6–3 (+4 -1 =4). After much political ado, Kasparov defeated Viktor Korchnoi in London in the best-of-12 semi-final match by 7–4 (+4 -1 =6), and in early 1984 in Vilnius he defeated former World Champion Vasily Smyslov in the best-of-16 finals played by 8.5-4.5 (+4 =9 -0) to earn his challenge against Karpov. By the time the match with Smyslov was played, Kasparov had become the number-one ranked player in the world with a FIDE rating of 2710. He became the youngest ever world number-one, a record that lasted 12 years until being broken by Vladimir Kramnik in January 1996 and again by his former pupil, Magnus Carlsen in 2010.

At one stage during the Karpov-Kasparov World Championship Match (1984), Kasparov trailed 5-0 in the first-to-win-6 match. He then fought back to win three games and bring the score to 5–3 in Karpov's favour after 48 games, making it the longest world championship match ever. At that point, the match was ended without result by the then FIDE President, the late Florencio Campomanes, with Karpov thus retaining the title. Further details can be found in the match link at the head of this paragraph. Kasparov won the best-of-24 games Karpov-Kasparov World Championship Match (1985) in Moscow by 13–11, winning the 24th and last game with Black. He was then 22, the youngest ever World Champion, and broke the record held by Mikhail Tal for over 20 years. Karpov exercised his right to a rematch, the Karpov-Kasparov World Championship Rematch (1986), which took place in 1986, hosted jointly in London and Leningrad, with each city hosting 12 games. Kasparov scored of 12˝–11˝, retaining the title. The fourth match, the Kasparov-Karpov World Championship Match (1987) in Seville. Karpov had been directly seeded into and won the final match of the Candidates' Matches to again become the official challenger. Kasparov retained his title by winning the final game and drawing the match 12–12. The fifth and last championship match between the two, Kasparov-Karpov World Championship Match (1990), was held in New York and Lyon in 1990, with each city hosting 12 games. Kasparov won by 12˝–11˝. In their five world championship matches, the combined game tally was +21 -19 =104 in Kasparov’s favour.

Kasparov subsequently defended his title against Nigel Short under the auspices of the PCA in 1993, and against Viswanathan Anand in 1995. Five years later, in 2000 (Kasparov-Kramnik World Championship Match (2000)), Kasparov finally relinquished his crown to his former student, Vladimir Kramnik who was granted the right to challenge without having to qualify, the first time this had happened since 1935, when Alexander Alekhine selected Max Euwe as his challenger. Subsequently, Kasparov remained the top rated player in the world, ahead of both Kramnik and the FIDE World Champions, on the strength of a series of wins in major tournaments.

Under the "Prague Agreement” which was put together by Yasser Seirawan to reunite the two titles, Kasparov was to play a match against the 2002 FIDE World Champion Ruslan Ponomariov in September 2003. But this match was cancelled when Ponomariov was dissatisfied with the terms of the contract. Subsequent plans for a match against 2004 FIDE World Champion Rustam Kasimdzhanov, to be held in January 2005 in the United Arab Emirates fell through due to lack of funding. Shortly after this, Kasparov announced his retirement from competitive chess.

In an interview in 2007, Kasparov said that <…my decision in 1993 to break away from the world chess federation, FIDE, with Nigel Short was the worst mistake of my career. It was a serious miscalculation on my part. I thought we could start fresh with a professional organisation, but there was little support among the players. It led to short-term progress in commercial sponsorship for chess, but in the long run hurt the game...> ****

Classical Tournaments

In 1978, Kasparov won the Sokolsky Memorial tournament in Minsk as a wild card entry, a victory which convinced Kasparov he could aim for the World Championship. He played in a grandmaster tournament in Banja Luka, Yugoslavia in 1979 while still unrated, due to Korchnoi’s withdrawal. He took first place with an undefeated record, two points ahead of the field. Game Collection: Banja Luka 1979 He emerged with a provisional rating of 2595, immediately landing at world number 15, a feat only surpassed by Gata Kamsky in July 1990. His first win in a superclass-level international tournament was scored at Bugojno, Yugoslavia in 1982 and his win in Linares in 2002 is the tenth victory in a record for the most consecutive victories in super tournaments: Linares 4 (1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, Wijk aan Zee 3 (1999, 2000, 2001), Sarajevo 2 (1999, 2000) and Astana 1 (2001). Kasparov also holds the record for most consecutive professional tournament victories, placing first or equal first in 15 individual tournaments from 1981 to 1990. It started with the 1981 USSR Championship and finished in Linares in 1990. His five epic title matches against Karpov were held during this period. Subsequently, Kasparov won Linares again in 1992, 1993, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2005, the latter being his swan song from the game.


Kasparov played in eight Olympiads. He represented the Soviet Union four times, in 1980, 1982, 1986 and 1988, and Russia four times: in 1992, 1994, 1996 and 2002 playing board 1 on each occasion apart from 1980 (2nd reserve) and 1982 (2nd board). In 82 games, he scored (+50 =29 -3), for 78.7% and won a total of 19 medals, including 8 team gold medals, 5 board golds, 2 performance golds, 2 performance silvers and 2 board bronzes. Kasparov also represented the USSR once in Youth Olympiad competition at Graz in 1981, when he played board 1 for the USSR board 1, scoring 9/10 (+8 =2 -0), the team winning the gold medal.

Team chess

Kasparov made his international teams debut for the USSR at age 16 in the 1980 European Team Championship at Skara and played for Russia in the 1992 edition of that championship. He won a total of five medals including at Skara 1980, as USSR 2nd reserve, 5˝/6 (+5 =1 -0), team gold, board gold and at Debrecen 1992, Russia board 1, 6/8 (+4 =4 -0), team gold, board gold, performance silver.


<Computer> Kasparov defeated the chess computer Deep Thought (Computer) in both games of a two-game match in 1989. In February 1996, he defeated IBM's chess computer Deep Blue (Computer) with three wins and two draws and one loss. In 1997, an updated version of Deep Blue defeated Kasparov 3˝–2˝ in a highly publicised six-game match. The match was even after five games but Kasparov lost Game 6 - Deep Blue vs Kasparov, 1997 - to lose the match. This was the first time a computer had ever defeated a world champion in match play. In January 2003, he played and drew a six game FIDE Man-Machine WC (2003) match against Deep Junior (Computer). In November 2003, he played and drew a four-game Man-Machine World Chess Championship (2003) against the computer program X3D Fritz (Computer) X3D Fritz, although he was constrained through the use of a virtual board, 3D glasses and a speech recognition system.

<Human – classical> Kasparov played several matches apart from his matches in the World Championship cycles. Full details can be seen at Game Collection: Match Kasparov!.

<Human – rapid> In 1998, Kasparov played a blitz match against Kramnik in Moscow, that match being drawn +7-7=10. He fared better in the 2000 internet blitz match against Judit Polgar, winning one and drawing one. The following year, he played a blitz match against the many times Greek speed chess champion Hristos Banikas of Greece, winning 5 and drawing one. In his 2002 blitz against Elisabeth Paehtz in Munich, he won 6-0. Later in 2002, Kasparov lost a four game rapid match (+1 -2 =1) over two days in December 2002 in New York City against Anatoly Karpov. In 2009 in Valencia, Spain, he again played Karpov, and won the Kasparov-Karpov Rapid Match (2009) 3-1 and the Kasparov-Karpov Blitz Match (2009) by 6-2. In 2011, as part of his Chess In Schools campaign, he played a two game Kasparov-Lagrave Blitz Match (2011) in Clichy France, winning by 1.5-0.5. A few months later in October 2011, he won the Kasparov-Short Blitz Match (2011) 4.5-3.5 (+3 -2 =3), breaking the deadlock after game 7 by winning game 8 to win the match.

<Simuls> In 1985, Kasparov played his first simul against a team, the Hamburg Bundesliga team lead by GM Murray Chandler, and lost 3.5-4.5, the first and only time he lost a simul against a team. In 1987, he played a simul against the same albeit slightly stronger team, but this time he was prepared and crushed the Hamburg players 7-1; later in 1987 he also crushed the Swiss team: Game Collection: Kasparov vs Swiss Team Simul by 5.5-0.5, drawing only with former World Junior Champion Werner Hug. In 1988 he played a simul against the French team in Evry (Game Collection: Kasparov vs French Team Simul), winning 4, drawing one and losing one; he played the French team again in 1989 (Game Collection: Kasparov vs French Team Simul 1989), this time winning three and drawing 3 games. Also in 1988 he played a simul against a group of powerful US Juniors, and won by 4-2 (+3 -1 =2)*****. In 1992, Kasparov played a clock simul against the German team ( Game Collection: Kasparov vs German National Team Simul) which included former title contender Vlastimil Hort with whom he drew, winning 2 and drawing 2. He played a simul against the Argentinean team (Game Collection: Kasparov vs Argentinian Team Simul) winning (+7 -1 =4); in 1998 he played the Israeli team (Game Collection: Kasparov vs Israeli National Team Simul) winning 7-1, and in 2001 he played the Czech team (Game Collection: Kasparov vs Czech National Team Simul) in Prague, winning by +4 -1 =3.


Kasparov's ratings achievements include being rated world #1 according to Elo rating almost continuously from 1986 until his retirement in 2005. He was the world number-one ranked player for 255 months, a record that far outstrips all other previous and current number-one ranked players. Kasparov had the highest Elo rating in the world continuously from 1986 to 2005. However, Vladimir Kramnik equaled him in the January 1996 FIDE ratings list, technically supplanting him because he played more games. He was also briefly ejected from the list following his split from FIDE in 1993, but during that time he headed the rating list of the rival PCA. At the time of his retirement, he was still ranked #1 in the world, with a rating of 2812. In January 1990 Kasparov achieved the (then) highest FIDE rating ever, passing 2800 and breaking Bobby Fischer's old record of 2785. On the July 1999 and January 2000 FIDE rating lists Kasparov reached a 2851 Elo rating, which became the highest rating ever achieved until surpassed by Magnus Carlsen in 2013. There was a time in the early 1990s when Kasparov was over 2800 and the only person in the 2700s was Anatoly Karpov.


Under Kasparov's tutelage, Carlsen became the youngest ever to achieve a FIDE rating higher than 2800, and the youngest ever world number one. Kasparov also assisted Anand’s preparation for the Anand-Topalov World Chess Championship (2010) against challenger Veselin Topalov. Since his retirement, Kasparov has concentrated much of his time and energy in Russian politics. He is also a prolific author, most famously his <My Great Predecessors> series. His politics and authorship are discussed at some detail in the wiki article and at his official website cited below. In 2007, he was ranked 25th in The Daily Telegraph's list of 100 greatest living geniuses and has won 11 Chess Oscars.

Kasparov has been married three times: first to Masha, with whom he had a daughter, Polina (b. 1993), before divorcing; to Yulia, with whom he had a son, Vadim (b. 1996) before their 2005 divorce; and to Daria, with whom he also has a daughter, Aida (b. 2006).

Biography: Kasparov’s official website: Kasparov Chess Foundation: http://www.kasparovchessfoundation.... ]

*; ** [rusbase-1]; *** [rusbase-2]; **** [rusbase-3]; *****

Wikipedia article: Kasparov

 page 1 of 94; games 1-25 of 2,349  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. E Magerramov vs Kasparov 0-135 1973 BakuB54 Sicilian
2. Kasparov vs S Muratkuliev 1-032 1973 Baku tt U18C77 Ruy Lopez
3. Kasparov vs O Vasilchenko 1-040 1973 KievC03 French, Tarrasch
4. E Kengis vs Kasparov ½-½54 1973 Vilnius LTUB88 Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin Attack
5. Kasparov vs Averbakh 1-048 1974 Moscow clock simC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
6. Kasparov vs Yurtaev 0-144 1975 BakuB39 Sicilian, Accelerated Fianchetto, Breyer Variation
7. Rizvonov vs Kasparov 0-137 1975 VilniusE17 Queen's Indian
8. Kasparov vs Yermolinsky 0-148 1975 BakuB05 Alekhine's Defense, Modern
9. Kasparov vs B Kantsler 1-032 1975 Junior competitionC00 French Defense
10. Einoris vs Kasparov 0-142 1975 BakuB59 Sicilian, Boleslavsky Variation, 7.Nb3
11. Kasparov vs Yermolinsky 0-148 1975 LeningradB67 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 8...Bd7
12. Dvoirys vs Kasparov ½-½45 1975 BakuB89 Sicilian
13. Kasparov vs A Sokolov 1-032 1975 BakuB67 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 8...Bd7
14. Karpov vs Kasparov 1-045 1975 LeningradB92 Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation
15. Kasparov vs E Kengis ½-½27 1975 BakuB52 Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Rossolimo) Attack
16. O Pavlenko vs Kasparov 0-134 1975 BakuE71 King's Indian, Makagonov System (5.h3)
17. Kasparov vs Smyslov 0-130 1975 Team GM/Young PioneersC60 Ruy Lopez
18. Kasparov vs Polugaevsky ½-½25 1975 LeningradB40 Sicilian
19. Kasparov vs Gorelov 1-058 1975 BakuC61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense
20. E Vladimirov vs Kasparov ½-½30 1975 VilniusE17 Queen's Indian
21. Tilichkin vs Kasparov 0-143 1975 BakuB87 Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin with ...a6 and ...b5
22. Korchnoi vs Kasparov ½-½42 1975 Palace of Pioneers sim.E80 King's Indian, Samisch Variation
23. Kasparov vs A Morgulev ½-½19 1976 MoscowB84 Sicilian, Scheveningen
24. Kasparov vs Vasalomidze 1-034 1976 TbilisiC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
25. Kasparov vs A Galle 1-038 1976 WattigniesC05 French, Tarrasch
 page 1 of 94; games 1-25 of 2,349  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Kasparov wins | Kasparov loses  

Kasparov on Kasparov: Part I

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 738 OF 738 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Aug-20-14  1d410: Kirsan probably sucks as a leader, but Garry Kasparov would suck too. I remember him causing a bunch of trouble, trying to take over the government of Russia, I even remember him going to jail. Sometimes the best intellectuals are not the best as people.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: FIDE should be sued by one or a group of dues paying members to investigate the corruption that has long been alleged of certain FIDE officers and some of the federations. A successful suit would weed out the thieves and result in better odds of the next candidate defeating Kirsan.

Ouch! 😄

<AJ of Alaska: KKDEREK - yOUR ATTEMPTS AT SARCASM ARE A FAILURE. You said I "spam". I have not forgotten it.>

Oohhhh!? 😄😄

<KKDEREK: some peoples need antagonism in the lives> ??? Pot. Black. Kettle. Rearrange those words, lol 😄

<He is what he is, just a good player nothing special. Became a GM with 24 (?) years old, won one Russian Superfinals (without the strongest players) peaked at 2700, and..that's it..Oh and he won the Super-hyper- mega-FIDE knockout.>

Khalifman became GM before those <kiddy> GMs popped up everywhere. In comparision, Gelfand gained his title at 21 (in 1989). Timman was 23 when he became GM. So it's a bit misleading to just look, when somebody became GM imho.

His Peak Rating of 2.702 was from october 2001. You might want to look up that rating list. Back then 2.700 was a way bigger deal than it is today. I said it now and then, 2.750 is the new 2.700.

Ofc, Khalifman does not belong into the same category as Kasparov, Karpov, Anand, Kramnik and the other World Champions. But to reduce him to some sort of <chess tourist> who got lucky would indeed be unjust to him.>

And statman is out for the count, haha. Anyone fancy giving him CPR? Thought not LOL.

AJ of Alaska.. Don't listen to him. You have an opinion so voice it. Can't stop laughing lol ✌

Aug-20-14  Refused: Is there a particular reason, why you put what I said about Khalifman into the same post as AJ second of his name, aka, AJ the impostor?

Do you want to drag me into this pointless discussion?

AJ is an obvious troll. He is trying a bit too hard imo. But hey, as long as people bite...

Aug-20-14  MarkFinan: Refused .. You're being paranoid mate. I wasn't addressing you but I was addressing the post where you corrected someone. And give AJ of Alaskalater a chance. He's entertaining, lol.
Premium Chessgames Member
  KKDEREK: <Refused: Is there a particular reason, why you put what I said about Khalifman into the same post as AJ second of his name, aka, AJ the impostor> yes, but ignore.

<Ofc, Khalifman does not belong into the same category as Kasparov, Karpov, Anand, Kramnik and the other World Champions. But to reduce him to some sort of <chess tourist> who got lucky would indeed be unjust to him.

For me he is a bit into the same category as Jakovenko.>

I never said he was something like chess tourist . I'm sure you saw the context..I was talking WCC champion caliber..Never mind my shadow.

So we agree. Im not that kind of guy who dismiss a 'mere' 2700 player or a mere 'world class player' like <conrad> use to do.

I was pointing that he was of course a strong player but nothing that anyone would think or him a CW, as you said something like Jakovenko, (or Jobava, or Tomashevski, Vallejo whatever). Great players all elite super Gm's but if we talk about a shot at the title, most would think is not realistic..

Premium Chessgames Member
  KKDEREK: correcting , *WC
Aug-21-14  Olavi: <tzar: ...can any of Kirsan critics explain with clear data why Kirsan is such a disastrous President apart from the KO championship format?> Another example of KI's management's utter lack of professionalism, sense etc.: the have just announced the 2015-16 GP, and of the 16 participants, 5 will be nominees, that is, not based on merit or previous qualification. And the GP is part of the World Championship cycle. I'll just quote John Nunn, one of the most respected GMs: "I am very uncomfortable with the idea that miscellaneous FIDE officials should be given the power to dispense personal favours - perhaps this was only done so that they could keep their players in line!"
Aug-21-14  Olavi: Of course, one of the tournaments will be held in Tehran. Fascinating to see whom they will nominate (whoever it is, he or she gets to play the full cycle. Admittedly, the rules say that AGON, the organizer will nominate those players "on behalf of the organizers", but presumably they dare not jepardize the tournament by refusing their choice.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: sports illustrated article on the abrupt end to the first KK match. SI has the best writers:

<When it all began so very long ago in Moscow, on Sept. 10, 1984, everyone expected one of the most electrifying world chess championships in history. The champion was Anatoly Karpov, 33, thin and wan, an icy, technical player with the Order of Lenin, an award for special service to the regime, an estimated $1 million in hard currency and a very valuable stamp collection to show for his 10-year reign> !!

full story:

"A Gambit in Moscow"


Aug-21-14  Petrosianic: KK-I fizzled, but KK-II through KK-V pretty much lived up to the hype.
Premium Chessgames Member
  KKDEREK: <petrosianic> I agree. KK1 have a bunch of good games but we all know how 'ended'. But 85 and 86 matches are far out..They made a nice doc about '990 match in Lyon section (easily to find at yt), but not sure about the previous one. I would love to see of course.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: The 24 game matches were brilliant. Really, better chess than the Fischer Spassky '72 match, and with almost as much drama. The K/K matches were in a way cold war matches, too. One always got the feeling that someday Kasparov would defect, or be allowed to live in the West. He was always his own man, which would make you an outsider in the USSR. Same for Korchnoi.
Aug-22-14  Olavi: <HeMateMe: ...always his own man, which would make you an outsider in the USSR> Well, this outsider was unusually well connected, having the support of USSR's number two Aliyev, without which the Korchnoi match would not have come about, and himself a member of the Central Committee of the Konsomol.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: You're right, Kaspy had a guy in the politburo.

Still, they would not let him travel to Los Angeles in 1983 to play the Candidates semi final with Korchnoi, over fears that the USA would not allow enough security present to keep Kasparov from defecting. Korchnoi, the man that he is, knew that it was important for chess to have Kasparov play Karpov, so he (vk) allowed the match to be moved to a neutral ground. Korchnoi the defector could have forced a forfeit, enforced Los Angeles as the playing site, which would have resulted in another match loss, Karpov over Korchnoi, in the final.

Also, the Soviet authorities never allowed Kasparov's mother to travel with him out of the country, to stop a possible defection.

These are not the actions of a regime that trusts it's young stars. Karpov had no such restrictions.

When Child of Change came out, it emphasized Kasparov's disgust with the Soviet system, all along. This must have been apparent to people before the book was ever done, that Kaspy was an independent character and was not satisfied with the old communist or Gorbachev regimes.

Aug-22-14  Olavi: You're right, according to KGB documents they thought that <the USA would not allow enough security present>. But was it because they feared GK would defect? This seems pure if somewhat plausible speculation to me.

Asd for GK himself, Child of Change came out the same year that he became a <a member of the Central Committee of the Konsomol>. He probably didn't see a contradiction, but by 1987, he was well on his way to build an image in the West, an image that didn't necessarily be truthful.

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: He was probably a communist by convenience. Same for Karpov. Just do what you have to do so you can travel, earn some western currency, and buy those Beatles records and western jeans. Western currency would allow them to shop in the exclusive "dollar" stores in Moscow, that sold western goods for those who had the money.

People I went to college with who travelled over there said that the kids were so hard up for jeans they would offer to surround you on the street (for privacy) and switch pants with you, your levis or Gloria Vanderbilt's for there shapeless dungarees, with a healthy handful of rubles thrown in. You would then have rubles to buy everyone dinner at the restaurants.

Aug-22-14  Olavi: <He was probably a communist by convenience. Same for Karpov. > Exactly.

I checked There is no mention of a fear of defection, and given the general tone of the work, it would have been mentioned. Of the authors Popov was very much an insider, one of the KGB top officials responsible for sportsmen travelling abroad. Although the statements of such people must be taken with a grain of salt, even after they moved to the West; they know what kind of story sells.

Premium Chessgames Member
  john barleycorn: < HeMateMe: He was probably a communist by convenience....>

replace "convenience" by "opportunism".
In fact, when the old system could not do anything for him as it was about to end (Alijew may have given first hand information), he wrote "Child of Change" and tried to "spearhead" the more opportune movement.

That is one of his favourite patterns as also seen in his relation with FIDE-PCA whatever.

Sidenote: when initially he was not allowed playing Korchnoi in LA, Alijew intervened and generated the money to compensate Korchnoi for the "sportsmanship".

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  john barleycorn: <HeMateMe> you might have read this.

<‘Question: Who would you not like to see act as chief arbiter and members of the appeals jury in your forthcoming World Championship match?

Kasparov: I don’t have any personal enemies, but I do not approve of people who compromise themselves. Since childhood I have always been hostile to any kind of Fascism. I would therefore like to have persons above reproach, without criminal ties with FIDE’s Fascist method of operating. This kind of Fascism is unacceptable. A human being is born with his own brain and heart, and he has to be entitled to freedom of expression, in the democratic way. Human rights have to be respected.

Question: Aren’t you afraid that the “forces” which you often criticize may be used against you in one way or another?

Kasparov: What forces? They are like zombies, ghosts, or ogres in fairy tales. They have gone away for good, like witches on their flying broomsticks. This is 1987, not 1985. Everything that Mikhail Gorbachov has been saying is what I’ve been doing for the past two years already.>

Aug-22-14  tzar: The two greatest WCC confrontations in modern times, Fischer-Spassky and K-K, had a pre-written script in Western Media, good vs evil. Kasparov and Fischer represented the good forces and Spassky and Karpov the evil forces. The paradoxes of real life (which are capricious) made that the evil characters were quite likable persons and the good characters were quite problematic, spoiling the credibility of the script.
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  Absentee: <Olavi: Although the statements of such people must be taken with a grain of salt, even after they moved to the West; they know what kind of story sells.>

I'd say they should be taken with a grain of salt especially if they have moved to the west.

Premium Chessgames Member
  john barleycorn: < Absentee: ...
I'd say they should be taken with a grain of salt especially if they have moved to the west.>

Of course, the papers here don't pay for stories about how your hamster was doing during that time. Or maybe they did? And of course try to chop your story into episodes of increasing fantastic content etc..

Aug-23-14  Olavi: <Absentee: <Olavi: Although the statements of such people must be taken with a grain of salt, even after they moved to the West; they know what kind of story sells.> I'd say they should be taken with a grain of salt especially if they have moved to the west.>

In chess circles, the prime example is Lev Alburt (and later Yermolinsky, to a lesser extent). He never missed a chance to fabricate stories about the Soviets cheating always and everywhere - often extremely unplausible stories, if you took the time to consider. But he thought that that way he would look good in the US.

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Some of Lev alburt's allegations have seemed very bizarre. It goes against the grain of how he seems to be, very well behaved and professional.
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