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Max Lange
M Lange 
Number of games in database: 71
Years covered: 1850 to 1892

Overall record: +42 -20 =7 (65.9%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (9) 
    C33 C39
 Ruy Lopez (8) 
    C65 C72 C70 C66 C80
 French Defense (4) 
    C01 C00
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (9) 
    C65 C77 C61 C80 C64
 Evans Gambit (6) 
    C51 C52
 King's Gambit Accepted (5) 
    C39 C38 C37 C33
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Anderssen vs M Lange, 1859 0-1
   M Lange vs NN, 1855 1-0
   M Lange vs Schierstedt, 1856 1-0
   M Lange vs Mayet, 1853 1-0
   M Lange vs Anderssen, 1851 1-0
   M Lange vs G Schultz, 1863 1-0
   M Lange vs Von Schierstedt, 1855 1-0
   M Lange vs Anderssen, 1852 1-0
   M Lange vs R Schurig, 1855 1-0
   M Lange vs Anderssen, 1851 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Aachen, 7th congress WDS (1868)
   Nuremberg (1883)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Kieseritsky & Bannik & Lange best games by Imohthep
   Aachen 1868 by thomastonk

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Max Lange
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(born Aug-07-1832, died Dec-08-1899, 67 years old) Germany

[what is this?]

Max Lange was a player, theoretician and problemist. As a player he was 1st at Dusseldorf in 1862, 1863 and 1864, 1st at Hamburg 1868 and 1st at Aachen in 1868. His book 'Handbuch der Schachaufgaben' (published 1862) was the first systematization of problems and he also invented the 'Helpmate' problem. He was the organiser of the Leipzig 1894 tourney and he edited 'Deutsche Schachzeitung' from 1858 to 1864. Perhaps he is best known for the 'Max Lange Attack' normally reached via 1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘c6 3.♗c4 ♘f6 4.d4 exd4 5.0-0 ♗c5 6.e5 but which can arise from several openings; Two Knights Defense (C55), Center Game (C21), Giuoco Piano (C50), Petrov Defense (C42) and Scotch Game (C45), which he suggested in 1854.

Lange should not be confused with Max Lange (sometimes referenced as Max Lange 2 in chess literature) and whose best known tournaments were Hilversum 1903 and the 14th DSB-Congress at Coburg 1904.

Wikipedia article: Max Lange

 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 71  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. M Lange vs Lichtenstein  1-047 1850 crC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. Lichtenstein vs M Lange 0-128 1850 crC33 King's Gambit Accepted
3. M Lange vs Anderssen 1-041 1851 BerlinC33 King's Gambit Accepted
4. M Lange vs Anderssen 1-021 1851 Berlin Congress GCFC33 King's Gambit Accepted
5. M Lange vs R Franz 1-026 1852 BerlinC33 King's Gambit Accepted
6. M Lange vs Anderssen 1-024 1852 Berlin Congress GCFC33 King's Gambit Accepted
7. Anderssen vs M Lange 1-033 1852 BerlinC52 Evans Gambit
8. M Lange vs Mayet 1-018 1853 Berlin -C51 Evans Gambit
9. M Lange vs W Hauptmann  1-025 1855 ErfurtC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
10. M Lange vs R Schurig 1-010 1855 BerlinC40 King's Knight Opening
11. M Lange vs H Pollmaecher  0-123 1855 LeipzigC33 King's Gambit Accepted
12. M Lange vs NN 1-015 1855 UnknownC40 King's Knight Opening
13. M Lange vs Von Schierstedt 1-033 1855 UnknownC44 King's Pawn Game
14. M Lange vs W Von Alvensleben  1-026 1856 SchonebeckC29 Vienna Gambit
15. M Lange vs Schierstedt 1-021 1856 Breslau -C25 Vienna
16. M Lange vs Anderssen 1-025 1859 BreslauC52 Evans Gambit
17. Anderssen vs M Lange  ½-½48 1859 BreslauC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
18. M Lange vs Anderssen  0-135 1859 BreslauC52 Evans Gambit
19. M Lange vs Anderssen 0-145 1859 BreslauC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
20. M Lange vs Anderssen 1-030 1859 Breslau, casual gameC50 Giuoco Piano
21. Anderssen vs M Lange 0-136 1859 BreslauC39 King's Gambit Accepted
22. Anderssen vs M Lange 1-030 1859 ItC39 King's Gambit Accepted
23. Anderssen vs M Lange 0-119 1859 AnalysisC61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense
24. B von Guretzky-Cornitz vs M Lange 0-120 1861 corrC25 Vienna
25. H Hirschbach vs M Lange  0-152 1861 LeipzigC28 Vienna Game
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 71  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Lange wins | Lange loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <hellstrafer> Read previous posts.
Nov-14-06  hellstrafer: <Calli> Thanks, it was just stupid of me to not to read the previous posts.
Aug-06-08  myschkin: . . .
Es ist kein Zufall, daß gerade Max Lange zum intellektuellen Mentor der aufstrebenden Schachvereinigung wurde. Lange, der ein Doppelstudium in Philosophie und den Rechtswissenschaften absolviert hatte und eine beachtliche schachliche Spielstärke aufwies, war wie kein anderer intellektuell in der Lage, dem regen Treffen rheinischer Schachfreunde, die sich zunächst aus purem „Associationstriebe" und Freude am Schach zu größeren „Congressen" vereinigten, eine allgemeingesellschaftliche Bedeutung und Sinnhaftigkeit zuzuschreiben und die Bemühungen der Schachfreunde in einen allgemeinen soziokulturellen Kontext zu stellen.

Der begeisterte Schachjünger gründete am Magdeburger Gymnasium den Schachklub Sophrosyne ("besonnene Gelassenheit" - nach Sokrates die Haupttugend des Menschen).

Dec-15-08  Karpova: The Third German Chess Congress in Duesseldorf (1863.08.30 to 1863.09.02) was won by Max Lange.

There were four stages:

Stage 1: Twelve players are paired against each other and play one game only. Max Lange beat someone called Schultz with the white pieces and proceeded to the next stage.

Stage 2: Six players paired against each other and play one game only. Max Lange gets White against someone called Hengstenberg and wins.

Stage 3: A Mini Final tournament with Lange, Paulsen (Wilfried) and Hoenig playing each other once. Lange and Paulsen draw their game and both beat Hoeing.

Stage 4: Final match between Lange an Paulsen - Lange wins 1.5 to 0.5.


(Hoeing was the only one to get two times Black in Stage 1 and 2 and win both games. Lange had White in stages 1 and 2 but also in both games at stage 3. So his first game with Black was the draw against Paulsen in the Final match).

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Player of the Day>


Aug-07-09  WhiteRook48: Max Lange Attack?!?!
Oct-18-09  Marcelo Brasileiro: The game that Lange mated Schierstedt with his Queen's Knight can be considered in a certain manner a tribute to Anderssen's Immortal.
Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: <WhiteRook48: Max Lange Attack?!?!>

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.0-0 Bc5 6.e5

Premium Chessgames Member
  DarthStapler: When I was young I invented an opening called the "Long Range Max Lange". Of course, this was before I learned it was pronounced like "Lang"
Aug-07-11  talisman: happy birthday Max....Attack!
Aug-07-12  Calar: Player of the day - Max Lange.

Does anyone know if he ever played Max Lange attack (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.0-0 Bc5) himself? Wikipedia says he suggested it in 1854., but did he ever play it?

May-10-14  ljfyffe: Max played Canadian John DeSoyres in Holland, 1903.
May-14-14  ljfyffe: But not the Max Lange who invented the famous attack. Another Lange with the title of Dr.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Max Lange.

< Does anyone know if he ever played Max Lange attack (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.0-0 Bc5) himself? >

According to this database no (, but there were 3 games that contained the Max Lange Attack (Marshall vs Capablanca, 1910, Marshall vs Capablanca, 1910 and Marshall vs Capablanca, 1910) that had the event listed as < "th Max Lange (1910)" >.

Aug-07-14  ljfyffe: Max Lange analysed the line in "Deutsche Schachzeitung" (1854); however, I'm unaware if he ever played it over-the-board. Sorry.
Jun-26-15  Morphischer: LMAO@ "Lange should not be confused with Dr. Max Lange" [clicks link to Dr. Max Lange; sees same photo]
Damn, Chessgames, you're slippin'.
Aug-07-15  TheTamale: Wow. I had no idea Max Lange was such a distinguished looking gent. I'd shoot for that look myself, if I could grow a beard.
Premium Chessgames Member
  eternaloptimist: <TheTamale> Lol he was styling & profiling! It's interesting that he suggested this move order back in 1854 according to Hooper & Whyld,: but the debut game in the CG database is an Urusov game.: S Urusov vs A Petrov, 1859 However, the CG database doesn't have all of Lange's games of course. 1 of the good things about it is the transpositional possibilities. U have a chance to wrong-foot your opponent b/c of that. 1 of these days I plan to play the Max Lange Attack vs a chess engine w/ a similar playing strength as mine. I'll start the position after I play e5. It looks like a fun opening!
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: That looks like a hipster beard.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Check It Out: Very much so. He wouldn't be out of place in Seattle, where hipsters spawn like rabbits.
Premium Chessgames Member
  eternaloptimist: This is a very interesting game of his.: M Lange vs O Wuelfing, 1864
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: I'm curious about his so-called "sabbatical" from ~1868-1883 when he essentially stopped tournament play.

Does anybody have any info about why he withdrew from play - and what he did during those intervening years?

Also, why did he decide to return to tournament play in 1883, and for only one tournament?

Did other German players comment on these manners, or try to coax him to play?

And, I see a 1890 Alapin--Lange corr game was played. Are we sure this was Lange(1) vs Lange(2)? And if he did play some corr chess, why aren't there more games?


Jan-02-16  thomastonk: <zanzibar> Reading obituaries is often informative! Some of your questions are answered by the obituary in DSZ 1900, pages 26-29. There one can find a description of Lange's activities in and outside of chess.

Neither the obituary nor the tournament book of Nuremberg (1883) gave a particular reason for his participation. I have not tried to find out why Lange stopped tournament play again, but please have a look at his result!

The corr game with Alapin has a certain story, which is relative well-known in the German reading circles. I try to make long things short. In 1892 Alapin sent a letter to 'Deutsches Wochenschach' about the moves 1.e4 e5 2.♘e2 including some of his games. He praised 2.♘e2 as an original opening and emphazised his merits of being the first one who played it against strong opposition. Lange replied to this in an article in 'DSZ' 1892 (see pages 262-3); there he mentioned some sources from 1849/50 and he compared the value of 2.♘e2 to that of 2.♔e2.

The dispute resulted in the corr game, which was played from September 23, 1892 until September 5, 1893 (I changed the year already). Lange had to win, but Alapin tricked him already with 3.d4, etc etc.

Lange did not play corr chess often, but I have a few games from 1850 and one from 1861.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Thank you as always <thomastonk>. I'll have a look at the DSZ obit.

The corr game makes for a good story, and a warning perhaps for over-pressing play during a game(?).

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: I found the following game at the Chess Archaeology excavations, published in the "Detroit Free Press" for June 10, 1859. No indication of source is given, but the game also appears in "Schachzzeitung, May 1859, p.171, with this caption:

<"Gespielt zu Welhnachien v. J."">

Which translates to "Played for Christmas". I'm not sure about "v. J.", but if the "J." means "Jahre" (year) it might be an abbreviation for "previous year".

"Schachzeitung" gives White's full name as <"Herr M. Ludwig Lange">, and given the occasion it's easy to speculate it was played at a family gathering during the holiday season. But that's still speculation.

[Event "Casual game"]
[Site "Berlin"]
[Date "1858.12.??"]
[EventDate "1858.12.??"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "0-1"]
[White "Lange, Ludwig"]
[Black "Lange, Max"]
[ECO ""]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bc5 5.c3 Nf6 6.e5 d5 7.Bb5 Ne4 8.cxd4 Bb6 9.Bxc6+ bxc6 10.Qc2 0-0 11.Nbd2 f5 12.Qxc6 h6 13.0-0 Ba6 14.Re1 Nxf2 15.Kxf2 Bxd4+ 16.Nxd4 Qh4+ 17.Kf3 Qg4+ 18.Ke3 f4+ 19.Kf2 Qh4+ 20.Kf3 Qxe1 21.Qxa6 Qe3+ 22.Kg4 Qxd4 23.Nf3 Qe4 24.Qe6+ Kh7 25.Bd2 Rae8 26.Qd7 Qg6+ 27.Kh4 Rxe5 28.Qg4 Qf6+ 29.Kh3 h5 30.Qd7 Rd8 31.Qxd8 Qf5+ 32.g4 Qxg4# Detroit Free ♙ress, June 10, 1859. Other data not given. 0-1

A stereotypical 19th century game.

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