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Karl Mayerhofer
Number of games in database: 4
Years covered: 1851 to 1857
Overall record: +2 -2 =0 (50.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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(born Mar-13-1828, died Jan-02-1913, 84 years old) Austria

[what is this?]
He was a Viennese opera singer.

 page 1 of 1; 4 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. K Mayerhofer vs Harrwitz 1-0851851London Chess Club tC50 Giuoco Piano
2. Anderssen vs K Mayerhofer 1-0481851LondonC01 French, Exchange
3. K Mayerhofer vs Kieseritzky 1-0431851London Chess Club tC55 Two Knights Defense
4. Kolisch vs K Mayerhofer  1-0251857ViennaC44 King's Pawn Game
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Mayerhofer wins | Mayerhofer loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jan-25-14  Karpova: From the obituary:

Mayerhofer died on January 2, 1913, at 2 pm after a short and severe medical condition in his sleep. He was 85 years old.

He was one of Manuel Garcia's pupils when the great London 1851 tournament took place and participated in the London Chess Club Tournament*. He debuted with the opening that bears his name - <1.e4 e5 2.Ne2> which was later played by Alapin.

He has always preserved his chess enthusiasm and was in the Vienna Chess Club every evening. On his 80th birthday, he became an honorary member.

Mayerhofer was not only a singer by Grace of God but also a great actor. In Weimar, his first engagement, he was fostered by Franz Liszt. In 1854, Mayerhofer went to the Vienna Court Opera (today's Vienna State Opera) and became the favorite of the Vienna audience. Richard Wagner payed tribute to him in 1863.

His Dr. Bartolo in Rossini's "Barbier" was a widely admired masterwork, never achieved again - the only one who is said to have been comparably complete was the Italian Zucchini. Mayerhofer's Lord Kockburne in Auber's "Fra Diavolo" was equally famous. To mention a few names out of his immense repertoire: Masetto, Leporello, Don Pasquale, Fluth and Daland Rocco.

After more than 40 years of work, Mayerhofer left the Vienna Court Opera in 1895 at the age of 67. He became an honorary member and was awarded the <Ritterkreuz des Franz Joseph-Ordens> by the Emperor. Mayerhofer turned his attention to botany, linguistic studies and chess.

Source: Pages 387-389 of the 1912 'Wiener Schachzeitung' Supplementheft.


There follows the obituary by Dr. Franz Liharzik from the 'Neuen Freien Presse' of January 3, 1913. Some additional information:

Mayerhofer was first a painter and seemed to be well-destined until he turned his attention to the performing arts beginning in 1849, after his studies with Garcia in London.

After his return from London, he participated in the Vienna chess life, which mainly took place since the 1840s in the Cafe Neuner (Plankengasse). Mayerhofer joined the Vienna Chess Society, founded in 1857, the precursor of the Vienna Chess Club.

He visited the Chess Club, until 3 weeks prior to his death, almost daily leaving his domicile in Hietzing irrespective of the weather.

Source: Pages 389-390 of the 1912 'Wiener Schachzeitung' Supplementheft.

Mar-13-14  waustad: It is interesting that at that time "Fluth" didn't require any explanation. Then again it was in Wien, where 'Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor' would be better known than most places. He had a wide range of roles from the dramatic, like Rocco from 'Fidelio' and Daland in 'Der fliegende Holländer', through comic, like Papageno and Dr. Bartolo, in the bass-baritone repertoire from what we read here. He was even briefly the director of the Wiener Staatsoper. I haven't found any recordings during a brief search, though he was already rather old when the recorded era began.

There is a recording of the Nilolai work with Wunderlich and Frick on youtube:

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: I wonder how his name was spelled in <Wiener Schachzeitung>, since DSZ 1851 seems to give his name as Meierhofer.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: OK, I found an online version of WSZ obit here:

We should adopt the name used there,

<Mayerhofer, Carl>

And post notice of alternative spellings used in the contemporaneous literature.

Mar-03-16  luftforlife: Here's a link to an article entitled "Aus dem Wiener Schach-klub" heavily featuring Karl Mayerhofer that appeared in Wiener Schachzeitung No. 2, Februar 1908, XI. Jahrgang, at pages 34-38, complete with bust-like photograph and florid autograph on page 35, and a quoted piece by Adolf Zinkl drawn from Neuer Wiener Tagblatt entitled "Karl Mayerhofer als Schachmeister," discussing Mayerhofer's "Hippopotamischen Partie" and the international tournament held at St. Georges Club in London in the summer of 1851, at pages 36-38:

I found this when I was doing research on Josef Heral, trying mightily yet unsuccessfully to discover his date of birth. Perhaps this piece might help you in this connection.

Best wishes to all. ~ lufty

Mar-03-16  luftforlife: <zanzibar>: To answer your question (please see my post ante), his name in Wiener Schachzeitung was spelled "Karl Mayerhofer," as it was spelled in Neuer Wiener Tagblatt.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Hi <Luft>,

Please scroll up a couple of pages in the link you gave, on p35 you'll find a photograph of Mayerhofer with his signature.

It definitely looks like Carl to my eyes.

Let me know if you agree. Thx.

(RE: Heral - I know a ref showing him as a student of Law in 1868. I've dated him as dob ~1850 as a result.

I asked in the Bistro for Continental help in the matter, as concerns typical age of law student, w/o success.)

Mar-03-16  luftforlife: <zanzibar>: That's the florid autograph to which I had adverted. The two authors referred to him as "Karl," but it may well be that he himself wrote his first name as "Carl" in cursive script. I would say the signature would govern, if it were known to be his, and if it were readily discernible, but I can't tell definitively whether it reads "Karl" or "Carl." I figure if his first name were "Carl," the publisher and editor of the W.Z., Georg Marco, who I understand to have held up timely publication of some issues due to his perfectionism (I believe <whiteshark> mentioned this, but I may be wrong), would never have let "Karl" pass in print with "Carl" appearing in the man's own hand.

I was researching Josef Heral's date of birth in response to your inquiry about the age at which students matriculated into law school (or into university to take a law degree) in the Vienna of Heral's day.

Whenever I find that you or anyone else seeks information, I research tirelessly on the subject (as I've done on a number of subjects of late), but, as I rarely come up with answers others have failed to find, I don't report on my research efforts unless they prove fruitful.

Such are the travails of chess research, and happily we undertake them. Ad astra per aspera.

As always, you have my kind regards.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <lust4life> But WSZ did use Carl in obit right?

And obit have more weight than normal reporting, due to their solemnity one assumes better proofing.

And I still definitely only see a C in the autograph. And WSZ won't use a signature that wasn't truly Mayerhofer's would they? I would hope not.

(As for Heral, I'll post over on his page at some point)

Mar-05-16  luftforlife: Hi, <z>. Not sure about the obituary; I agree with your statement that an obituary should be given greater weight than a typical article. I certainly see your point about the autograph; I should think it's Mayerhofer's, and it does appear (though I can't say for sure) that his first name is spelled "Carl" therein.

I wasn't arguing for a specific spelling -- just pointing out in response to your enquiry that two different writers (one in the Wiener Schachzeitung, and one in Neue Wiener Tagblatt) had spelled his name "Karl." More grist for the mill, I suppose.

I read in the Bistro your call for assistance regarding London Cup Tourney 1851, and I'll do some research presently.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Karl Mayerhofer.
Apr-27-18  mifralu: More details:

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