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Genrikh Kasparian
Postage stamp "Birth Centenary of Henrik Kasparyan", issued in Armenia on Feb 27, 2010.  
Number of games in database: 162
Years covered: 1931 to 1968

Overall record: +35 -74 =53 (38.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (16) 
    B23 B20 B90 B40 B59
 King's Indian Attack (10) 
 Caro-Kann (7) 
    B11 B12 B18 B15 B13
 French Defense (6) 
    C00 C01 C11 C10
 Ruy Lopez (4) 
    C68 C90 C71 C98
 Reti System (4) 
    A04 A06
With the Black pieces:
 Caro-Kann (19) 
    B10 B18 B11 B12 B13
 King's Indian (13) 
    E87 E60 E72 E69 E90
 Queen's Pawn Game (7) 
    E00 A45 A40 D02 A46
 Ruy Lopez (7) 
    C71 C75 C87 C72 C73
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Chekhover vs Kasparian, 1936 0-1
   Kasparian vs Bronstein, 1947 1-0
   Kasparian vs Aronin, 1952 1/2-1/2
   Lisitsin vs Kasparian, 1931 0-1
   Korchnoi vs Kasparian, 1953 0-1
   Kasparian vs M Stolberg, 1940 1-0
   Kasparian vs Nezhmetdinov, 1949 1-0
   J Yuchtman vs Kasparian, 1956 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   USSR Championship (1947)
   USSR Championship (1931)

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Genrikh Kasparian
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(born Feb-27-1910, died Dec-27-1995, 85 years old) Armenia

[what is this?]
Genrikh Moiseyevich Kasparian was born in Tbilisi, Georgia (then Russian Empire). He was awarded the IM title in 1950, International Judge of Chess Compositions title in 1956 and Grandmaster of Chess Compositions title in 1972. As a player he was ten times Armenian Champion and defeated Vitaly Chekhover (+6, =7, -4) in a match in 1936. He was also an author, analyst and composer. In the field of endgame studies he is best known, regarded by many as the greatest study composer of all time. He passed away in Yerevan in 1995.

Wikipedia article: Genrikh Kasparyan

 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 163  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. B Blumenfeld vs Kasparian 0-1551931Ch URS (1/2 final)B12 Caro-Kann Defense
2. P Izmailov vs Kasparian  0-1471931Ch URS (1/2 final)E60 King's Indian Defense
3. Botvinnik vs Kasparian 1-0351931URS-ch sf4 7thD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. D D Grigorenko vs Kasparian  ½-½491931Ch URS (1/2 final)E87 King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox
5. Kasparian vs F Bohatirchuk 0-1701931USSR ChampionshipA46 Queen's Pawn Game
6. M Yudovich Sr. vs Kasparian  ½-½311931USSR ChampionshipB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
7. Kasparian vs Botvinnik 0-1471931USSR ChampionshipB40 Sicilian
8. Riumin vs Kasparian  1-0561931USSR ChampionshipB13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
9. Kasparian vs V G Kirillov  0-1331931USSR ChampionshipD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
10. Lisitsin vs Kasparian 0-1281931USSR ChampionshipA15 English
11. Kasparian vs Ilyin-Zhenevsky  0-1261931USSR ChampionshipA40 Queen's Pawn Game
12. N Sorokin vs Kasparian  ½-½331931USSR ChampionshipD02 Queen's Pawn Game
13. Kasparian vs Rauzer  ½-½321931USSR ChampionshipA13 English
14. Kasparian vs Goglidze  0-1431931USSR ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
15. A Budo vs Kasparian ½-½601931USSR ChampionshipE60 King's Indian Defense
16. Kasparian vs I Mazel 0-1561931USSR ChampionshipE11 Bogo-Indian Defense
17. V Sozin vs Kasparian  ½-½531931USSR ChampionshipE90 King's Indian
18. Kasparian vs Alatortsev 1-0531931USSR ChampionshipD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
19. B Verlinsky vs Kasparian  ½-½701931USSR ChampionshipE80 King's Indian, Samisch Variation
20. Kasparian vs Kan  0-1561931USSR ChampionshipE38 Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 4...c5
21. Zamikhovsky vs Kasparian  1-0661931USSR ChampionshipD43 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
22. Kasparian vs Goglidze  0-1421933TiflisE17 Queen's Indian
23. Chekhover vs Kasparian 0-1331936Erevan, MatchE67 King's Indian, Fianchetto
24. Kasparian vs Kotov 0-1401937USSRD01 Richter-Veresov Attack
25. Bondarevsky vs Kasparian 1-0241937URS-ch10B21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 163  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Kasparian wins | Kasparian loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <zooter> I neither know your nor the <reputed international player>, but maybe you like to know something Mark Dvoretzky wrote concerning this matter:

" By solving or playing studies, we train our imagination and our ability to decipher the opponent's ideas, as well as the calculation of variations and the rapid taking of decisions by the method of elimination. Some studies expand our understanding of the endgame.


In studies there is an absence of positional evaluation. Hence the conclusion: you can and should, by solving studies, train your imagination and calculation. But to develop your positional understanding in this way is not possible. Moreover, even for improvement in tactical, calculating play your should not restrict yourself to studies alone. It is also useful to test your powers in finding 'inexact combinations', with an interlacing of calculation and evaluation, in which chess is so rich."

I hope it helps you further! :D

Jun-03-08  zooter: <whiteshark>

Thanks! I'll definitely give this book a try after I finish the other chess books in my queue (don't seem to find the time to go through them :) )

Premium Chessgames Member
  DarthStapler: Wasn't Kasparov's mother's name originalyl Kasparian? I wonder if they're related
Jul-28-08  ravel5184: Since we're talking about puzzles here, see one of my compositions (warning: very easy)


click for larger view

Black to play and draw (original study - all rights reserved)

1 ... Ra8+
2. Kb3 Ra3+
3. Kxa3 Qa8+
4. Kb3 Qa3+
5. Kxa3 Ra8+
6. Kb3 Ra3+
7. Kxa3 stalemate!!>

Jan-24-11  kevins55555: <DarthStapler>

It is not a misprint. A NSWJCL magazine said not a misprint. The game was in 1937 and it said Kasparov wasn't known and also wasn't born!

Jan-25-11  arsen387: <CG> He was Armenian, why is it written Georgia under his name? I think the country where he was born is not that much important to write near his name with the dates of his birth and death, but rather the country where he is from, where he also lived, worked and died.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Good to see him as POTD. Still haven't found <Sneaky>'s elusive puzzle as yet.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: This player's name looks a lot like Kasparov.
Feb-27-11  Caissanist: Kasparian was Kasparov's mother's maiden name. When his father died his name was changed to the Russified version of that name.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: < Caissanist: Kasparian was Kasparov's mother's maiden name. When his father died his name was changed to the Russified version of that name. > Thanks for the info.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: <Benzol: Good to see him as POTD. Still haven't found <Sneaky>'s elusive puzzle as yet.> I'm glad you remember that! One day I am going to have a giant stack of Chess Life magazines from the 1990's and I swear I'm going to go through every single one. I think it's in Benko's Endgame Lab.

The amazing characteristic of the problem was, if I can explain it clearly, that Black starts the problem with a "crazy queen", trying to give up his queen so that he becomes stalemated and not checkmated. The amazing twist is that White, somehow, turns the table on him--when his own queen goes bonkers and starts to throw herself at the enemy monarch. We've all seen "crazy queens" before, but never in my life have I seen a game where both sides have crazy queens.

While I'm posting, now's as good a time as any to shamelessly promote my favorite Game Collection: Crazy Rooks. ^^

Aug-21-11  fischer2009: I saw many people badly wanting this book in their kibitzes.Its all i can do.
Apr-20-12  Antiochus: Article about his missed Immortal by GM Schwartzman:
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: Today I am as giddy as a schoolchild! You all remember back in 2004 (!) when I posted this request?

<Sneaky: A long time ago I saw a composition by Kasparian which was one of the most incredible chess positions I've ever come across. ... >

Surfing through the interwebs today I happened to stumble upon an amazing little site called "Yet Another Chess Problem Database",

And guess what I found there?


I was afraid that when I finally found it, it would not be as astonishing as I remembered. Such is not the case: it's even MORE amazing than I recall!

With no more further ado,

White to Play and Draw:

click for larger view

The complete solution, with detailed analysis, is here:

Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <Sneaky> Yeah! I'm really pleased that you've finally found it. I'll play through the solution when I have a bit more time.

Cheers matey


Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: OK, let's walk through this composition with help of my handy PC chess engine.

White to play and Draw.

click for larger view

<SPOILER ALERT> If you want to solve this on your own, stop reading now.




A pretty realistic position for a composition. Black has more material and lots of threats, so White has to act immediately to avoid doom.

You might be tempted to give up the knight and try to find perpetual check with Qb3+, or Qc1+, but you'll find that Black can wriggle out of those naive attempts.

Some quiet queen moves like 1.Qf1? simply fail to the skewer 1...Ra1.

The key move is the one move that seems impossible: to release the protection that important g-pawn with


click for larger view

Now Black's hand is forced due to twin threats of Qd3# and Ne5#. (That's why the pin 1...Ra1 is no defense: 2.Ne5#!) So Black makes the one move that looks like it should work, 1...Qxg3+.

click for larger view

White can now answer a check with a check: 2.Ng2+

2...Qxg2+? is no good because after 3.Bxg2 White simply has too much material. So Black must play 2...Ke4.

This opens up the door to a cute stalemate trick, 3.Qxa4!!

click for larger view

If 3...bxa4 it's instantly a stalemate. The move 3...Qd6 looks pretty sensible, protecting both bishops, but I believe that 4.Ne1+ should be good to allow White to hold that position. (The analysis of that is pretty hairy and not the highlight of the problem, so let's gloss over that for now.)

So Black, faced with a queen-sac trick, shows that he has a queen-sac trick of his own, 3...Qh2+!!

click for larger view

What is White to do? Certainly not 4.Kxh2? bxa4 where Black is clearly winning. Also certainly not 4.Kf1?? which leads to mate after ...bxa4+. So there is only one move, 4.Kf2.

Black's fun isn't over yet! Let's offer the queen again with 4...Qg1+!!

click for larger view

Once again, taking the queen 5.Kxg1? is taboo because after ...bxa4 Black is winning. And of course 5.Ke2?? is suicidal. So 5.Kg3 it must be.

And then Black offers the queen yet again, 5...Qf2+!!

click for larger view

6.Kh2 is forced, and then one last offer 6...Qg3+!!

click for larger view

White is now forced to play 7.Kg1 and we have repeated position one time. Play ring-around-the-rosey two more times and we have achieved the draw!

I'm not going to say this is the greatest composition ever, but seeing the queen go g3+ h2+ g1+ f2+ three times is unforgettable. Seeing Black's queen-sac as the only reasonable reply to White's queen-sac is simply sublime.

Justly, Kasparian earned first place for this composition.

Premium Chessgames Member
  heuristic: I'm not a composition maven; but ...

with the WN at g2, sliding the BQ along the g1-a7 diagonal is attractive. once the BB gets to the other diagonal, this flushes out the WN.

6...Qd4 7.Qxa6 Bd6 8.Nf4+ Kxf4 9.Qa2 Kf5+ 10.Kg2 Qe4+

eventually the two WHT pawns falls (with checks), then a Q exchange and finally march the pawns.


Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: <heuristic> I like it. So you're suggesting that Black "hops off the merry-go-round" and plays for a win at this point:


click for larger view

You're right that 7.Qxa6 lands White in hot water.

Maybe there is something else? Maybe Qc2+ leads to a perpetual? I should feed it to the mechanical monster, maybe you've busted a first-place prize winner.

Premium Chessgames Member
  heuristic: this is a fascinating composition. It looks like the merry-go-round can go either direction: i.e. 3...Qf2+

OTOH, in a followup to the 6..Qd4 attempt; after the Q exchange; you end up with :

click for larger view

and this is a draw according to a Nalimov Endgame Tablebase. in my first post; I thought this would be a win despite the opposite-colored Bs.

Jan-22-15  rogl: In their Christmas Puzzles ChessBase had this stunning Kasparyan composition

click for larger view

White to move and win. (Chess in USSR1935)

It's not the most difficult study but the solution is absolutely beautiful. Give it a try. I'll post the solution later.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Alex Schindler: There was a cool "puzzle of the day" today at featuring the ending mate combination from Kasparian-Manvelian, Erevan 1939. I was curious whether anyone could find and upload a PGN for the rest of the game.

Here's the puzzle. Manvelian blundered in this sequence by recapturing a queen, but the mate from there is extremely cool.

Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is a nice finish by Kasparian as Black against Alexey Suetin, at Moscow in 1952:

click for larger view

1...c4 2. ♖xc4 ♘xc4 3. ♕xc4 b3!:

click for larger view

White is defenceless against either 4...♕xa2# or 4...♕e1+.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Genrikh Kasparian.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Fusilli: <GH> Beautiful finish indeed!
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