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Emanuel Lasker
Number of games in database: 1,158
Years covered: 1889 to 1940

Overall record: +380 -84 =176 (73.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 518 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (186) 
    C68 C62 C66 C67 C77
 French Defense (82) 
    C11 C12 C13 C01 C14
 French (57) 
    C11 C12 C13 C10 C00
 King's Gambit Accepted (52) 
    C39 C33 C38 C37 C35
 Sicilian (48) 
    B45 B34 B40 B32 B44
 King's Gambit Declined (35) 
    C30 C31 C32
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (109) 
    C65 C66 C67 C77 C80
 Orthodox Defense (50) 
    D53 D63 D52 D50 D60
 Giuoco Piano (31) 
    C50 C53 C54
 Queen's Pawn Game (30) 
    D05 D00 D02 D04 A46
 Sicilian (29) 
    B34 B73 B32 B33 B45
 Four Knights (21) 
    C49 C47 C48
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Lasker vs J Bauer, 1889 1-0
   Lasker vs Capablanca, 1914 1-0
   Pillsbury vs Lasker, 1896 0-1
   Lasker vs W Napier, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs Lasker, 1907 0-1
   Euwe vs Lasker, 1934 0-1
   Lasker vs Steinitz, 1894 1-0
   Lasker vs Schlechter, 1910 1-0
   Steinitz vs Lasker, 1896 0-1
   Tarrasch vs Lasker, 1908 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Steinitz World Championship (1894)
   Lasker - Steinitz World Championship Rematch (1896)
   Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907)
   Lasker - Tarrasch World Championship Match (1908)
   Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910)
   Lasker - Schlechter World Championship Match (1910)
   Lasker - Capablanca World Championship Match (1921)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Bird (1890)
   Nuremberg (1896)
   Lasker - Blackburne (1892)
   St. Petersburg 1895/96 (1895)
   Paris (1900)
   London (1899)
   Lasker - Janowski (1909)
   St Petersburg (1914)
   New York (1924)
   Maehrisch-Ostrau (1923)
   St. Petersburg (1909)
   Moscow (1925)
   Hastings (1895)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   Zurich (1934)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Lasker! by amadeus
   -ER by fredthebear
   The Lion King by chocobonbon
   Why Lasker Matters by Andrew Soltis by keypusher
   lasker best games by brager
   Why Lasker Matters (Soltis) by Qindarka
   Selected Lasker by LaBourdonnaisdeux
   Lasker JNCC by chestofgold
   the informal Lasker by ughaibu
   All Hail Emanuel by iron maiden
   Treasure's Ark by Gottschalk
   World Champion - Lasker (I.Linder/V.Linder) by Qindarka
   World Champions A-Z part 2 Lasker by kevin86
   Lasker vs the World Champions Decisive Games by visayanbraindoctor

   Rubinstein vs Lasker, 1909
   Rubinstein vs Salwe, 1908
   Spielmann vs Rubinstein, 1909
   Tartakower vs Schlechter, 1909
   A Fritz vs J Mason, 1883

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Emanuel Lasker
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(born Dec-24-1868, died Jan-11-1941, 72 years old) Germany

[what is this?]

Emanuel Lasker was the second official World Chess Champion, reigning for a record 27 years after he defeated the first World Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz, in 1894.

Statistician Jeff Sonas of Chessmetrics writes, "if you look across players' entire careers, there is a significant amount of statistical evidence to support the claim that Emanuel Lasker was, in fact, the most dominant player of all time." By Sonas' reckoning, Lasker was the No. 1 player in the world for a total of 24.3 years between 1890 and 1926.


He was born (on the same date as Richard Teichmann) in what was then Berlinchen (literally "little Berlin") in Prussia, and which is now Barlinek in Poland. In 1880, he went to school in Berlin, where he lived with his older brother Berthold Lasker, who was studying medicine, and who taught him how to play chess. By Chessmetrics' analysis, Berthold was one of the world's top ten players in the early 1890s.


Soon after Lasker obtained his abitur in Landsberg an der Warthe, now a Polish town named Gorzow Wielkopolski, the teenager's first tournament success came when he won the Café Kaiserhof's annual Winter tournament 1888/89, winning all 20 games. Soon afterwards, he tied with Emil von Feyerfeil with 12/15 (+11 -2 =2) at the second division tournament of the sixth DSB Congress in Breslau, defeating von Feyerfeil in the one game play-off.* Also in 1889, he came second with 6/8 (+5 -1 =2) behind Amos Burn at the Amsterdam "A" (stronger) tournament, ahead of James Mason and Isidor Gunsberg, two of the strongest players of that time. In 1890 he finished third in Graz behind Gyula Makovetz and Johann Hermann Bauer, then shared first prize with his brother Berthold in a tournament in Berlin. In spring 1892, he won two tournaments in London, the second and stronger of these without losing a game. At New York 1893, he won all thirteen games, one of a small number of significant tournaments in history in which a player achieved a perfect score. Wikipedia article: List of world records in chess#Perfect tournament and match scores

After Lasker won the title, he answered his critics who considered that the title match was by an unproven player against an aging champion by being on the leader board in every tournament before World War I, including wins at St Petersburg in 1895-96, Nurenberg 1896, London 1899, Paris 1900 ahead of Harry Nelson Pillsbury (by two points with a score of +14 −1 =1), Trenton Falls 1906, and St Petersburg in 1914. He also came 3rd at Hastings 1895 (this relatively poor result possibly occurring during convalescence after nearly dying from typhoid fever), 2nd at Cambridge Springs in 1904, and =1st at the Chigorin Memorial tournament in St Petersburg in 1909. In 1918, a few months after the war, Lasker won a quadrangular tournament in Berlin against Akiba Rubinstein, Carl Schlechter and Siegbert Tarrasch.

After he lost the title in 1921, Lasker remained in the top rank of players, winning at Maehrisch-Ostrau (1923) ahead of Richard Reti, Ernst Gruenfeld, Alexey Sergeevich Selezniev, Savielly Tartakower, and Max Euwe. His last tournament win was at New York 1924, where he scored 80% and finished 1.5 points ahead of Jose Raul Capablanca, followed by Alexander Alekhine and Frank James Marshall. In 1925, he came 2nd at Moscow behind Efim Bogoljubov and ahead of Capablanca, Marshall, Tartakower, and Carlos Torre Repetto. There followed a long hiatus from chess caused by his intention to retire from the game, but he re-emerged in top-class chess in 1934, placing 5th in Zurich behind Alekhine, Euwe, Salomon Flohr and Bogoljubow and ahead of Ossip Bernstein, Aron Nimzowitsch, and Gideon Stahlberg. In Moscow in 1935, Lasker finished in an undefeated third place, a half point behind Mikhail Botvinnik and Flohr and ahead of Capablanca, Rudolf Spielmann, Ilia Abramovich Kan, Grigory Levenfish, Andre Lilienthal, and Viacheslav Ragozin. Reuben Fine hailed the 66-year-old Lasker's performance as "a biological miracle". In 1936, Lasker placed 6th in Moscow and finished his career later that year at Nottingham when he came =7th with 8.5/14 (+6 -3 =5), his last-round game being the following stylish win: Lasker vs C H Alexander, 1936.


Non-title matches 1889 saw his long career in match play commence, one which only ceased upon relinquishing his title in 1921. He won nearly of his matches, apart from a few drawn mini-matches, including a drawn one-game play-off match against his brother Berthold in Berlin in 1890, losing only exhibition matches with Mikhail Chigorin, Carl Schlechter and Marshall, and a knight-odds match against Nellie Showalter, Jackson Showalter's wife. In 1889, he defeated Curt von Bardeleben (+1 =2) and in 1889-90 he beat Jacques Mieses (+5 =3). In 1890, he defeated Henry Edward Bird (+7 -2 =3) and Nicholas Theodore Miniati (+3 =2 -0), and in 1891 he beat Francis Joseph Lee (+1 =1) and Berthold Englisch (+2 =3). 1892 and 1893 saw Lasker getting into his stride into the lead up to his title match with Steinitz, beating Bird a second time (5-0) Lasker - Bird (1892) , Joseph Henry Blackburne (+6 =4), Jackson Whipps Showalter (+6 -2 =2) and Celso Golmayo Zupide (+2 =1). In 1892, Lasker toured and played a series of mini-matches against leading players in the Manhattan, Brooklyn and Franklin Chess Clubs. At the Manhattan Chess Club, he played a series of three-game matches, defeating James Moore Hanham, Gustave Simonson, David Graham Baird, Charles B Isaacson, Albert Hodges, Eugene Delmar, John S Ryan and John Washington Baird of the 24 games he played against these players he won 21, losing one to Hodges and drawing one each with Simonson and Delmar. At the Brooklyn Chess Club, Lasker played two mini-matches of two games each, winning each game against Abel Edward Blackmar and William M De Visser, and drew the first game of an unfinished match against Philip Richardson. Lasker finished 1892 at the Franklin Chess Club by playing 5 mini-matches of two games each against its leading players, winning every game against Dionisio M Martinez, Alfred K Robinson, Gustavus Charles Reichhelm and Hermann G Voigt and drawing a match (+1 -1) with Walter Penn Shipley. Shipley offered cash bonuses if he could stipulate the openings and taking up the challenge, Lasker played the Two Knight's Defense and won in 38 moves, while in the second game, Shipley won as Black in 24 moves against Lasker playing the White end of a Vienna Gambit, Steinitz variation (Opening Explorer). Shipley, who counted both Lasker and Steinitz as his friends, was instrumental in arranging the Philadelphia leg of the Lasker-Steinitz match, that being games 9, 10 and 11. 29 years later, Shipley was also the referee of Lasker’s title match with Capablanca. In 1892-3, Lasker also played and won some other matches against lesser players including Andres Clemente Vazquez (3-0), A Ponce (first name Albert) (2-0) and Alfred K Ettlinger (5-0). Also in 1893, Mrs. Nellie Showalter, wife of Jackson Showalter and one of the leading women players in the USA, defeated Lasker 5-2 in a match receiving Knight odds.

These matches pushed Lasker to the forefront of chess, and after being refused a match by Tarrasch, he defeated Steinitz for the world title in 1894 after spreadeagling the field at New York 1893. While he was World Champion, Lasker played some non-title matches, the earliest of which was a six-game exhibition match against Chigorin in 1903 which he lost 2.5-3.5 (+1 -2 =3); the match was intended as a rigorous test of the Rice Gambit, which was the stipulated opening in each game. In the midst of his four title defenses that were held between 1907 and 1910, Lasker played and won what appears to have been a short training match against Abraham Speijer (+2 =1) in 1908. Also in 1908, he played another Rice Gambit-testing match, this time against Schlechter, again losing, this time by 1-4 (+0 =2 -3), apparently prompting a rethink of the Rice Gambit as a viable weapon.** In 1909 he drew a short match (2 wins 2 losses) against David Janowski and several months later they played a longer match that Lasker easily won (7 wins, 2 draws, 1 loss). Lasker accepted a return match and they played a title match in 1910 (details below). In 1914, he drew a 2 game exhibition match against Bernstein (+1 -1) and in 1916, he defeated Tarrasch in another, clearly non-title, match by 5.5-0.5. After Lasker lost his title in 1921, he is not known to have played another match until he lost a two-game exhibition match (=1 -1) against Marshall in 1940, a few months before he died. A match between Dr. Lasker and Dr. Vidmar had been planned for 1925, but it did not eventuate.***

World Championship matches The Lasker - Steinitz World Championship (1894) was played in New York, Philadelphia, and Montreal. Lasker won with 10 wins, 5 losses and 4 draws. Lasker also won the Lasker - Steinitz World Championship Rematch (1896), played in Moscow, with 10 wins, 2 losses, and 5 draws. At one stage when Rudolf Rezso Charousek ‘s star was in the ascendant, Lasker was convinced he would eventually play a title match with the Hungarian master; unfortunately, Charousek died from tuberculosis in 1900, aged 26, before this could happen. As it turned out, he did not play another World Championship for 11 years until the Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907), which was played in New York, Philadelphia, Washington, Baltimore, Chicago, Memphis. Lasker won this easily, remaining undefeated with 8 wins and 7 draws.

After a prolonged period of somewhat strained relations due to Tarrasch’s refusal of Lasker’s offer for a match, Lasker accepted Tarrasch’s challenge for the title, and the Lasker - Tarrasch World Championship Match (1908) was played in Düsseldorf and Munich, with Lasker winning with 8 wins 3 losses and five draws. In 1910, Lasker came close to losing his title when he was trailing by a full point at the tenth and last game of the Lasker - Schlechter World Championship Match (1910) (the match being played in Vienna and Berlin); Schlechter held the advantage and could have drawn the game with ease on several occasions, however, he pursued a win, ultimately blundering a Queen endgame to relinquish his match lead and allow Lasker to retain the title. Some months later, the Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910) - played in Berlin - was Lasker’s final successful defense of his title, winning with 8 wins and 3 draws.

In 1912 Lasker and Rubinstein, agreed to play a World Championship match in the fall of 1914 but the match was cancelled when World War I broke out. The war delayed all further title match negotiations until Lasker finally relinquished his title upon resigning from the Lasker - Capablanca World Championship Match (1921) in Havana while trailing by four games.

Life, legacy and testimonials

Lasker’s extended absences from chess were due to his pursuit of other activities, including mathematics and philosophy. He spent the last years of the 19th century writing his doctorate. Between 1902 and 1907, he played only at Cambridge Springs, using his time in the US. It was during this period that he introduced the notion of a primary ideal, which corresponds to an irreducible variety and plays a role similar to prime powers in the prime decomposition of an integer. He proved the primary decomposition theorem for an ideal of a polynomial ring in terms of primary ideals in a paper Zur Theorie der Moduln und Ideale published in volume 60 of Mathematische Annalen in 1905. A commutative ring R is now called a 'Lasker ring' if every ideal of R can be represented as an intersection of a finite number of primary ideals. Lasker's results on the decomposition of ideals into primary ideals was the foundation on which Emmy Noether built an abstract theory which developed ring theory into a major mathematical topic and provided the foundations of modern algebraic geometry. Noether's Idealtheorie in Ringbereichen (1921) was of fundamental importance in the development of modern algebra, generalising Lasker's results by giving the decomposition of ideals into intersections of primary ideals in any commutative ring with ascending chain condition.****

After Lasker lost his title, he spent a considerable amount of time playing bridge and intended to retire. However, he returned to chess in the mid-thirties as he needed to raise money after the Nazis had confiscated his properties and life savings. After the tournament in Moscow in 1936, the Laskers were encouraged to stay on and Emanuel accepted an invitation to become a member of the Moscow Academy of Science to pursue his mathematical studies, with both he and his wife, Martha, taking up permanent residence in Moscow. At this time, he also renounced his German citizenship and took on Soviet citizenship. Although Stalin's purges prompted the Laskers to migrate to the USA in 1937, it is unclear whether they ever renounced their Soviet citizenship.

Lasker was friends with Albert Einstein who wrote the introduction to the posthumous biography Emanuel Lasker, The Life of a Chess Master by Dr. Jacques Hannak (1952), writing: Emanuel Lasker was undoubtedly one of the most interesting people I came to know in my later years. We must be thankful to those who have penned the story of his life for this and succeeding generations. For there are few men who have had a warm interest in all the great human problems and at the same time kept their personality so uniquely independent.

Lasker published several chess books but as he was also a mathematician, games theorist, philosopher and even playwright, he published books in all these fields, except for the play which was performed on only one occasion. As a youth, his parents had recognised his potential and sent him to study in Berlin where he first learned to play serious chess. After he graduated from high school, he studied mathematics and philosophy at the universities in Berlin, Göttingen and Heidelberg. Lasker died in the Mount Sinai Hospital, New York in 1941, aged 72, and was buried in the Beth Olom Cemetery in Queens. He was survived by his wife and his sister, Lotta. On May 6, 2008, Dr. Lasker was among the first 40 German sportsmen to be elected into the "Hall of Fame des Deutschen Sports".


"It is not possible to learn much from him. One can only stand and wonder." - <Max Euwe> Euwe lost all three of his games against Lasker, the most lopsided result between any two world champions.

"My chess hero" - <Viktor Korchnoi>

"The greatest of the champions was, of course, Emanuel Lasker" - <Mikhail Tal>

"Lies and hypocrisy do not survive for long on the chessboard. The creative combination lies bare the presumption of a lie, while the merciless fact, culminating in a checkmate, contradicts the hypocrite." – <Emanuel Lasker>


* E von Feyerfeil vs Lasker, 1889** *** User: Karpova: Emanuel Lasker (kibitz #1449) ****

Sources: Article about Lasker by J J O'Connor and E F Robertson; Obituary from the Times of London:

Notes Lasker played on the following consultation chess teams Em. Lasker / MacDonnell, Lasker / Taubenhaus, Em. Lasker / Maroczy, Em. Lasker / I Rice, Em. Lasker / Barasz / Breyer, Lasker / Pillsbury, Lasker / Chigorin / Marshall / Teichmann, Emanuel Lasker / William Ward-Higgs, Emanuel Lasker / Heinrich Wolf, Emanuel Lasker / Hermann Keidanski & L Lasker Em / Lasek.

Wikipedia article: Emanuel Lasker

Last updated: 2017-05-31 19:52:26

 page 1 of 47; games 1-25 of 1,170  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Lasker vs Von Popiel 0-1211889Berlin gameC26 Vienna
2. J Mieses vs Lasker 0-1281889Berlin (Germany)C25 Vienna
3. A Reif vs Lasker 0-1131889Breslau Hauptturnier AA02 Bird's Opening
4. V Tietz vs Lasker 0-1401889Breslau Hauptturnier AC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
5. L Mabillis vs Lasker 0-1241889Hauptturnier Winners' GroupC60 Ruy Lopez
6. Lasker vs Lipke 1-0471889Hauptturnier Winners' GroupC26 Vienna
7. E von Feyerfeil vs Lasker 1-0421889Hauptturnier Winners' GroupC30 King's Gambit Declined
8. E von Feyerfeil vs Lasker 0-1471889Hauptturnier play-offD00 Queen's Pawn Game
9. Lasker vs J Bauer 1-0381889AmsterdamA03 Bird's Opening
10. Lasker vs A van Foreest 1-0501889AmsterdamA04 Reti Opening
11. Loman vs Lasker 0-1221889AmsterdamC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
12. R Leather vs Lasker 0-1561889AmsterdamA07 King's Indian Attack
13. L Van Vliet vs Lasker 1-0241889AmsterdamC41 Philidor Defense
14. Gunsberg vs Lasker 0-1351889AmsterdamC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
15. Lasker vs J Mason ½-½381889AmsterdamC47 Four Knights
16. Lasker vs Burn ½-½151889AmsterdamC01 French, Exchange
17. Von Bardeleben vs Lasker ½-½271889Lasker - Bardeleben mD53 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. Lasker vs Von Bardeleben 1-0471889Lasker - Bardeleben mB06 Robatsch
19. Von Bardeleben vs Lasker 1-0501889Lasker - Bardeleben mC26 Vienna
20. Lasker vs J Mieses 1-0371889Lasker - Mieses 1889/90A84 Dutch
21. J Mieses vs Lasker ½-½601889Lasker - Mieses 1889/90C25 Vienna
22. Lasker vs J Mieses ½-½701890Lasker - Mieses 1889/90D21 Queen's Gambit Accepted
23. J Mieses vs Lasker 0-1431890Lasker - Mieses 1889/90C25 Vienna
24. Lasker vs J Mieses 1-0301890Lasker - Mieses 1889/90D11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
25. J Mieses vs Lasker ½-½331890Lasker - Mieses 1889/90C25 Vienna
 page 1 of 47; games 1-25 of 1,170  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Lasker wins | Lasker loses  

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Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Soltis, in <Why Lasker Matters> p81 quotes a Lasker interview in De Telegraaf where he offers a few quick thoughts on his opponents:

<Reti plays better with White than with Black, ..., Janowsky has difficulty finishing off his opponents. Maroczy defends well but attacks only when he has to>

Being curious, I sought out the original, which I believe is

<De Telegraaf 23-06-1924 p9 c3-4>

Quoting just a little more than Soltis:

<Het staat dan ook naar mijn inzicht vast, dat de moderne richting in New York gefaald heeft, zoodat nieuwe wegen moeten worden gevonden, om haar nieuw leven ln te blazen.

Om echter niet af te dwalen: de gedachtengang van het publiek volgde, naar gelang mijn overwinning meer en meer zekerheid werd. een curve. Telkens werd links iets losgelaten: instorten, uitputting, enz. en rechts binnenboord gehaald: sterke physiek. ongelooflijke energie, buitengewone veine, psychologisch inzicht, enz.

Een meester, die hier te lande voordrachten hield, heeft, naar ik vernam, mij dat bijna, als een verwijt aangerekend. Ik zou Maroczy gedwongen hebben op aanval te spelen, daar hij dit niet verstaat, Janowski gedwongen hebben te combineeren, omdat hij zich steeds verrekent, Reti gedwongen hebben een open spel te spelen, terwijl de gesloten partij zijn fort is. Ik ben maar blij, dat we niet in de Middeleeuwen leven, want dat alles is meer dan hekserij, wat men mij toeschrijft.

Ik meen dan ook. dat men mij niets bovenmenschelijks behoeft toe te schrijven. Alles berust bij mij op systeem. Dit systeem kan men vinden in mijn boekje..."


„Dat spreekt vanzelf en ligt geheel in de lijn van mijn theoretische opvattingen over strijdvoeren. Een schaakpartij is immers een strijd, waarhij alle mogelijke factoren gebruikt dienen te worden. En de kennis van de goede en slechte eigenschappen van den tegenstander is van het hoogste gewicht. Zoo leeren de partijen van Reti, dat hij beter met wit dan met zwart speelt; van Maroczy dat hij voorzichtig verdedigt en slechts noodgedwongen aanvalt; dat Janowski zes keer gewonnen kan staan, maar het spijtig vindt dat tie partij een einde zou nemen en ten slotte met stelligheid verliest. Te dien opzichte heeft hij te New York ongelooflijke staaltjes vertoond. Kortom, uit eenige eernstige partijen van een tegenstander kan men enorm veel opdiepen".>

And, using google translate (any bilingual Dutch speakers out there?):


In my view, therefore, it is certain that the modern direction in New York has failed, so that new ways have to be found to blow her new life.

But not to get lost: the public's thoughts followed, as my victory became more and more certain. a curve. Every time something was released on the left: collapse, exhaustion, etc. and right inboard: strong physics. incredible energy, extraordinary fine, psychological insight, etc.

A master who gave lectures in this country, as I have heard, has almost, as a reproach, accused me of that. I would have forced Maroczy to play on attack, as he does not understand this, forced Janowski to combine, because he always settles, forced Reti to play an open game, while the closed party is his fortress. I am glad that we do not live in the Middle Ages, because all of that is more than witchcraft, which is attributed to me.

I therefore believe. that they do not need to attribute anything to me. Everything rests with me on system. This system can be found in my booklet ... "

"That goes without saying and is entirely in line with my theoretical views on battles. After all, a chess game is a struggle, where all possible factors need to be used. And the knowledge of the good and bad qualities of the opponent is of the highest weight. Thus the parties of Reti learn that he plays better with white than with black; from Maroczy that he cautiously defends and only attacks by force; that Janowski can win six times, but regrets that the tie party would end and finally lose with certainty. To this end, he has shown incredible feats in New York. In short, a few opponents from an opponent's opponents can learn a lot ".


Jan-26-18  ughaibu: <In short, a few opponents from an opponent's opponents can learn a lot>

That's one for the fridge.

Jan-26-18  sneaky pete: A better translation of that last line: "In short, from some serious games by an opponent one can unearth quite a lot."

That's a nice piece in De Telegraaf. I didn't bother to look at the rest of the Google translation. Everyone here should learn Dutch.

Premium Chessgames Member
  ChessHigherCat: Great translation, except for the typo. What Popeye really said was: Everything rests with me o[w]n system, royt Olive?
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <<sneaky> Everyone here should learn Dutch.>

And English, German, Russian, French and Spanish too.

Feb-04-18  Jean Defuse: ...

'Earliest Lasker Game?'

(Kürzlich in Berlin gespielt.)

[Event "Odds Game"]
[Site "Berlin"]
[Date "1887.??.??"]
[White "Lasker, Emanuel"]
[Black "NN"]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "

click for larger view

"] [PlyCount "19"]

1. e4 c5 2. c3 Nc6 3. d4 d6 4. Nf3 Bg4 5. d5 Ne5 6. Nxe5 Bxd1 7. Bb5+ Qd7 8. Bxd7+ Kd8 9. Nxf7+ Kxd7 10. Kxd1 and wins. 1-0

Found by Peter Anderberg:

‘... the chess column of Tägliche Rundschau (Unterhaltungsbeilage), 30 March 1887, page 300, shortly before Easter 1887 (Easter Sunday that year fell on 10 April). Emanuel Lasker was called “Lasker II” as in Brüderschaft in 1888.

Source: C.N. 10727.


Feb-04-18  JimNorCal: <zanzibar>: everybody should learn

Off topic, why is the language called German when it's actually called Deutsch by the speakers?

Premium Chessgames Member
  ChessHigherCat: <JimNorCal>: "Deutsch" comes from *teuta, the Proto-Indo-European word for "people" (Lithuanian tauto), probably because they considered themselves to be the only real human beings. Germany, which comes from the Latin Germania, is probably related to Herrmann (Lord Man) another sign of modesty. The preferred term, "Kraut", comes from the German word for "herb", because they often smoke dope.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <JimNorCal> It is a land of many names: Spaniards call it <Alemania>, English call is <Germany>, Slavs call it ~<Niemetsko> (think of Nimzowitsch)...

I can not help with the other names much, but I can tell you that the Slavic appelation <Niemtsi> loosely translates as <Those-who-do-not-talk-all-too-well>

Feb-05-18  nimh: Estonian has 'Saksamaa' and Finnish has 'Saksa' - it clearly originates from the words 'Saxony' and 'Saxon'.
Feb-05-18  JimNorCal: So ... why not call it the name the actual, you know, resident population calls it LOL?
Feb-05-18  sneaky pete: In the Netherlands the country is known as Moffrika and its inhabitants as Moffen (or more scientific: Vuile Rotmoffen). I don't know the origins of those words.
Feb-05-18  JimNorCal: Amazing. I have a few Dutch friends, not one has ever called their country of birth "Moffrika".
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <JimNorCal> my goto source for matters like these is etymology online, let's see what it has to say about German:

<German (n.)

"a native of Germany," 1520s, from Latin Germanus (adjective and noun, plural Germani), first attested in writings of Julius Caesar, who used Germani to designate a group of tribes in northeastern Gaul, of unknown origin and considered to be neither Latin nor Germanic. Perhaps originally the name of an individual tribe, but Gaulish (Celtic) origins have been proposed, from words perhaps originally meaning "noisy" (compare Old Irish garim "to shout") or "neighbor" (compare Old Irish gair "neighbor"). Middle English had Germayns (plural, late 14c.), but only in the sense "ancient Teuton, member of the Germanic tribes." The earlier English word was Almain (early 14c., via French; see Alemanni) or Dutch. Shakespeare and Marlowe have Almain for "German; a German."

Þe empere passede from þe Grees to þe Frenschemen and to þe Germans, þat beeþ Almayns. [John of Trevisa, translation of Higdon's "Polychronicon," 1387]>

(He also talks about the Deutschen, but that's already been discussed, although etymonline is always worth a look)

The bottom line, blame Caesar, and his lack of earplugs.

Next, why do the French call it Allemagne, and what ever happened to Almain?

<I learned it in England, where, indeed, they are most potent in potting: your Dane, your German, and your swag-bellied Hollander—Drink, ho!—are nothing to your English. [...] Why, he drinks you, with facility, your Dane dead drunk; he sweats not to overthrow your Almain; he gives your Hollander a vomit, ere the next pottle can be filled.>

Those English - most potent in potting.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Can't not post this continuation:

<The people of High Almain, they be rude and rusticall, and very boisterous in their speech, and humbly in their apparel .... they do feed grossly, and they will eat maggots as fast as we will eat comfits.>

Andrew Boorde - 1547

Hmmm good, fermented wood.

Premium Chessgames Member
  WorstPlayerEver: It's 'Mofrika' btw. Which is obviously offensive towards Africans (Afrikanen).
Feb-06-18  sneaky pete: <WorstSpellerEver> The ff is to protect the preceding o from being mispronounced. Koenen agrees with me.

<JimNorCal> We were talking about other names for what most folks here call Germany.

Premium Chessgames Member
  WorstPlayerEver: <sneakypete>

Well, I am Dutch. Maybe you should google sometimes 😊

Premium Chessgames Member
  WorstPlayerEver: PS since you are a bit on the slow side, I did it for ya:

Feb-06-18  sneaky pete: <WPE> A very interesting link, but with a lot of inaccuracies, and the missing f isn't even the worst.

"Dies Artikel ist geschre<w>en durch einen Deutscher." It shows!

For instance, that world championship was in 1974, not 1972, and the Rotmof who stole the title from the brave Dutch team with a Schwalbe was not Beckenbauer but Hölzenbein:

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: There is a village in Norfolk, UK called Swaffham, which means "town of the Swabians".

Swabians are Alemans, I believe.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Let's not forget that Germany was really a loose conglomerate of very independent tribes for a very long time.

And depending on which tribe you might have encountered first, you might have chosen to us that name for the entire region.

The actual nation-state of Germany didn't really come into existence until 1871.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Found by Peter Anderberg...>

Never heard of him. If you're not on <>, you're nobody!

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Li'l <Missy> - a slight tad of jealousy on exhibit?

Mr. Anderberg is well-known in certain select circles.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <zanzibar> <Mr. Anderberg is well-known in certain select circles.>

Agreed. A fine researcher.

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