|Oct-05-06|| ||Resignation Trap: Eliot Sanford Hearst was born July 7, 1932 in New York City.|
Hearst won the New York State Championship in 1950 and went on to become one of the best chessplayers in the USA in the 1950's.
He was a participant in the US Championship tournaments in 1954 and 1961.
He received his doctorate in Psychology in 1956 from Columbia University. Dr. Hearst has been Professor of Psychology at Indiana University, Columbia University, and the University of Arizona.
Perhaps he is best known in chess for his article "A Gentle Glossary", which appeared in the June 1962 issue of Chess Life: http://www.correspondencechess.com/... .
|Oct-05-06|| ||RookFile: He was a friend of Bobby Fischer's.|
|Aug-07-07|| ||Resignation Trap: In the May 1962 issue of <<Chess Life>>, Hearst predicted Robert James Fischer to be the winner of the 1962 Candidates' Tournament. He wrote the article before the tournament began, although the front cover of the magazine had a dismal (for Fischer, anyway) update of the tournament after the first session of round nine (May 16). |
The standings at that point:
1st: Viktor Korchnoi 6.0,
2nd-3rd: Paul Keres 5.5, and
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian 5.5,
4th-5th: Pal Benko 4.5, and
Efim Geller 4.5 +,
6th: Robert James Fischer 4.0 +,
7th-8th: Miroslav Filip 2.5, and
Mikhail Tal 2.5
The game Fischer vs Geller, 1962 was adjourned, with Geller a Pawn ahead in a Rook endgame.
|Aug-07-07|| ||Petrosianic: <He was a friend of Bobby Fischer's.>|
He was also pretty objective about Fischer too. In early 1964 he wrote a column called "Fischer the Invincible" describing some of the petty ways people tried to take credit away from Fischer (such as that he had a grease stain on his tie and needed a haircut while going 11-0 in the US Championship). A few months later, he wrote "The Selfmate of Bobby Fischer", which took a pretty honest look at Fischer's own culpability in some of his own problems. Here's one thing he wrote:
<After the Curacao setback, Bobby wrote articles for Life and Sports Illustrated in which he claimed that the Russians had "fixed world chess" by agreeing beforehand to draw with each other and to throw games, if necessary, to ensure a Russian victory. He then stated that he would never again compete with the Russians in tourneys of this kind. In his articles charging Russian collusion Bobby neglected to mention that he personally had achieved a minus score against the Russians in the tourney and that if he had been able to defeat then individually it would have been almost impossible for the Russians to "fix" the tournament. If Bobby weren't America's only hope for the world title, readers of his articles might have been less sympathetic and some might even have called him a sore loser. Soon after Curacao I remember suggesting to Bobby that his final showing might have been influenced by the fact that he played below his best form. His only answer was, "What? Are you a Communist, too?"
Later, at the Varna Olympiad in 1962, at the moment when it became apparent that Bobby had thrown away his winning position against world champion Botvinnik, he asked the U.S. team captain to make a formal protest that Botvinnik was receiving help during the game from Russian non-playing captain Abramov-who had been seen smiling after an exchange of a few words with Botvinnik. The idea that Botvinnik would even listen to advice from a player so vastly inferior to himself was inconceivable and no protest was lodged. After this incident several players on the U.S. team, who had previously been willing to accept Bobby's arguments regarding Russian cheating at Curacao, expressed skepticism about his claims. It seemed that whenever Bobby suffered a reversal at the hands of a Russian he blamed it on unethical practices.>
Hearst was the Soltis before Soltis. His Chess Kaleidoscope column was the best thing in Chess Life in its day. I just wish I had more of it. I have all his 1964 columns now, and read all his 1962 and 1963 stuff in high school, where the library had the Chess Life annuals for those years. Sadly, I've got no more access to it, and didn't xerox everything when I had the chance.
Hearst won a game from Fischer in 1956, and said years later that he liked to imagine that Fischer hadn't improved since then.
|Aug-07-07|| ||Resignation Trap: Here's the article:
>< The Eight Pretenders To The Throne ><
by Eliot Hearst
During May and June a tiny island 38 miles off the coast of Venezuela plays host to the most important chess gathering of 1962 - the Challengers' Tournament to determine Botvinnik's next opponent for the world title. Assembled in Curacao are this year's slate of "candidates", who have either survived a long series of qualifying events (Fischer, Petrosian, Geller, Korchoni [sic], Filip and Benko) or have obtained a position in the select group by virtue of their top standing in the last Challengers' Tournament in Yugoslavia (Tal and Keres). Since that tournament three years ago the world championship has changed hands twice, Mikhail Tal has experienced not only the grandeur of ruling the chess world but also the torment of being an ex-champion, and Bobby Fischer has securely established himself as the Unites States' most serious threat for the world title since Russia's chess supremacy asserted itself in 1948.
Only three players of the eight now battling it out in Curacao are different from those who journeyed from Bled to Zagreb to Belgrade in 1959. Tal, Keres, Petrosian, Fischer and Benko are the five repeaters, while the newcomers are Geller, Filip, and Korchnoi. In a sense, however, Korchnoi is the only true newcomer, since Geller and Filip have participated in at least one previous Challengers' Tourney (Geller at Zurich in 1953 and Amsterdam in 1956; Filip at Amsterdam in 1956). Absent from Curacao are former world-champion Smyslov, the popular Yugoslav grandmaster Gligorich, and Iceland's youthful Olafsson, all of whom competed in the 1959 event.
|Aug-07-07|| ||Resignation Trap: <The Crystal Ball>
The current World Series of chess promises to be the most exciting of the lot, if only because it is the first time since World War II that a non-Russian enters the struggle as one of the pre-tourney favorites. And what great stimulation for American chess it would be if Bobby could conquer at Curacao and face Botvinnik in a title match next year! Leaving sentimentality aside for the moment (if that is possible), let's take a look at the eight competitors and use our newly-polished crystal ball - out of service since we predicted another decisive victory by Tal over Botvinnik - to survey the relative chances of each of the participants.
|Aug-07-07|| ||Resignation Trap: <Benko>
It's usually best to work in reverse when making predictions, or so the baseball commentators declare, so let's eliminate first those who have no chance to capture the first prize at Curacao. Paul [sic] Benko, the ex-Hungarian freedom-fighter, now a combination grandmaster and investment broker from New York, cannot be considered a serious threat for the title. Benko has achieved some fine results in past years -qualifying for the Challengers' Tourney two consecutive times is a tremendous achievement in itself - but he lacks constant practice against grandmasters and has neither the time nor the inclination to keep abreast of the latest advances in chess theory, a major disadvantage when faced with seven other well-prepared opponents. In addition, Benko is saddled with a seemingly incurable compulsion to get into time pressure even in the simplest positions, and this failing cost him dearly in the last Challengers' Tourney where he finished eighth. Benko laughs about his chances at Curacao and I think he himself will be surprised if he finishes in the top six!
|Aug-07-07|| ||Resignation Trap: <Filip>
Because of a serious illness, Grandmaster Miroslav Filip of Czechoslovakia did not participate in very many major chess events between 1958 and 1960. He has the reputation of being an extremely solid player, very difficult to defeat, who almost always is willing to accept a quick draw against any worthy opponent. One American international master told me recently that Filip belongs to a group of grandmasters who "enjoy the life and prestige of a chess master and are content merely to demonstrate their equality, not superiority, with the best of the world; they never go all-out to win against any of their professional associates!" In view of Filip's attitude toward the game, it is hard to imagine him as a threat to the leaders in Curacao, but he'll probably draw at least two of his four games with each of the other seven competitors.
|Aug-07-07|| ||Karpova: <and Bobby Fischer has securely established himself as the Unites States' most serious threat for the world title since Russia's chess supremacy asserted itself in 1948.>
< The current World Series of chess promises to be the most exciting of the lot, if only because it is the first time since World War II that a non-Russian enters the struggle as one of the pre-tourney favorites.>
Someone should have explained the difference between the Soviet Union and Russia to him.
Thanks for the intersting articles, <Petrosianic> and <resignation trap> - It was very informative!
|Aug-07-07|| ||Resignation Trap: <Korchnoi and Geller>|
All we have left to dispose of now are five Russians and Fischer. Of the Russians, Victor Korchnoi and Ewfim Geller seem to be the two with the least chance for first prize. Both are extremely imaginative, ambitious, and adventurous - a combination of qualities which frequently leads to erratic results and has actually done so in the past for these Soviet stars. Korchnoi probably is the best player in the world in the sphere of counter attack and aggressive defense, but on occasion he has permitted much weaker opponents to obtain overwhelming attacks against him and has lost to players who have finished last in tournaments he has won. His terrific plus score against Tal (no losses, five wins) signifies that he is capable of outstripping the world's best, but over the course of 28 games in Curacao his provocative style is likely to cost him too many valuable points to win the tournament. Geller is an attacking player par excellence, who has in the past held his own with the best in the world, but his performances since 1956 have not matched those of the earlier years. Russian grandmaster Kotov, the "party spokesman" for Russian chess, has recently criticized Geller for his traits of character which make him not a serious enough student of theory; Kotov thinks that Geller should be much more demanding of himself ("Geller could learn a lesson from Alekhine who said, "With the help of chess, I developed my character.'") Apparently the Soviet chess leaders do not consider Geller a threat at Curacao, either.
|Aug-07-07|| ||Resignation Trap: <Keres>
Paul Keres, the veteran of the tournament at 46, is the unknown quantity - the long shot - in the tourney. In 1959 he was, in Tal's words, the moral victor of the Challengers's event, since he was acknowledged to have played the best chess and actually won three out of his four games against winner Tal. Keres first was recognized as world-championship timber back in 1938 when he won the AVRO tourney ahead of Fine (who tied with him in game points but lost the tiebreak), Botvinnik, Alekhine, Euwe, Reshevsky, Capablanca and Flohr. He has competed in every Challengers's Tourney since the new qualifying procedure was instituted in 1950 and has finished second three times and fourth once. Keres is certainly capable of winning the Curacao tourney and is the sentimental favorite of many because this may be his last chance for the world championship at the game to which he has devoted his life. However, his age may prove to be a decisive disadvantage in such a long and grueling event as the Curacao meeting.
|Aug-07-07|| ||Resignation Trap: <The Final Three>
Our crystal ball (or are we supposed to be looking through a kaleidoscope?) illuminates Petrosian, Fischer and Tal as the three main contenders for the right to challenge Botvinnik. Petrosian has been in the thick of the fight for the title since 1953, but he has always been kept back by his prudent style of play and the numerous half-points that follow his name in the scoretable. Tigran is not a tiger; V. Vassilev in "Chess Silhouettes" tries to trace the origins of Petrosian's cautious style to the privations of his early family life, the difficulties of the wartime, and the endless Georgian snows, which developed the qualities of aversion-to-risk and avoidance-of-the-unanalyzable in the young chess expert. Whether or not Vassiliev's analysis is valid, there is no doubt that Petrosian must play more aggressively than heretofore if he is to win the honor of playing Botvinnik. Since chess styles which have evolved over many years are very difficult to change, it is likely that Petrosian will draw too many games to win the Curacao tourney. If he does win the tourney, he'll be a tough man for Botvinnik to face in a match, since Petrosian's style seems ideally suited for match play.
|Aug-07-07|| ||Resignation Trap: <The Final Three> (continued)|
Who is the choice between Fischer and Tal? Tal made his comeback after the Botvinnik debacle by winning the powerful Bled Tournament ahead of Fischer, Gligorich, Petrosian, Keres and Geller, but he lost for the first time to Fischer in that event. Fischer has scored 6-2 (without a defeat) against Russian opposition (Tal, Petrosian, Geller, Korchnoi, Keres and Stein) in the last six months and has just secured his greatest triumph by a 2 1/2 point margin, in the Interzonal Tournament in Stockholm. Tal has been world champion and has a tremendous desire to make up for his failure against Botvinnik; he is not so much the chess adventurer he was three or four years ago, but he is still very stubborn about certain variations and favors some lines which almost everyone else thinks are inferior (for example, 3. P-K5 and 4. P-KR4 vs. the Caro-Kann). Fischer is only 19 years old and his critics state that he has not "the maturity of outlook that the other competitors possess"; but his chess style is almost as mature as Capablanca's. Our choice - of course not influenced by sentimental or nationalistic factors - BOBBY FISCHER!
Who do you think will win the match between Botvinnik and Fischer?
|Aug-07-07|| ||Petrosianic: You might be interested in seeing a similar overview of the 8 Candidates from <Tigran Petrosian: His Life and Games>:|
Petrosian played for first place. Accordingly he had to draw up a general plan of battle, where everything, literally everything, was accounted for. Perhaps he should attend to the advice of Fischer, who declared after the Stockholm tournament that if Petrosian played a little more courageously, he would be the strongest player in the world. Petrosian only smiled when he read these words. Well, he had played rather courageously in the Soviet championships more than once, and the results had not been bad, but was courage really the first requirement in this tournament?
Tigran had grave doubts about this. He knew that a marathon tournament in a tropical climate required stamina more than bravery, physical and psychological restraint, the ability to distribute energies in such a way that on the final straight one was still running, however slowly, and not crawling. He resolved to conduct the tournament in the manner of a skater, according to a strict graph, trying not to lag behind the leaders too much, but avoiding any sudden, exhausting spurts.
Such a strategy could not succeed in a Soviet championship, nor would have brought first place in the Interzonal tournament at Stockholm; but here in Curacao it had every chance of success. True, there was one indispensable condition - that none of the players set such a burning pace, as had Tal and Keres in the previous Candidates. [In the 1959 Candidates Tournament Tal scored 20 out of 28, Keres scored 18½.]
|Aug-07-07|| ||Petrosianic: (Continued...)
Who might theoretically be capable of doing this? Tal and Keres, and besides them, Korchnoi, Geller and Fischer - Benko and Filip did not enter into it. But shortly before the tournament Tal had undergone a serious operation, and was completely unprepared for an extended struggle, which, by the way, he demonstrated in his very first game. Keres was already 46 years old - for all his fitness, he could not hope to repeat his Yugoslav result on the shores of the Caribbean sea. Geller too was already 37, four years older than Petrosian himself, and could hardly wish to play a sharp tournament variation.
There remained only two - Fischer and Korchnoi. The first would undoubtedly throw himself at the rest; he was extremely ambitious, and after his performance in Stockholm, where he gained first place, 2½ points clear of his nearest rivals, he did not regard himself as anything other than candidate number one. But Fischer was not only ambitious, but excessively self-confident, and besides that he was also very young - 19 years old.
That left Korchnoi. This 'cavalier without fear or reproach' was capable of anything. He would no doubt take up an uncompromising position, but Petrosian was sure that Korchnoi's usually proud motto, 'All or nothing!' would prove suicidal in Curacao.
|Aug-07-07|| ||Petrosianic: Interestingly, Tigran Petrosian: His Life and Games, was also written by V. Vasiliev, though I've never seen his <Chess Silhouettes> book.|
|Aug-27-08|| ||myschkin: . . .
"The seven Invaders"
"A Gentle Glossary" (A-Z)
in the July 1962 issue of Chess Life
|Dec-04-08|| ||monopole2313: Dr. Hearst has just published a book on blidfold chess: http://www.blindfoldchess.net/|
|Dec-31-10|| ||GrahamClayton: Here is a nice miniature played by Hearst when he was approximately 15 years old:|
[Site "New York"]
[White "Traun, E"]
[Black "Hearst, Eliot Sandford"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 f5 4. exf5 Nf6 5. Bxc6 dxc6 6. Nxe5 Bxf5 7. O-O Bd6 8. Qf3 Be4 9. Qe2 O-O 10. f3 Bxe5 11. fxe4 Bd4+ 12. Kh1 Nxe4 13. Rf3 Nf2+ 14. Kg1 Kh8 15. Kf1 Re8 16. Qc4 Qe7 0-1
Source: Bill Wall, “500 Ruy Lopez Miniatures”, Chess Enterprises Inc, Coraopolis, Pennsylvania, 1986
|Jan-01-11|| ||TheFocus: Eliot Hearst has provided me with some wonderful things for my book on Fischer. |
A true gentleman who has been a nice supporter of my Fischer project, as have others.
He had a great article in the Chess Life website recently (last month).
Thank you Eliot, for everything.
|Feb-05-11|| ||GrahamClayton: Hearst was a member of the US Team that won the 1960 World Student Team Championship at Leningrad, but his participation was limited due to picking up a nasty stomach bug, which resulted in Hearst having to go to the toilet every 15 or so minutes during games.|
After discussion with the US Captain Jerry Spann, Hearst did not play any games at all in the second half of the tournament, instead becomng a "gofer" for the other US team members.
The infection was not cured until Hearst returned to the United States and took anti-biotics.