Members · Prefs · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

The Championship Season: Bobby Fischer in 1972.  
Robert James Fischer
Number of games in database: 992
Years covered: 1953 to 1992
Last FIDE rating: 2780
Highest rating achieved in database: 2785
Overall record: +420 -86 =247 (72.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      239 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (182) 
    B90 B32 B88 B44 B57
 Ruy Lopez (119) 
    C92 C69 C95 C97 C98
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (75) 
    C92 C95 C97 C98 C89
 French Defense (68) 
    C19 C11 C18 C16 C15
 Caro-Kann (52) 
    B10 B11 B18 B14 B17
 French Winawer (40) 
    C19 C18 C16 C15 C17
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (119) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 King's Indian (116) 
    E62 E80 E97 E60 E67
 Sicilian Najdorf (77) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 Nimzo Indian (23) 
    E45 E46 E40 E43 E21
 Grunfeld (20) 
    D79 D86 D98 D80 D85
 English (18) 
    A16 A15 A10 A19
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956 0-1
   R Byrne vs Fischer, 1963 0-1
   Fischer vs Spassky, 1972 1-0
   Fischer vs Myagmarsuren, 1967 1-0
   Fischer vs Fine, 1963 1-0
   Fischer vs Tal, 1961 1-0
   Spassky vs Fischer, 1972 0-1
   Fischer vs Benko, 1963 1-0
   Letelier vs Fischer, 1960 0-1
   Fischer vs Reshevsky, 1958 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Mar del Plata (1960)
   Netanya (1968)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)
   Rovinj/Zagreb (1970)
   US Championship 1963/64 (1963)
   Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970)
   Vinkovci (1968)
   Skopje (1967)
   Buenos Aires (1970)
   Fischer - Spassky (1992)
   Zurich (1959)
   Havana (1965)
   Mar del Plata (1959)
   Curacao Candidates (1962)
   Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Fischer vs The Russians by wanabe2000
   Match Fischer! by amadeus
   Bobby Fischer: Selected Games from 1955-1992 by wanabe2000
   Bjelica_125 by Gottschalk
   Russians versus Fischer by Anatoly21
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by KingG
   Fischer Favorites by atrifix
   Fischer 101 by rea
   fischer best games by brager
   Fischer's Finest by morphyvsfischer
   Bobby Fischer Rediscovered (Andy Soltis) by AdrianP
   Games by Fisher by gothic
   Bobby Fischer's Road to the World Championship by WeakSquare
   fav Capablanca & Fischer games by guoduke

   Morphy vs Duke Karl / Count Isouard, 1858
   R Byrne vs Fischer, 1963
   Petrosian vs Pachman, 1961
   Korchnoi vs Fischer, 1970
   Zukertort vs Steinitz, 1886

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Robert James Fischer
Search Google for Robert James Fischer

(born Mar-09-1943, died Jan-17-2008, 64 years old) United States of America (citizen of Iceland)

[what is this?]
Robert James ("Bobby") Fischer was born on March 9, 1943 in Chicago. At 13, he won the stunning brilliancy D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956, which Hans Kmoch christened "The Game of the Century." At 14, he won the US Championship, becoming the youngest player ever to do so.

Fischer's victory qualified him for the 1958 Portorož Interzonal. He tied for 5th–6th, which sufficed to advance him to the Candidates Tournament to decide the challenger to World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik. It also made him, at 15, the youngest grandmaster ever - a record that stood until Judit Polgar broke it in 1991. At the Candidates tournament, held in Bled/Zagreb/Belgrade, Yugoslavia, Fischer finished fifth out of eight, the top non-Soviet player.

Fischer won the US Championship all eight times he played, in each case by at least a point. In the US Championship 1963/64 (1963) he achieved the only perfect score (11-0) in the history of the tournament.

In 1962, he won the Stockholm Interzonal 2½ points ahead of Efim Geller and Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian. This made him one of the favorites to win the Candidates Tournament at Curaçao, but he only finished fourth, behind Petrosian, Geller, and Paul Keres.

In a famous article in Sports Illustrated, The Russians Have Fixed World Chess, Fischer accused the Soviets of cheating: Petrosian, Geller, and Keres had drawn all 12 of the games among themselves at Curaçao. Because of this, he refused to play in the next Candidates cycle. He did play in the 1967 Sousse Interzonal, but left it while leading, because of a scheduling dispute occasioned by Fischer's refusal to play on Saturday, his Sabbath.

In 1970 he won the Palma de Mallorca Interzonal by a record 3½ points. The following year, he shocked the chess world by sweeping the Fischer-Taimanov Candidates Match (1971) and the Fischer-Larsen Candidates Match (1971) by identical 6-0 scores. He also won the first game of his Candidates final against former World Champion Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian, giving him a modern record of 20 consecutive wins at the highest level of competition. He beat Petrosian by 6½-2½ to advance to the World Championship match against reigning champion Boris Spassky. This also gave him a FIDE rating of 2785, making him at that time the highest-rated player in history.

In Reykjavik, he won the Fischer-Spassky World Championship Match (1972) by 12½-8½ to become the 11th World Chess Champion. In 1975, Fischer forfeited his title after FIDE refused to meet his conditions for a World Championship match with Anatoly Karpov. He then vanished from the public eye for nearly 20 years.

After ending his competitive career, he proposed a new variant of chess and a modified chess timing system. His idea of adding a time increment after each move is now standard, and his variant "Fischerandom" (or "Chess960") is gaining in popularity.(2)

Fischer resurfaced in 1992 to play a match against his old rival Spassky in Yugoslavia, which he won 10-5 with 15 draws. This action allegedly violated U.S. Treasury Department regulations that forbade transacting business with Yugoslavia. Fischer evaded authorities for twelve years until July 13, 2004, when he was arrested in Japan. On March 22, 2005, he was granted Icelandic citizenship and finally freed from Japan. He died of renal failure in Iceland on January 17, 2008 at the age of 64.

Fischer's anthology, My 60 Memorable Games, was published in 1969. It has been described as a "classic of objective and painstaking analysis"1, and is regarded as one of the great classics of chess literature.

(1) Hooper & Whyld. The Oxford Companion to Chess. 1992

(2) Wikipedia article: Bobby Fischer

(3) User: jessicafischerqueen 's YouTube documentary of Fischer

 page 1 of 40; games 1-25 of 993  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. D Mayers vs Fischer 1-017 1953 Blitz GameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. J Altusky vs Fischer 0-18 1954 Offhand GameC71 Ruy Lopez
3. Fischer vs J Altusky 1-012 1954 Offhand GameE90 King's Indian
4. A Humphrey vs Fischer ½-½33 1955 US Amateur ChE61 King's Indian
5. W Whisler vs Fischer ½-½25 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrE76 King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack
6. A W Conger vs Fischer 1-012 1955 Correspondence GameE70 King's Indian
7. Fischer vs K Warner 0-128 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrB58 Sicilian
8. J Thomason vs Fischer 0-123 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrE90 King's Indian
9. Fischer vs V Pupols 0-144 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrC40 King's Knight Opening
10. Fischer vs D Ames ½-½28 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrC47 Four Knights
11. Fischer vs N Hurttlen ½-½14 1956 Eastern States opC84 Ruy Lopez, Closed
12. Bisguier vs Fischer 1-033 1956 Third Rosenwald TrophyE78 King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, with Be2 and Nf3
13. Fischer vs Seidman 1-039 1956 Third Rosenwald TrophyA07 King's Indian Attack
14. E W Marchand vs Fischer 0-155 1956 WashingtonA15 English
15. Fischer vs S Bernstein ½-½56 1956 Third Rosenwald TrophyC70 Ruy Lopez
16. C F Tears vs Fischer ½-½45 1956 57th US OpenB25 Sicilian, Closed
17. Fischer vs M Pavey 0-152 1956 New York ManhattanA07 King's Indian Attack
18. D Byrne vs Fischer 0-141 1956 Third Rosenwald TrophyD92 Grunfeld, 5.Bf4
19. F R Anderson vs Fischer ½-½19 1956 Montreal CA-openB93 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4
20. D Ruth vs Fischer 0-124 1956 57th US OpenB92 Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation
21. Fischer vs E Hearst 0-140 1956 Third Rosenwald TrophyC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
22. W Walz vs Fischer 0-140 1956 Montreal CA-openB25 Sicilian, Closed
23. Fischer vs Santasiere ½-½19 1956 57th US OpenA06 Reti Opening
24. H Goldhamer vs Fischer 0-125 1956 WashingtonB92 Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation
25. Fischer vs S Baron 1-053 1956 New York ManhattanC98 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
 page 1 of 40; games 1-25 of 993  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Fischer wins | Fischer loses  

Now on DVD

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 1687 OF 1980 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Harry, have you seen the film "Bobby Fischer Against the World"? You would like it, I think. i just saw it, rental. Very well done.
Apr-02-12  praterinsel: I thank for having provided me the
opportunity to read here, those who made substantive, informative or interesting contributions, and all who were respectful of Fischer.
Apr-02-12  SimonWebbsTiger: @<HeMateMe>

I saw the doc for the first time about a week ago -- it had its Danish TV premier.

I liked the large amount of footage, some I had never seen before, e.g. when Fischer glares at the TV camera during the 1st Game of the 1972 match. (The start of the Fischer versus Chester Fox saga!)

btw -- does anybody know about Fischer's chess set? The Eastern Europeans have a white bobble on the black bishop miters and a black one on the white bishops I believe; not sure why and did RJF pick that one up in Yugoslavia perhaps?

Premium Chessgames Member

It's now confirmed that Fischer was correct about 1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4 3. Nf3 d6! 4. Bc4 h6! 5. d4 g5! being best play for Black. Congratulations Bobby, wish you'd lived to hear the news!

Apr-02-12  King Death: So it was Tartakower that had it right with 1.e4 e5 2.f4 ef 3.Be2! so many years ago!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Maatalkko: OK, so I may have been had. Upon further review, the article says [emphasis added]:

<On March 31> the author of the Rybka program, Vasik Rajlich, and his family moved from Warsaw, Poland to a new appartment in Budapest, Hungary. <The next day>, in spite of the bustle of moving boxes and setting up phone and Internet connections <Vas, kindly agreed to the following interview>, which had been planned some months ago.

I'll be disgusted if this is their idea of a "He he he gotcha!" moment.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: <Maatalkko> Thanks for that link to ... amazing stuff.

The "TLDR" version is this: that after 3000 CPUs crunched numbers for 4 months straight they concluded what Fischer wrote in his famous pamphlet "A Bust to the King's Gambit": that 3...d6 is a "first class waiting move" that leads to a Black victory. Here's a snippet from the interview:


<Vasik Rajlich> 50 years ago Bobby Fischer published a famous article, "A Bust to the King's Gambit", claiming to have done exactly that. I was curious to see how valid his conclusions were. Turns out they were amazingly accurate. The main line of the King's Gambit, 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3, is indeed winning for Black. Moreover, the only winning move is 3... d6!, just as Fischer claimed. For instance the more popular 3...g5 allows White to draw after 4.h4! In fact, Fischer's main line holds up incredibly well: 3...d6! 4.Bc4 h6! 5.d4 g5! (an exclam denotes any move which gives a better theoretical result than every alternative), although some side-variations from his article do have inaccuracies.

<Chessbase> Genius or luck?

<Vasik Rajlich> Probably mostly luck. Naturally some of his lines are not accurate: they weave in and out of draws. But the main conclusion is correct.

<Chessbase> So is the King's Gambit really busted?

<Vasik Rajlich> No, just if White plays 3.Nf3. Incidentally 3.Bc4 loses as well to 3...Nf6! (incredibly every other move allows White to draw). But this is where the fun begins. It turns out that the weird looking 3.Be2! leads to a draw. In fact we found that 3.Be2! is the only move that avoids a white loss. >>

"Mostly luck", haha. Like Capablanca said, "The good players are always lucky."

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: <I'll be disgusted if this is their idea of a "He he he gotcha!" moment.> that reminds me of mathematician and puzzle aficionado Martin Gardner who once published in his newspaper column that "Computer scientists have proven that the game of chess is a draw, with perfect play." It was April 1st.

In this case though, I think it's legit. A few years back Chessbase got a lot of criticism for publishing an April fool's gag that was a few days late. (They saved it up for some PlayChess broadcast or something.) I really doubt they'll make that mistake again.

Apr-02-12  JoergWalter: chessbase tried to crack a joke on april 1, 2008 shortly after Fischer's death. They produced fake emails showing that Fischer was advising Miles to play 1....a6 against Karpov's 1.e4, advising Kasparov in the 1984 match, advising Leko in his match with Kramnik etc. etc..

I'm a bit sceptical about this latest chessbase article.

Anyway, here is Fischer's original article:

Fischer's system against the King's Gambit was meant to show that after 3....d6 white is forced to play 4.Bc4 and after h6 5.d4 g5 6.0-0 white has to switch to the Hanstein variation which can also may result from 3....g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.0-0.

What Fischer did not discuss is this:
3....d6 4.d4 g5 5.h4 g4 6.Ng1
and now black has to play carefully

Premium Chessgames Member
  boz: <SimonWebbsTiger> The <Dubrovnik> chess set was apparently Bobby's favourite. I'm sure I have heard an interview with him in Yugoslavia in which he said so. I couldn't find a link. Maybe I read it in Brady. This is from a chess set dealer's website:

<DUBROVNIK 1950 - maple & walnut - chess pieces In 1950 the IX. chess olympiade was held in Dubrovnik (Croatia). Teams from 16 countries participated in it, and after 480 matches the Yugoslav team won the gold medal, Argentina silver, and West Germany bronze.

Especially for this occasion a new set of chessmen was made, under the name "Dubrovnik". It was well accepted by the chess world, due to an elegant and interesting look. The design was made by Andrija Mauroviè, a famous Yugoslav cartoon writer, and pieces were made in the workshop of master Jakovljeviè in Zagreb. By many sources these were the favorite pieces of WORLD CHAMPION BOBBY FISCHER (pictures), and were also used in the Spassky - Fischer 1992 rematch in Sveti Stefan (picture). With a help of mr. M. Hannon from GB we came across interesting radio interview with Bobby Fischer, where he mentioned the set "Dubrovnik". You can find interview in our gallery, while we should only mentione short part of Bobby's comment: "THIS IS THE BEST SET I HAVE EVER PLAYED ON. IT IS MARVELLOUS.">

<On following links you can also find videos of Bobby Fischer playing with a Dubrovnik set. He certainly liked it!!! - ->

Apr-02-12  JoergWalter: a couple of illustrative games with the Fischer's defense and 6.Ng1:

A Bangiev vs F Mayr, 1987
A Planinc vs Portisch, 1973
Popovych vs Spassky, 1986
Hebden vs Psakhis, 1986
A Bangiev vs Lymar, 1988
Sevelev vs J Klovans, 1980

Apr-02-12  JoergWalter: <In fact we found that 3.Be2! is the only move that avoids a white loss.>

a few examples

Bird vs J Mortimer, 1887
Bird vs Zukertort, 1886
Bird vs E Schallopp, 1885
Tartakower vs Capablanca, 1924
Tartakower vs Bogoljubov, 1924
Tartakower vs Yates, 1924
Tartakower vs Alekhine, 1924

Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: <HeMateMe: Harry, have you seen the film "Bobby Fischer Against the World"? You would like it, I think. i just saw it, rental. Very well done.>

I will check it out. I could get that and 'Lennon vs the USA' from amazon on a double bill lol

thanks for the info tho.

Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: Spassky never lost playing against the kings gambit I believe..

Spassky v Fischer kings gambit 1960 ..some game ! lol

Two of the most gifted players of the 20th century going for 'va banque' .. Swashbuckling chess..

Premium Chessgames Member

Anyone know what type of board and pieces they used for game 3 and then games 7 thru 21? How large were the squares? 2 inches? 2 1/4? They show the table but not the board and pieces!! Any help appreciated!

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Sneaky: <I'll be disgusted if this is their idea of a "He he he gotcha!" moment.> that reminds me of mathematician and puzzle aficionado Martin Gardner who once published in his newspaper column that "Computer scientists have proven that the game of chess is a draw, with perfect play." It was April 1st. In this case though, I think it's legit. A few years back Chessbase got a lot of criticism for publishing an April fool's gag that was a few days late. (They saved it up for some PlayChess broadcast or something.) I really doubt they'll make that mistake again.>


Premium Chessgames Member
  acirce: It's odd so many people thought it might be true, given how implausible the story is, even disregarding the giveaways. This won't be reality in our lifetimes.
Apr-05-12  Riverbeast: <Harry, have you seen the film "Bobby Fischer Against the World"? You would like it, I think. i just saw it, rental. Very well done>

Excellent film

I learned a lot I didn't know

Fischer was staring at the camera, and complaining about it to Schmid the arbiter, right after he made his first move 1...Nf6

There was a ton of footage I had never seen before...The film makers did a great job of research

I thought it was also very well made, and dealt with Fischer sensitively and objectively

It doesn't gloss over the rough parts of Fischer's life and psyche - but tries to understand it from a more human angle

It's rare to see such a balanced treatment of Fischer from the non-chess media

Premium Chessgames Member
  moronovich: The Fischermovie is hereby recommended.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Has checkers been "solved" yet? I know Chinook, a world class checkers program, was beating the world's best checkers players over ten years ago.

I thought maybe, with a simplistic game like checkers, the final outcome might be determinable with various openings--is checkers a forced draw? I think it is.

Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: <Has checkers been "solved" yet?>

Checkers is solved in the sense that there is a program which cannot be beaten, even theoretically (for both sides). But it doesn't play perfectly, i.e. it is sure to at least draw but it won't necessarily win in a won position.

Premium Chessgames Member
  spinal pat: I believed it too, lol.
On the bright side we can still explore this opening without any mixed feelings about it, still a legitimate opening.

Must be something when computational power really becomes great enough and begins to crunch those numbers and openings begin to fall.

Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: I though 'checkers' was licked long ago by silicon..?

It will never happen in chess .. (lol)

Robert Fischer with silicon help, like todays GM's, would be pretty scary.. As if he wasn't scary enough lol

Premium Chessgames Member
  spinal pat: I'm pretty curious about Bobby Fischer against the world, must see it.

I've seen a Fischer movie, Bobby Fischer live, the worst movie I've ever seen. How could they make such a turbulent character into such a bland (and bad) movie in 2010 I still can't fathom it.

Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: I usually avoid anything on Fischer like that because the film makers cannot understand chess or him.. But I will have to check it out.
Jump to page #    (enter # from 1 to 1980)
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 1687 OF 1980 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other users.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific player and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | advertising | contact us
Copyright 2001-2014, Chessgames Services LLC
Web design & database development by 20/20 Technologies