Members · Prefs · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

David Janowski
Number of games in database: 853
Years covered: 1891 to 1926

Overall record: +377 -286 =175 (55.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 15 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (85) 
    D02 D00 A46 D05 A40
 Ruy Lopez (69) 
    C67 C66 C65 C82 C78
 Queen's Gambit Declined (45) 
    D30 D35 D37 D31 D06
 Orthodox Defense (42) 
    D60 D53 D52 D55 D51
 Four Knights (40) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (20) 
    C11 C12 C10 C14 C00
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (97) 
    C87 C79 C77 C67 C78
 Orthodox Defense (34) 
    D63 D60 D51 D55 D61
 Four Knights (34) 
    C49 C48 C47
 Queen's Pawn Game (34) 
    A46 D04 D00 D05 D02
 Sicilian (32) 
    B40 B45 B23 B32 B88
 Queen's Gambit Declined (31) 
    D31 D37 D39 D30 D35
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Janowski vs Saemisch, 1925 1-0
   Janowski vs Ed. Lasker, 1924 1/2-1/2
   Janowski vs NN, 1895 1-0
   Janowski vs Alapin, 1905 1-0
   Janowski vs Gruenfeld, 1925 1/2-1/2
   Janowski vs E Schallopp, 1896 1-0
   Janowski vs Tarrasch, 1905 1-0
   Janowski vs Schlechter, 1899 1-0
   Janowski vs O Chajes, 1913 1-0
   Chigorin vs Janowski, 1895 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Janowski Exhibition Series at Manhattan Chess Club (1899)
   13th DSB Kongress (Hanover) (1902)
   Barmen Meisterturnier A (1905)
   Jaffe - Janowski 1917/18 (1917)
   London (1899)
   Ostend (1905)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   Scheveningen (1913)
   Vienna (1898)
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Monte Carlo (1901)
   Ostend (Championship) (1907)
   Nuremberg (1896)
   9th DSB Kongress, Leipzig (1894)
   Prague (1908)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Challenger Janowski by Gottschalk
   Janowski vs. Showalter Matches by Phony Benoni
   Vienna 1898 by suenteus po 147
   Ostend 1905 by suenteus po 147
   London 1899 by suenteus po 147
   Janowski's "Jans" by capanegra
   Jaffe - Janowski (2) by Chessical
   New York 1916 (Rice Memorial) by Phony Benoni

   Janowski vs Steel, 1893

Search Sacrifice Explorer for David Janowski
Search Google for David Janowski

(born Jun-07-1868, died Jan-15-1927, 58 years old) Poland (federation/nationality France)

[what is this?]
David (Dawid) Markelowicz Janowski was born in 1868 in Wolkowysk, Poland, and circa 1890 he relocated to France. His chess career began in Paris when he won the city championship, and in the late 1890s he started receiving a steady stream of invitations to international events. Janowski finished in third place in the Vienna tournament of 1898 and second at London the following year. In 1905, he was second with Tarrash at the huge master tournament Game Collection: Ostend 1905

In 1902, Janowski succeeded S. Rosenthal as chess editor of “Le Monde Illustre.”

For the next twenty years he was a consistent participant in major tournaments, and, backed by Leo Nardus (with support from friend and past challenger Frank James Marshall to the champion) in 1909, he played a ten-game training match with World Champion Emanuel Lasker. Janowski had drawn a shorter exhibition match with Lasker just months before, but in the ten-game match (see Lasker - Janowski (1909) for further details of those two matches) he lost by the score of +1 =2 -7. He managed to secure enough financial backing for a Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910) less than two years later, but lost this one also.

Janowski was invited as a leading player to the elite "Grandmaster" event St Petersburg (1914) . He did badly, however, being knocked out in the preliminary cycle (-5+2+2) sharing 9-10th place with the veteran Blackburne.

After being interned as a Russian subject by the German authorities at Mannheim (1914), Janowski managed to make his way to Lausanne, Switzerland in September 1914. Seeing no future in war-torn Europe, he was able to secure papers and a passage to New York disembarking on 11th January 1916. He almost immediately played (17th January 1916) in the Rice Memorial (1916)

He had to rebuild his career which he did with energy also supplementing his income with Bridge. On the 25th February 1916, he began a match with Jaffe at Marshall's Chess Divan which he narrowly won by 7 to 6 - Jaffe - Janowski (1916) . He also wrote to Capablanca offering him to name his terms for a match. Nothing came of this.

He was defeated by 5.5 to 2.5 in Janowski - Marshall, Match 5 (1916) June 1-15 1916 at the Manhattan Chess Club in New York City

He defeated Showalter in a match Janowski - Showalter Match 4 (1916) in December 1916 and then drew up a challenge, addressed to F.J.Marshall, the United States champion, for a match of twenty games, draws not counting, for a purse of not less than $500.

The match did not come to fruition. Instead in January 1917, Janowski once again took on Jaffe. Janowski, agreed to concede his opponent odds of four games up in a match of ten but still overwhelmed Jaffe by 11 to 5.

Janowski unexpectedly lost a match to Oscar Chajes, March-May 1918 - (Chajes, 7; Janowski, 5; drawn, 10) - Chajes - Janowski (1918).

He participated in New York (1918) , but came a disappointing fifth of seven. He did considerably better at the eighth American Chess Congress (Atlantic City, 1921) which he won.

His form was patchy, however, he divided the bottom prize with Jacob Bernstein, Horace Bigelow, and a ten-year-old Samuel Reshevsky (to whom he lost - Janowski vs Reshevsky, 1922) at Chess Club International in New York City in October 1922. Yet, at the strong 9th American Chess Congress (1923) (Lake Hopatcong, August 1923), he came a very close third a mere half point behind Marshall and Kupchik.

In his final international tournaments his results were poor. He was last at New York (1924) (+3 -13 =4) ; 14th out of 16 at Marienbad (1925) (+3 -7 =5); 7th out of 10 at Hastings (1925/26) (+1 -4 =1) and 10th out of 18 at Semmering (1926) (+7 -7 =3).

Janowski died in a nursing home in Hyeres, France of tuberculosis.

The Janowski Indian opening is: 1. d4 ♘f6 2. c4 d6 3. ♘c3 ♗f5.

Wikipedia article: Dawid Janowski

 page 1 of 35; games 1-25 of 853  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Janowski vs A Goetz 1-031 1891 ParisC54 Giuoco Piano
2. S Sittenfeld vs Janowski 0-134 1892 Paris itD02 Queen's Pawn Game
3. Janowski vs Steel 1-026 1893 Paris,D37 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Janowski vs F Malthan 0-144 1894 CC Int TtC74 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
5. Janowski vs Lipke 0-137 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC47 Four Knights
6. Schlechter vs Janowski ½-½72 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
7. Janowski vs J N Berger  1-036 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
8. A Zinkl vs Janowski 0-146 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
9. Von Scheve vs Janowski  0-133 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC30 King's Gambit Declined
10. Janowski vs Teichmann 1-031 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC14 French, Classical
11. Janowski vs K De Weydlich 1-029 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC10 French
12. Janowski vs J Mieses 1-026 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigB06 Robatsch
13. K A Walbrodt vs Janowski  1-068 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC71 Ruy Lopez
14. Janowski vs P K Seuffert 1-022 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
15. H Suechting vs Janowski 1-054 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. Tarrasch vs Janowski 1-033 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. Janowski vs Blackburne 1-045 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
18. Janowski vs J Mason 1-055 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
19. J W Baird vs Janowski  1-061 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC76 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, Fianchetto Variation
20. G Marco vs Janowski 0-147 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC49 Four Knights
21. Janowski vs Schiffers  0-143 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigB40 Sicilian
22. J Mieses vs Janowski  1-028 1895 Paris mC28 Vienna Game
23. Janowski vs J Mieses 0-127 1895 Paris mD00 Queen's Pawn Game
24. Janowski vs J Mieses 1-033 1895 Paris mC46 Three Knights
25. J Mieses vs Janowski 0-141 1895 Paris mC25 Vienna
 page 1 of 35; games 1-25 of 853  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Janowski wins | Janowski loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 4 OF 4 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-30-10  Olavi: ughaibu, in all those games Janowski lost or blundered the exchange.
Jan-30-10  ughaibu: And in the games given above?
Premium Chessgames Member
  KingG: <And in the games given above?> Lol.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Janowski's exchange sacrifices> I spent quite a bit of time on the 1896 example given against Lasker, as you can see from the game page itself.

Obviously the sacrifice is made to break up Black's kingside; it bears no resemblance to Botvinnik's or Petrosian's sacrifices. Also (although the annotators in 1909 loved it) it's unsound.

Here's another example; I leave it to those who can determine such things whether Janowski sacrificed the exchange or was forced to give it up. Anyway, he got a lost game, though eventually he managed to draw.

Janowski vs Lasker, 1899

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Pace the list, here's another exchange sacrifice against Pillsbury where Janowski doesn't win, though he should have.

Janowski vs Pillsbury, 1896

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Also (although the annotators in 1909 loved it) it's unsound.>

Ugh, I meant the annotators in 1896, of course.

Fans of the ancients looking for antecedents to Botvinnik's and Petrosian's exchange sacrifices need to go back before Janowski -- way back.

Saint Amant vs Staunton, 1843

Premium Chessgames Member
  KingG: <keypusher> Yeah, I was thinking about that game earlier, but I think the similarity with Petrosian's or Botvinnik's is more superficial than real. Usually they sacrificed the exchange to gain control of square, a colour complex, a pawn roller, or some other positional advantage. Staunton's looks more like a sacrifice to open lines towards the opponents's king. Having said that, it is a lot closer to their sacrifices than Janowski's are.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <KingG> I suppose you are right. Here is a sort of similar sacrifice from Pillsbury, but using a queen instead of a rook. :-)

Janowski vs Pillsbury, 1895

Also, not to pound on the list too much, but here's a Janowski exchange sacrifice in a loss to Pillsbury.

Pillsbury vs Janowski, 1899

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Last one for now: beautiful exchange sacrifice by Janowski in this one, but Pillsbury doesn't take it. Lots of grand battles between those two.

Janowski vs Pillsbury, 1899

Premium Chessgames Member
  Thrajin: Happy would-be birthday, Mr. Janowski. Perhaps I'll bake a cake topped with 142 bishops in your honor.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is an interesting position from the game Janowski-Lester Keene, Manhattan Chess Club, New York, 1919:

click for larger view

Janowski offered a draw but Keene declined, thinking he had every chance to win. Imagine his consternation when in the diagrammed position Janowski announced mate in 5 moves. Can you find the checkmate?

Sep-14-10  Eduardo Leon: <1.♘g4+ ♔h1 2.♔f1>

With the idea that black will eventually have to play ...h2, allowing ♘f2#.

<2...f3 3.♔f2>

Forcing black to trap himself with 3...h2 right now. Another possibility is 3.♔e1 f2+ (3...h2 4.♔f1 transposes to the main line) 4.♔f1! h2 5.♘xf2#.

<3...h2 4.♔f1 f2 5.♘xf2#>

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <I detest the endgame. A well-played game should be practically decided in the middlegame>, said David Janowski.

Not my motto, though....

Nov-02-10  bengalcat47: I just recently bought the book David Janowski -- Artist of the Chess Board. It features 64 games and shows Janowski at his finest against many of his contemporaries, including Lasker, Pillsbury, Tarrasch, Schlechter, and Capablanca, to name just a few.
Jun-07-11  talisman: happy birthday David.
Feb-21-12  Marcelo Bruno: <Thrajin> This remembers one of the positions present in Jaenisch's book "Découvertes avec le Cavalier aux échecs".
Premium Chessgames Member
  SteinitzLives: A gambler, a dandy, not well educated, a good sized ego, but unlike so many chess players with these same traits, he had talent! No, not world class, but clever enough to get sponsorship for matches against Lasker despite not being in the champions' class.

Janowski made the most of his talent (for chess only), and then regularly threw away tournament winnings money on the roulette wheel, which was known even then to be dramatically in the houses' favor compared to other games.

It would be interesting to see if Tal ever wrote anything about him.

Though of clearly different talent levels, they both loved to attack and they both loved to party. I like to picture the two of them playing speed chess. With Tal raising the stakes while lowering the time control, and Janowski, offering to go closer to the edge by dropping two minutes in return for an extra bishop!

Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: He did have some interesting encounters with W.Steinitz, also with Burn, Chigorin...

R.I.P. master Janowski.

Nov-13-13  Karpova: After 8 years absence, Paris became Janowski's residence again in 1924.

From page 349 of the December 1924 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'

Mar-09-14  Karpova: Dr. Emanuel Lasker, Berlin, January 9:

<Janowski ist trotz seines Mißgeschickes in Turnieren und Matchen ungebrochenen Mutes. Und man muß ihm zugestehen, daß sein Stil weit besser ist als das geringe Maß seines Erfolges vermuten läßt. Der französische Kämpe spürt Feinheiten heraus, mit denen er geringe Vorteile meisterlich zu erreichen weiß. Nur scheint ihm die Fähigkeit der Konsequenz in etwas zu mangeln. Vielleicht erschrickt er zu sehr vor der Verwicklung. Zum mindesten vermeidet er es gar zu ängstlich, sich Blößen zu geben. Dadurch aber verliert sein Angriff naturgemäß die Wucht. Hin und wieder jeder jedoch führt seine Strategie zum Siege, und dann ist der ästhetische Eindruck stark.>

(Janowski is despite his misfortunes in tournaments and matches of unbroken courage. And one has to concede to him that his style is much better than the little success gives reason to believe. The French competitor senses finesses, with which he knows to reach small advantages masterfully. But he seems to lack the ability of being consequent in something (another possibility is: But he seems to somewhat lack the ability of being consequent). Perhaps he is too frightened by complications. At least, he tries too anxiously to avoid lowering his guard. But thereby his attack naturally loses its impact. Every now and then, his strategy leads to success and then the aesthetic impression is strong.)

Source: 'Pester Lloyd', 1913.01.12, p. 8

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <I detest the endgame. A well-played game should be practically decided in the middle game> - David Janowski.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <… he could be tremendously stubborn. Janowski could follow the wrong path with more determination than any man I met! He was also something of a dandy and quite vain about his appearance> - Frank Marshall.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Rest in peace, Dawid Janowski.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Dawid Janowski.
Premium Chessgames Member
  posoo: DIS man oaned a traveling circus dat i once went to when i lived in Tuppeka! He was very good with da elafants and very nice to da old posoo's younger cugine!

He had a big red sportcoat with tails and a BLAK CANE

Jump to page #    (enter # from 1 to 4)
search thread:   
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 4 OF 4 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No posting personal information of members.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific player and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
<This page contains Editor Notes. Click here to read them.>
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | advertising | contact us
Copyright 2001-2017, Chessgames Services LLC