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David Janowski
Number of games in database: 844
Years covered: 1891 to 1926
Overall record: +375 -282 =175 (55.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      12 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (82) 
    D02 D00 A46 D05 A40
 Ruy Lopez (69) 
    C67 C66 C82 C65 C78
 Queen's Gambit Declined (45) 
    D30 D35 D37 D31 D06
 Orthodox Defense (42) 
    D60 D53 D52 D55 D51
 Four Knights (40) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (20) 
    C10 C12 C11 C14 C00
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (94) 
    C87 C79 C77 C78 C67
 Queen's Pawn Game (34) 
    A46 D04 D00 D05 D02
 Orthodox Defense (34) 
    D63 D60 D51 D55 D62
 Four Knights (33) 
    C49 C48 C47
 Sicilian (32) 
    B45 B40 B23 B32 B88
 Queen's Gambit Declined (31) 
    D31 D37 D39 D30 D35
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Janowski vs Ed. Lasker, 1924 1/2-1/2
   Janowski vs Saemisch, 1925 1-0
   Janowski vs Gruenfeld, 1925 1/2-1/2
   Janowski vs Alapin, 1905 1-0
   Janowski vs NN, 1895 1-0
   Janowski vs E Schallopp, 1896 1-0
   Janowski vs O Chajes, 1913 1-0
   Janowski vs Tarrasch, 1905 1-0
   Janowski vs Schlechter, 1899 1-0
   Janowski vs Lasker, 1909 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Janowski Exhibition Series at Manhattan Chess Club (1899)
   13th DSB Kongress (Hanover) (1902)
   Scheveningen (1913)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   Ostend (1905)
   Barmen Meisterturnier A (1905)
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Vienna (1898)
   Ostend (Championship) (1907)
   London (1899)
   Monte Carlo (1901)
   9th DSB Kongress, Leipzig (1894)
   Nuremberg (1896)
   Paris (1900)
   Prague (1908)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Challenger Janowski by Gottschalk
   Janowski vs. Showalter Matches by Phony Benoni
   Vienna 1898 by suenteus po 147
   Ostend 1905 by suenteus po 147
   London 1899 by suenteus po 147
   Janowski's "Jans" by capanegra
   99_Ostende A 1907 (Champion Tourn. to play Laske by whiteshark
   New York 1916 (Rice Memorial) by Phony Benoni

   Janowski vs Steel, 1893

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(born Jun-07-1868, died Jan-15-1927, 58 years old) Poland (citizen of France)

[what is this?]
David Markelowicz Janowski was born in 1868 in Wolkowysk, Poland, but soon relocated to France. His chess career began in Paris when he won the city championship, and in the late 1890's he started recieving a steady stream of invitations to international events. He finished in third place in the Vienna tournament of 1898 and second at London the following year. For the next twenty years he was a consistent participant in major tournaments, and, backed by Leo Nardus (with support from friend and past challenger Frank James Marshall to the champion) in 1909, he played a ten-game training match with World Champion Emanuel Lasker. He had drawn a shorter exhibition match with Lasker just months before, but in the ten-game match (see Lasker-Janowski (1909) for further details of those 2 matches) he lost by the score of +1 =2 -7. He managed to secure enough financial backing for a Lasker-Janowski World Championship Match (1910) less than two years later, but lost this one also. The Janowski Indian opening is: 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 d6 3. Nc3 Bf5.

Wikipedia article: Dawid Janowski

 page 1 of 34; games 1-25 of 844  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Janowski vs A Goetz 1-031 1891 ParisC54 Giuoco Piano
2. S Sittenfeld vs Janowski 0-134 1892 Paris itD02 Queen's Pawn Game
3. Janowski vs Steel 1-026 1893 Paris,D37 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Janowski vs Mieses 1-026 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigB06 Robatsch
5. A Zinkl vs Janowski 0-146 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
6. Janowski vs J Mason  1-055 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
7. K A Walbrodt vs Janowski  1-068 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC71 Ruy Lopez
8. Janowski vs F Malthan 0-144 1894 CC Int TtC74 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
9. Janowski vs J N Berger  1-036 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
10. Tarrasch vs Janowski  1-033 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. Janowski vs K De Weydlich 1-029 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC10 French
12. G Marco vs Janowski 0-147 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC49 Four Knights
13. Janowski vs Blackburne 1-045 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
14. Schlechter vs Janowski  ½-½72 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
15. Janowski vs P K Seuffert 1-022 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
16. Von Scheve vs Janowski  0-133 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC30 King's Gambit Declined
17. Janowski vs Schiffers  0-143 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigB40 Sicilian
18. Janowski vs Lipke 0-137 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC47 Four Knights
19. H Suechting vs Janowski  1-054 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
20. Janowski vs Teichmann 1-031 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC14 French, Classical
21. J W Baird vs Janowski  1-061 1894 9th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC76 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, Fianchetto Variation
22. Tarrasch vs Janowski 1-028 1895 HastingsD53 Queen's Gambit Declined
23. Janowski vs Steinitz 1-024 1895 HastingsC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
24. Janowski vs Mieses  1-051 1895 Paris mC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
25. B Vergani vs Janowski 0-129 1895 HastingsD05 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 34; games 1-25 of 844  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Janowski wins | Janowski loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Mar-20-09  masterwojtek: He had to be jewish
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: Janowski's patron, the art dealer Leo Nardus, was accused of selling misattributed or even forged works to wealthy Americans.

Born Leo Salomon, he had his surname legally changed to Nardus. Perhaps he did this wrap himself in the cachet of famous Dutch artists such as: Salomon <Leonardus> Verveer,(1813-1876), and Johannes Hubertus <Leonardus> de Haas (1832-1908)?

Nardus was reputably a technically capable artist, and also a proficient swordsman who was an Olympic fencer for Holland (1912).

He painted portraits of several grandmasters, including Emanuel Lasker and Frank Marshall. Some of them are reproduced here:

Premium Chessgames Member
  visayanbraindoctor: <Everett: <theagenbiteofinwit> What you and Dvoretsky say of Botvinnik may be true, but remember that he is the first GM to use the exchange sac as a weapon in all sorts of situations. Petrosian was the most prolific follower, and brilliant extender, of this idea.>

It was Janowski who first did this regularly way back in the 19th century; who first incorporated the positional exchange sac into his arsenal. The Janowski exchange sacs were true long-term sacrifices; wherein he had to properly evaluate the ensuing practical value of his minor piece as compared to the rook of his opponent.

See < Karpova's> excellent game collection Game Collection: David Janowsky's exchange sacrifices

Janowski was pretty successful with it too, even against World Champions and top players.

Janowski exchange sac vs:

Steinitz +1 +0 -0

Steinitz vs Janowski, 1898

Lasker +2 +0 -0

Janowski vs Lasker, 1896

Lasker vs Janowski, 1909

Alekhine +1 +0 -0

Janowski vs Alekhine, 1914

Pillsbury +1 +0 -0

Pillsbury vs Janowski, 1904

Marshall +1 +0 -0

Marshall vs Janowski, 1900

Blanking out Lasker, Alekhine, Steinitz, Pillsbury, and Marshall in games were he did the exchange sac is a totally impressive feat by Janowski! It would mean that he had an accurate sense of the value of a minor piece as compared to a rook; and the courage to actually do the sac.

Janowski's only 'failures':

Capablanca +0 +0 -2

Capablanca vs Janowski, 1913

Capablanca vs Janowski, 1916

Yet if one takes a good look at the above two games, Janowski's exchange sac did not really fail. In order to win, Capablanca also did the same thing later on in the game - he 'imitated' Janowski by making his own exchange sac in both games! Thus, it is quite evident that Janowski's sac had adequate compensation; which Capa neutralized by making his own sac. So even these 'failures' are in a sense successes for the positional exchange sac.

At any rate, it is not only Botvinnik or Petrosian or Kasparov who knew about the exchange sac. The pre-WW1 and pre-WW2 top masters were quite aware of it. The studious Botvinnik in fact may even have studied all the above games in close detail, especially the games of Lasker, Capablanca, and Alekhine who were his competitors. Botvinnik was known to thoroughly study all the games of his close competitors.

The above games also show just how well developed positional chess was by the turn of the last century. If some of these games were given in the internet as they are, without the names of the masters involved, even kibitzers with a heavy dose of present-day generation narcissism would probably be wowing them out. <What exchange sacs; this type of game brings chess to a higher level!... Oops! So it was more than a hundred years ago. Well these games may not have been that great after all, as we all know these doddering ancients had such amateurish competitors and had no computers to help them out. (",)>

Jan-30-10  KingG: No doubt I'll be accused of trolling again, but I find it laughable to compare those Janowski exchange sacrifices to those of the later Soviet players. They almost all either forced, obvious, give sufficient material compensation, or are made for an attack.

Is anyone seriously going to compare them to the exchange sacrifices of Petrosian for example? I'm not going to even both giving examples, as they are so well known, but there are plenty of games collections out there for those who are interested.

If you want a good example of a modern exchange sac during that era, try the famous A Selezniev vs Alekhine, 1921, even though Alekhine immediately went wrong after the sac. I don't know too many other examples though.

Jan-30-10  ughaibu: The claim that Janowski had a 100% record, against Lasker, with exchange sacrifices, is outrageous:

Janowski vs Lasker, 1909

Janowski vs Lasker, 1909

Lasker vs Janowski, 1909

Janowski vs Lasker, 1909

Janowski vs Lasker, 1910

Lasker vs Janowski, 1910

Janowski vs Lasker, 1924

Jan-30-10  Olavi: ughaibu, in all those games Janowski lost or blundered the exchange.
Jan-30-10  ughaibu: And in the games given above?
Jan-30-10  KingG: <And in the games given above?> Lol.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Janowski's exchange sacrifices> I spent quite a bit of time on the 1896 example given against Lasker, as you can see from the game page itself.

Obviously the sacrifice is made to break up Black's kingside; it bears no resemblance to Botvinnik's or Petrosian's sacrifices. Also (although the annotators in 1909 loved it) it's unsound.

Here's another example; I leave it to those who can determine such things whether Janowski sacrificed the exchange or was forced to give it up. Anyway, he got a lost game, though eventually he managed to draw.

Janowski vs Lasker, 1899

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Pace the list, here's another exchange sacrifice against Pillsbury where Janowski doesn't win, though he should have.

Janowski vs Pillsbury, 1896

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Also (although the annotators in 1909 loved it) it's unsound.>

Ugh, I meant the annotators in 1896, of course.

Fans of the ancients looking for antecedents to Botvinnik's and Petrosian's exchange sacrifices need to go back before Janowski -- way back.

Saint Amant vs Staunton, 1843

Jan-30-10  KingG: <keypusher> Yeah, I was thinking about that game earlier, but I think the similarity with Petrosian's or Botvinnik's is more superficial than real. Usually they sacrificed the exchange to gain control of square, a colour complex, a pawn roller, or some other positional advantage. Staunton's looks more like a sacrifice to open lines towards the opponents's king. Having said that, it is a lot closer to their sacrifices than Janowski's are.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <KingG> I suppose you are right. Here is a sort of similar sacrifice from Pillsbury, but using a queen instead of a rook. :-)

Janowski vs Pillsbury, 1895

Also, not to pound on the list too much, but here's a Janowski exchange sacrifice in a loss to Pillsbury.

Pillsbury vs Janowski, 1899

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Last one for now: beautiful exchange sacrifice by Janowski in this one, but Pillsbury doesn't take it. Lots of grand battles between those two.

Janowski vs Pillsbury, 1899

Jun-07-10  Thrajin: Happy would-be birthday, Mr. Janowski. Perhaps I'll bake a cake topped with 142 bishops in your honor.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is an interesting position from the game Janowski-Lester Keene, Manhattan Chess Club, New York, 1919:

click for larger view

Janowski offered a draw but Keene declined, thinking he had every chance to win. Imagine his consternation when in the diagrammed position Janowski announced mate in 5 moves. Can you find the checkmate?

Sep-14-10  Eduardo Leon: <1.♘g4+ ♔h1 2.♔f1>

With the idea that black will eventually have to play ...h2, allowing ♘f2#.

<2...f3 3.♔f2>

Forcing black to trap himself with 3...h2 right now. Another possibility is 3.♔e1 f2+ (3...h2 4.♔f1 transposes to the main line) 4.♔f1! h2 5.♘xf2#.

<3...h2 4.♔f1 f2 5.♘xf2#>

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <I detest the endgame. A well-played game should be practically decided in the middlegame>, said David Janowski.

Not my motto, though....

Nov-02-10  bengalcat47: I just recently bought the book David Janowski -- Artist of the Chess Board. It features 64 games and shows Janowski at his finest against many of his contemporaries, including Lasker, Pillsbury, Tarrasch, Schlechter, and Capablanca, to name just a few.
Premium Chessgames Member
  talisman: happy birthday David.
Feb-21-12  Marcelo Bruno: <Thrajin> This remembers one of the positions present in Jaenisch's book "Découvertes avec le Cavalier aux échecs".
Premium Chessgames Member
  SteinitzLives: A gambler, a dandy, not well educated, a good sized ego, but unlike so many chess players with these same traits, he had talent! No, not world class, but clever enough to get sponsorship for matches against Lasker despite not being in the champions' class.

Janowski made the most of his talent (for chess only), and then regularly threw away tournament winnings money on the roulette wheel, which was known even then to be dramatically in the houses' favor compared to other games.

It would be interesting to see if Tal ever wrote anything about him.

Though of clearly different talent levels, they both loved to attack and they both loved to party. I like to picture the two of them playing speed chess. With Tal raising the stakes while lowering the time control, and Janowski, offering to go closer to the edge by dropping two minutes in return for an extra bishop!

Jun-07-13  brankat: He did have some interesting encounters with W.Steinitz, also with Burn, Chigorin...

R.I.P. master Janowski.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: After 8 years absence, Paris became Janowski's residence again in 1924.

From page 349 of the December 1924 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: Dr. Emanuel Lasker, Berlin, January 9:

<Janowski ist trotz seines Mißgeschickes in Turnieren und Matchen ungebrochenen Mutes. Und man muß ihm zugestehen, daß sein Stil weit besser ist als das geringe Maß seines Erfolges vermuten läßt. Der französische Kämpe spürt Feinheiten heraus, mit denen er geringe Vorteile meisterlich zu erreichen weiß. Nur scheint ihm die Fähigkeit der Konsequenz in etwas zu mangeln. Vielleicht erschrickt er zu sehr vor der Verwicklung. Zum mindesten vermeidet er es gar zu ängstlich, sich Blößen zu geben. Dadurch aber verliert sein Angriff naturgemäß die Wucht. Hin und wieder jeder jedoch führt seine Strategie zum Siege, und dann ist der ästhetische Eindruck stark.>

(Janowski is despite his misfortunes in tournaments and matches of unbroken courage. And one has to concede to him that his style is much better than the little success gives reason to believe. The French competitor senses finesses, with which he knows to reach small advantages masterfully. But he seems to lack the ability of being consequent in something (another possibility is: But he seems to somewhat lack the ability of being consequent). Perhaps he is too frightened by complications. At least, he tries too anxiously to avoid lowering his guard. But thereby his attack naturally loses its impact. Every now and then, his strategy leads to success and then the aesthetic impression is strong.)

Source: 'Pester Lloyd', 1913.01.12, p. 8

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