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Karpov 
Photo copyright © 2006 by Milan Kovacs (www.milankovacs.com)  
Anatoly Karpov
Number of games in database: 3,551
Years covered: 1961 to 2014
Last FIDE rating: 2623 (2630 rapid, 2644 blitz)
Highest rating achieved in database: 2780
Overall record: +972 -228 =1299 (64.9%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      1052 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (250) 
    B92 B81 B24 B44 B84
 King's Indian (185) 
    E60 E62 E81 E71 E63
 Queen's Indian (146) 
    E15 E17 E12 E16 E19
 Ruy Lopez (135) 
    C95 C82 C84 C92 C80
 Queen's Gambit Declined (113) 
    D37 D30 D35 D38 D31
 Grunfeld (98) 
    D85 D73 D97 D78 D87
With the Black pieces:
 Caro-Kann (273) 
    B17 B12 B10 B14 B18
 Queen's Indian (241) 
    E15 E12 E17 E19 E14
 Ruy Lopez (175) 
    C92 C95 C69 C77 C98
 Nimzo Indian (160) 
    E32 E54 E21 E53 E42
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (137) 
    C92 C95 C98 C93 C86
 Sicilian (92) 
    B46 B40 B44 B47 B42
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Karpov vs Kasparov, 1984 1-0
   Karpov vs Topalov, 1994 1-0
   Karpov vs Unzicker, 1974 1-0
   Karpov vs Korchnoi, 1974 1-0
   Kasparov vs Karpov, 1984 0-1
   Karpov vs Topalov, 1994 1-0
   Timman vs Karpov, 1979 0-1
   Karpov vs Gulko, 1996 1-0
   Karpov vs Kasparov, 1985 1-0
   Karpov vs Kasparov, 1984 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Karpov - Korchnoi World Championship Match (1978)
   Karpov - Korchnoi World Championship Rematch (1981)
   Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1984)
   Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1985)
   Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Rematch (1986)
   Kasparov - Karpov World Championship Match (1987)
   Kasparov - Karpov World Championship Match (1990)
   Karpov - Timman FIDE World Championship (1993)
   Karpov - Kamsky FIDE World Championship (1996)
   Karpov - Anand World Championship Match (1998)
   FIDE World Championship Knockout Tournament (2001)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Hastings 1971/72 (1971)
   Madrid (1973)
   USSR Championship (1976)
   San Antonio (1972)
   Leningrad Interzonal (1973)
   Montreal (1979)
   Bad Lauterberg (1977)
   Phillips & Drew GLC Kings (1984)
   Brussels World Cup (1988)
   Linares (1994)
   Trophee Anatoly Karpov (2012)
   Cap D'Agde (2013)
   Cap d'Agde (2008)
   Superstars Hotel Bali (2002)
   USSR Championship (1971)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Karpov Tournament Champion - I by amadeus
   Anatoly Karpov - My Best 300 Games by jakaiden
   Karpov Tournament Champion - II by amadeus
   Match Karpov! by amadeus
   Anatoly Karpov's Best Games by KingG
   Guess-the-Move Chess: 1980-1989 (Part 1) by Anatoly21
   "Chess Genius Karpov" - Victor Baturinsky by Karpova
   a Karpov collection by obrit
   Anatoly Karpov's best games by Psihadal
   Basic Instinct by Imohthep
   How Karpov Wins 2nd Edition by BntLarsen
   Karpov vs. the World Champions Decisive Games by visayanbraindoctor
   Instructive Karpov Games by Billy Ray Valentine
   Anatoly Karpov - My 300 Best Games by YuanTi

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Anatoly Karpov
Search Google for Anatoly Karpov
FIDE player card for Anatoly Karpov


ANATOLY KARPOV
(born May-23-1951, 63 years old) Russia
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov was born in the town of Zlatoust, located in the Southern Ural Mountains in the USSR. He learned to play chess at four years old and became a candidate master by age eleven. At twelve, Karpov was accepted into the chess academy presided over by Mikhail Botvinnik. Karpov won the World Junior Championship in 1969, thereby automatically gaining the title of International Master. In 1970, he became an International Grandmaster after finishing equal fourth at Caracas. A World Championship Candidate in 1973, he defeated Viktor Korchnoi in the Karpov - Korchnoi Candidates Final (1974) to earn the right to Karpov - Fischer World Championship Match (1975) with World Champion Robert James Fischer. When FIDE declared Fischer forfeited, Karpov became the 12th World Chess Champion, the youngest since Mikhail Tal in 1960.

Karpov defended the championship twice against Korchnoi in Karpov - Korchnoi World Championship Match (1978) and Karpov - Korchnoi World Championship Rematch (1981). After Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1984) which was aborted with Karpov leading by 2 points over Garry Kasparov, he lost his title to Kasparov in Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1985). He played three more closely contested matches with Kasparov, narrowly losing Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Rematch (1986), drawing Kasparov - Karpov World Championship Match (1987) and narrowly losing Kasparov - Karpov World Championship Match (1990).

Karpov was thrice Soviet Champion: in 1976*, 1983** and 1988***, on the latter occasion sharing the title with Kasparov. In 1993 Karpov regained the FIDE title against Jan Timman in Karpov - Timman FIDE World Championship (1993), after Kasparov had broken away from the organization. He successfully defended his title against Gata Kamsky in Karpov - Kamsky FIDE World Championship (1996) and Viswanathan Anand in Karpov - Anand World Championship Match (1998). In 1999 FIDE changed the rules, deciding that the World Champion would be determined by an annual knockout tournament, and Karpov retired from championship competition.

At Linares (1994), Karpov achieved one of the greatest tournament successes ever, distancing Kasparov by 2.5 points.

Outside of chess, Karpov has been linked to the company Petromir, which claimed in 2007 to have found a large natural gas field.****

* [rusbase-1]; ** [rusbase-2]; *** [rusbase-3]

**** Miriam Elder, The St. Petersburg Times, Issue # 1242, 2007.02.02, Link: http://sptimes.ru/index.php?action_... and The St. Petersburg Times, Issue # 1246, 2007.02.16, Link: http://sptimes.ru/index.php?action_...

Wikipedia article: Anatoly Karpov


 page 1 of 143; games 1-25 of 3,551  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Karpov vs Mukhudulin ½-½61 1961 ZlatoustB56 Sicilian
2. Korchnoi vs Karpov ½-½30 1961 SimulC47 Four Knights
3. V Kalashnikov vs Karpov ½-½62 1961 ZlatoustE15 Queen's Indian
4. Zadneprovsky vs Karpov 0-165 1961 ZlatoustE27 Nimzo-Indian, Samisch Variation
5. B Kalinkin vs Karpov ½-½32 1961 CheliabinskC97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
6. Karpov vs V Kalashnikov 1-060 1961 ZlatoustC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
7. Karpov vs Maksimov 1-060 1961 MagnitogorskE81 King's Indian, Samisch
8. Tarinin vs Karpov 1-035 1961 ZlatoustC97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
9. G Timoshchenko vs Karpov 0-153 1961 BorovichiC10 French
10. Karpov vs Gaimaletdinov 1-060 1961 ZlatoustC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
11. Shusharin vs Karpov 0-135 1961 CheliabinskC77 Ruy Lopez
12. Karpov vs Ziuliarkin 1-035 1961 ZlatoustB24 Sicilian, Closed
13. Karpov vs Nedelin 1-036 1961 BorovichiC97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
14. Karpov vs Budakov ½-½26 1961 ZlatoustC99 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 12...cd
15. Karpov vs S Belousov 1-040 1961 BorowitschiC07 French, Tarrasch
16. A Shneider vs Karpov 0-151 1961 CheliabinskC34 King's Gambit Accepted
17. Karpov vs Shefler 1-043 1961 ZlatoustC01 French, Exchange
18. Karpov vs A Alekseev ½-½58 1961 ZlatoustB40 Sicilian
19. E Lazarev vs Karpov 0-149 1961 CheliabinskD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
20. Ziuliarkin vs Karpov 0-135 1962 ZlatoustC50 Giuoco Piano
21. V G Kirillov vs Karpov 0-163 1962 ZlatoustA20 English
22. Kolishkin vs Karpov ½-½39 1962 CheliabinskC86 Ruy Lopez, Worrall Attack
23. Karpov vs Piskunov 1-035 1962 ZlatoustB03 Alekhine's Defense
24. Karpov vs Tarinin 1-053 1962 CheliabinskC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
25. V Kalashnikov vs Karpov ½-½36 1962 ZlatoustC97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
 page 1 of 143; games 1-25 of 3,551  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Karpov wins | Karpov loses  
 

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 229 OF 229 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-28-15  The Rocket: < it was front page news when the man lost a game->

That's true of all current world champions except Euwe.

Jan-28-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <The Rocket: < it was front page news when the man lost a game-> That's true of all current world champions except Euwe.>

OK, you got me curious. This is just scanning the database, no quality control unless something jumps out at me (e.g. an obvious simul).

Karpov lost 1/45 in 1975, 2/67 in 1976, 2/81 in 1977, 6/48 in 1978 (five in the Korchnoi match), 1/49 in 1979. In the 80s he started losing more: 6/75 in 1980, 3/58 in 1981 (two in the Korchnoi rematch), 6/70 in 1982, 4/68 in 1983.

Petrosian lost 5/42 in 1963 (two in the WC match), 3/44 in 1964, 3/45 in 1965, 6/80 in 1966 (three in the WC match), 6/44 in 1967, 1/48 in 1968, and 6/63 in 1969 (all losses came in the WC match).

Spassky lost 4/52 in 1969 (all losses in the WC match), 1/41 in 1970, and 2/41 in 1971. Lots of draws, e.g. in Palma 1969 he finished +3-0=14, compared to +10-3=4 for tournament winner Larsen and +6-0=11 for Petrosian.

So 1975-79 at least, Karpov really did lose at a remarkably low rate. But so did Spassky during his short reign.

I suppose this would be a more useful exercise if I looked at wins and draws too.

Jan-28-15  The Rocket: Just to add one thing to those statistics:

Karpov had as his main rival Viktor Korchnoi - an exceptional player in all phases of the game. <One> all time great.

Gary Kasparov had <3> all time greats: Anand, Kramnik, Topalov, all in their youth and on fire.

Anybody that refrains from listing Topalov in this category doesn't know a damn thing about chess.

Jan-28-15  The Rocket: Ivanchuk is the disputable forth...
Jan-28-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: <Carlsen's openings look very different from Karpov's because he is trying to avoid other people's engine preparation. Karpov didn't have to worry about that, obviously. >

Opening preparation was around way before computers. I think the impact of computers on openings is over-rated. Computers can spit out reams of variations but GMs preparing for tournaments can only retain a fraction of the information.

Jan-28-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <The Rocket>

<Anybody that refrains from listing Topalov in this category doesn't know a damn thing about chess.>

Put me in with the Know-Nothings, then. If Topalov was ever an all-time great, it was between Kasparov's retirement and the Kramnik match.

Also, the greatest all-time great Karpov had to face was (of course) Kasparov. The greatest all-time great Kasparov had to face was Karpov.

Back to the numbers...

1963-1969 Petrosian

+131*.359/-30*.082/=204*.559

1969-1972 Spassky

+54*.345/-15*.096/=88*.561

Spassky gets badly hurt by the Fischer match. If we exclude 1972 he gets +51*.378/-7*.052/=77*.561

Karpov 1975-1983

+234*.422/-31*.056/=289*.527 If I include 1984-85 that will push up Karpov's draw rate somewhat....

Incidentally, Karpov averaged 62 games a year, compared to 39 for Spassky and 52 for Petrosian.

Jan-28-15  The Rocket: <Put me in with the Know-Nothings, then. If Topalov was ever an all-time great, it was between Kasparov's retirement and the Kramnik match.>

Topalov is still Topalov. It's not as if he figured out chess in 2005. He was always a consistent top 5 player.

As to your list: I doubt Botvinnik loses much either outside of his matches.

Jan-28-15  john barleycorn: <keypusher: ...

Put me in with the Know-Nothings, then. >

Done.

Jan-28-15  The Rocket: <Also, the greatest all-time great Karpov had to face was (of course) Kasparov. The greatest all-time great Kasparov had to face was Karpov.>

Not in the 70s and early 80s (outside of 3 games and one simul). You referred to an era without Kaspy.

Jan-28-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: < The Rocket: <Put me in with the Know-Nothings, then. If Topalov was ever an all-time great, it was between Kasparov's retirement and the Kramnik match.> Topalov is still Topalov. It's not as if he figured out chess in 2005. He was always a consistent top 5 player. >

Wait, consistent top-five makes you an all-time great? Quick, alert Alexander Beliavsky (and a few dozen others).

Anyway, through 2005, Topalov's top ranking (in 1997) was #6. Karpov was just a bit better.

http://chessmetrics.com/cm/CM2/Play...

http://chessmetrics.com/cm/CM2/Play...

<As to your list: I doubt Botvinnik loses much either outside of his matches.>

While he was the champion, he didn't play much outside of his matches. If I get interested I'll figure his numbers out.

Jan-28-15  The Rocket: Topalov just so happened to be a top player next to Kramnik, Anand and Ivanchuk. You don't seem to realize just how great these players are/were.

Beliavsky and Ljubojevic are <not> all time greats. And these were rivals of Karpov. Of course anybody in the world championship contention world is an all time great the bigger you make the list. But that's a separate point.

Jan-28-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <The Rocket: <Also, the greatest all-time great Karpov had to face was (of course) Kasparov. The greatest all-time great Kasparov had to face was Karpov.> Not in the 70s and early 80s (outside of 3 games and one simul). You referred to an era without Kaspy.>

Well, this is getting ridiculous.

This whole discussion got started because Perfidious said that from the mid-70s to the early 80s, when Karpov lost, it was front-page news. You piped up and said

<That's true of all current world champions except Euwe.>

Now I have no idea what that means. I picked up that sentence and looked at it from different angles and I couldn't make any sense of it. There's only one current world champion, and Euwe lost the title 78 years ago.

But it did get me wondering about how often world champions lose. I knew I had counted up Karpov's losses during the 70s one time, so I found that post, and then I decided to compare him to other world champions. I didn't bother with Botvinnik, because he played so little as champion, and I didn't do Tal or Smyslov, because they only reigned a year each, and presumably the vast number of games I would be looking at would be the matches in which they gained and then lost the title. Fischer didn't play any games as champion, and I wanted to look at people who preceded Karpov, because they would have provided the standard of comparison for Karpov once he took the title. So, that left Petrosian and Spassky.

After I did the work and posted the results, you piped up again and listed who you thought were the great rivals of Karpov and Kasparov. (You really seem to have it in for Karpov, for some reason.) And then when I pointed out you'd left out Kasparov as Karpov's great rival and Karpov as Kasparov's great rival, you piped up with <Not in the 70s and early 80s (outside of 3 games and one simul). You referred to an era without Kaspy.>

HUHHH? The only reason I mentioned Kasparov at all was that you brought him up.

You just sort of rocket from one non-sequitur to another.

Anyway, <The Rocket>, no offense, but I'm done dealing with your queries and observations for now. I might look up Botvinnik's record as champ if I get interested.

Jan-28-15  The Rocket: <But it did get me wondering about how often world champions lose>

And I was proven right. Most if not all active world champs rarely lost. Current, meant the reigning one in any era. I see no harm in phrasing it like that.

I have nothing against Karpov but don't tell me his rivals are comparable and equate his low loss record to those guys who will not make any list outside of those that got beat by Karpov.

Over and out.

Jan-28-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Botvinnik's zenith was <before> he won the title, from 1941 through his victory in the match tournament. To judge Botvinnik by his record as champion will sell him short, in my opinion.
Jan-28-15  Lambda: Karpov and Kasparov played five world championship matches, they're the two most closely compared players in history. And Kasparov, after 144 games, finished +2. There's virtually nothing to choose between them. Wherever you have one, the other must also be thereabouts.
Jan-28-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: <There's virtually nothing to choose between them.>

I realize the matches were all close but Karpov never won any of them so Kasparov has to get the advantage there.

Jan-28-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Even a somewhat larger margin would not constitute incontrovertible superiority of one player over another, given the number of games played.

Tournaments? Different story overall, particularly by the time Karpov entered a decline phase--yes, yes, I too am aware of Linares 1994, but that was the exception, not the rule.

Jan-29-15  The Rocket: You don't rate players based on their head to head stats to their closes rival. In such case, Nadal would be superior to Federer, even several years ago.
Jan-29-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <rocket scientist--not> No-one here is doing so; Kasparov's superiority overall was indisputable.
Jan-29-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <The Rocket: You don't rate players based on their head to head stats to their closes rival. In such case, Nadal would be superior to Federer, even several years ago.>

You rate players based on several things, including on their head-to-head stats against their closest rival -- especially when they've played about 200 games with said rival.

You just don't want to do so in this case, because Karpov did so surprisingly well against Kasparov head-to-head.

Jan-29-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I'm a big Karpov fan but to me Kasparov was almost always stronger. From the second match onwards Karpov was always on the back foot (although he was ahead in the second match). He always seemed to be defending against huge attacks. He did amazingly well to keep the score so close over 200 games.
Jan-29-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: It is not easy to win a rematch with an opponent that you have already defeated. Just ask Smyslov or Tal (or Euwe). Kasparov's ability to maintain his title despite numerous challenges from Karpov was an impressive achievement. Karpov's feat against Korchnoi is also impressive.

Alekhine against Bogoljubov and Carlsen against Anand also achieved this though you could argue that the these opponents were not as closely matched.

Jan-29-15  Olavi: <plang> I would also point out the four consecutive Petrosian-Korchnoi candidates matches 1971-1980, with Korchnoi taking the last three. The matches were shorter and Petrosian was no longer at his peak, but still remarkable.
Jan-29-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: The overall result of the Kasparov-Karpov matches is a testament to the greatness of both players.
Jan-29-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <offramp: I'm a big Karpov fan but to me Kasparov was almost always stronger. From the second match onwards Karpov was always on the back foot (although he was ahead in the second match). He always seemed to be defending against huge attacks. He did amazingly well to keep the score so close over 200 games.>

I think this is fair, and the first sentence undeniable. <The Rocket> I should say I don't like contemplating Lasker's score against Capablanca, though there isn't nearly so much evidence to contend with as with Karpov and Kasparov.

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