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Anatoly Karpov
Photo copyright © 2006 by Milan Kovacs (  
Number of games in database: 3,596
Years covered: 1961 to 2018
Last FIDE rating: 2623 (2618 rapid, 2599 blitz)
Highest rating achieved in database: 2780

Overall record: +962 -224 =1280 (65.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 1130 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (230) 
    B92 B81 B44 B84 B31
 King's Indian (188) 
    E60 E62 E81 E71 E63
 Queen's Indian (146) 
    E15 E17 E12 E16 E19
 Ruy Lopez (136) 
    C95 C82 C84 C80 C92
 Queen's Gambit Declined (124) 
    D30 D37 D35 D39 D38
 Grunfeld (100) 
    D85 D73 D78 D97 D87
With the Black pieces:
 Caro-Kann (257) 
    B17 B12 B18 B10 B14
 Queen's Indian (241) 
    E15 E12 E17 E19 E14
 Ruy Lopez (176) 
    C92 C77 C69 C95 C93
 Nimzo Indian (176) 
    E32 E54 E21 E42 E41
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (136) 
    C92 C95 C98 C93 C84
 Sicilian (88) 
    B46 B44 B40 B47 B42
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Karpov vs Topalov, 1994 1-0
   Karpov vs Kasparov, 1984 1-0
   Karpov vs Korchnoi, 1974 1-0
   Karpov vs Unzicker, 1974 1-0
   Karpov vs Topalov, 1994 1-0
   Timman vs Karpov, 1979 0-1
   Kasparov vs Karpov, 1984 0-1
   Karpov vs Gulko, 1996 1-0
   Karpov vs Spassky, 1974 1-0
   Karpov vs Kasparov, 1985 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Karpov - Korchnoi World Championship (1978)
   Karpov - Korchnoi World Championship Rematch (1981)
   Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1984)
   Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1985)
   Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Rematch (1986)
   Kasparov - Karpov World Championship Match (1987)
   Kasparov - Karpov World Championship Match (1990)
   Karpov - Timman FIDE World Championship (1993)
   Karpov - Kamsky FIDE World Championship (1996)
   Karpov - Anand World Championship Match (1998)
   FIDE World Championship Knockout Tournament (2001)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Madrid (1973)
   Montreal (1979)
   Bad Lauterberg (1977)
   USSR Championship (1976)
   Bugojno (1978)
   Brussels World Cup (1988)
   Phillips & Drew GLC Kings (1984)
   Linares (1994)
   Trophee Anatoly Karpov (2012)
   Cap D'Agde (2013)
   Hastings 1971/72 (1971)
   Leningrad Interzonal (1973)
   Cap d'Agde (2008)
   San Antonio (1972)
   USSR Championship (1971)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Karpov Tournament Champion - I by chessgain
   Karpov Tournament Champion - I by amadeus
   Anatoly Karpov - My Best 300 Games by jakaiden
   Karpov Tournament Champion - II by amadeus
   Karpov Tournament Champion - II by chessgain
   Match Karpov! by amadeus
   Anatoly Karpov's Best Games by Psihadal
   Anatoly Karpov's Best Games by sdbehrendt
   Kar pov 12th World Chess Champion by fredthebear
   Anatoly Karpov's Best Games by KingG
   Anatoly Karpov's Best Games by SantGG
   Anatoly Karpov's Best Games by Jorome23
   Power Chess - Karpov by Anatoly21
   a Karpov collection by obrit

   🏆 Hou - Karpov Match
   Karpov vs Yifan Hou (Feb-06-18) 1-0, rapid
   Yifan Hou vs Karpov (Feb-06-18) 1-0, rapid
   Karpov vs Yifan Hou (Feb-05-18) 0-1, rapid
   Yifan Hou vs Karpov (Feb-05-18) 1/2-1/2, rapid
   Karpov vs Yifan Hou (Feb-05-18) 1-0, rapid

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Anatoly Karpov
Search Google for Anatoly Karpov
FIDE player card for Anatoly Karpov

(born May-23-1951, 66 years old) Russia
[what is this?]

Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov was born in the town of Zlatoust, located in the Southern Ural Mountains in the USSR. He learned to play chess at four years old and became a candidate master by age eleven. At twelve, Karpov was accepted into the chess academy presided over by Mikhail Botvinnik. Karpov won the World Junior Championship in 1969, thereby automatically gaining the title of International Master. In 1970, he became an International Grandmaster by virtue of finishing equal fourth at Caracas. A World Championship Candidate in 1973, he defeated Viktor Korchnoi in the Karpov - Korchnoi Candidates Final (1974) to earn the right to contest the Karpov - Fischer World Championship Match (1975) with World Champion Robert James Fischer. When FIDE declared Fischer forfeited, Karpov became the 12th World Chess Champion, the youngest since Mikhail Tal in 1960.

Karpov defended the championship twice against Korchnoi, in Karpov - Korchnoi World Championship (1978) and Karpov - Korchnoi World Championship Rematch (1981). After Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1984), which was aborted with Karpov leading by two points over Garry Kasparov, he lost his title to Kasparov in Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1985). He played three more closely contested matches with Kasparov, narrowly losing Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Rematch (1986), drawing Kasparov - Karpov World Championship Match (1987) and again narrowly losing Kasparov - Karpov World Championship Match (1990).

Karpov was thrice Soviet Champion: in 1976*, 1983** and 1988***, on the latter occasion sharing the title with Kasparov. In 1993 Karpov regained the FIDE title against Jan Timman in Karpov - Timman FIDE World Championship (1993), after Kasparov had broken away from the organization. He successfully defended his title against Gata Kamsky in Karpov - Kamsky FIDE World Championship (1996) and Viswanathan Anand in Karpov - Anand World Championship Match (1998). In 1999 FIDE changed the rules, deciding that the World Champion would be determined by an annual knockout tournament, and Karpov retired from championship competition.

At Linares (1994), Karpov achieved one of the greatest tournament successes ever, outdistancing Kasparov by 2.5 points, with a tournament performance rating of 2985.

Outside of chess, Karpov has been linked to the company Petromir, which claimed in 2007 to have found a large natural gas field.****

* [rusbase-1]; ** [rusbase-2]; *** [rusbase-3]

**** Miriam Elder, The St. Petersburg Times, Issue # 1242, 2007.02.02, Link: and The St. Petersburg Times, Issue # 1246, 2007.02.16, Link:

Wikipedia article: Anatoly Karpov

Last updated: 2016-12-26 18:54:11

 page 1 of 144; games 1-25 of 3,596  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Karpov vs A Alekseev ½-½581961ZlatoustB40 Sicilian
2. Tarinin vs Karpov 1-0351961ZlatoustC97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
3. B Kalinkin vs Karpov ½-½321961CheliabinskC97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
4. V Kalashnikov vs Karpov ½-½621961ZlatoustE15 Queen's Indian
5. Karpov vs Ziuliarkin 1-0351961ZlatoustA07 King's Indian Attack
6. G Timoshchenko vs Karpov 0-1531961RUS-ch JuniorsC10 French
7. Karpov vs Maksimov 1-0601961MagnitogorskE81 King's Indian, Samisch
8. Karpov vs Shefler 1-0431961ZlatoustC01 French, Exchange
9. Karpov vs Nedelin 1-0361961RUS-ch JuniorsC97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
10. Shusharin vs Karpov 0-1351961CheliabinskC77 Ruy Lopez
11. Karpov vs Mukhudulin ½-½611961ZlatoustB56 Sicilian
12. Karpov vs Gaimaletdinov 1-0601961ZlatoustC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
13. A Shneider vs Karpov 0-1511961CheliabinskC34 King's Gambit Accepted
14. Karpov vs V Kalashnikov 1-0601961ZlatoustC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
15. Karpov vs Budakov ½-½261961ZlatoustC99 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin,
16. Zadneprovsky vs Karpov 0-1651961ZlatoustE27 Nimzo-Indian, Samisch Variation
17. Karpov vs S Belousov 1-0401961BorovichiC07 French, Tarrasch
18. Korchnoi vs Karpov ½-½301961SimulC45 Scotch Game
19. E Lazarev vs Karpov 0-1491961CheliabinskD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
20. Kolishkin vs Karpov 0-1541962ZlatoustC98 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
21. Kolishkin vs Karpov ½-½391962CheliabinskC86 Ruy Lopez, Worrall Attack
22. V G Kirillov vs Karpov 0-1631962ZlatoustA20 English
23. Karpov vs Tarinin 1-0531962CheliabinskC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
24. Karpov vs Piskunov 1-0351962ZlatoustB03 Alekhine's Defense
25. Karpov vs Karin 1-0391962CheliabinskB06 Robatsch
 page 1 of 144; games 1-25 of 3,596  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Karpov wins | Karpov loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 204 OF 238 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-25-12  Olavi: Well the Chessbase feature was based on a 13 ply search. It's debatable whether such an 'analysis' indicates anything at all, it certainly doesn't indicate whether a player manages to steer a game into a direction, which suits his/her particular talent. One can easily win lots of games (more) while playing 'worse' by this 'criterion'.
Premium Chessgames Member
  twinlark: 13 ply is wholly inadequate depth at which to analyse GM play. You need at least 18 ply, preferably more to get anything like reasonable results.

13 ply is the starting point within a couple of seconds for modern engines, and at that level is good only for blunder checks.

Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: Well, wasn't recently a study published suggesting that the search depth doesn't affect the results too much?
Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: The result of the game analysis (with a sufficiently large game pool), that is.
Premium Chessgames Member
  twinlark: Think about it. This is saying that the first few seconds of an engine analysis will ultimately be sufficient to accurately describe GM play to several decimal places. When we watch live games, we know how inaccurate engines can be even if they run for a few minutes.

I'd be interesting in seeing this article, as it sounds like so much horse's patootie.

Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: < When we watch live games, we know how inaccurate engines can be even if they run for a few minutes.>

Yes, but it's like in one move per 10-20 games... Not in the entire games.

Gms don't think that far, according to Kasparov a normal thinking depth at this level is 4-5 moves (8-10 ply, that is), only in combos and endgames does one think longer (Kasparov: "my longest combo was 15 moves"). 13 ply is 6.5 moves. OK, computers are worse when it comes to the evaluation, but still...

I meant this one:

Premium Chessgames Member
  twinlark: <alexmagnus>

Thanks, I'll have a read.

<Gms don't think that far, according to Kasparov a normal thinking depth at this level is 4-5 moves (8-10 ply, that is), only in combos and endgames does one think longer (Kasparov:>

Yeah but...we established long ago that humans are not calculating machines and that many operate from a profoundly developed sense of pattern recognition. This makes up for actual relative lack of computation compared with engines, as the heuristics in the GM's brain pick and choose from thousands of patterns stored in the mind, enabling an evaluation that quickly eliminates many variations. Call it an informed intuitive leap that is the equivalent of adding quite a few ply with most moves.

Wetware can and does make howling blunders, and this is the main difference between engines and humans. Engines don't blunder, humans do.

Anyway, I'd better read the article.

Mar-26-12  Pensive: <Engines don't blunder> I might argue that point. Rybka vs Nakamura, 2008
Though, admittedly, the blunders were made under somewhat extreme conditions, Nakamura was under the same conditions and still managed to avoid blundering.
Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: Engines occasionaly do blunder even without pressure, even one-move blunders happen, though extremely rare (most famous example of a one-move blunder by an engine is probably 19...Rfd8?? in P Lafuente vs Shredder, 2005, which was even reconstructed by <RandonVisitor>). But of course the probability of such a blunder popping up in an analysis is probably less than one in winning a lottery :)
Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: And here another one-move blunder by an engine, Pandix' only loss in the last WCCC: The Baron vs Pandix, 2011
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jim Bartle: That's probably mistake in the opening book, which I think is fed in by the programmers.
Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: In Pandix' case - yes. But not in Shredder's case, where the comp - with given hash table settings - actually calculates the blunder to be the best move.
Mar-31-12  Dr. Yes: Met Karpov once. Nice fellow, don't you think?
Mar-31-12  ozmikey: <Dr. Yes> He certainly gave that impression during his visit to Australia in 1988. He behaved with great courtesy, generosity and good humour throughout (even when he was asked some barbed and even rude questions at the lectures he gave, or when Qantas managed to lose his luggage!).
Apr-09-12  swissfed: If only I had had my duel with Fischer, my fighting level would be of a higher order. Once I had attained and mastered such a level - a level which for Kasparov is completely unattainable - I would have recalled it whenever necessary.-by Anatoly Evgenyevich Karpov
Apr-09-12  JoergWalter: Is the quote below authentic?

<This match cannot end normally. Either Iíll be taken to hospital or else heíll be taken to the insane asylum. Ė Anatoly Karpov (on the potential match against Fischer in í75.)>

Apr-09-12  swissfed: <It is even more absurd to compare Fischer's chess strength with that of Kasparov, in whatever way, than it is to compare Fischer and me.> by Anatoly Evgenyevich Karpov
Apr-09-12  Everett: <my fighting level> this is one crucial point not easily transferable by ratings precisely. Karpov had tremendous fight, really a never say die attitude. This is precisely why Korchnoi stayed strong for so long; he never lost the passion to fight.
Apr-10-12  Everett: <swissfed: If only I had had my duel with Fischer, my fighting level would be of a higher order. Once I had attained and mastered such a level - a level which for Kasparov is completely unattainable - I would have recalled it whenever necessary.-by Anatoly Evgenyevich Karpov>

Of course this is a bizarre quote, for if Kasparov had to fight a Karpov <who had the experience of fighting Fischer>, Kasparov would have every chance to develop amazing fighting strength (which he of course developed anyway against the "lesser" Karpov)

I am not so enamored with ratings but with styles. In a way I feel bad for the new batch of stars, because it is very hard to create something new or to have a style that doesn't somehow take from the previous stars. Their individual stamp, outside of results, is hard to define.

Perhaps there are players who play better than Karpov, but Karpov had a unique mix a patience, accuracy, tenacity and prophylactic play. Despite having no one to really push him in his youth (save Korchnoi, who was no slouch of course) he basically helped forge the greatest chess player of our time in Kasparov.

Each player is of an era, and each "great" has given immensely to this game.

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: sour grapes from Karpov. I think its ridiculous to think he would be significantly better, after a single 24 game match. Did Petrosian somehow become a much better player, after defeating Spassky in a match?

He complained bitterly about the playing conditions at some of his 24 game matches with Kasparov.

And--Kasparov claimed that there was a "secret grandmaster" hiding in another room evaluating candidate moves for Deep Blue, in the match which Kaspy lost.

What was that GM quote? "I've never won a game against a healthy player".

Premium Chessgames Member
  Lambda: <I think its ridiculous to think he would be significantly better, after a single 24 game match.>

Kasparov became significantly better in far fewer games against Karpov.

Different sport, but I remember Ray Reardon saying he learnt everything he needed to be champion from a match with Fred Davis.

Apr-10-12  ughaibu: Ray Reardon clears the table:
Apr-10-12  Everett: <Lambda,< Kasparov became significantly better in far fewer games against Karpov.>>

Well, this was a particular strength of Kasparov's. He really learned as much as he could from each tough opponent. Part of it had to do with how thoroughly his preparation was.

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Considering how young Gary Kasparov was, he was gaining playing strength each year, just by being in GM events. I think he would have beat Karpov a year later even without the previous 63 game match, of which only the first 20 games or so are really relevant. The rest is a load of crap, where Kasparov played quiet draws with white every other game. Then, he also played for draws when Karpov had white. Kasparov's stated goal was "to exhaust Karpov". This doesn't sound like anyone was getting much instructional chess. It was this poor performance, on both sides, that ended the no draw world championship matches, and brought back the 24 game matches.

Karpov had probably been playing exclusively against grandmasters, the very best, for the past five years. Would 20-30 games against Fischer have changed Karpov's skill level? It may be true, but I am skeptical.

Chess players tend to rewrite events a bit, in the way in which they would like to be perceived by the chess public and by history. I'm sure Anatoly Karpov would love to believe that a long match against Fischer would have turned Tolya into a juggernaut, capable of holding off Kasparov.

The reality is somewhat different.

Apr-11-12  Everett: <HeMateMe> of course, but I imagine you agree that it's not just strength or skill level, per se. It's intensity. Matches with Kasparov, Karpov, Fischer, Alekhine, Lasker, Korchnoi, etc. are going to be at another intensity level... Not just ideas and accuracy at the board. Kasparov himself had a massive deficit in handling nervousness in '84, which is why he didnt deserve to be champion then.

Otherwise, we do not know how Karpov would have responded to a match with Fischer, win or lose, in '75. I do know that he got his share of intensity in '78, which is likely a big reason why he was +4 =5 in '84.

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