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Vladimir Andreevich Makogonov
V Makogonov 
Number of games in database: 228
Years covered: 1927 to 1960

Overall record: +79 -48 =101 (56.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Grunfeld (15) 
    D81 D94 D96 D85 D98
 Nimzo Indian (10) 
    E32 E33 E36 E37
 Queen's Pawn Game (9) 
    D02 A40 A50 E00
 Slav (9) 
    D13 D15 D14 D11 D10
 Orthodox Defense (9) 
    D55 D59 D63 D61 D52
 King's Indian (8) 
    E87 E90 E85 E70 E83
With the Black pieces:
 Caro-Kann (22) 
    B18 B11 B10 B14 B13
 Orthodox Defense (19) 
    D59 D50 D58 D55 D52
 Ruy Lopez (12) 
    C82 C83 C75 C61 C77
 Sicilian (10) 
    B84 B80 B23 B95 B45
 English (10) 
    A13 A15 A14 A18
 Queen's Gambit Declined (9) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   V Makogonov vs Botvinnik, 1940 1-0
   Smyslov vs V Makogonov, 1947 1/2-1/2
   S Belavenets vs V Makogonov, 1937 0-1
   V Makogonov vs Reshevsky, 1939 1-0
   V Makogonov vs Keres, 1939 1-0
   Kan vs V Makogonov, 1939 0-1
   V Makogonov vs Boleslavsky, 1943 1-0
   V Makogonov vs Kasparian, 1937 1-0
   V Makogonov vs Bronstein, 1944 1-0
   V Makogonov vs Rauzer, 1937 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Sverdlovsk (1943)
   USSR Championship (1927)
   Leningrad/Moscow training (1939)
   USSR Championship (1939)
   USSR Championship (1944)
   USSR Championship (1940)
   USSR Championship (1947)
   USSR Championship 1934/35 (1934)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Maestro from Baku: Vladimir Makogonov by Resignation Trap
   1943 Sverdlovsk by TheFocus
   USSR Championship 1927 by Phony Benoni
   Sverdlovsk 1943 by protean
   Makogonov by lll22t

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(born Aug-27-1904, died Jan-02-1993, 88 years old) Azerbaijan
[what is this?]
Vladimir Andreevich Makogonov was awarded the IM title in 1950 and an Honorary GM title in 1987. Many times Champion of Azerbaijan he played in eight USSR Championships between 1927 and 1947. He shared 5th place with Mikhail Botvinnik in 1927, was 4th in 1937, 4th= in 1939 and 5th in 1944. In tournaments he was 3rd= at Leningrad-Moscow 1939 and 2nd at Sverdlovsk 1943. Makogonov was also very well known as a chess coach. He helped Vasily Smyslov prepare for his 1957 World Chess Championship match against Mikhail Botvinnik. He trained Vladimir Bagirov and Genrikh Chepukaitis, and on Mikhail Botvinnik's recommendation, became one of the young Garry Kasparov's first teachers. Perhaps he is best known for his contributions to Opening theory in the King's Indian Defence and the Queen's Gambit. Mikhail Andreevich Makogonov is his older brother.

Wikipedia article: Vladimir Makogonov

 page 1 of 10; games 1-25 of 228  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. V Makogonov vs A A Smorodsky  1-035 1927 USSR ChampionshipE11 Bogo-Indian Defense
2. V Makogonov vs A Y Model  1-051 1927 USSR ChampionshipA95 Dutch, Stonewall
3. I Rabinovich vs V Makogonov  ½-½47 1927 USSR ChampionshipD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. V Makogonov vs Botvinnik 0-124 1927 USSR ChampionshipE19 Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3
5. A Perfiliev vs V Makogonov  1-045 1927 USSR ChampionshipB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
6. V Makogonov vs P Romanovsky  ½-½40 1927 USSR ChampionshipA48 King's Indian
7. Y Vilner vs V Makogonov  0-138 1927 USSR ChampionshipB58 Sicilian
8. V Makogonov vs A Kaspersky  1-040 1927 USSR ChampionshipE16 Queen's Indian
9. Ilyin-Zhenevsky vs V Makogonov 0-142 1927 USSR ChampionshipB23 Sicilian, Closed
10. V Makogonov vs N Pavlov-Pianov  ½-½36 1927 USSR ChampionshipD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
11. F Bohatirchuk vs V Makogonov 1-036 1927 USSR ChampionshipA03 Bird's Opening
12. V Makogonov vs K Kholodkevich  1-041 1927 USSR ChampionshipA48 King's Indian
13. S Von Freymann vs V Makogonov  1-037 1927 USSR ChampionshipD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. V Makogonov vs Rauzer 1-041 1927 USSR ChampionshipD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
15. V Makogonov vs Alatortsev  0-162 1933 TiflisA97 Dutch, Ilyin-Genevsky
16. S Belavenets vs V Makogonov  ½-½37 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35E19 Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3
17. Panov vs V Makogonov 0-134 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35B80 Sicilian, Scheveningen
18. V Makogonov vs Alatortsev 1-034 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35D13 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation
19. Chekhover vs V Makogonov ½-½66 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35D59 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower
20. V Makogonov vs I Mazel 1-051 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35A97 Dutch, Ilyin-Genevsky
21. Ragozin vs V Makogonov  1-049 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35C10 French
22. Riumin vs V Makogonov 1-058 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35C13 French
23. V Makogonov vs Levenfish  0-123 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35D30 Queen's Gambit Declined
24. L Savitsky vs V Makogonov  ½-½31 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35D55 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. V Makogonov vs F Bohatirchuk 1-045 1934 USSR Championship 1934/35A44 Old Benoni Defense
 page 1 of 10; games 1-25 of 228  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Makogonov wins | Makogonov loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Resignation Trap> Good to hear. I lifted the game from Kotov/Judovich, where it is given as Makogonov's signature game with his portret/CV/resume.

This Moscow/Leningrad is a half-forgotten tournament, but behold the raster and results:

1.Flohr +7 (12/17, 71%),
2.Reshevsky +4 (10.5/17, 62%),
3-6. Makogonov, Lilienthal, Levenfish, & Ragozin +3 (10/17, 59%), 7-8. Belavenets Rabinovich +2 (9.5/17, 56%),
9-10. Alatortsev, Kan +1 (9/17, 53%),
11. Konstantinopolsky = (8.5/17, 50%),
12-13. Smyslov, Keres -1 (8/17, 47%),
14. Goglidze -2 (7.5/17, 44%),
15. Tolush -3 (7/17, 41%),
16. Romanovsky -5 (6/17, 35%),
17. Bondarevsky -7 (5/17, 29%),
18. Panov -10 (3.5/17, 21%).

Nov-09-05  Jafar219: <> as I know Makogonov was born in Azerbaijan (Baku city) not in Russia.
Jan-22-06  BIDMONFA: Vladimir Andreevich Makogonov

MAKOGONOV, Vladimir Andreevich

Premium Chessgames Member
  meloncio: <Gypsy><Resignation Trap> I have an old Argentinian book (1949 edition), about this Tournament. According to it, Panov didn't play from round # 13 to the end, leaving the tournament by sickness.
May-14-06  DeepBlade: Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst (D58)
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <meloncio> Thx. That explains Panov's realy poor performance.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Ron: Im my honest opinion, the systems Makoganov created against the King's Indian Defense, and the Grunfeld, are pretty good.
Aug-27-06  DCP23: <Jafar219>: <as I know Makogonov was born in Azerbaijan (Baku city) not in Russia.>

Makogonov was indeed born in Azerbaijan, but not in Baku! He is from Nakhichevan.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: I have just sent some Makogonov's missing games to He really deserved his GM title though he got it only late as "honorary" one in age of 83.
Aug-27-06  WTHarvey: Here are some of Makogonov's crucial positions: What's the best move?
Dec-10-06  Whitehat1963: Although it's not mentioned in his bio here, he was apparently one of Kasparov's first chess teachers.
Jul-25-07  ahmadov: I have never heard of this man before...
Aug-09-07  Resignation Trap: In the 1940 USSR Championship, Makogonov defeated Smyslov, Keres <and> Botvinnik : V Makogonov vs Botvinnik, 1940 , V Makogonov vs Keres, 1940 and V Makogonov vs Smyslov, 1940 . After eleven rounds, he occupied one of the top five spots, but several losses followed, and Vladimir failed to win a major prize. See for a good report of this tournament (in Russian).
Aug-27-07  Akuni: he's the person who created the rule "If there are no immediate threats, then take your worse placed and improve its position.
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: R.I.P. Vladimir Andreevich.
Sep-03-08  artyom2008: R.I.P. Vladimir Andreevich.
Sep-03-08  artyom2008: <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<poor guy>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
Sep-10-08  myschkin: . . .

Makogonov was also very well known as a chess coach. He helped Vasily Smyslov prepare for his 1957 World Chess Championship match against Mikhail Botvinnik . He trained Vladimir Bagirov and Genrikh Chepukaitis ,and on Mikhail Botvinnik 's recommendation, became one of the young Garry Kasparov 's first teachers. His brother, Mikhail Makogonov (1900-1943), was also a chess master; they tied for first in the first Baku chess championship in 1923

Oct-14-08  Resignation Trap: Here's a photo of the participants from the tournament at Tiflis (now Tbilisi) 1933: . The caption is a bit confusing. Seated, left to right: Nikolai Sorokin , Vladimir Alatortsev , Viktor Arsentievich Goglidze . Standing, left to right: Genrikh Kasparian , Mikhail Andreevich Makogonov , Archil Silovanovich Ebralidze , M Samushin (organizer), Vladimir Andreevich Makogonov and Leonid Savitsky .
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <Resignation Trap> A great album indeed! Thank You very much.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: The "Makagonov rule" states that in positions where no other important matters need to be considered, one should identify one's worst placed piece and bring it to a more active square.
Aug-27-10  Jafar219: <Jafar219: <> as I know Makogonov was born in Azerbaijan (Baku city) not in Russia.>

Oh my GOD.I wrote this 5 years ago.Time is flying and I couldn`t learn English yet. Makagonov is from Azerbaijan and he is basic creator of Azeri chess school. R.I.P

Thanks DCP23 for correction.

Dec-17-11  Resignation Trap: Anyone wishing to find more information on Makogonov on the internet should try this site:
It is in Russian, but google translations are available.
Premium Chessgames Member
  WCC Editing Project: <Resignation Trap>

Thanks for posting such a high quality link for biographical information:

<Vladimir Makogonov> served as second to <Vassily Smyslov> in both the 1954 and 1957 WCC matches against <Mikhail Botvinnik>.


In the Botvinnik-Smyslov World Championship Match (1954), both <Vladimir Simagin> and <Makogonov> seconded <Smyslov>.

-Mikhail Botvinnik, "Botvinnik's Complete Games (1942-1956) and Selected Writings (Part 2)" Kean Neat ed., transl. (Olomouc 2012), pp.27,31. -Originally published in Mikhail Botvinnik, "Match Botvinnik-Smyslov" (Fizkultura i sport, Moscow, 1955).


In the Botvinnik-Smyslov World Championship Return Match (1957) both <Igor Bondarevsky> and <Makogonov> seconded <Smyslov>.

According to the conditions for the 1957 match, only one second was allowed to help analyze adjourned games. In this case, that was <Makogonov>.

-Harry Golombek
"The World Chess Championships of 1957 and 1958"
(Harding Simpole 2002 -original copyright Golombek 1957), p. 8


<Smyslov> testifies to the value of <Makogonov's> aid:

<"During the match against Botvinnik, Makogonov was one of my coaches <<<And the fact that I became world champion>>> is due in large part to his work. He expounded his ideas clearly and persuasively. I remember his excellent analysis, which he summed up with the help of diagrams. This method is best to fix in memory the most important opening positions.">

(translation by Google. I adjusted some of the punctuation, diction and phrasing for clearer English idiom and sense)


Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: < Ron: Im my honest opinion, the systems Makoganov created against the King's Indian Defense, and the Grunfeld, are pretty good.>

The Makogonov h3 in the KID seems to be experiencing a bit of a renaissance. No doubt because <Shams> began playing it. ;)

Perhaps Mak's b4 sortie in the Grunfeld is due for a deeper look?

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