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S Landau 
Salo Landau
Number of games in database: 241
Years covered: 1926 to 1941
Overall record: +78 -91 =72 (47.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (27) 
    D52 D67 D55 D66 D51
 Nimzo Indian (25) 
    E46 E44 E56 E38 E58
 Queen's Gambit Accepted (9) 
    D28 D26 D21 D29
 Queen's Pawn Game (8) 
    E00 D04 D05 D02 A46
 Grunfeld (8) 
    D71 D73 D96 D79 D97
 Slav (8) 
    D15 D12 D11 D17
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (14) 
    C17 C01 C11 C10 C02
 Queen's Pawn Game (13) 
    D05 A46 D04 A50 E10
 Sicilian (13) 
    B72 B73 B24 B55 B29
 Slav (12) 
    D19 D12 D15 D14 D13
 Queen's Indian (10) 
    E12 E17 E19 E15 E18
 Orthodox Defense (10) 
    D54 D68 D55 D61 D63
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   S Landau vs E E Book, 1937 1-0
   S Landau vs T ten Kate, 1929 1-0
   Colle vs S Landau, 1931 0-1
   S Landau vs Flohr, 1939 1-0
   S Landau vs Euwe, 1931 1-0
   S Landau vs Bogoljubov, 1936 1-0
   E G Sergeant vs S Landau, 1938 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Hastings 1938/39 (1938)
   Amsterdam (1936)
   Bournemouth (1939)
   Noordwijk (1938)
   Zandvoort (1936)
   Kemeri (1937)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Zandvoort 1936 by suenteus po 147
   Hastings 1938/39 by sneaky pete
   Noordwijk 1938 by sneaky pete
   Amsterdam 1936 by suenteus po 147
   Rotterdam 1931 by suenteus po 147

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(born Apr-01-1903, died Mar-31-1944, 40 years old) Netherlands

[what is this?]
Salo Landau was born in Bochnia*. In 1914, the Landau family fled the Russians to Vienna--young Salo was sent to friends in Rotterdam in the Netherlands. For some years, he was the Dutch number two, behind Max Euwe. He won a small double-round tournament in Rotterdam, 1931, surpassing Edgar Colle, Savielly Tartakower and Akiba Rubinstein. In 1936 he became Dutch champion when Euwe, then World Champion, did not defend his national title.

In September of 1942, he tried to escape the Nazis by fleeing to Switzerland with his family, but they were caught in Breda, southern Holland. He was sent to a forced-labor camp in Gräditz; his wife and daughter to Auschwitz. None survived the war. Dutch chess club Landau is named after him.

*Wikipedia article: Bochnia

Wikipedia article: Salo Landau

 page 1 of 10; games 1-25 of 241  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. C Y C Dawbarn vs S Landau 0-128 1926 Scarborough-AB02 Alekhine's Defense
2. G A Thomas vs S Landau  1-026 1926 Scarborough-AD82 Grunfeld, 4.Bf4
3. S Landau vs G Reid  1-018 1926 Scarborough-AA34 English, Symmetrical
4. Euwe vs S Landau ½-½62 1926 AmsterdamB03 Alekhine's Defense
5. Alekhine vs S Landau  1-036 1926 ScarboroughA34 English, Symmetrical
6. Reti vs S Landau  1-037 1927 Rotterdam mE19 Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3
7. Reti vs S Landau  1-063 1927 Rotterdam mA50 Queen's Pawn Game
8. Olland vs S Landau  0-136 1927 NRSV - UtrechtB03 Alekhine's Defense
9. S Landau vs Reti 0-118 1927 Rotterdam mA28 English
10. S Landau vs Reti  0-132 1927 Rotterdam mE62 King's Indian, Fianchetto
11. S Landau vs Reti  0-132 1927 Rotterdam mA28 English
12. S Landau vs Noteboom  0-147 1928 matchD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
13. S Landau vs Colle  ½-½30 1928 matchD67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
14. S Landau vs Colle  ½-½31 1928 matchE00 Queen's Pawn Game
15. S Landau vs Colle  0-130 1928 matchD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
16. Colle vs S Landau  0-131 1928 matchE94 King's Indian, Orthodox
17. Colle vs S Landau 1-028 1928 matchA47 Queen's Indian
18. Colle vs S Landau  1-035 1928 matchE94 King's Indian, Orthodox
19. E Spanjaard vs S Landau  1-024 1928 Easter Tournament VASE12 Queen's Indian
20. S Landau vs Colle  ½-½42 1928 matchE16 Queen's Indian
21. S Landau vs Colle  ½-½58 1928 matchE38 Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 4...c5
22. Noteboom vs S Landau  0-142 1928 matchE80 King's Indian, Samisch Variation
23. Colle vs S Landau  ½-½50 1928 matchE94 King's Indian, Orthodox
24. Colle vs S Landau  ½-½30 1928 matchD05 Queen's Pawn Game
25. S Landau vs Olland  1-032 1929 Utrecht - NRSVE00 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 10; games 1-25 of 241  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Landau wins | Landau loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Nov-02-03  Resignation Trap: Polish born (1 April 1903)

Lived most of his life in Holland.

In September of 1942 he tried to escape Nazi control by fleeing to Switzerland with his family, but they didn't make it. They were caught in southern Holland. He was sent to a forced labor camp in Graditz, where he died sometime between October 1943 and March 1944. His wife and daughter were sent to Auschwitz, where they were gassed.

Nov-02-03  Resignation Trap: If you can manage to handle an article in polish, try this:

Dec-13-03  Halfpricemidge: He played E. Colle, great attacking sacrificial game on Colle's part.
Apr-27-04  nikolaas: Here is a funny game played by Landau:
Landau - Ten Kate
1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 e6 5.Bg5 Be7 6.e3 Nbd7 7.Rc1 0-0 8.Bd3 b6 9.cxd5 Nxd5 10.Nxd5 cxd5 11.Bxe7 Qxe7 12.Rc7 Qb4+ 13.Qd2 Qxd2+ 14.Kxd2 a6 15.Rhc1 Rd8 16.R1c6 h6 17.Rd6 Kf8 18.Ne5 Ke8 19.Nc6 a5 20.Bb5 1-0
Dec-10-04  aw1988: I believe at one point he was FIDE president, correct me if wrong.
Dec-10-04  kostich in time: Im pretty sure the first chess master FIDE president was Euwe..Euwes pedecessors were mostly Swedish Bueraucrat types.Landau wasd, however, the Tournament director at AVRO
Premium Chessgames Member
  Aron Landau: "Forced labor camp" is an euphemism for a camp to murder (jewish)people. Salo Landau was, amongst many others, murdered(!!) there. His wife and little daughter, after being deported in Westerbork Holland, were murdered in 1944 in an Auschwitz gas chamber.
Jan-07-05  marekg248: Thanks for bringing this player up. In Polish article Resignation Trap gave link to I came to know that Salo Landau won small two round tournament in Rotterdam in 1931, surpassing Colle, Tartakower and Rubinstein. - excluding games with Euwe - no draw!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: From Chessmetrics:

Highest Rating: 2575 on the January 1939 rating list, #42 in world, age 35y9m.

Best Individual Performance: 2694 in Rotterdam, 1931, scoring 4/6 (67%) vs 2671-rated opposition

Jun-21-05  kuchcyk: I'd like to publicly thank for updating the biographical details of Salo Landau at my request and a special thanks to those posters here for providing the biographical details in the first place. We cannot be reminded too often, even on a site such as this, of the loss of so much talent due to the murderous activities of the Nazis and their supporters.
Feb-01-06  BIDMONFA: Salo Landau

History Championship of Netherlands

Feb-01-06  schnarre: <kuchcyk> That's one case where we do NOT need to see history repeat itself--my late grandfather was part of the Canadian forces sent into Holland late in the war, & I heard about it from him. Quite a loss!
Feb-01-06  WMD: Not another father, uncle or grandfather who liberated the camps. Did the Allies have that many troops in Europe?
Feb-01-06  schnarre: <WMD> He never got into Germany until after the war (& then only to do demolition along the Siegfried Line in the Rhineland). He was a chess player himself & kept himself abrest of such as best he was able. Between the Soviets (in the millions of troops), & the Western Allies (US, UK & Commonwealth--do the French need to even be counted?--& a number of Latin American countries) there were not too many places left untread.
Feb-01-06  alefromitaly: ...(speechless)...
Feb-03-06  schnarre: Eh?!?!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Caissanist: <Aron Landau: "Forced labor camp" is an euphemism for a camp to murder (jewish)people.> Sorry, I have to ask--any relation?
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: The Landau variation of the Slav Defence is 1. d4 d5 2. c4 c6 3. ♘f3 ♘f6 4. e3 ♗f5 5. cd5 cd5 6. ♕b3 ♕c8 7. ♗d2 eg 8. ♘a3

Source: David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld "Oxford Companion to Chess", OUP, 1992

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: He won a small tournament in Baarn, 1940:

1. Landau 2.0/4
2-3. Euwe 1.5/4
2-3. Kmoch 1.5/4
4. Kramer 1.0/4

Landau beat Euwe and drew the other two games.


Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: During the 1937 Chess Olympiad Dutch player Salo Landua fell asleep at the board after making his 11th move against Belgian player Arthur Dunkelblum. Dunkelbum sportingly shook Landau by the arm to wake him up, and suggested a draw, which Landau immediately accepted.

happy birthday Master Landau..

Premium Chessgames Member
  suenteus po 147: Landau's first major international success: Game Collection: Rotterdam 1931
Nov-23-10  brankat: Is this the same Landau who was A.Alekhine's second in the first match with Dr.Euwe, 1935? Thank You.
Nov-23-10  nescio: <brankat: Is this the same Landau who was A.Alekhine's second in the first match with Dr.Euwe, 1935? Thank You.>


Nov-23-10  brankat: <nescio> Thank You.

I remember reading somewhere, years ago, that sometime during the match Alekhine asked S.Landau who was he really rooting for. and Landau replied something like: "Being Your second I wish You success, but being a Dutch I can't help it but hope for Euwe's victory".

Nov-23-10  nescio: <brankat> Rumour has it that in the later stages of the match Alyekkhin and Landau had some disagreement and during the last few games Alyekhin was assisted by Ernst Ludwig Klein.

Euwe's second was his good friend Maroczy who was of course more an equal than a servant, chesswise.

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