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Salo Landau
S Landau 
Number of games in database: 342
Years covered: 1925 to 1941

Overall record: +117 -120 =103 (49.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (34) 
    D52 D67 D55 D66 D51
 Nimzo Indian (34) 
    E46 E44 E56 E25 E58
 Grunfeld (13) 
    D82 D85 D95 D97 D81
 Slav (13) 
    D15 D12 D17 D11
 Queen's Gambit Accepted (11) 
    D28 D26 D29 D21
 Queen's Gambit Declined (10) 
    D37 D31 D30
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (22) 
    B72 B73 B54 B24 B70
 Alekhine's Defense (21) 
    B02 B03 B04 B05
 Slav (19) 
    D12 D19 D15 D14 D10
 French Defense (19) 
    C01 C17 C11 C07 C02
 Queen's Pawn Game (18) 
    D05 A46 D04 E10 D02
 Orthodox Defense (14) 
    D54 D55 D61 D68 D51
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   S Landau vs E E Book, 1937 1-0
   S Landau vs T ten Kate, 1929 1-0
   S Landau vs Euwe, 1931 1-0
   S Landau vs Bogoljubov, 1936 1-0
   E G Sergeant vs S Landau, 1938 0-1
   S Landau vs Flohr, 1939 1-0
   Colle vs S Landau, 1931 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Hastings 1938/39 (1938)
   Bournemouth (1939)
   Amsterdam (1936)
   Noordwijk (1938)
   Zandvoort (1936)
   Kemeri (1937)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Zandvoort 1936 by suenteus po 147
   Hastings 1938/39 by sneaky pete
   Noordwijk 1938 by sneaky pete
   Amsterdam 1936 by suenteus po 147
   Rotterdam 1931 by suenteus po 147

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(born Apr-01-1903, died Mar-31-1944, 40 years old) Netherlands

[what is this?]
Salo Landau was born in Bochnia*. In 1914, the Landau family fled the Russians to Vienna--young Salo was sent to friends in Rotterdam in the Netherlands. For some years, he was the Dutch number two, behind Max Euwe. He won a small double-round tournament in Rotterdam, 1931, surpassing Edgar Colle, Savielly Tartakower and Akiba Rubinstein. In 1936 he became Dutch champion when Euwe, then World Champion, did not defend his national title.

In September of 1942, he tried to escape the Nazis by fleeing to Switzerland with his family, but they were caught in Breda, southern Holland. He was sent to a forced-labor camp in Gräditz; his wife and daughter to Auschwitz. None survived the war. Dutch chess club Landau is named after him.

*Wikipedia article: Bochnia

Wikipedia article: Salo Landau

 page 1 of 14; games 1-25 of 342  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Alekhine vs S Landau ½-½36 1925 Simul, 30bB02 Alekhine's Defense
2. C Y C Dawbarn vs S Landau 0-128 1926 Scarborough-AB02 Alekhine's Defense
3. S Landau vs G Reid  1-018 1926 Scarborough-AA34 English, Symmetrical
4. S Landau vs S Seidel  1-025 1926 Antwerp-RotterdamD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. S Seidel vs S Landau  ½-½37 1926 Antwerp-RotterdamB03 Alekhine's Defense
6. S Landau vs Loman  ½-½35 1926 DD-NRSVD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
7. G Oskam vs S Landau  1-09 1926 RotterdamB02 Alekhine's Defense
8. Alekhine vs S Landau  1-044 1926 Scarborough Premier (A)A34 English, Symmetrical
9. G A Thomas vs S Landau  1-026 1926 Scarborough Premier (A)D82 Grunfeld, 4.Bf4
10. J Davidson vs S Landau  1-044 1926 LivornoA15 English
11. R Calapso vs S Landau  1-025 1926 LivornoB02 Alekhine's Defense
12. Euwe vs S Landau ½-½62 1926 NRS-VASB03 Alekhine's Defense
13. R Noordijk vs S Landau  1-013 1927 RotterdamB02 Alekhine's Defense
14. J Goud vs S Landau  1-056 1927 Den BoschB03 Alekhine's Defense
15. Reti vs S Landau  ½-½31 1927 Rotterdam mE32 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
16. S Landau vs Reti  ½-½27 1927 Rotterdam mD70 Neo-Grunfeld Defense
17. Reti vs S Landau  1-063 1927 Rotterdam mA50 Queen's Pawn Game
18. S Landau vs Reti 0-118 1927 Rotterdam mA28 English
19. Reti vs S Landau  1-037 1927 Rotterdam mE19 Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3
20. S Landau vs Reti  0-132 1927 Rotterdam mE62 King's Indian, Fianchetto
21. Reti vs S Landau  ½-½28 1927 Rotterdam mA31 English, Symmetrical, Benoni Formation
22. S Landau vs Reti  0-132 1927 Rotterdam mA28 English
23. Olland vs S Landau  0-136 1927 NRSV - UtrechtB03 Alekhine's Defense
24. S Landau vs Euwe  0-134 1928 NRSV-ASCD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
25. S Landau vs NN  1-020 1928 simulA04 Reti Opening
 page 1 of 14; games 1-25 of 342  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Landau wins | Landau loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Nov-02-03  Resignation Trap: Polish born (1 April 1903)

Lived most of his life in Holland.

In September of 1942 he tried to escape Nazi control by fleeing to Switzerland with his family, but they didn't make it. They were caught in southern Holland. He was sent to a forced labor camp in Graditz, where he died sometime between October 1943 and March 1944. His wife and daughter were sent to Auschwitz, where they were gassed.

Nov-02-03  Resignation Trap: If you can manage to handle an article in polish, try this:

Dec-13-03  Halfpricemidge: He played E. Colle, great attacking sacrificial game on Colle's part.
Apr-27-04  nikolaas: Here is a funny game played by Landau:
Landau - Ten Kate
1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 e6 5.Bg5 Be7 6.e3 Nbd7 7.Rc1 0-0 8.Bd3 b6 9.cxd5 Nxd5 10.Nxd5 cxd5 11.Bxe7 Qxe7 12.Rc7 Qb4+ 13.Qd2 Qxd2+ 14.Kxd2 a6 15.Rhc1 Rd8 16.R1c6 h6 17.Rd6 Kf8 18.Ne5 Ke8 19.Nc6 a5 20.Bb5 1-0
Dec-10-04  aw1988: I believe at one point he was FIDE president, correct me if wrong.
Dec-10-04  kostich in time: Im pretty sure the first chess master FIDE president was Euwe..Euwes pedecessors were mostly Swedish Bueraucrat types.Landau wasd, however, the Tournament director at AVRO
Premium Chessgames Member
  Aron Landau: "Forced labor camp" is an euphemism for a camp to murder (jewish)people. Salo Landau was, amongst many others, murdered(!!) there. His wife and little daughter, after being deported in Westerbork Holland, were murdered in 1944 in an Auschwitz gas chamber.
Jan-07-05  marekg248: Thanks for bringing this player up. In Polish article Resignation Trap gave link to I came to know that Salo Landau won small two round tournament in Rotterdam in 1931, surpassing Colle, Tartakower and Rubinstein. - excluding games with Euwe - no draw!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: From Chessmetrics:

Highest Rating: 2575 on the January 1939 rating list, #42 in world, age 35y9m.

Best Individual Performance: 2694 in Rotterdam, 1931, scoring 4/6 (67%) vs 2671-rated opposition

Jun-21-05  kuchcyk: I'd like to publicly thank for updating the biographical details of Salo Landau at my request and a special thanks to those posters here for providing the biographical details in the first place. We cannot be reminded too often, even on a site such as this, of the loss of so much talent due to the murderous activities of the Nazis and their supporters.
Feb-01-06  BIDMONFA: Salo Landau

History Championship of Netherlands

Feb-01-06  schnarre: <kuchcyk> That's one case where we do NOT need to see history repeat itself--my late grandfather was part of the Canadian forces sent into Holland late in the war, & I heard about it from him. Quite a loss!
Feb-01-06  WMD: Not another father, uncle or grandfather who liberated the camps. Did the Allies have that many troops in Europe?
Feb-01-06  schnarre: <WMD> He never got into Germany until after the war (& then only to do demolition along the Siegfried Line in the Rhineland). He was a chess player himself & kept himself abrest of such as best he was able. Between the Soviets (in the millions of troops), & the Western Allies (US, UK & Commonwealth--do the French need to even be counted?--& a number of Latin American countries) there were not too many places left untread.
Feb-01-06  alefromitaly: ...(speechless)...
Feb-03-06  schnarre: Eh?!?!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Caissanist: <Aron Landau: "Forced labor camp" is an euphemism for a camp to murder (jewish)people.> Sorry, I have to ask--any relation?
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: The Landau variation of the Slav Defence is 1. d4 d5 2. c4 c6 3. ♘f3 ♘f6 4. e3 ♗f5 5. cd5 cd5 6. ♕b3 ♕c8 7. ♗d2 eg 8. ♘a3

Source: David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld "Oxford Companion to Chess", OUP, 1992

Nov-27-08  Karpova: He won a small tournament in Baarn, 1940:

1. Landau 2.0/4
2-3. Euwe 1.5/4
2-3. Kmoch 1.5/4
4. Kramer 1.0/4

Landau beat Euwe and drew the other two games.


Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: During the 1937 Chess Olympiad Dutch player Salo Landua fell asleep at the board after making his 11th move against Belgian player Arthur Dunkelblum. Dunkelbum sportingly shook Landau by the arm to wake him up, and suggested a draw, which Landau immediately accepted.

happy birthday Master Landau..

Aug-07-10  suenteus po 147: Landau's first major international success: Game Collection: Rotterdam 1931
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Is this the same Landau who was A.Alekhine's second in the first match with Dr.Euwe, 1935? Thank You.
Nov-23-10  nescio: <brankat: Is this the same Landau who was A.Alekhine's second in the first match with Dr.Euwe, 1935? Thank You.>


Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <nescio> Thank You.

I remember reading somewhere, years ago, that sometime during the match Alekhine asked S.Landau who was he really rooting for. and Landau replied something like: "Being Your second I wish You success, but being a Dutch I can't help it but hope for Euwe's victory".

Nov-23-10  nescio: <brankat> Rumour has it that in the later stages of the match Alyekkhin and Landau had some disagreement and during the last few games Alyekhin was assisted by Ernst Ludwig Klein.

Euwe's second was his good friend Maroczy who was of course more an equal than a servant, chesswise.

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