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Arturo Pomar-Salamanca
Number of games in database: 469
Years covered: 1943 to 1992
Last FIDE rating: 2345
Highest rating achieved in database: 2460
Overall record: +127 -137 =203 (48.9%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      2 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 King's Indian (33) 
    E70 E72 E97 E94 E79
 Nimzo Indian (22) 
    E53 E43 E45 E57 E52
 Queen's Pawn Game (19) 
    A40 E10 A41 D02 D00
 English, 1 c4 c5 (18) 
    A31 A32 A33 A39 A34
 Grunfeld (14) 
    D83 D78 D90 D82 D75
 Queen's Indian (12) 
    E19 E17 E15 E12 E16
With the Black pieces:
 Caro-Kann (63) 
    B14 B19 B11 B18 B13
 Sicilian (35) 
    B56 B29 B65 B63 B89
 Semi-Slav (22) 
    D47 D48 D43 D49 D45
 Reti System (19) 
    A04 A06
 English (15) 
    A12 A15 A11 A14 A18
 Nimzo Indian (11) 
    E54 E57 E30 E58 E21
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   A Pomar-Salamanca vs Smejkal, 1972 1-0
   A Pomar-Salamanca vs M Johansson Sr, 1966 1-0
   Alekhine vs A Pomar-Salamanca, 1944 1/2-1/2
   A Pomar-Salamanca vs Hug, 1972 1-0
   A Pomar-Salamanca vs Robatsch, 1966 1-0
   Timman vs A Pomar-Salamanca, 1972 0-1
   A Pomar-Salamanca vs Geller, 1962 1-0
   A Pomar-Salamanca vs Ljubojevic, 1974 1-0
   Fischer vs A Pomar-Salamanca, 1962 1/2-1/2
   P Trifunovic vs A Pomar-Salamanca, 1966 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Palma de Mallorca (1966)
   Hoogovens (1972)
   55th US Open (1954)
   Hastings 1959/60 (1959)
   London A (1946)
   Palma de Mallorca (1968)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)
   Las Palmas (1972)
   Palma de Mallorca (1972)
   Madrid (1973)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Wijk aan Zee Hoogovens 1974 by suenteus po 147
   Wijk aan Zee Hoogovens 1972 by suenteus po 147
   Hoogovens 1972 by Tabanus
   Palma de Mallorca 1966 by Tabanus
   London A 1946 by Tabanus
   Hollywood, 1952 by Resignation Trap
   Hastings 1959/60 by suenteus po 147
   US Open 1952, Tampa by Phony Benoni

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FIDE player card for Arturo Pomar-Salamanca

(born Sep-01-1931, 83 years old) Spain

[what is this?]
Arturo Pomar Salamanca was born on the the 1st of September 1931 in Palma de Mallorca, Spain. Awarded the IM title in 1950 and the GM title in 1962, he has been Spanish Champion seven times (1946, 1950, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1962, 1966) and represented Spain in the Olympiads during 1958 - 1976 period. A child prodigy and a pupil of Alexander Alekhine he became quite famous. He drew a game with his teacher at the age of thirteen, becoming the youngest player ever to draw a reigning World Champion at a normal time control. His record still stands today.

His best tournament results were 1st= at Madrid 1960 and Torremolinos 1961, 1st at Malaga 1964, 2nd at Palma 1966 and 1st at Malaga 1971. He suffered nervous breakdowns in 1965 and 1966 and this greatly interfered with his ability to compete subsequently.

Wikipedia article: Arturo Pomar

 page 1 of 19; games 1-25 of 469  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. A Pomar-Salamanca vs Saemisch 1-038 1943 Madrid (Spain)C50 Giuoco Piano
2. A Pomar-Salamanca vs Perdol  1-045 1943 MadridC01 French, Exchange
3. A Pomar-Salamanca vs A Ingelmo  1-055 1943 Madrid (Spain)C50 Giuoco Piano
4. Keres vs A Pomar-Salamanca 1-025 1943 MadridC78 Ruy Lopez
5. Alekhine vs A Pomar-Salamanca 1-033 1943 MadridC21 Center Game
6. E Gomez vs A Pomar-Salamanca  ½-½58 1943 MadridC52 Evans Gambit
7. Nicolas vs A Pomar-Salamanca  0-147 1943 MadridC20 King's Pawn Game
8. A Pomar-Salamanca vs L Gallegos 1-016 1944 Gijon itA84 Dutch
9. J Salas Romo vs A Pomar-Salamanca  0-117 1944 Gijon itD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
10. Alekhine vs A Pomar-Salamanca ½-½71 1944 GijonC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
11. A Pomar-Salamanca vs A Rico Gonzalez  1-054 1944 Gijon itD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
12. A Pomar-Salamanca vs V Gonzalez  ½-½72 1944 Gijon itC53 Giuoco Piano
13. A Pomar-Salamanca vs A Medina Garcia 0-151 1944 Gijon itC47 Four Knights
14. A Pomar-Salamanca vs N Ticoulat  1-019 1944 Balearic Islands ChampionshipE43 Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation
15. A Bonet vs A Pomar-Salamanca  1-071 1944 Gijon itD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. M Mampel vs A Pomar-Salamanca 1-035 1944 Gijon itC55 Two Knights Defense
17. Seeger vs A Pomar-Salamanca  0-163 1945 MadridB73 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
18. A Pomar-Salamanca vs J Sanz  ½-½12 1945 MadridB17 Caro-Kann, Steinitz Variation
19. A Pomar-Salamanca vs Alekhine 0-148 1945 MadridC01 French, Exchange
20. A Pomar-Salamanca vs A Rico Gonzalez  1-031 1945 BilbaoB18 Caro-Kann, Classical
21. Alekhine vs A Pomar-Salamanca 1-040 1945 Gijon (08)E06 Catalan, Closed, 5.Nf3
22. J M Ribeiro vs A Pomar-Salamanca  0-137 1945 ??C44 King's Pawn Game
23. A Pomar-Salamanca vs Ribeiro  1-035 1945 Spain vs. Portugal Team MatchE20 Nimzo-Indian
24. A Pomar-Salamanca vs F J Perez Perez  0-129 1945 MadridC77 Ruy Lopez
25. A Pomar-Salamanca vs O Bernstein  ½-½28 1946 London AD57 Queen's Gambit Declined, Lasker Defense
 page 1 of 19; games 1-25 of 469  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Pomar-Salamanca wins | Pomar-Salamanca loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-01-06  euripides: <frog> well I imagine you were on the streets protesting about French policy in Rwanda in 1994; I wouln't want to think there was any hypocrisy involved. Attacking an old, sick man for the way that a fascist government used him as a child is despicable in any case.
Sep-02-06  FrenchFrog: <Attacking an old, sick man> I was attacking Alekhine, a Frenchman who was a traitor during the war...I agree that the young Pomar was only a puppet for the mass murderers of Madrid.
Sep-02-06  Justinpatzer: I accessed this page after reading the chess column in El Pais yesterday, which is about Pomar (it was his 75th birthday) and begins:

"Niño prodigio maltrado por el franquismo....."

My rather undeveloped Spanish translates this as "child prodigy ill-treated by Francoism". Would anybody know what, specifically, Leontxo García means? Just the general business of putting a prodigy on show, or was there more to it than that?

Sep-02-06  FrenchFrog: <"Niño prodigio maltrado por el franquismo....." > Alekhine was paid by Franco's regime to be the personal trainer of the wunderkind. He was a friend of the Nazis, and world champion. For Pomar, he wrote the book published after his death as 107 Great Chess Battles: 1939-1945.
Sep-02-06  FrenchFrog: In 1944 Alekhine wrote Curso a Arturo Pomar, published in Madrid.
Sep-03-06  Justinpatzer: Er, yes, I knew that. But it didn't seem to me to constitute "maltrado".
Sep-03-06  FrenchFrog: <But it didn't seem to me to constitute "maltrado".> I agree. But in Spain nowadays, they don't know how to speak about the Franco's years. Well, he was "maltrado" at fourteen. Günter Grass was 17 when he was "maltratado" in the SS ! It's so easy to be a victim...
Sep-03-06  euripides: I fail to see how having Alekhine as a trainer equates with being in the SS. Were all Botvinnik's pupils responsible for the Gulag ?
Sep-04-06  Justinpatzer: It doesn't seem to occur to FrenchFrog that I'm actually asking for information here. I already know what I've already been told: but is there anything more to it than that? To what was García specifically referring, if anything?
Sep-04-06  FrenchFrog: <I fail to see how having Alekhine as a trainer equates with being in the SS> Totalitarian regimes love to use youngsters. Pomar was a symbol for the spanish fascists, like any champion in Italy or Germany during this era, or in USSR or GDR later. The swimmers of East Germany were maltrados... And Alekhine was also a perfect trainer : I daresay he was himself a Nazi, and a great champion. Great friend for a boy who was the pride of what they called la raza española. He was maltratado because he was used by the regime. That's what Leontxo Garcia means. Be sure that he was not tortured. In the same way, young people in the SS are said to be victims of the Nazis. That's an awkward issue in country like Spain or Germany...
Sep-04-06  FrenchFrog: <Were all Botvinnik's pupils responsible for the Gulag ?> No they were victims, but it 's unclear...Some of them became heroes for the Soviet Union, like Karpov...Think of the poor young boys of the Hitler Jugend. Was Hitler's Youth quite innocent ? That's a question you can spend the lives of many historians to deal with
Sep-01-07  Belezky: Well, I heard that Pomar worked for a very long time in a post office receiving a small salary. But as a chess player he couldn't survive in Franco's Spain. So, compared to the chess players from the USSR he lacked that support. Also, speaking about Alekhine. Calling him traitor is nonsense. The man who battled in two World Wars. Who joined the French army on his own (he wasn't obliged to go). No... He wasn't a traitor.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: So what is the case in point now?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: C.N. 5801

Picture of Arturo Pomar with Francisco Franco from page 50 of the 6/2002 issue of "Peón de Rey". It's director, Amador Rodríguez comments:

<‘We know for sure that Franco officially met Pomar twice, in 1944 and in 1946. From the picture, we estimate that it was most likely taken in 1946, when Pomar was 15 years old.’>



Apr-10-09  Dredge Rivers: Why didn't he become a much better player than he did? After all, he was quite the child progeny! :)
Premium Chessgames Member
  Caissanist: At first I thought Pomar didn't develop further simply because he was isolated in Spain. But Pomar's results in Chessmetrics and Wikipedia show a different career path. By his mid teens he is already among the world's 100 best, and seems to be improving rapidly up through his victory in the 1946 Spanish championship. Most top players of course see great improvement from the ages of 16-26. But during that time not only does Pomar not get better, he goes backward, with several disastrous international results and only one Spanish championship. It is not until about 1957 that he starts improving again.

The problem wasn't lack of competition at home, since Pomar wasn't even the best player in Spain during that time. Either he lost interest (unlikely, since he kept playing) or there was some kind of problem--physical, emotional, or economic--that kept him from playing his best. Whatever it was, my guess is that that was what the "maltratado por el Franquismo" line was referring to.

Jun-25-10  mrbiggs: Fun fact: Arturo Pomar is the only living player with a known Morphy Number of 3 or less.

(Where Morphy had number 0, people who played him had #1, those who played them had #2, and so on).

More on this:

Premium Chessgames Member
  roberts partner: You are wrong. See the Wikipedia article on Morphy numbers.
Jun-25-10  mrbiggs: <roberts partner> whoops, good call. In my defense it's in a random area of the article--everyone listed under "Morphy #3" is living.

BUT he's one of four and the youngest.

Sep-01-10  Macnamara: Leontxo means that Pomar wasn´t supported by Franco's regime. For example, he didn't received any financial aid when he travelled to Stockholm to play the interzonal tournament in 1962. He paid all expenses (travel, accomodation, food, etc.)from his own pocket. He was a mailman and had little earnings. He had to ask in his post office for a free month without receiving his wage in order to play that tournament! When the interzonal tornament finished, Bobby Fischer was quoted to say "Poor spanish mailman, now you'll have to put stamps on envelopes again".

Pomar has been far away the best spanish chess player. His parents were said to be republican (opposite to Franco). Pomar wasn't indeed the kind of person that always says "yes, sir" to authorities, and this is probably the reason for such a mistreatment to a wunderkind like him. Moreover he always suffered from a cronic bad health. A real pity and a tragedy for spanish chess.

Sep-01-10  DarthStapler: The the 1st of September, eh?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: This player's name kind of reminds me of <Capablanca>.
Apr-15-11  myschkin: . . .

"Personajes miticos de ayer y de hoy: Arturito Pomar"


(by psicodelik)



Photo: http://www.lacomarcadepuertollano.c...


Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: "Arturo Pomar did not have the support of the Chess Federation or the Higher Sports Council. He had to fit the tournaments in with his job as postal worker...."I spent all night analysing the games, whilst the other players supported by their Federations had teams of analysts who assisted them"

FRom: "Personajes miticos de ayer y de hoy: Arturito Pomar"

Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Some footage of Pomar playing in London in 1946:

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