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John Cochrane
Scientific American Supplement No. 123
May 11, 1878, p. 1964
Number of games in database: 767
Years covered: 1820 to 1874

Overall record: +449 -252 =62 (62.9%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 4 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (71) 
    B21 B20 B32 B30 B28
 Petrov (58) 
 King's Indian (39) 
    E76 E77 E61 E90 E71
 Pirc (38) 
    B07 B09
 King's Pawn Game (30) 
    C44 C20 C40
 Philidor's Defense (22) 
With the Black pieces:
 Giuoco Piano (117) 
    C50 C53 C54
 Queen's Pawn Game (46) 
    D00 D02 A40 D05
 King's Pawn Game (27) 
    C20 C44 C40
 Petrov (25) 
    C42 C43
 Philidor's Defense (23) 
 King's Indian Attack (22) 
    A08 A07
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1848 1-0
   Cochrane vs Staunton, 1842 1-0
   Mohishunder vs Cochrane, 1855 0-1
   Cochrane vs Staunton, 1842 1-0
   W M Popert vs Cochrane, 1841 0-1
   Cochrane vs The Turk, 1820 1-0
   Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1855 1-0
   Cochrane vs NN, 1832 1-0
   Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1855 1-0
   Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1854 1-0

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Chess Miniatures, Collection XIII by wwall
   rook sacs by obrit

Search Sacrifice Explorer for John Cochrane
Search Google for John Cochrane

(born Feb-04-1798, died Mar-02-1878, 80 years old) United Kingdom

[what is this?]

Scottish barrister John Cochrane became a leading London player in the early 19th century. In 1821 he went to France and played an odds match (a pawn and two moves) against Alexandre Louis Honore Lebreton Deschapelles and a level terms match against Louis Charles Mahe De La Bourdonnais and lost both. He went to India in 1824 and remained there until his retirement in 1869, but he took leave in 1841-43 and returned to London. During this period he played hundreds of casual games against Howard Staunton (losing the majority) and a match (which he won (+6, =1, -4)) against Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint Amant.

His name is associated with a variation of the Petroff Defense, the Cochrane Gambit: 1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘f6 3.♘xe5 d6 4.♘xf7!?

Wikipedia article: John Cochrane (chess player)

Last updated: 2017-02-04 09:39:18

 page 1 of 31; games 1-25 of 767  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Cochrane vs The Turk 1-0301820London000 Chess variants
2. Cochrane vs NN 1-0301820CasualC41 Philidor Defense
3. Cochrane vs A Deschapelles 0-1271821casual odds game000 Chess variants
4. Cochrane vs A Deschapelles 1-0311821casualC44 King's Pawn Game
5. Cochrane vs A Deschapelles 0-1241821Odds game000 Chess variants
6. La Bourdonnais vs Cochrane 0-1301821ParisC37 King's Gambit Accepted
7. Cochrane vs NN 1-0131822CasualC53 Giuoco Piano
8. Cochrane vs NN 1-0191822CasualC20 King's Pawn Game
9. NN vs Cochrane  0-1381822CasualC53 Giuoco Piano
10. Cochrane vs NN 1-0301822CasualC53 Giuoco Piano
11. Cochrane vs NN 1-0251822CasualC53 Giuoco Piano
12. Cochrane vs NN  1-0341825UnknownC33 King's Gambit Accepted
13. G Walker vs Cochrane 1-0151830Unknown-aroundC20 King's Pawn Game
14. Cochrane vs G Walker 0-1271830Unknown-aroundC20 King's Pawn Game
15. G Walker vs Cochrane 1-0261830Unknown-aroundC20 King's Pawn Game
16. G Walker vs Cochrane 1-0241830Unknown-aroundC38 King's Gambit Accepted
17. Cochrane vs NN 1-0141832Odds game000 Chess variants
18. Cochrane vs Staunton ½-½351841London m1C54 Giuoco Piano
19. Staunton vs Cochrane 1-0391841London m1C23 Bishop's Opening
20. Cochrane vs Staunton 0-1241841LondonC45 Scotch Game
21. W M Popert vs Cochrane 0-1191841LondonC53 Giuoco Piano
22. Cochrane vs Staunton 1-0201841London m1C23 Bishop's Opening
23. Staunton vs Cochrane 1-0311841London m1C23 Bishop's Opening
24. Cochrane vs G Walker 1-0141841LondonC44 King's Pawn Game
25. Cochrane vs Staunton 0-1201841London m1C23 Bishop's Opening
 page 1 of 31; games 1-25 of 767  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Cochrane wins | Cochrane loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <thomastonk> Actually has "Jan-Feb-Mar 1878" which may well be March 1878. I think it's him, the one who died in Marylebone London.
Sep-06-13  thomastonk: <Tabanus> Okay and thanks. A guest at like me cannot see such details.
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: I believe they were recorded by Cochrane:

I just noticed the Cleveland library put his manuscript online. I just downloaded all four parts, but I haven't had a chance to go through the files.

Oct-14-13  thomastonk: <jnpope> Great!

I've found the games in the database, which is described and can be downloaded from

The game Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1854 is transcribed therein with the date January 3, 1854.

Oct-14-13  thomastonk: <jnope> The game Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1854 is in volume 1, pdf page 52. Additional comment: "Time 13 minutes".
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: re: Jay Whitehead database

I met Jay at the John G. White collection when I was finishing up my Pillsbury research and he was starting his research into games not found in the Oxford Encyclopedia of Chess Games. I had a 486 laptop at the time with Chess Base 3 and my Pillsbury game collection and I was going through the White collection scrapbooks looking for miscellaneous Pillsbury games. Jay was impressed with the technology and asked if I would be interested in creating a database of games from the hundreds of pages he had already photocopied. I spent that summer doing data-entry and then sent his photocopies back to him along with a print-out of the games and copy of the database. I suspect a large number of the games in his final database are the ones I entered into Chess Base years ago... I never utilized his discoveries (but I may have sent them to John Hilbert as part of a larger historical database when John was doing his Napier research). I'm happy to see Jay kept up on his research and that the games he found eventually made their way into public circulation.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: He is PoTD again today. Was no other chess player born on February 4th?

He is one of my favourites, though. A very attacking player. He was also a barrister. It is hard to be a barrister and play chess as well. Those customers won't wait for their coffee!

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. John Cochrane, probably best known for his 448 games versus Bonnerjee Mohishunder. If you ask me, +155 is pretty impressive (though score of "only" 67.3%).

On an unrelated note, it has been 216 years since his birth. :)

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <Penguincw: ... On an unrelated note, it has been 216 years since his birth.>

As in six cubed!?! Great Capablanca's ghost! It'll be 127 years until Johnnie Cochran's next perfect cube birthday! We'll all be dead. :-(

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Of course but for a trip to India just after the London to Edinburgh correspondence match started we would having been calling the Scotch Opening - The Cochrane Opening for it was he that suggested London play it in 1825.

London played it in the first game
Edinburgh played it in the third and fifth games.

At that time White did not always go first. For the duration of the match London had White pieces and Edinburgh the Black. But Edinburgh had the move in 3 of these games.

So this is infact what Edinburgh saw when playing the Scotch gambit in the 2nd half of the 1820's.

click for larger view

I Spent a few days with a very experinced chess historian in St.Andrews House, Edinburgh looking for the birthplace of John Cochrane.

We know it was Edinburgh, but where?
We could find no birth cert just his registration.

The mix up with the dates in February and March is because in them days you were usually registered weeks after you were born.

That is if you were a male, often females were never registered.

JC was born in February, registered in March.
We could not find out anything about where he spent his childhood or his early teens.

JC was a cousin to Admiral Thomas Cochrane.
This is the lad whose exploits inspired Captain Hornblower.

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <Sally Simpson: ... At that time White did not always go first.>

Correct. Very few people know this. For example, in the Immortal Game, Anderssen played with the Black pieces, even though he moved first. For more, see my Wikipedia article

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Cheers FSR, because I never knew that either.

Not that it makes much difference but it would be good to tell them they are infact looking at the wrong position next time some dip and their computer are trying to pull this masterpiece of creativity to shreds.

Chernev nails these sad people in 'Chess Companion' when he says some baseball spectators don't look at the majestic flight of a ball, they are too busy scribbling down stats and the batting average.

Made an error in my dates. The London - Edinburgh started in 1824 (Cochrane left London for India early 1825, that is where I stumbled).

OK one year out but considering I've seen and read the letters sent up by London for this match it was pretty clumsy of me.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: < Feb-04-14 FSR: <Penguincw: ... On an unrelated note, it has been 216 years since his birth.>

As in six cubed!?! Great Capablanca's ghost! It'll be 127 years until Johnnie Cochran's next perfect cube birthday! We'll all be dead. :-( >

Make that 126 years now. ;)

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: I've posted a better resolution version of his picture, and his obituary here:

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: For his time he has a HUGE number of games on record. And those are the ones he bothered recording... He must have played many more games where he wrote down the moves but didn't publish the game.

The games that we have are really good. I've enjoyed playing through the ones I've had time to play through. Bannerjee was a strong opponent who had great invention. Cochrane might, if he'd abandoned his job in the coffee shop, have become the recognized strongest player in the world, i.e. world champion.

Oct-16-15  Nosnibor: <offramp> it`s more likely that Cochrane would have to abandon his job in a tea house bearing in mind where he was playing !
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, John Cochrane.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: Why is he in the Scientific American supplement? Did they have a "diversions" section.

Oh well, whatever, from all the games he played he obviously loved chess.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Nosnibor: <offramp> it`s more likely that Cochrane would have to abandon his job in a tea house bearing in mind where he was playing !>

I heard that he was a barista.

Apr-04-16  Nosnibor: <offramp> <I heard he was a barista> Yes he worked unofficially for Starbucks!
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I don't call it Starbucks I call it Starf%$s.
Apr-04-16  Nosnibor: I assume that you are referring to the liability agreed with H.M.R.C. by Starbucks.
Feb-04-17  The Kings Domain: The old Victorian players have always been fascinating.
Feb-04-17  ColeTrane: A great lawyer in the o.j. simpson trial (savage!).
Feb-04-17  chesssalamander: Why is there no mention of his games with Mohishunder?!? Many theoretical novelties there!
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