Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

There is a clue unsolved right now on the Holiday Contest Clues Page!   [Official Contest Rules]
Please see this announcement for some updates.

Louis Charles Mahe De La Bourdonnais
La Bourdonnais 
Number of games in database: 100
Years covered: 1821 to 1838
Overall record: +56 -29 =15 (63.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

Repertoire Explorer
Most played openings
C51 Evans Gambit (23 games)
D20 Queen's Gambit Accepted (15 games)
B21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4 (14 games)
C37 King's Gambit Accepted (6 games)
C33 King's Gambit Accepted (5 games)
C53 Giuoco Piano (4 games)
B32 Sicilian (4 games)
C38 King's Gambit Accepted (3 games)
000 Chess variants (3 games)
C00 French Defense (3 games)

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Louis Charles Mahe De La Bourdonnais
Search Google for Louis Charles Mahe De La Bourdonnais

(born 1795, died Dec-09-1840, 45 years old) France

[what is this?]
Louis Charles Mahe De La Bourdonnais was born in Ile Bourbon on the French island of Reunion. He was sent to Paris where in 1814 he learnt to play chess but he only took up the game seriously in 1818. About 1820 Alexandre Louis Honore Lebreton Deschapelles took on La Bourdonnais as his pupil and when he retired La Bourdonnais became not only the undisputed Champion of France but also the World's leading player. In 1834 La Bourdonnais met Irish master Alexander McDonnell in a series of six matches with La Bourdonnais winning (+45, =13, -27) overall. In 1838 he became ill with a stroke and then later with dropsy (old term for edema/oedema). He passed away in 1840.

Wikipedia article: Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 100  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. La Bourdonnais vs Cochrane 0-1301821ParisC37 King's Gambit Accepted
2. La Bourdonnais vs A D'Arblay 1-0241830FranceC39 King's Gambit Accepted
3. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell 0-1441834LondonC53 Giuoco Piano
4. La Bourdonnais vs Wellington Pulling 1-0171834Casual000 Chess variants
5. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell ½-½591834London m4 ;HCL 18C20 King's Pawn Game
6. McDonnell vs La Bourdonnais 1-0521834London m5 ;HCL 18C51 Evans Gambit
7. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell 0-1671834London m6 ;HCL 18C51 Evans Gambit
8. McDonnell vs La Bourdonnais 0-1201834London m 20C33 King's Gambit Accepted
9. McDonnell vs La Bourdonnais 0-1441834LondonB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
10. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell ½-½511834LondonC21 Center Game
11. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell 1-0361834London m3 ;HCL 18D20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
12. McDonnell vs La Bourdonnais 1-0191834London m4 ;HCL 18C37 King's Gambit Accepted
13. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell 1-01001834London m5 ;HCL 18C51 Evans Gambit
14. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell 1-0351834LondonD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
15. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell 1-0291834LondonD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
16. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell 0-1471834London m3 ;HCL 18D20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
17. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell ½-½391834London m4 ;HCL 18C51 Evans Gambit
18. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell 1-0631834London m6 ;HCL 18D20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
19. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell 0-1541834LondonC53 Giuoco Piano
20. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell ½-½551834London MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
21. La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell ½-½931834London m4 ;HCL 18D20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
22. McDonnell vs La Bourdonnais ½-½291834London m5 ;HCL 18C51 Evans Gambit
23. McDonnell vs La Bourdonnais 1-0201834London m6 ;HCL 18C51 Evans Gambit
24. McDonnell vs La Bourdonnais 0-1301834London m 18C33 King's Gambit Accepted
25. McDonnell vs La Bourdonnais 0-1291834LondonB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 100  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | La Bourdonnais wins | La Bourdonnais loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 4 OF 4 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <I must here remark upon a sapient question asked by a Paris friend in a letter about this time, as to why De La Bourdonnais should venture to take such a journey in so inclement a season? That it is all very well to tender advice, but how was he to live in Paris? The last green leaf was there eaten up, and positive starvation stared him in the face. The words of Madame De La Bourdonnais are conclusive up the point. True, Thiers, during his short ministry, had got La B. upon the pension list for 1,200 francs as "un homme des lettres," but not a shilling of this was available till next summer, and in the meantime there were mouths to feed and backs to clothe. Be it hoped the French government will vest at least a portion of this pension in the widow. La B. lived, then, solely on what he would win at the Regence, sometimes carrying home two, three, or four francs, and frequently nothing. "It takes a long while," he said to me last week, "to win five francs there. If you win two games running, at a franc, giving rook, the loser then demands rook and knight." Hapless genius was it come to this? After toiling thus morning long at the Regence to take home a trifle to buy a meal, La B. has been two hours mounting the staircase fainting with pain. Moveables had been parted with—chess books thrown overboard—wearing apparel sold—hope long since withered and fled. O Parisian chess players, never ask us why La Bourdonnais came here! For three months last winter poor La B. could not play at all, and we must acknowledge the collection made then by French amateur's; but it only reached two or three hundred francs. A claim was made upon the government, La B.'s aunt having lent citizen Egalite, Louis Philippe's father, a hundred thousand francs. This claim could not be recognized, but the King of the French kindly presented La B. with 300 francs. Still all this was but temporary. Five pounds were sent over from London to pay the journey, but small sums debts were to be paid before leaving Paris, and it was only by means of a kind advance of 60 francs from a friend there, that La Bourdonnais was enabled to start.

On the evening of the 5th I played a second game with De La Bourdonnais, receiving pawn, and drew it; a long dull game, not worthy of much note. On Tuesday the 8th, I played two interesting games with him, winning one and drawing the other; and there were the last games our friend played on earth, except a solitary game on the 9th, giving the rook, to a stranger, a gentleman, who wished to try his force.>


Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <During the 9th, 10th, and 11th, De La Bourdonnais was visibly getting worse in health, and on Friday week was again operated upon by Mr. Babington, the eminent surgeon. I visited the sick man of course daily, and had much interesting conversation with him, relating chiefly to chess. At times he would brighten up, but was mostly in a desponding state. The silver cord was fast loosening, and the bowl was breaking at the fountain of life. He frequently read his bible, and expressed himself as finding therein much consolation. "There are hopes of the future in me," said he, "which, though of no form of faith or creed, our French philosophers have never destroyed in my mind." Kindly and constantly did his friends come to him, and deep gratitude was his for their attention. "But on care have I," remarked he frequently, "as to things of earth. My wife, cette femme vertueuse, who for two years has hardly lain down upon a bed; who lived on bread in Paris that I might fight my disorder with wine and meat—I leave my wife to beggary," A fourteen years' marriage had so consolidated the first ties. Painful contrast! The first half of that period saw the La Bourdonnais living at S. Maloe in a chateau, with five servants and two carriages, while the latter half!—O world! how dost thou reward genius!

On Saturday, the 12th, an extraordinary impulse came over poor De La Bourdonnais; he insisted upon having a cabriolet procured by seven o'clock in the morning, and going out with his wife for a ride. With difficulty he got into the carriage, and he chose to be driven in the direction of Hackney. Jammed in opposite Shoreditch Church, with a crowd of conflicting vehicles, Madame de la Bourdonnais called his attention to the edifice: "That is the church we were married in," said the poor lady; such being the fact. La B. wrung her hands in silence; he presently desired to be conveyed home. It was his last day with her on earth. A remark made several times during these, his latter days, struck forcibly upon our attention. Said La Bourdonnais to M. Barthes and myself more than once, "Dimanche je saurai mon sort"—Sunday was at hand.>


Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <I had been with him in the afternoon of Saturday, and returned in the evening just as he awoke from a deep but short sleep. He knew me, and said he was better, but became presently unconscious, and I felt an internal conviction that he was sinking. Madame De La Bourdonnais was not permitted to be this night without assistance. Just before I left (his last visitor) he pressed my hand—"Bon soir, mon ami." murmured his pinched-up lips; and after I was gone he continued to whisper, as if bidding adieu to all around—"bon soir, bon soir." Between five and six on Sunday morning he expired with a slight convulsion. His coffin is inscribed—"Louis Charles De La Bourdonnais, died Dec. 13, 1840, aged 43." He was found the common bourne of us all, and we have lost the first chess player in the world. One consolation was his in death—that kind and generous sympathy of the British circle of chess amateurs which placed every temporal comfort at the disposal of his friends, and smoothed down some of the deepest wrinkles of his death pillow, by conveying to his heart the comforting assurance that the beloved wife of his bosom was not left wanting him or bread. Be it the task of us chess players to strain every effort to augment the balance of the subscription fund, so as to place at this distressed lady's disposal a small capital with which she may combat the world's wants successively. Let us remember that madame is our countrywoman—an English lady—estranged by a fourteen years' residence from connections here as might otherwise have superseded the necessity of making this appeal.

Yes, to-day we have fulfilled the mournful duty of attending the funeral of our chess king. The heavy snow-fall, across which he was borne from the hearse, struck drearily upon the mournful group. The trees and shrubs presented a mass of white to the eye, and all was coldly desolate. The snow sealed up everything with that air of profound tranquillity which seemed indeed to say, "Here the weary rest, and the wicked troubleth not; but all around is peace." In arranging the obsequies, the committee's chief care was to unite economy with the respect due to one so loved for talent by many countries. we were compelled to restrict the number of the invited—the first coach containing personal friends of Madame, the latter ourselves, the committee. De La Bourdonnais is interred at the Cemetery, Kensall-green, the same spot which, by unsought-for coincidence, contains the mortal remains of our own chess hero, M'Donnell—the one take from us at 43, the other snatched away at 37. Verily, there be things should make men think!

I regret to trespass at such length, and in so hurried a manner, upon these columns, but hope I shall stand excused. The chief of the games poor De La Bourdonnais played here will doubtless appear in Bell. It were out of place now to speak of the skill of the departed as a chess-player. A minister of Napoleon once, in drawing up a state paper, inserted the phrase as to the insisting upon the recognized existence of the French republic, "Strike all that out," commanded Napoleon, "the existence of the French republic, like the shining of the sun, may speak for itself." So be it with chess fame of M. De La Bourdonnais.

I remain, dear sir, truly yours,

George Walker.

17, Soho-square, London; Thursday, Dec. 17, 1800 [sic]. >

source: Bell's Life in London, 1840.12.20, p4

Feb-18-15  Oliveira: What a writer George Walker was! After reading such an earnest account, I couldn't help but shedding a tear and falling pensive of what a drama must be for a man to confront his own ever-nearing ending.

Thank you, <jnpope> for sharing this treasure with us.

Feb-18-15  Oliveira: Yet for an insensitive Staunton it was all but "lugubrious twaddle".
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Thanks indeed are due <jnpope> for this treasure trove of an account posted here.
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: In the second to last paragraph it should be "the one taken from us at 43" (I dropped an N somewhere along the way).
Premium Chessgames Member
  Fusilli: <jnpope> I just read the letter from G. Walker to the Bell. What a treasure, thank you for posting it.

If L.B. was 43 at death, the birth year in the bio above must be wrong.

<His disease was ascites, accompanied by scrotal hernia. He had been tapped 21 times in Paris during the last year and a half.> Does this refer to bloodletting? Googling the meaning of "being tapped" was not helpful to me. I ran into some vulgar slang, actually.

Incidentally, notice how having the top floor in a building, at that time, was often an indicator of poverty (just like the fully broke, main characters of La Boheme rent an attic as well). Elevators didn't exist yet, at least safe ones, so that the top floor was the hardest to access. Elisha Otis came up with the safety mechanism for elevators in 1854. Today the opposite is true. The top floor in any tall building, especially in places like Paris or London, are for the well-to-do. Plus buildings are a lot taller too.

Feb-20-15  Oliveira: <Fusilli> <tap(2)>

tr. v. tapped, tap·ping, taps
4.(Medicine) To withdraw fluid from (a body cavity).

[The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company]

<tap in Medicine>

The removal of fluid from a body cavity.

v. tapped , tap·ping , taps
1.To withdraw fluid from a body cavity, as with a trocar and cannula, hollow needle, or catheter.

[The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company]

And there you have some suggestions of good online resources:

Feb-20-15  Oliveira: <Fusilli: Incidentally, notice how having the top floor in a building, at that time, was often an indicator of poverty (just like the fully broke, main characters of La Boheme rent an attic as well). Elevators didn't exist yet, at least safe ones, so that the top floor was the hardest to access>

Handy bit of information. Hence La Bourdonnais's lament: <well, nothing is above us now but heaven. I have come to a garret at last>. The poor wretch!

Premium Chessgames Member
  Fusilli: <Oliveira> Awesome, thanks!

Here's a short clip on the invention of the safe elevator:

Elevators were not the only thing that made high rises possible. In the 19th century, buildings were at most four or five stories tall. Tall buildings required enormously thick lower walls, increasing costs. The solution came late in the 19th century and early in the 20th: the load-bearing steel skeleton, based on the same principles used to build balloon-frame houses. Edward Glaeser has a nice account of this and the birth of the skyscraper (and everything else concerning our modern cities, by the way) in this book:

... which I highly recommend!

Feb-20-15  Oliveira: Gracias <Fusilli>. It's amazing how apparenlty minor, simple inventions pave the way for unthought-of technological advancements
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Technological advancements giving way to more technological advancements. Who would have thought it?
Feb-20-15  Oliveira: <Fusilli: If L.B. was 43 at death, the birth year in the bio above must be wrong.> I suppose the confusion is probably due to an 1842 issue of Le Palamède that stated that La Bourdonnais died at age 45, and the obituary written by Saint Amant to the French newspapers, published two months after La Bourdonnais's death, where he gives 1795 as the master's birth year, "the very same year of Phillidor's death". The obituary was reproduced in the abovementioned issue of Le Palamède:

However, the year 1797 strike us as more likely, since his wife should have known better than anyone!

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I'd love to have the middle name Mahé but I don't really feel entitled to it.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <offramp: I'd love to have the middle name Mahé but I don't really feel entitled to it.>

Suddenly, like a bolt of lightning, it occurred to me! "Bourdonnais" tells you where his family originated!

There could only be one place, I reasoned. Was there a town in France called Bourdonne?

Fevershly I tapped the letters into my computer. the internet groaned and creaked. The printer chattered out its incredible message.


The mystery had been solved!

Bourdonné has one of the smallest entries I have ever seen on Wikipedia. DO NOT look it up - take my word for it, you will be wasting your time. I have already told you everything that Wikipedia has to say.

May-15-17  Poulsen: No doubt La Bourdonnais and his mathes against McDonnell are very important to chess. It was these matches, that prepared the ground for international tournaments and matches, thus transforming the gentlemans game into a true sport.

If there is anyone among the old master I would like to play he is the one!

Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <offramp> You forgot to add that Bourdonne' is officially a commune with 1 official government building situated approximately 360 ft above sea level supporting a population of 477, who one would think would be left-leaning politically due to the 'commune' status, but are in fact, close to the breast, conservatives


Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The Era, December 6th 1840, p.10:

<FOR CHESS PLAYERS. - M. De la Bourdonnais, the first chess-player in Europe, is once more amongst us, playing daily in the Strand, a locale selected by the French hero as central, and as presenting a large arena for spectators. We regret to see the dreadful state of health under which De la Bourdonnais continues to suffer: dropsy and fever have changed his frame so much since his last visit to England, seven years back, we could hardly at first recognise him. De la Bourdonnais is to chess what Paganini was to the violin, a phenomenon, a wonder, a miracle of art. He will give, and can give, pawn and move to any other player in Europe; aye, even at the present moment, brought down as he is to the grave's verge by a complication of disease and suffering. He made his debut on Wednesday, playing a couple of games against one of our very finest players, yielding the odds to our countryman of pawn and move, and yet winning both games! Country players should hasten up to have a look at the great master, who is only here for two or three months, and whose health will not allow him to visit any provincial club. We hope arrangements will be made liberally to pay Monsieur for his time by British amateurs; one suggestion strikes us as good, that those who play with him should pay on losing, but should receive nothing on winning; his stake being half a crown. De la Bourdonnais challenges every player in England to come up now to the scratch and take pawn and move.>

Three days later, he was dead.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle, March 13th 1842, p.4:

<CHESS AND MATE.— We have the pleasure to announce that on Wednesday last, at Bethnal Green Church, was married Madame de la Bourdonnais, the widow of the eminent chess professor, Louis Charles Mahe de la Bourdonnais to James Budge, Esq., the well known wealthy cloth merchant of Cromartin, near Truro in Cornwall. The happy pair after a dejeuner a la fourchette with a select circle of friends started the same day on a tour to the Westmoreland Lakes and Northern Counties. Thus, although England could not mate poor De la Bourdonnais, we have succeeded in mating his interesting widow.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <MissScarlett> You never mention any of my important archeophenomenological research.
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <offramp> Of course, Dear Sir, you must realize that <MissScarlett> doesn't participate in any advanced research projects, mainly due his/her highest education level reached of 7th - 8th grade, depending...


Aug-12-17  KnightVBishop:


Rex mentions him

Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: I have just released a Chess Archaeology treatment of the 1834 Bourdonnais-McDonnell matches, including what is probably the first original research into these matches in over 150 years (at least since 1864 as far as I know).

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <jnpope> I have had a quick look and it looks brilliant! There is clearly a lot of work there. Many thanks for the heads up.
Jump to page #    (enter # from 1 to 4)
search thread:   
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 4 OF 4 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No posting personal information of members.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific player and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us
Copyright 2001-2019, Chessgames Services LLC