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Sam Loyd
Number of games in database: 32
Years covered: 1853 to 1898

Overall record: +10 -20 =1 (33.9%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 1 exhibition game, blitz/rapid, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Giuoco Piano (8) 
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (4) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   C Golmayo vs Loyd, 1867 0-1
   Fitzgerald vs Loyd, 1898 0-1
   Loyd vs S Rosenthal, 1867 1-0
   Loyd vs Charles Caldwell Moore, 1853 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Paris (1867)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   great games by awesome players by zzzzzzzzzzzz

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Sam Loyd
Search Google for Sam Loyd

(born Jan-30-1841, died Apr-10-1911, 70 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Sam Loyd was born in Philadelphia. By age 9, young Sam won his club championship (one of the New York chess clubs (1) hosted a city championship in 1850), becoming deeply obsessed with chess, & frequented that club where his interest in making puzzles started. His first problem was published by a New York paper when he was 14, and during the next five years his output of chess puzzles was so prolific that he was known throughout the chess world. By 1858 he was hailed as the leading American writer of chess problems. When Loyd was only 17, he invented his ingeniously difficult "Trick Mules Puzzle," which was later sold to showman Phineas T. Barnum for $10,000.

Loyd's most famous puzzle was the "15 Puzzle" which he produced in 1878. The craze swept America where employers put up notices prohibiting playing the puzzle during office hours. Recent research, however, casts doubts upon whether Loyd was actually the originator of this puzzle.

He published a book of 500 chess problems, entitled Chess Strategy in 1878, comprised mostly of his weekly chess columns he wrote for the Scientific American Supplement & NYC dailies such as the Brooklyn Daily Eagle as a puzzle contributor. He also served as a chess columnist for the American Chess Journal (called Dubuque Chess Journal formerly when Orestes Brownson Jr. edited it).

Reference: (1) Brooklyn Daily Eagle (March 22nd, 1896).

Wikipedia article: Sam Loyd

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 32  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Loyd vs Charles Caldwell Moore 1-0241853CasualC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. T Loyd vs Loyd 1-0271855New YorkC44 King's Pawn Game
3. Loyd vs F Perrin 0-1291856New YorkD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. C Stanley vs Loyd 0-1151859Stanley's Chess RoomC00 French Defense
5. Loyd vs J A Leonard  0-1191860New YorkC77 Ruy Lopez
6. J A Leonard vs Loyd  0-1331860New YorkC01 French, Exchange
7. Loyd vs de Riviere 0-1501867ParisC50 Giuoco Piano
8. de Riviere vs Loyd 1-0411867ParisC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
9. De Vere vs Loyd 1-0431867ParisC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
10. Loyd vs De Vere 0-1421867ParisC50 Giuoco Piano
11. Loyd vs E D'Andre 1-0311867ParisC50 Giuoco Piano
12. E D'Andre vs Loyd  0-1241867ParisA03 Bird's Opening
13. Loyd vs S Rosenthal 1-0361867ParisC50 Giuoco Piano
14. S Rosenthal vs Loyd ½-½511867ParisC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
15. Loyd vs E Rousseau  0-1261867ParisC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
16. E Rousseau vs Loyd 0-1361867ParisC52 Evans Gambit
17. Loyd vs G Neumann 0-1461867ParisC50 Giuoco Piano
18. G Neumann vs Loyd 1-0271867ParisC52 Evans Gambit
19. Loyd vs Winawer 0-1441867ParisC42 Petrov Defense
20. M S From vs Loyd 1-0261867ParisC45 Scotch Game
21. Winawer vs Loyd 1-0511867ParisC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
22. Loyd vs M S From 0-1401867ParisC60 Ruy Lopez
23. H Czarnowski vs Loyd  1-0241867ParisC50 Giuoco Piano
24. Loyd vs H Czarnowski  0-1391867ParisC50 Giuoco Piano
25. Loyd vs Steinitz 0-1291867ParisB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 32  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Loyd wins | Loyd loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 14 OF 17 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-23-06  T Ciddasselepoh: Did Sam Loyd ever meet Paul Morphy?
Sep-23-06  syracrophy: <<T Ciddasselepoh>: Did Sam Loyd ever meet Paul Morphy?> I don't know. I don't think so, because Paul Morphy was an avid player of tournaments and Sam Loyd just appeared in a few tournaments. But I don't really know
Sep-28-06  syracrophy: Another chess puzzle:

click for larger view


Oct-15-06  Milo: 1.d5 Qxd5 2.Bg2 maybe?
Oct-18-06  syracrophy: <Milo: 1.d5 Qxd5 2.Bg2 maybe?>

1.d5? Bxd5!

Oct-26-06  Manic: There is a Sam Loyd problem recently posted on the chessbase site :

Oct-26-06  syracrophy: <Peligroso Patzer> Yes. You're answer to the Sam Loyd puzzle is correct. I also have that problem in my book and it's correct your answer
Premium Chessgames Member
  vonKrolock: About the allegged Loyd's precedence on the invention of the form Helpmate (story included in the recent Nunn/Chessbase Christmas Puzzle articles), there's an interesting entry here in this forum
Jan-24-07  Dr.Lecter: <syracrophy> How about Bh3? 1.Bh3 Qd5 2.Rf1 or something like that. All I know is that you have to deflect the black queen to stop eyeing the g8 square so that the pawn can queen and deliver a mate.
Jan-24-07  Dr.Lecter: By the way, what is this 15 puzzle?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gregor Samsa Mendel:
Jan-30-07  Dr.Lecter: That was easier than I expected. Well, I thought it was a chess puzzle.
Feb-13-07  thatsmate: "syracrophy: <Milo: 1.d5 Qxd5 2.Bg2 maybe?>

1.d5? Bxd5!"

I am afraid this is incorrect- if Bxd5, Bc4 wins. However, 1. d5? loses to ...Qxd5 2. Bg2 (or Bc4) Qxd2! with mate in one.

The answer is very simple and elegant:

1. Bc4! Qxc4
2. Rh1!! Qg8
3. Rh8 Ke1
4. Rxg8+ Kf7
4. Rf8+ Kxg7
5. Rxf2

And black cannot hold.

Jun-29-07  gauer: Composed by Samuel Loyd, La Strategie, 1867, seven men vs three men:

click for larger view

White plays, Checkmating in two moves.

A hint is the idea behind the related theme:

click for larger view

For other ideas of what I like to think of as the Red Rover theme, see: Kudrin vs R Douven, 1989

Jul-13-07  pferd: <gauer> Qg4+ and if f5 then gxf6++. Only Loyd could get away with such a key move (giving check!)

Now for something easy:

click for larger view

White to win

Premium Chessgames Member
  BishopBerkeley: Was Sam Loyd indirectly responsible for the management slogan, "Think outside the box"? It appears that the famous "nine dots" puzzle which appeared in his 1914 "Cyclopedia of Puzzles" is widely regarded as the origin of this familiar exhortation:

(: ♗ Bishop Berkeley ♗ :)

Jul-18-07  ahmadov: I think Sam should have refrained from playing chess in order to save a better image as a person involved in this game...
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: One day a patzer claimed to draw easily against Loyd only by copying his moves. Here's the game Loyd-N.N. that followed:

<1.d4 d5 2.Qd3 Qd6 3.Qh3 Qh6 4.Qc8#>

Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: <whiteshark> It is even possible to win by copying moves:

<1.e4 e5 2.Ke2 Ke7 3.Ke3 Ke6 4.Qf3 Qf6 5.Ne2 Ne7 6.b3 b6 7.Ba3 Ba6 8.Nd4+ and black has no way out - 8...exd4#>

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <alexmagnus> Nice finding!

It looks like the first serious win with a <WannaBe>Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Ke2) ;D.

Jan-12-08  ahmadov: <A piece in the hand is worth a mate in the bush.> A very well rephrased proverb...
Jan-12-08  goldenbear: <admadov> Without getting too crude, I'd like to say that I profoundly disagree with that quote.
Jan-13-08  ahmadov: <goldenbear: <admadov> Without getting too crude, I'd like to say that I profoundly disagree with that quote.> You do not sound any rude, but do you not get a mate by winning more pieces... Does <a mate in the bush> mean we could be far from reaching it?

Anyway, your point provokes me to challenge you to a game on :-)

Feb-23-08  Knight13: He drew a picture of Henry Edward Bird, which can be viewed by clicking on that link.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Quote of the Day

"My theory of a key-move was always to make it just the reverse of what a player in 999 cases out of 1000 would look for."

-- Sam Loyd

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