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Nikolai Vasilyevich Krylenko
N V Krylenko 
 
Number of games in database: 2
Years covered: 1925 to 1926


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NIKOLAI VASILYEVICH KRYLENKO
(born May-14-1885, died Jul-29-1938, 53 years old) Russia

[what is this?]
Nikolai Vasilyevich Krylenko was a chess enthusiast who organised the great Moscow tournaments of 1925, 1935 and 1936.

In the 1930s Krylenko headed the Soviet chess, checkers and mountain climbing associations. Krylenko used his positions to carry out the Stalinist line of total control and politicization of all areas of public life: "We must finish once and for all with the neutrality of chess. We must condemn once and for all the formula 'chess for the sake of chess', like the formula 'art for art's sake'. We must organize shockbrigades of chess-players, and begin immediate realization of a Five-Year Plan for chess."

A Commissar for Justice, Krylenko was involved in Stalin's purges in the 1930s. and eventually he disappeared in one in 1938.

Wikipedia article: Nikolai Krylenko


 page 1 of 1; 2 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. N V Krylenko vs Lykum 1-0231925URSC52 Evans Gambit
2. Ragozin vs N V Krylenko 1-0311926USSR CorrespondenceD08 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Krylenko wins | Krylenko loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
Oct-02-05  woodenbishop: Nikolai Krylenko - executed in Stalin's purges in 1938.
Jan-06-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <We must execute not only the guilty. Execution of the innocent will impress the masses even more.> Krylenko
May-04-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: He did more to increase the popularity of chess than anyone in history.

He also deliberately increased the state-paranoia to terrible levels and was responsible for thousands of deaths.

May-04-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Living in the Soviet Union during "the terror" would have been absolutely dreadful. It was then followed by "Barbarossa" - the Nazi invasion. No people suffered more than the Russians in the 1930's and 40's.
May-05-06  Richerby: Um... the Jews in Europe didn't have too much fun in that period; nor did the Cambodians under Pol Pot in the late 1970s... Beyond a certain threshold, there isn't really a meaningful measure of `suffered more'.
May-05-06  hayton3: Perhaps, but there is the measure of what is remembered more. The atrocities commited in Russia during the war and after have often been overlooked by more well publicised atrocities. Circa 30 million Russians died during the II World War - military and civilian 'casualities'. Let us not forget them either.
May-05-06  hayton3: The figures below are the military dead or the missing during world war II. Some figures may come as a surprise...

Germay 3.5 Million
Japan 1.75 Million
China 1.3 Million
Romania 500,000
UK 400,000
Yugoslavia 320,000
U.S.A. 300,000
France 250,000
Poland 130,000
Hungary 120,000
Finland 100,000
Greece 90,000
Canada 42,000
New Zealand & Australia 40,000
India 36,000
Holland 14,000
Belgium 12,000
Bulgaria 10,000
Norway 10,000
S.Arica 9,000

USSR 9 Million + 19 Million Civilians

May-06-06  blingice: <offramp: He did more to increase the popularity of chess than anyone in history.

He also deliberately increased the state-paranoia to terrible levels and was responsible for thousands of deaths.>

Explain please.

May-06-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <blingice> There is nothing to explain.
May-06-06  blingice: <offramp: He did more to increase the popularity of chess than anyone in history.>

Well, playing one game of chess and killing a bunch of people doesn't really explain that statement.

May-06-06  refutor: refer to the book "Soviet Chess". he brought chess to the masses and brought "big chess" to USSR by the International tournaments in Moscow. he got government support for top players, making their salaries higher than engineers.

here's another game by Krylenko, notes by Soltis

Krylenko,N - Serebriakov,A [D11]
Moscow Moscow, 1935
[Andrew Soltis]

1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nbd2 e6 5.e3 Be7 6.Bd3 Nbd7 7.b3 0-0 8.0-0 Qc7 Black's devotion to promoting ...e5 backfires. Another doomed version was Botwinnik-Polyak, Leningrad 1934 [8...Bb4!? 9.Bb2 Qe7 10.a3 Bd6 11.Qc2 dxc4 12.bxc4 e5 and then 13.Rfe1 Re8 14.Ne4 Nxe4 15.Bxe4 g6 16.Qc3! f5 17.Bc2 e4 18.c5! and wins] 9.Bb2 Bd6 10.c5! Be7 11.Rc1 e5? Black does not want to allow e3-e4 but this ends up weakening his own pawn structure too much. 12.dxe5 Ng4 13.e6! fxe6 14.h3 Ngf6 15.Ng5 Nxc5 [or 15...Ne5 16.Bxh7+ Nxh7 17.Nxh7 Kxh7 18.Qh5+ Kg8 19.Bxe5] 16.Bxf6 Rxf6 17.Bxh7+ Kf8 18.Qh5 There is no adequate defense to the threat of Bg6 and Qh8# 18...Bd6 19.Bg6 Ke7 20.Qh7 Rxg6 21.Qxg6 Kf8 22.Nh7+ Ke7 23.Qxg7+ 1-0

Dec-29-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Well, maybe for some further insights:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikola...
Aug-01-08  myschkin: Nikolai Wassiljewitsch Krylenko † 29. Juli 1938
July 29th, 2008
Welcher Schachspieler hat im 20. Jahrhundert den größten Einfluss auf die Entwicklung des Spiels gehabt? Eine sicher zu allgemeine Frage, die kaum sinnvoll beantwortet werden kann (selbst in übersichtlichen 19. Jahrhundert ist nicht restlos klar, ob man eher Morphy oder Steinitz nennen sollte - erst beide zusammen machen die große Revolution aus, wobei die Arbeit der theoretischen Fundierung durch Steinitz natürlich viel umfangreicher war).

Der wohl stärkste Spieler des Jahrhunderts - Kasparow - scheidet aus, da er zumindest aus aktueller Sicht nicht sehr viel Dauerhaftes hinterlassen hat (er hat eher alte Strukturen zerstört, was nun nicht per se schlecht sein muss - nur waren eben seine Alternativen leider nicht lebensfähig, ebenso wie er zu wenig beständig und zu sehr am eigenen Vorteil interessiert). Eher könnte man im Westen noch Fischer zählen, der fraglos wichtige Impulse gab - die immer noch existierende Kultur des Schachprofitums ist ohne die seinerzeit durch ihn erregte Aufmerksamkeit nicht denkbar.

Dennoch, wenn es überhaupt eine Hauptströmung des 20. Jahrhunderts gab, dann war es die Dominanz der sowjetischen Schachschule. Man könnte hier also Botwinnik auf den Schild heben, aber Grundlagen und Umfeld hat ein anderer geschaffen: Nikolai Krylenko, der vor 70 Jahren den Moskauer Schauprozessen zum Opfer fiel.

Es war wie immer vor allem ein Zufall, dass der Bolschwist der ersten Stunde, der eine wesentliche Rolle bei der Machtergreifung 1917 spielte, eben auch ein Schachfanatiker war - und seine einflussreichen Posten der nächsten zwanzig Jahre nutzte, um ein riesiges Sportförderungssystem aus dem Boden zu stampfen. (Er war im übrigen, wie die meisten seiner Mitgenossen, kein sehr angenehmer Mensch, und dass er dann vor siebzig Jahre unter die Räder einer Maschine geriet, die er selbst wesentlich mitgebaut hatte, nötigt nur begrenztes Mitleid ab). Bei allen Wandlungen und Umbrüchen - in den Grundzügen hat sich diese Organisation bis heute erhalten, und es gibt gute Aussichten, dass Russland auch zur 100-Jahr-Feier der Schachschule (so in 20 Jahren) immer noch ganz oben steht.

Aug-01-08  myschkin: ...
Dabei war ihr Gründervater sicher kein herausragender Spieler - brachte aber durchaus Ansehnliches zu Werke, so etwa in folgender Partie, die wir seinem Andenken widmen:

Krylenko, N - Serebrjakow

Moskau, 1935

1.d4 d5 2.Sd2 Sf6 3.c4 c6 4.Sgf3 e6 5.e3 Le7 6.Ld3 Sbd7 7.b3 0-0 8.0-0 Dc7 9.Lb2 Ld6 10.c5 Le7 11.Tc1 e5 12.dxe5 Sg4


click for larger view

13.e6!!? [Ein phantastischer Zug! Weiß verzichtet auf den Bauerngewinn 13.b4 Sgxe5 14.Sxe5 Sxe5 15.Lxh7+ und hat ehrgeizigere Pläne. Wenn der Textzug wohl auch weniger korrekt ist, so stellt er Schwarz doch vor gewaltige Probleme.] 13…fxe6 14.h3 Sgf6 15.Sg5 Sxc5 16.Lxf6


click for larger view

[So ungefähr war dies sicher geplant.] 16…Txf6?
[Auch nicht 16…Sxd3? 17.Dh5 h6 18.Dg6 , aber nach 16…gxf6! 17.Dh5 Ld6! 18.Lxh7+ Kg7 19.Txc5 Lxc5 20.Ld3 hat Weiß höchstens geringen Vorteil.] 17.Lxh7+ Kf8 18.Dh5 Ld6 19.Lg6 Ke7 20.Dh7


click for larger view

20…Txg6?
[Mangelnde Zähigkeit. 20…Kd8 21.Dg8+ Tf8 22.Sf7+ Dxf7 23.Dxf7 Txf7 24.Lxf7 Ke7] 21.Dxg6 Kf8 22.Sh7+ Ke7 23.Dxg7+


click for larger view

Schwarz gab auf - was schade ist, bleibt so doch ein toller Schluss verborgen: 23.Dxg7+ Kd8 24.Dh8+ Kd7 25.Sf6+ Ke7 26.Txc5!! Lxc5 27.Sde4!! dxe4 28.Dg7+ Kd8 29.Td1+

1-0

Aug-10-08  myschkin: . . .

http://www.chessville.com/misc/Hist...

Aug-10-08  myschkin: . . .

Zitat (ohne Gewähr, ups):
"Es genügt nicht die Schuldigen zu erschießen, erst wenn man ein paar Unschuldige liquidiert, sind die Leute beeindruckt."

In den Tagen des Terrors ließ Stalin ihn hinrichten.

Feb-17-10  Marmot PFL: Chess did not save him-
<in January 1938 he was attacked by an up and coming Stalinist, M. D. Bagirov:

Comrade Krylenko concerns himself only incidentally with the affairs of his commissariat. But to direct the Commissariat of Justice, great initiative and a serious attitude toward oneself is required. Whereas Comrade Krylenko used to spend a great deal of time on mountain-climbing and traveling, now he devotes a great deal of time to playing chess...>

However another Bagirov has over 1300 games on this site, and even died at a tournament.

Apr-09-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  PhilFeeley: Kevin Spraggett resubmits his article on this @#$%*@! in his blog today.

http://kevinspraggett.blogspot.com/

Apr-08-14  GumboGambit: If anyone is interested in learning more about what Eastern Europe had to endure during the Hitler and Stalin regimes, id recommned reading Bloodlands by Yale Historian Timothy Snyder.
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