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K Rogoff 
Photograph courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.  
Kenneth Rogoff
Number of games in database: 132
Years covered: 1968 to 2012
Last FIDE rating: 2505
Overall record: +38 -29 =64 (53.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      1 exhibition game, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 English (10) 
    A15 A13 A18 A16 A19
 Sicilian (8) 
    B21 B23 B38 B30 B85
 Ruy Lopez (7) 
    C68 C95 C65 C88 C97
 English, 1 c4 e5 (5) 
    A20 A29 A22
 King's Indian (5) 
    E62 E74 E63 E60
 English, 1 c4 c5 (5) 
    A30 A34 A36
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (12) 
    B93 B30 B60 B52 B85
 Caro-Kann (11) 
    B17 B10 B12 B13
 English, 1 c4 c5 (9) 
    A30 A34 A33
 Sicilian Najdorf (5) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   K Rogoff vs R Blumenfeld, 1976 1-0
   Huebner vs K Rogoff, 1972 1/2-1/2
   K Rogoff vs Bisguier, 1974 1/2-1/2
   K Rogoff vs Smejkal, 1976 1-0
   K Rogoff vs A H Williams, 1969 1/2-1/2
   K Rogoff vs O Castro, 1976 1-0
   K Rogoff vs Timman, 1971 1-0
   K Rogoff vs Ulf Andersson, 1976 1/2-1/2
   Reshevsky vs K Rogoff, 1978 0-1
   Geller vs K Rogoff, 1976 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   US Championship (1974)
   Lone Pine (1976)
   Lone Pine (1978)
   Biel Interzonal (1976)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Ken Rogoff Chess Highlights by GumboGambit
   US Championship 1974 by Phony Benoni

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Kenneth Rogoff
Search Google for Kenneth Rogoff
FIDE player card for Kenneth Rogoff

(born Mar-22-1953, 61 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Kenneth Saul Rogoff learned chess from his father at age 6, but took up the game in earnest when he got a chess set for his 13th birthday. He was soon recognised as a chess prodigy. By age 14, he was a USCF master and New York State Open Champion, and shortly thereafter became a senior master, the highest US national title. At sixteen Rogoff dropped out of high school to concentrate on chess, and spent the next several years living primarily in Europe and playing in tournaments there. However, at eighteen he made the decision to go to college and pursue a career in economics rather than to become a professional player, although he continued to play and improve for several years afterward.

Rogoff was awarded the IM title in 1974, and the GM title in 1978. He came third in the World Junior Championship of 1971 and finished second in the US Championship of 1975, which doubled as a Zonal competition, one-half point behind Walter Shawn Browne; this result qualified him for the 1976 Interzonal at Biel, where he finished 13-15th. In other tournaments he finished equal first at Norristown 1973 and Orense 1976.

Early in his economics career, Rogoff served as chief economist at the International Monetary Fund and also at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. He is currently the Thomas D. Cabot Professor of Public Policy and Professor of Economics at Harvard University.

Rogoff's biography in his own words:; Rogoff's game against Magnus Carlsen in August 2012 in New York:; Article by Rogoff in Chessbase titled <Rogoff on innovation, unemployment, inequality and dislocation> with particular reference to professional chess:

Wikipedia article: Kenneth Rogoff

 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 132  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Larsen vs K Rogoff ½-½35 1968 Canadian OpenA02 Bird's Opening
2. K Rogoff vs S Spencer 1-020 1969 US Jnr ChpB15 Caro-Kann
3. K Rogoff vs A H Williams ½-½106 1969 World Junior Championship, B FinalA56 Benoni Defense
4. E M Green vs K Rogoff ½-½37 1969 World Junior ChB12 Caro-Kann Defense
5. J Durao vs K Rogoff 0-130 1970 MalagaB93 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4
6. H Pfleger vs K Rogoff  1-059 1970 WchT U26 17thA58 Benko Gambit
7. K Rogoff vs Z Vranesic  0-148 1970 Ontario opB83 Sicilian
8. J Durao vs K Rogoff  0-165 1971 MalagaB93 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4
9. Karpov vs K Rogoff 1-026 1971 06, Mayaguez tt-studA22 English
10. Ljubojevic vs K Rogoff 1-029 1971 MalagaB50 Sicilian
11. K Rogoff vs L Day ½-½21 1971 World Student OlympiadA15 English
12. K Rogoff vs Timman 1-048 1971 Malaga 11/138B08 Pirc, Classical
13. Ulf Andersson vs K Rogoff 1-036 1971 OlotB93 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4
14. E Paoli vs K Rogoff 1-026 1971 Liberation tournB06 Robatsch
15. V Tukmakov vs K Rogoff  1-042 1971 Liberation tournD93 Grunfeld, with Bf4 & e3
16. K Rogoff vs V Tukmakov 1-041 1972 WchT U26 19th fin-AB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
17. K Rogoff vs Adorjan 1-030 1972 Graz Stu ttB30 Sicilian
18. Huebner vs K Rogoff ½-½12 1972 WchT U26 19th fin-AA15 English
19. L Day vs K Rogoff  ½-½23 1973 CAN-opA07 King's Indian Attack
20. K Rogoff vs Suttles 0-147 1973 Ottawa op-CANB06 Robatsch
21. E Paoli vs K Rogoff 0-139 1973 NorristownB06 Robatsch
22. Pilnik vs K Rogoff  0-156 1973 NorristownB81 Sicilian, Scheveningen, Keres Attack
23. K Rogoff vs Larry Evans  0-146 1974 US ChampionshipB85 Sicilian, Scheveningen, Classical
24. L C Gilden vs K Rogoff  0-142 1974 US ChampionshipC76 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, Fianchetto Variation
25. K Rogoff vs Bisguier  ½-½77 1974 US ChampionshipE08 Catalan, Closed
 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 132  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Rogoff wins | Rogoff loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 6551 OF 6551 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Premium Chessgames Member
  Shams: <Petrosianic> I'm barring you from answering any more sci-fi trivia.
Dec-19-14  Jim Bartle: <It's fake because it's on twitter and no one using the hashtag actually knows a muzzie or rode with one.>

No proof. If you're right you sure haven't shown any evidence.

Dec-19-14  Jim Bartle: I think <OAS>, <spode> and <tpstar> could get together and have a great time.
Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: <Smash: Trivia: Shatner did a horror flick in 1966 called "Incubus"; it might be the only film ever made where all the dialogue is in which language?>


Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: Bwahahahahahahahah!!'
Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: <Shams: I don't think of Krauss as a curmudgeon at all.>

He isn't particularly, but the impression was.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: <john barleycorn: <Abdel Irada: I see <al wazir> is giving us his most curmudgeonly Lawrence Krauss impression.


I see <Abdel.Danger> giving us another of his most failed <Blackadder> impersonations.>

I see <john barleycorn> desperately hoping to get away with breaking the "no inventing pejorative nicknames" rule by adopting internet phishers' tactics.

Do you really think the string "Abdel[dot]Danger" is any harder to search out and delete than the same nickname without the dot?


P.S.: *Ding!*

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: North Korea is a strange place. It's a slave labor country, which usually means it is a poor, third world country. Yet the PRNK has nuclear technology and they have sold this to Iran and possibly Pakistan. I can't remember if Pak. did this on their own or purchased it.

a non-Democratic country (Iran) buying dangerous technology from a totalitarian state should open one's eyes. It certainly has the attention of Israel and the USA. This latest headache from N. Korea is a reminder that they have technological ability out of proportion with their poor system of government and primitive economy. Most unusual, as Mr. Spock might say.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: <HeMateMe>, the answer is "on their own":

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: There are several topics I consider ongoing on this forum, and so I'll periodically revisit them.

The topic of alcohol and health is one worth returning to now and then.

Since Kuwait is the nation with the lowest consumption of alcohol/person (according to BBC study) - I was curious as to whether there was any medical literature on the subject, especially with regard to coronary disease.

For a world ranking I found this data (Kuwait is 98th in the world):

<According to the latest WHO data published in April 2011 Coronary Heart Disease Deaths in Kuwait reached 1,179 or 27.17% of total deaths. The age adjusted Death Rate is 109.58 per 100,000 of population ranks Kuwait #98 in the world.>

While not directly studying the correlation of coronary disease and alcohol per se, there was a study of heart health:

<Multiple coronary risk factors in healthy older Kuwaiti males> (2002)

(Since the data was from workforce records, men were singled out for the study data)

There was nothing indicating to me that the Kuwaiti's had any improvements over a more general population sample. Here's a synopsis and the conclusions:

<Objective: The objective was to examine the percentage and severity of obesity and some common biochemical coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors in a sample of healthy Kuwaiti adult males 45 y of age. We also sought to determine the percentage of males at increased risk due to the presence of multiple CHD risk factors.

Design: The study was a cross-sectional study.

Setting: The study was conducted in all men who underwent a mandatory job related physical examination or who sought to obtain retirement benefits.

Subjects: A total of 740 healthy Kuwaiti males between the ages of 45 to 80 y.


Although cardiovascular deaths appear to be declining in developed countries, this trend has not yet been observed for high-income countries of the Middle East (Miladi, 1998).


Smoking, hypertension, sedentary lifestyle and diabetes mellitus, although not measured in this study, have all previously been shown to be both present and increasing in prevalence in Kuwait, especially among the male population (Moody et al, 1998; Sugathan et al, 1998; Al-Adsani et al, 2000). It is important to remember that this sample was not composed of men who entered the nutrition surveillance system for health reasons or who had medical problems. It consisted of men who were generally healthy and overwhelmingly (89%) still actively a part of the workforce.

<Conclusions:> In societies with relatively uniform income levels, educational level may be a better indicator of chronic disease risk than income per se. These results, showing a high percentage of men with several risk factors and high mean values, suggesting more severe risk, suggest that immediate action should be taken to develop a public health intervention strategy to educate Kuwaiti men to become aware of the causes and correlates of CHD and how to decrease their risk for CHD and heart attack, the leading cause of death in Kuwait. >

Here's another article about heart disease in the UAE (~4 pints beer/week on average):

<Heart attacks strike 20 years earlier in the UAE> (2014)

<Dr Mohammed Al Raqabani, a cardiologist at Rashid Hospital, and other health experts warn that heart attacks occur earlier in the UAE due to obesity, smoking and lack of exercise.> (2014)

So, there seems to be other factors than alcohol consumption at play for coronary disease.

For instance smoking, yet most major religions of the world have no proscription against it.

With the possible exception of modern day secularism!

Well that's what I thought before looking into the matter:

<Wiki: Religious views on smoking>

The modern-day interpretation seems to follow the same opinion as modern day health recommendations. Although some religions, like the Seventh Day Adventists and Mormons, prohibit the use of tobacco.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: Whether smoking is haram is a hot topic in Islam right now.

The last khutbah (sermon, more or less) I heard on this topic, the speaker argued that it is, on the grounds that Allah's intent is to prevent people harming themselves, and smoking is harmful.

The other side of the debate opines (wrongly, in my opinion) that tobacco is not an intoxicant, and is therefore permitted. This is supported by long practice: Smoking remains prevalent, particularly in the Arab world, where hookahs/shisha are enormously popular. Therefore, many Muslims have a vested interest in avoiding the conclusion that it is forbidden.

In effect as pertains to this conversation, I don't think you'll get far in trying to compare national populations and their rates of morbidity as a means of assessing whether or not alcohol is harmful; there are simply too many confounding factors.

I think only a large, long-term study using matched experimental (drinking) and control (non-drinking) groups in which confounding variables can be ruled out to the extent possible, can offer us any real answers.

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: what about Iran, Abdel? are you ok with their buying nuclear enrichment technology from North Korea?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: What about Apartheid South Africa, <HeMateMe>?

Are you okay with their providing yellowcake uranium to Israel, prospectively in exchange for completed nuclear weapons?

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: The arabs in the Mideast have attacked Israel in 1948, 1955 and 1973. Seeing that they are outnumbered 20-1 in manpower, no I don't have a problem with a nuclear Israel. I rather think their nuclear capability helps keep the peace.

I do worry about a theological state like Iran having nuclear weapons.

Since you didn't have the balls to answer my question Abdel, I'll ask it again: Are you ok with Iran having the power to enrich uranium and make nukes, or do you feel that such weapons might eventually be used to start a war?

A simple "Yes or No" will be fine, assuming you can do such a thing.

Dec-20-14  ljfyffe: <Sony>The company distributes movies, but can't do much if movie houses, etc. won't accept them. Go to a propaganda movie like The Interview just to support free speech. Not this little black duck, sireee.
Dec-20-14  cormier:
Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: <HMM>: Yes and yes. (Note that you asked me two questions.)

I grant that Iran is not a genuinely democratic state. But then, neither is the United States, and we have some 50,000 warheads. Either countries should be allowed to have them, or they should not; if you think any country shouldn't, maybe that tells you none of them should.

I also feel that such weapons, in Iran's hands, might be used to start a war. In 1999, similar weapons in the possession of India and Pakistan very nearly *were* used over the Kashmir controversy. So, clearly, any time a state has access to nuclear weapons, they *might* be used to start a war.

Simple arithmetic leads me to say the only correct answer is universal disarmament. However: good luck getting any country that has nukes to rid itself of all of them. So, we are left with the principle of equity: If one country has the right to do a thing, every country has that right.

As for "theological state": It's not clear to me that Iran's leaders are any less secular than our own, or Israel's. And outside the demimonde of delirious delusion spun by our media environment, they are not considered any less responsible or more irrational.

Now I have answered your questions, both the way you demanded and in full.

In return, I ask you to do two things:

1) Reply to the question in my last post.

2) Identify for me the three logical and historical errors in the first paragraph of your most recent post. (Hint: two of the second and one of the first, in that order.)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: Please note that my question was not about a nuclear-armed Israel.

It was about the close, hidden relationship between Israel and apartheid South Africa, in which the former got yellowcake uranium, and the latter the technology to build weapons using its uranium resources. It was about the narrowly averted consequence: a nuclear-armed state, tenuously controlled by a racial minority which, faced with a popular uprising, might well have become desperate, with enormously destructive consequences.

Now back to you.

Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: <HMM: a non-Democratic country (Iran) buying dangerous technology from a totalitarian state should open one's eyes.>

You'd think so, but the America Haters can't bring themselves to admit such an obvious point.

Dec-20-14  ljfyffe: As Daffy Duck knows, being anti-violence is not for sissies:"It's duck season!" You could get shot. RIP: Ghandi, MLK, John Lennon.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: <As for "theological state": It's not clear to me that Iran's leaders are any less secular than our own, or Israel's. And outside the demimonde of delirious delusion spun by our media environment, they are not considered any less responsible or more irrational.>

Abdel, here's the acic test: In the USA we can remove a politician from office with the vote. We can also impeach them, as was nearly done to Nixon.

In Iran the Mullahs are the real power in the country. They can simply tell the armed forces to remove an elected president. It has already happened. Their democracy is a sham. Such people do dangerous things when their grip on power becomes tenuous, things like starting a war.

I find it hard to believe that you see any nuclear similarities between Iran an the USA. Our elected officials don't make empty headed statements about destroying another ethnic group or country, as has been done by the mullahs who run Iran.

Dec-20-14  cormier: we should be wipe-out of warhead ... but are we civilised enought ....
Premium Chessgames Member
  Colonel Mortimer: <HeMateMe> <Our elected officials don't make empty headed statements about destroying another ethnic group or country>

No they don't make empty threats, they carry them out, with nuclear bombs to boot.

Name me the countries Iran has invaded and destroyed.

And compare and contrast with the hideous record of America and Israel.

nuff said.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <CM> <Name me the countries Iran has invaded and destroyed.>

Well, some blame Iran for the Iraq-Iran conflict.

But note the tricky phrasing, "invaded and destroyed". What country has Israel destroyed?

But some view the IIW as an extreme conflict.

<The Iran-Iraq War, which ended in August 1988, one month short of its eighth anniversary, was one of the longest, bloodiest and costliest Third World armed conflicts in the twentieth century.>

<The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988
Efraim Karsh (2014)>

Some commenter add these (yes, cherry-picked for pro-Iraq viewpoints):

<Good summary. Spoiler alert: Saddam was awful, but it was Khomeini who started this war by calling for Saddam's ouster. You'll rarely get an Iranian to own up to this simple truth, however. But then Iranians live in an alternative universe and suffer severely for it. Let's hope and pray that we can welcome them back to planet earth some day.>

<Karsh knows his subject well, and paints a vivid picture of that bloodbath with Iranian "human wave" assaults ending fruitlessly in the swamps of southern Iraq, Iraq's vicious use of chemical warfare to counter Iran's numerical superiority, the "war of the cities" with both sides freely blasting away at each other's urban centers, and Iraq's near- genocidal Anfal campaign against its luckless Kurds. All in all, a remarkable canvas of horror, stupidity and fanaticism at display here. There were no saints in this war. The title of one of Karsh's chapters "The Delicate Balance of Incompetence" could sum up the entire war. Neither side displayed much virtue while having all the time in the world to demonstrate their various vices.

For those looking for a good introduction to the subject, this book is short, succinct, well -illustrated and presents a very readable narrative of the military operations. Karsh is strong on the military strengths and weaknesses of both sides, and how that impacted on the war's operations.>

<Good writing and only 97 pages long. See Saddam not as a warrior but someone trying to make peace with fundamentalist Iran. You will see kohmenias a flagrant warmonger/>

How many died? According to Wikipedia:

<From 1980 to 2012, 218,867 Iranians died due to war injuries and mean age of combatants was 23 years old.[25] This includes 33,430 civilians, mostly women and children.[25] More than 144,000 Iranian children were orphaned as a consequence of these deaths.[25] Other estimates put Iranian casualties up to 600,000.>

Commonly, it is said that one million died in the conflict. This is major.

It is interesting that Wiki seems to expressly blame Iraq for the war, with a slight measure of moderation:

<The Iran–Iraq War began when Iraq invaded Iran via air and land on 22 September 1980. It followed a long history of border disputes, and was motivated by fears that the Iranian Revolution in 1979 would inspire insurgency among Iraq's long-suppressed Shia majority as well as Iraq's desire to replace Iran as the dominant Persian Gulf state. Although Iraq hoped to take advantage of Iran's revolutionary chaos and attacked without formal warning, they made only limited progress into Iran and were quickly repelled; Iran regained virtually all lost territory by June 1982. For the next six years, Iran was on the offensive.>

But it notes that for six years after regaining its territory, Iran was on the offensive (with the human waves of assault, etc.). Interesting, Wiki also reports that Israel was aligned with Iran, unlike the US, which is well-known for backing Iraq.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Now, as for the "invaded and destroyed", there is one very clear instance. The Iranians invaded and destroyed the US embassy in 1979.

I believe that technically, the near sovereignty(*) (or rather, special privilege) of an embassy means this siege could be considered an pseudo-invasion of US soil.

It certainly wasn't very nice for the hostages (actually, it was hell):

<he actual treatment of the hostages was far different from that purported in Iranian propaganda: the hostages described beatings,[65] theft,[66] the fear of bodily harm while being paraded blindfold before a large, angry chanting crowd outside the embassy (Bill Belk and Kathryn Koob),[67] having their hands bound "day and night" for days[68] or even weeks,[69] long periods of solitary confinement[70] and months of being forbidden to speak to one another[71] or stand, walk, and leave their space unless they were going to the bathroom.[72] In particular they felt the threat of trial and execution,[73] as all of the hostages "were threatened repeatedly with execution, and took it seriously".[74] The hostage takers played Russian roulette with their victims.[75]>

(*) <Contrary to popular belief, diplomatic missions do not enjoy full extraterritorial status and are not sovereign territory of the represented state.[12][13] Rather, the premises of diplomatic missions remain under the jurisdiction of the host state while being afforded special privileges (such as immunity from most local laws) by the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.>

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