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Jose Raul Capablanca
Capablanca 
 
Number of games in database: 1,117
Years covered: 1893 to 1941

Overall record: +376 -46 =265 (74.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 430 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (142) 
    C66 C78 C62 C88 C83
 Orthodox Defense (76) 
    D63 D51 D52 D64 D50
 Queen's Gambit Declined (65) 
    D30 D31 D37 D38 D06
 French Defense (46) 
    C12 C01 C11 C14 C10
 Queen's Pawn Game (45) 
    D02 D00 D05 D04 A50
 Four Knights (35) 
    C49 C48 C47
With the Black pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (54) 
    D67 D64 D53 D63 D51
 Ruy Lopez (51) 
    C66 C77 C68 C72 C71
 Queen's Pawn Game (39) 
    A46 D00 D02 D05 E10
 Nimzo Indian (19) 
    E24 E34 E23 E37 E40
 French Defense (18) 
    C01 C12 C15 C05 C11
 Queen's Indian (18) 
    E16 E12 E15 E18
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Capablanca vs Tartakower, 1924 1-0
   Capablanca vs Marshall, 1918 1-0
   O Bernstein vs Capablanca, 1914 0-1
   Nimzowitsch vs Capablanca, 1927 0-1
   Capablanca vs M Fonaroff, 1918 1-0
   Lasker vs Capablanca, 1921 0-1
   Capablanca vs K Treybal, 1929 1-0
   Capablanca vs J Corzo, 1901 1-0
   Capablanca vs NN, 1918 1-0
   Marshall vs Capablanca, 1909 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Capablanca World Championship Match (1921)
   Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   American National (1913)
   New York Masters (1915)
   Rice Memorial (1916)
   Hastings (1919)
   New York (1918)
   London (1922)
   New York (1927)
   Budapest (1929)
   Moscow (1936)
   New York Masters (1911)
   Havana (1913)
   St Petersburg (1914)
   Karlsbad (1929)
   New York (1924)
   Moscow (1925)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Capablanca! by chocobonbon
   Match Capablanca! by amadeus
   Capa.blanca by fredthebear
   Jose Raul Capablanca's Best Games by KingG
   Capablanca plays the world... (II) by MissScarlett
   Capablanca plays the world....(I) by MissScarlett
   Immortal Games of Capablanca, F. Reinfeld by mjk
   Delicatessen by Gottschalk
   Veliki majstori saha 12 CAPABLANCA (Petrovic) by Chessdreamer
   capablanca best games by brager
   Capablanca´s Official Games (1901-1939) Part I by capablancakarpov
   World Champion - Capablanca (I.Linder/V.Linder) by Qindarka
   Carl Schlechter and Akiba Rubinstein Games by fredthebear
   Capablanca plays the world... (III) by MissScarlett

GAMES ANNOTATED BY CAPABLANCA: [what is this?]
   Lasker vs Capablanca, 1921
   Capablanca vs Lasker, 1921
   Lasker vs Schlechter, 1910
   Capablanca vs Lasker, 1921
   Nimzowitsch vs Capablanca, 1913
   >> 27 GAMES ANNOTATED BY CAPABLANCA

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Jose Raul Capablanca
Search Google for Jose Raul Capablanca


JOSE RAUL CAPABLANCA
(born Nov-19-1888, died Mar-08-1942, 53 years old) Cuba

[what is this?]

José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera was the third World Champion, reigning from 1921 until 1927. Renowned for the simplicity of his play, his legendary endgame prowess, accuracy, and the speed of his play, he earned the nickname of the "Human Chess Machine".

Background

Capablanca, the second son of a Spanish Army officer, was born in Havana. He learned to play at an early age by watching his father and defeated Cuban Champion Juan Corzo in an informal match in 1901 by 6.5-5.5 (+4 −3 =5), turning 13 years of age during the match. Despite this and despite taking 4th place in the first Cuban Championship in 1902, he did not focus on chess until 1908 when he left Columbia University where he had enrolled to study chemical engineering and play baseball. He did, however, join the Manhattan Chess Club in 1905, soon establishing his dominance in rapid chess. He won a rapid chess tournament in 1906 ahead of the World Champion Emanuel Lasker, and played many informal games against him. Within a year or two of dropping out of university and after playing simultaneous exhibitions in dozens of US cities, winning over 95% of his games, Capablanca had established himself as one of the top players in the world, especially after the Capablanca - Marshall (1909) New York match exhibition win 15-8 (+8 -1 =14).

Tournaments

Capablanca won the 1910 New York State Championship by defeating co-leader Charles Jaffe in a tiebreaker match. In 1911, he placed second in the National Tournament in New York, with 9½ out of 12, half a point behind Marshall, and half a point ahead of Jaffe and Oscar Chajes. There followed Capablanca’s ground breaking win at San Sebastian (1911) with 9.5/14 (+6 -1 =7), ahead of Akiba Rubinstein and Milan Vidmar on 9, Marshall on 8.5, and other luminaries such as Carl Schlechter , Siegbert Tarrasch and Ossip Bernstein. Before the tournament, Aron Nimzowitsch protested the unknown Capablanca’s involvement in the event, but the latter demonstrated his credentials by defeating Nimzowitsch in in their game. Winning at San Sebastian was only the second time a player had won a major tournament at his first attempt since Harry Nelson Pillsbury ’s triumph at Hastings in 1895, and it provided a powerful boost to his credibility to challenge for the world title. He did so, but the match did not take place for another 10 years.

In early 1913, Capablanca won a tournament in New York with 11/13 (+10 -1 =2), half a point ahead of Marshall. Capablanca then finished second with 10/14 (+8 -2 =4), a half point behind Marshall in Havana, losing one of their individual games, rumour having it that he asked the mayor to clear the room so that no-one would see him resign. Returning to New York, Capablanca won all thirteen games at the New York tournament of 1913, played at the Rice Chess Club. 1914 saw the <"tournament of champions"> played at St. Petersburg. Capablanca, with 13/18 (+10 -2 =6), came second behind Lasker and well ahead of Alexander Alekhine on 10, Tarrasch on 8.5 and Marshall on 8.

After the outbreak of World War I, Capablanca stayed in New York and won tournaments held there in 1915 (13/14 (+12 -0 =2)), 1916 (14/17 (+12 -1 =4)) and 1918 (10.5/12 (+9 =3)). During the New York 1918 tournament, Marshall played his prepared Marshall Attack of the Ruy Lopez* against Capablanca, but Capablanca worked his way through the complications and won. Soon after the war, Capablanca crossed the Atlantic to decisively win the Hastings Victory tournament 1919 with 10.5/11, a point ahead of Borislav Kostic.

Capablanca did not play another tournament until 1922, the year after he won the title from Lasker. During his reign, he won London 1922 with 13/15 (no losses), 1.5 points ahead of Alekhine; placed second behind Lasker at New York 1924 (suffering his first loss in eight years – to Richard Reti – since his 1916 lost to Oscar Chajes); placed 3rd at Moscow in 1925 behind Efim Bogoljubov and Lasker respectively with +9 =9 -2; won at Lake Hopatcong (New York) 1926 with 6/8 (+4 =4), a point ahead of Abraham Kupchik; and won at New York in 1927 with 14/20 (+10 -1 =9), 2.5 points clear of Alekhine, his last tournament before his title match with Alekhine. During the latter tournament, Capablanca, Alekhine, Rudolf Spielmann, Milan Vidmar, Nimzowitsch and Marshall played a quadruple round robin, wherein Capablanca finished undefeated, winning the mini-matches with each of his rivals, 2½ points ahead of second-placed Alekhine, and won the "best game" prize for a win over Spielmann. This result, plus the fact that Alekhine had never defeated him in a game, made him a strong favourite to retain his title in the upcoming match against Alekhine. However, Alekhine's superior preparation prevailed against Capablanca's native talent.

After losing the title, Capablanca settled in Paris and engaged in a flurry of tournament competition aimed at improving his chances for a rematch with Alekhine. However the latter dodged him, refusing to finalise negotiations for a rematch, boycotting events that included Capablanca, and insisting that Capablanca not be invited to tournaments in which he participated. In 1928, Capablanca won at Budapest with 7/9 (+5 =4), a point ahead of Marshall, and at Berlin with 8.5/12 (+5 =7), 1.5 points ahead of Nimzowitsch; he also came second at Bad Kissingen with 7/11 (+4 -1 =6), after Bogoljubov. In 1929, Capablanca won at Ramsgate with 5.5/7 (+4 =3) ahead of Vera Menchik and Rubinstein, at Budapest with 10.5/13 (+8 =5), and at Barcelona with 13.5/14, two points clear of Savielly Tartakower; he also came equal second with Spielmann and behind Nimzowitsch at Carlsbad with 14.5/21 (+10 -2 =9). He won at the 1929-30 Hastings tournament and came second at Hastings in 1930-31, behind Max Euwe, his only loss being to Mir Sultan Khan. Several months later he won New York for the last time, this time with a score of 10/11 (+9 =2) ahead of Isaac Kashdan.

Perhaps discouraged by his inability to secure a rematch with Alekhine, there followed a hiatus for over three years before he reentered the fray with a fourth placing at Hastings in 1934-35 with 5.5/9 (+4 -2 =3), behind Sir George Alan Thomas, Euwe and Salomon Flohr but ahead of Mikhail Botvinnik and Andre Lilienthal. In 1935, he secured 4th place in Moscow with 12/19 (+7 -2 =10), a point behind Botvinnik and Flohr, and a half point behind the evergreen Lasker. Also in 1935, he came second at Margate with 7/9 (+6 -1 =2), half a point behind Samuel Reshevsky. 1936 was a very successful year, coming 2nd at Margate with 7/9 (+5 =4), a half point behind Flohr, but then he moved up a gear to take Moscow with 13/18 (+8 =10), a point ahead of Botvinnik who in turn was 2.5 points ahead of Flohr, and then came =1st with Botvinnik at the famous Nottingham tournament, with 10/14 (+7 -1 =6) ahead of Euwe, Reuben Fine and Reshevsky on 9.5, and Flohr and Lasker on 8.5. These latter two results were the only tournaments in which he finished ahead of Lasker, which enhanced his chances of challenging for the title, but a challenge to World Champion Euwe was out of the question until after the Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937) , which was won by Alekhine. In 1937, Capablanca came =3rd with Reshevsky at Semmering with 7.5/14 (+2 -1 =11) behind Paul Keres and Fine and in 1938 he won the Paris tournament with 8/10 (+6 =4) ahead of Nicolas Rossolimo. The worst result of his career occurred at the AVRO tournament which was played in several cities in the Netherlands in 1938, placing 7th out of 8 players with 6/14 (+2 -4 =8), the only time he ever had a negative score in a tournament. His health in this tournament was fragile as he had suffered severe hypertension, which affected his concentration towards the end of his games; he may have also suffered a slight stroke halfway through the tournament. Traveling between the numerous cities in which the tournament was played was also hard on the ageing master. In 1939 he played his last tournament at Margate, placing =2nd with Flohr on 6.5/9 (+4 =5) a point behind Keres. Shortly afterwards, he finished his playing career – albeit unknowingly - in a blaze of glory by winning gold with +7 =9 on board one for Cuba at the 8th Olympiad in Buenos Aires.

Matches

In addition to the informal match against Corzo in 1901 and the exhibition match against Marshall in 1909 (see above), Capablanca played a three game match against Charles Jaffe in New York in 1912, winning two and drawing one, and won the first game of a match against Chajes before the latter withdrew from the match. In 1914, he defeated Ossip Bernstein 1.5-0.5, Tartakower by 1.5-0.5 and Andre Aurbach by 2-0. On his way to the 1914 tournament in St Petersburg, he played two-game matches against Richard Teichmann and Jacques Mieses in Berlin, winning all his games. Once he reached Saint Petersburg, he played similar matches against Alexander Alekhine, Eugene Aleksandrovich Znosko-Borovsky and Fyodor Ivanovich Dus Chotimirsky, losing one game to Znosko-Borovsky and winning the rest. In 1919, Capablanca accepted a challenge to a match from Borislav Kostić who had come second at New York in 1918 without dropping a game. The match was to go to the first player to win eight games, but Kostić resigned the match, played in Havana, after losing five straight games. In late 1931, just before his temporary retirement from top level chess, Capablanca also won a match (+2 −0 =8) against Euwe.

World Championship

Capablanca’s win at San Sebastian in 1911 provided the results and the impetus for Capablanca to negotiate with Lasker for a title match, but some of Lasker’s conditions were unacceptable to Capablanca, especially one requiring the challenger to win by two points to take the title, while the advent of World War I delayed the match. In 1920, Lasker and Capablanca agreed to play the title match in 1921, but a few months later, former was ready to surrender the title without a contest, saying, "You have earned the title not by the formality of a challenge, but by your brilliant mastery." A significant stake ($25,000, $13,000 guaranteed to Lasker) was raised that induced Lasker to play in Havana where Capablanca won the Lasker - Capablanca World Championship Match (1921) - without losing a game - after Lasker resigned from the match when trailing by 4 games, the first time a World Champion had lost his title without winning a game until the victory by Vladimir Kramnik in the Kasparov - Kramnik World Championship Match (2000). From 1921 to 1923, Alekhine, Rubinstein and Nimzowitsch all challenged Capablanca, but only Alekhine could raise the money stipulated in the so-called “London Rules”, which these players had signed in 1921. A group of Argentinean businessmen, backed by a guarantee from the president of Argentina, promised the funds for a World Championship match between Capablanca and Alekhine, and once the deadline for Nimzowitsch to lodge a deposit for a title match had passed, the title match was agreed to, beginning in September 1927. Capablanca lost the Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927) at Buenos Aires in 1927 by +3 -6 =25 in the longest title match ever, until it was surpassed by the legendary Karpov - Kasparov World Championship Match (1984). The match lasted over ten weeks, taking place behind closed doors, thus precluding spectators and photographers. All but two of the 34 games opened with the Queen's Gambit Declined. Before Capablanca and Alekhine left Buenos Aires after the match, they agreed in principle to stage a rematch, with Alekhine essentially sticking with the conditions initially imposed by Capablanca. Despite on-again off-again negotiations over the next 13 years, the rematch never materialised, with Alekhine playing two title matches each against Bogolyubov and Euwe in the subsequent decade. While Capablanca and Alekhine were both representing their countries at the Buenos Aires Olympiad in 1939, an attempt was made by Augusto de Muro, the President of the Argentine Chess Federation, to arrange a World Championship match between the two. Alekhine declined, saying he was obliged to be available to defend his adopted homeland, France, as World War II had just broken out. A couple of days prior to this, Capablanca had declined to play when his Cuban team played France, headed by Alekhine, in the Olympiad.

Simultaneous exhibitions

Capablanca’s legendary speed of play lent itself to the rigours of simultaneous play, and he achieved great success in his exhibitions. From December 1908 through February 1909, Capablanca toured the USA and in 10 exhibitions he won 168 games in a row before losing a game in Minneapolis; his final tally for that tour was 734 games, winning 96.7% (+703 =19 -12). In March and April 1911, Capablanca toured Europe for the first time, giving exhibitions in France and Germany scoring +234=33-19. Once completed, he proceeded to San Sebastian and his historic victory before again touring Europe via its cities of Rotterdam, Leiden, Middelburg, The Hague, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Hamburg, Berlin, Breslau, Allenstein, Prague, Budapest, Vienna, Stuttgart, Mannheim, Frankfurt, Paris, London and Birmingham at the end of which his tally was +532=66-54. After he received his job as a roving ambassador-at-large from the Cuban Foreign Office, Capablanca played a series of simuls in London, Paris, Berlin, Warsaw, Riga, Moscow, Kiev, and Vienna on his way to St Petersburg in 1914, tallying +769=91-86. In 1922, Capablanca gave a simultaneous exhibition in Cleveland against 103 opponents, the largest in history up to that time, winning 102 and drawing one – setting a record for the best winning percentage ever – 99.5% - in a large simultaneous exhibition. In 1925 Capablanca gave a simultaneous exhibition in Leningrad and won every game but one, a loss against 12 year old Mikhail Botvinnik, whom he predicted would one day be champion. Capablanca still holds the record for the most games ever completed in simultaneous exhibitions, playing and completing 13545 games between 1901-1940.**

Legacy, testimonials and life

Soon after gaining the title, Capablanca married Gloria Simoni Betancourt in Havana. They had a son, José Raúl Jr., in 1923 and a daughter, Gloria, in 1925. His father died in 1923 and mother in 1926. In 1937 he divorced Gloria and in 1938 married Olga Chagodayev, a Russian princess.

Capablanca's famous “invincible” streak extended from February 10, 1916, when he lost to Oscar Chajes in the New York 1916 tournament, to March 21, 1924, when he lost to Richard Réti in the New York International tournament. During this time he played 63 games, winning 40 and drawing 23, including his successful title match against Lasker. Between 1914 and his World Championship match against Alekhine, Capablanca had only lost four games of the 158 match and tournament games he had played. In match, team match, and tournament play from 1909 to 1939 he scored +318=249-34. Only Spielmann held his own (+2 −2 =8) against Capablanca, apart from Keres who had a narrow plus score against him (+1 −0 =5) due to his win at the AVRO 1938 tournament, during which the ailing Capablanca turned 50, while Keres was 22.

Capablanca played himself in Chess Fever http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0015673/, a short film shot by V. Pudovkin at the 1925 Moscow tournament. The film can be seen at http://video.google.com/videoplay?d....

On 7 March 1942, Capablanca collapsed at the Manhattan Chess Club and he was taken to Mount Sinai Hospital, where he died the next morning from "a cerebral haemorrhage provoked by hypertension". Emanuel Lasker had died in the same hospital the year before. Capablanca's body was given a public funeral in Havana's Colón Cemetery a week later, with President Batista taking personal charge of the funeral arrangements.

Capablanca proposed a new chess variant, played on a 10x10 board or a 10x8 board. He introduced two new pieces. The chancellor had the combined moves of a rook and knight (the piece could move like a rook or a knight). The other piece was the archbishop that had the combined moves of a bishop and knight.

Capablanca‘s style also heavily influenced the styles of later World Champions Botvinnik, Robert James Fischer and Anatoly Karpov. Botvinnik observed that Alekhine had received much schooling from Capablanca in positional play, before their fight for the world title made them bitter enemies. While not a theoretician as such, he wrote several books including A Primer of Chess, Chess Fundamentals and My Chess Career.

Alekhine: <…Capablanca was snatched from the chess world much too soon. With his death, we have lost a very great chess genius whose like we shall never see again.>

Lasker: <I have known many chess players, but only one chess genius: Capablanca.>

Notes

Capablanca occasionally played consultation on the team consisting of Reti / Capablanca.

Sources:

Bill Wall's Chess Master Profiles - http://billwall.phpwebhosting.com/a...; Edward Winter's article A Question of Credibiity: http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...; Chess Corner's article on Capablanca: http://www.chesscorner.com/worldcha... and <kingcrusher>'s online article at http://www.gtryfon.demon.co.uk/bcc/.... A list of books about Capablanca can be found at http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/....

* Ruy Lopez, Marshall (C89) ** http://www.fide.com/component/conte...

Wikipedia article: José Raúl Capablanca


 page 1 of 45; games 1-25 of 1,119  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. R Iglesias vs Capablanca 0-1381893Odds game000 Chess variants
2. Capablanca vs E Delmonte  1-0181901Match-seriesB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
3. Leon Paredes vs Capablanca  0-1451901Match-seriesC44 King's Pawn Game
4. Capablanca vs E Corzo  1-0351901Match-seriesC67 Ruy Lopez
5. Capablanca vs A Fiol  ½-½491901Match-seriesC45 Scotch Game
6. J Corzo vs Capablanca 1-0411901Havana casualB01 Scandinavian
7. A Gavilan vs Capablanca  0-1391901Match-seriesC45 Scotch Game
8. A Ettlinger vs Capablanca 0-1531901Havana casualC45 Scotch Game
9. Capablanca vs M Marceau  1-0311901Match-seriesC45 Scotch Game
10. M Sterling vs Capablanca ½-½501901HavanaC77 Ruy Lopez
11. Capablanca vs J A Blanco  1-0491901Match-seriesC45 Scotch Game
12. E Delmonte vs Capablanca  0-1321901Match-seriesD00 Queen's Pawn Game
13. Capablanca vs Leon Paredes  1-0291901Match-seriesC02 French, Advance
14. E Corzo vs Capablanca  1-0321901Match-seriesC11 French
15. Capablanca vs J Corzo 0-1601901Havana casualC45 Scotch Game
16. A Fiol vs Capablanca 0-1361901Habana (Cuba)C55 Two Knights Defense
17. Capablanca vs A Gavilan  1-0771901Match-seriesC01 French, Exchange
18. Capablanca vs M Sterling 1-0301901HavanaC01 French, Exchange
19. Capablanca vs E Corzo 1-0421901Havana casualC40 King's Knight Opening
20. Capablanca vs E Corzo 0-1301901Havana casualC40 King's Knight Opening
21. J A Blanco vs Capablanca 0-1771901Habana (Cuba)C55 Two Knights Defense
22. Capablanca vs C Echevarria  1-0491901Simul, 8bC44 King's Pawn Game
23. Capablanca vs J Corzo 0-1291901Capablanca - CorzoC47 Four Knights
24. J Corzo vs Capablanca 1-0271901Capablanca - CorzoC52 Evans Gambit
25. Capablanca vs J Corzo ½-½611901Capablanca - CorzoA80 Dutch
 page 1 of 45; games 1-25 of 1,119  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Capablanca wins | Capablanca loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 252 OF 253 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Oct-06-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Right on.
Nov-19-16  gars: There can be no doubt: November 19 is and always will be Capablanca's Day.
Nov-19-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  WorstPlayerEver: Happy birthday!
Nov-19-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Marmot PFL: There are many days when the birthday list is short and contains almost no notable players. Today though besides Capa there were Mason, Alapin, Kashdan, Biyiasas, and Akobian among others.

A couple weeks ago on Tal's birthday there were also several strong GMs born including a few national champions (can't access the lists for other days I don't think.) Maybe someone into astrology could explain this.

Nov-19-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Chess Machine!!
Nov-19-16  cunctatorg: He enriched the game of chess and its allurement and prestige beyond imagination!!

Happy birthday definitely!!

Nov-19-16  cunctatorg: ChessGames.com should add to Capablanca's notable games some victories of Capablance against Alekhine, many of them are real gems!!
Nov-19-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <cunctatorg>
From the F.A.Q.:

<The lists of notable games are calculated by finding the games which most frequently appear in our users' game collections.>

Dec-17-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jonathan Sarfati: This should be an interesting DVD series on all aspects of Capa's games https://shop.chessbase.com/en/produ...
Dec-17-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  john barleycorn: < Jonathan Sarfati: This should be an interesting DVD series on all aspects of Capa's games https://shop.chessbase.com/en/produ...

with all due respect to Hutschenbeth but his presentation is awfull from what can be seen on the preview.

Reading Capablanca's books will benefit the beginner much more.

Dec-17-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Illustrated London News, December 23rd, 1961:

<CHESS NOTES. By BARUCH H. WOOD, M.Sc.

In D. V. Hooper (David Vincent Hooper) and J. Gilchrist (James Gilchrist), Britain has two people willing and able to engage in really penetrating research. Gilchrist has collected in one book all the serious games of chess ever played by Dr. Emanuel Lasker, 499 in all. At least, that is the total number of game-scores he managed to unearth in the course of a search extending over years and involving correspondence with every continent. I believe he suspects that a few more remain “Sunk without trace.“

He and Hooper are now engaged on a similar quest for Capablanca’s. They have established beyond reasonable doubt that the gifted Cuban played exactly 571 serious games in all, and of these have traced 560 in their entirety, one in two differing versions and two lacking a few moves each. Eight remain which are going to take a terrible lot of finding.

Three of these last took place in a little tournament at Paris in 1938 which Capablanca himself took energetic part in promoting; two were probably of little value, being against Anglares (E Anglares), who finished an ignominious bottom. Anglares himself, when asked for the scores, is reported, very sadly, to be no longer in a fit state to attend to correspondence at all. This tournament, though a report and a game or two from it are to be found in each of perhaps fifty different chess magazines all over the world, is yet almost a lacuna in chess history; the searchers have been able to date almost every other Capablanca game — except those played here.

Moreover, though it was a double-round tournament, the contestants may not have met each other in the second half, in the same order as in the first. This is such a strange occurrence in my experience that I doubt the correctness of one date (given by Hannak of Vienna, who is usually accurate) from which the above inference is drawn.

The tournament was more important than realised at the time, as it marked the emergence of Capablanca from a period of doldrums during which his pretensions to the World Championship throne had almost entirely faded.>

Of the three missing Paris games, one was evidently found, because only the Anglares games remain lost: Game Collection: Capablanca - Paris 1938

As to the other five, with the aid of <The Unknown Capablanca> (1975), I identify six games, as of 2016, which can reasonably be counted as serious:

Capablanca - Edgar Bartow Burgess 1-0 (colours unknown); Columbia - Yale match, December 1st, 1906.

Jacob Carl Rosenthal 1/2 - 1/2 Capablanca; exhibition game, New York, April 1909.

Frederick Dana Rosebault 0 - 1 Capablanca; Game Collection: Capablanca - NYSCA championship 1910

Capablanca - Otis Field 1-0; Manhattan CC vs New Jersey CC, 21st April 1910.

Walter R Lovegrove 0 - 1 Capablanca; exhibition game, San Francisco, April 12th, 1916.

<TUC> records another missing score, an exhibition game won by Capablanca on his trip to Buenos Aires in August-September 1914, but the opponent's name and exact date aren't known.

In addition to these, one could note the three missing games of Capa's thematic match with Marshall (Game Collection: Marshall - Capablanca thematic match), and five consultation games (details upon request!) listed in <TUC>.

One game score that <TUC> has as missing, has been found: Capablanca vs C Jaffe, 1909

Any comments, suggestions or corrections are welcomed. To anybody who can actually discover one of the lost game scores, I offer the prize of lifetime membership of <cg.com>. Not premium lifetime membership, mind you; heck, that honour isn't even bestowed on the site's best poster, greatest asset, etc..

Dec-17-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: < Not premium lifetime membership, mind you; heck, that honour isn't even bestowed on the site's best poster, greatest asset, etc..>

<MissS>, you crack me up. Not sure what you do better - comedy or history?

Dec-17-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  john barleycorn: <zanzibar: ...

<MissS>, you crack me up. Not sure what you do better - comedy or history?>

It is history. the comedy is unintentional. but <MissScarlett> is good. no matter what <harrylime> says.

Dec-17-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Yeah, <MissS>, <jbc> is right. Better stick to your day job!
Dec-17-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Yeah, <MissS>, <jbc> is right. Better stick to your day job!
Dec-23-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jonathan Sarfati: Some trivia: a giraffe has a systolic blood pressure of about 225 mmHg even when anaesthetized, and can exceed 300 mmHg http://jeb.biologists.org/content/j.... From what I can find out, its diastolic bp is about 180 mmHg https://www.nibr.com/stories/nerd-b.... This is generated by a 25-pound heart, to pump blood up seven feet to its brain. It has an amazing spongy network of blood vessels called a rete mirabile (‘wonderful net’) that expands and contracts and protects the brain from fluctuations.

Capablanca's blood pressure was comparable. See the medical reports in http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/.... It's amazing that he could even stand up with such crisis-level hypertension, let alone win the Board 1 best score prize at the Buenos Aires Olympiad in 1939.

Dec-23-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Hence the Disney turkey "<Giraffes Need Ramipril">.
Jan-19-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <How I Learned Chess>

The original Munsey Magazine article:

https://books.google.com/books?id=K...

or

http://www.unz.org/Pub/Munseys-1916...


An early reproduction in ACB:

https://books.google.com/books?id=C...


And Edward Winter's version:

http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...


A story worth repeating - for those in the loop that is.

Feb-19-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: Capablanca was a lazy, self-centered, arrogant ?-hole

Take away his disgusting slothfulness, apply a little disciplined and structured work ethic, and he would've been unbeatable

*****

Feb-20-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  paulalbert: I am not sure Capablanca deserves quite this much negative opinion. He certainly did not have a monomaniacal devotion to chess like Alekhine; he certainly had other interests ( and not just women ). Considering Capa relied primarily on his natural chess ability to find solutions at the board ( but I think maybe greats like Lasker and Capablanca followed chess developments in their considerable off time from chess more than they disclosed ) and the negative effects of his unfortunate high blood pressure condition, he was virtually unbeatable anyway. As far as I know, people who knew Capablanca both respected him as a chess player and liked him because of his personal charm as well. His disagreement with Alekhine related to a possible rematch was unfortunate, but all high level achievers, not just chessplayers, tend to have an ego that sometimes interferes with reaching a practical, mutual consensus.
Feb-20-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <paulalbert> For the most part, you are correct. I admit I am biased against undisciplined people, particularly when they are gifted. Perhaps I came on too strongly

*****

Feb-20-17  todicav23: I think the story of Capablanca being lazy is just a myth. You can't become one of the greatest players ever without working hard. Maybe he didn't read many chess books but I'm sure he worked hard to improve his play.

Chess, like other games, is based on pattern recognition. You can't be born with those patterns. Capablanca was born with the "ingredients" needed to assimilate chess patterns easier than most of the people. That's what people call talent.

Mar-01-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Using archive.org reveals that way back in the mists of time, 2002, <cg.com> had a paltry 475 Capa games in the DB. June 2011 saw 755; July 2014, 816; October 2015, 977; March 2017, 1,112. The Games of Jose Raul Capablanca (1994, 2nd ed.) by Rogelio Caparros with 1200+ is within sight.
Apr-12-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  visayanbraindoctor: One reason why there aren't so many of Capablanca's games as other players is that he scarcely played in classical tournaments. It's quite a shame, really. I think it had something to do with

1. His peak coincided with WW1.

2. He had a secure job as a Cuban diplomat, and in a real sense did not need to play chess professionally. Many people say that Euwe was essentially an 'amateur' player, but Capablanca IMO was more so.

Here are a list of Capa's tournaments at his peak.

New York Masters (1915)

Rice Memorial (1916)

New York (1918)

Hastings (1919)

Capablanca - Kostic (1919)

Lasker - Capablanca World Championship Match (1921)

London (1922)

In the 1924 New York tournament, he was exhibiting vague flu like symptoms, as far as I can glean. I don't know if anyone took his blood pressure, but he could have well have been hypertensive at that time already. In New York 1924, he was already prone to the occasional losing blunder, as he was in tournaments after this. So I would thus consider 1915 to 1922 as his high plateau.

Note that he played in only seven events (five round robin tournaments and two matches). He did not play at all in 1917 and 1920.

Sometimes I wish the Cuban government did not give him a job. It would have forced him to turn fully professional and Capa probably would have given us quadruple the number of games he played at his peak.

Apr-19-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <"I played many serious games in the Manhattan Chess Club...As one by one I mowed them down without the loss of a single game my superiority became apparent.">

--Capapapablanca.

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