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Philadelphia
  
Number of games in database: 9
Years covered: 1847 to 1886
Overall record: +6 -0 =3 (83.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.


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PHILADELPHIA
(born Oct-27-1682, 334 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Previously established as a Swedish colony and English settlement near the valley of the Delaware indian tribe, Philadelphia, or the "city of brotherly love" was founded by William Penn on the date above, incorporated October 25th, 1701, home to notable chess-players such as Ben Franklin, and served as both a temporary national capitol and location to sign the Declaration of Independence (1776) and United States' Constitution (1787).

The city is home to Penn U (they won the 1977 PanAm Intercollegiate(1, 9) trophy) and many sporting teams, including Inventors' chess(2), 76'ers basketball(3), Phillies baseball(4), Flyers hockey(5), and Eagles' football(6) clubs but their Franklin chess club was founded in October of 1885. Among them were Dionisio M Martinez (one of the presidents (7)), Harry Nelson Pillsbury (columnist for the Inquirer in 1904), Mordecai Morgan and Walter Penn Shipley (a noted organizer).

Soon after their founding, the new year passed and the Manhattan club visited Philadelphia to watch Steinitz and Zukertort play on one of the chessboards belonging to Paul Morphy. The notes to Blackburne vs J M Hanham, 1889 indicate that the set may have later been used in New York City, and there was also talk that Bobby Fischer might have the opportunity to play his candidates matches with the similar set.

A number of major chess tournaments occur in Philly, including a win by James Mason in the Philadelphia (1876) event, the Showalter - Kemeny (1896) match, a number of World open tournaments and of course the Lasker - Steinitz World Championship (1894) was played in part at the city.

The North American, Times (for both was Gustavus Charles Reichhelm as columnist), Public Ledger (previously writing for the North American, Emil Kemeny was columnist for this paper), Daily Evening Bulletin and Inquirer newspapers had all previously (or currently) featured chess stories or columns in the past (8).

References: (1) Wikipedia article: Pan American Intercollegiate Team Chess Championship , (2) http://uschessleague.com/philadelph... , (3) http://www.nba.com/sixers/ , (4) http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.co... , (5) http://flyers.nhl.com , (6) http://www.philadelphiaeagles.com/ , (7) http://www.edochess.ca/batgirl/Fran... , (8) http://www.chessarch.com/excavation... , (9) http://www.dolphin.upenn.edu/chess/ , (10) http://www.clubs.psu.edu/up/chesste..., , (11) Wikipedia article: Philadelphia.


 page 1 of 1; 9 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Philadelphia vs Boston 1-0361847CorrC39 King's Gambit Accepted
2. Boston vs Philadelphia ½-½211847CorrC45 Scotch Game
3. Philadelphia vs New York 1-0321856CorrC44 King's Pawn Game
4. New York vs Philadelphia 0-1411856CorrB40 Sicilian
5. Philadelphia vs New York 1-0391858corrC53 Giuoco Piano
6. New York vs Philadelphia ½-½571858corrD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
7. New York vs Philadelphia 0-1391863CorrC77 Ruy Lopez
8. New York vs Philadelphia 0-1261886corres ARGC25 Vienna
9. Philadelphia vs New York ½-½601886corrC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Philadelphia wins | Philadelphia loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Nov-08-04  DanielBryant: So how bout them Eagles?
May-02-09  Dredge Rivers: Actually, Hanks was way better in Forrest Gump!
Mar-20-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Brooklyn Daily Eagle, December 30, 1874:

<Chess.
The Philadelphia Club. - The Forest and Stream in a notice of this club says: "The club now numbers ninety members, and is increasing from five to ten every week. A handsome suite of rooms has been taken on West Penn square, opposite the new public buildings. These rooms are located in the second story, and command a fine view. They are splendidly furnished, the expense for furnishing alone amounting to nearly $1,000. The president, Mr. Joseph M. Bennett (one of the wealthiest men in Philadelphia, worth $3,000,000), has donated a billiard table, which will occupy a room by itself. Some of our foremost citizens have joined, and the club is a splendid success. The officers are as follows: Joseph M. Bennett, President; George C. Halmbold, Emerson Bennett, Jacob Elson, James G. Whitehead, and James Roberts, Vice Presidents; G. Reichhelm, Recording Secretary; B. M. Neill, Corresponding Secretary, and W. H. Sayen, Treasurer.">

Of these, we recognize Gustavus Charles Reichhelm, Jacob Elson, Benjamin Milnes Neill, and William Henry Sayen who was the main editor of the tournament book of Philadelphia (1876). And probably also James Roberts? The piece continues:

<The three great chess clubs of the world now are the St. George's Club, of London; the Vienna Chess Club, of which the Baron Rothschild is the President, and the new Philadelphia Chess Club, now the leading organization of America.>

In the Philadelphia (1876) tournament were also playing Harry Davidson, Albert Roberts (related to James Roberts?) and L D Barbour, all from Philadelphia. And by that time, probably also Dionisio M Martinez had entered the city.

Mar-21-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Martinez had not only entered the city, he also played in Philadelphia (1876) the first four rounds before he had to leave for Cuba due to illness in his family. In 1885 (or 1880?) he was elected as president of the new Franklin Chess Club.

Brooklyn Daily Eagle, February 12, 1880:

<A New Chess Club. Philadelphia has a new chess club, which was organized last Saturday night. They wanted one badly, as their city chess rooms at the Atheneum, Union League, Mercantile Library, Commercial, etc. were only chess lounging places, where nothing of special interest transpired beyond the meeting of "old boys" to play a quiet game or two, like a certain club in this city. That live paper, the Philadelphia Times, of Sunday, in referring to the revival of chess in that city, says:

"In consequence of this chess revival, plans have been matured during the past week for the organization of a new chess club, so that the chess talent of this city may be focalized in one representative institution. Last evening, a large and euthusiastic meeting of chess players was held for the purpose, indicated in the parlors of the Edwards House, northwest corner of Franklin and Race streets. Messrs. Martinez, Davidson, Elson, J. Roberts, Reichhelm, Neill, Puente, Barbour, Knox, Ringwalt, Abrahamson, Priester and many other chess notabilities were present. Mr. L. D. Barbour called the meeting to order and stated that the credit of carrying out this project is chiefly due to the energy and enterprise of the celebrated chess master, D. M. Martinez. Mr. Barbour then dropped into poetry, after which, relapsing into prose, he dwelt at some length on the value of time in chess. Mr. George W. Knox, the well known chess expert, was then called to the chair. After much animated discussion the dues were fixed at $5 a year, payable in quarterly installments, in advance, together with an entrance fee of $2. Messrs. Martinez, Barbour, and Professor Abrahamson were appointed a committee, with all the necessary powers for selecting rooms, soliciting membership, etc. A large number have already signed their adhesion to the club.>

Transcribed as best I could. The only new name (compared to previous post) in cg database so far is Priester.

Oct-27-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Uh, Happy 332nd birthday to Philadelphia! This city's got some nice sport teams (namely Flyers and Phillies). :)
Oct-27-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: The city where all the brothers love one another.
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