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Johannes Esser
Number of games in database: 110
Years covered: 1896 to 1917
Overall record: +41 -52 =16 (45.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      1 exhibition game, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (19) 
    C68 C77 C79 C60 C88
 Tarrasch Defense (7) 
    D33 D32
 Ruy Lopez Exchange (5) 
    C68 C69
 Queen's Pawn Game (5) 
    D00 D02
 Orthodox Defense (4) 
    D63 D54 D55 D51
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (23) 
    C14 C00 C01 C11 C13
 Ruy Lopez (14) 
    C67 C65 C78 C68 C84
 French (9) 
    C00 C11 C13
 Classical French (9) 
Repertoire Explorer
NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Scheveningen (1905)

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(born Oct-13-1877, died Aug-09-1946, 68 years old) Netherlands (citizen of United States of America)

[what is this?]
He was Dutch champion in 1913.

Wikipedia article: Jan F. Esser

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 110  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Loman vs J Esser  1-032 1896 Simultaneous blindfold exhibitionC11 French
2. Marshall vs J Esser 1-026 1899 LondonC56 Two Knights
3. G Marco vs J Esser  ½-½23 1899 LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
4. J Esser vs G V R Exner  0-156 1901 HaarlemC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
5. D Bleijkmans vs J Esser  0-163 1901 HaarlemD05 Queen's Pawn Game
6. J Esser vs J W te Kolste  ½-½45 1901 HaarlemC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
7. J Esser vs Olland  0-132 1901 UtrechtD08 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit
8. J Esser vs W Meiners  1-048 1901 HaarlemD00 Queen's Pawn Game
9. A van Foreest vs J Esser  ½-½40 1901 HaarlemC11 French
10. Olland vs J Esser  1-038 1901 HaarlemC67 Ruy Lopez
11. J Esser vs N Mannheimer  ½-½57 1901 HaarlemC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
12. B Leussen vs J Esser 1-020 1901 HaarlemC67 Ruy Lopez
13. Loman vs J Esser  1-033 1901 HaarlemC30 King's Gambit Declined
14. B Leussen vs J Esser 1-015 1901 UtrechtC26 Vienna
15. Leonhardt vs J Esser  1-045 1903 HilversumD66 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
16. Olland vs J Esser  1-032 1903 MatchC14 French, Classical
17. Olland vs J Esser  1-055 1903 MatchC30 King's Gambit Declined
18. J F Heemskerk vs J Esser 1-059 1903 HilversumC67 Ruy Lopez
19. J W te Kolste vs J Esser  0-151 1903 HilversumC67 Ruy Lopez
20. J Esser vs B Leussen  0-146 1903 HilversumD54 Queen's Gambit Declined, Anti-Neo-Orthodox Variation
21. Olland vs J Esser  1-040 1903 MatchC67 Ruy Lopez
22. J Esser vs W Meiners  1-034 1903 HilversumC77 Ruy Lopez
23. J Esser vs F Brown 1-077 1903 HilversumC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
24. Olland vs J Esser  ½-½45 1903 LSG - UtrechtC78 Ruy Lopez
25. J De Soyres vs J Esser 1-030 1903 HilversumC53 Giuoco Piano
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 110  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Esser wins | Esser loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jun-29-04  nikolaas: Johannes Fredericus Samuel Esser.

Born in 1877 in Leiden. In 1903 he did his exams for doctor and succeeded. In 1910, he defeated Janowsky in a match. Three years later, he became Champion of the Netherlands by defeating Loman. He was a very excentric man. He even wanted a independant country for a certain kind of surgery. What's even more amazing: he nearly did it. He had chosen a little island in Grece, but he asked too much; he even wanted his own kind of stamps etc. Something like Ilyumzjinov with his chess-country.

He moved to America in 1940 and died in Chicago in 1946.

Oct-13-06  BIDMONFA: Johannes Esser

ESSER, Johannes

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: From Hans Ree's "An Unbridled Life", June 2002:

An excerpt:

<Jan Esser (1877-1946) was Dutch chess champion, chess columnist, president of the Dutch chess federation for a short time and founder of several chess clubs. He was an enthusiastic match player and once beat Janowski 2-1. But his most remarkable achievements were not in chess. He was a man who wanted to be the best in every field he touched and to a large extent he succeeded in this. Still, his most ambitious scheme became a failure and he died in poverty and isolation, his pioneering efforts forgotten and neglected.

While still living in the Netherlands as a general medical practitioner, his house became a meeting place of artists and intellectuals and his friendship with several of the greatest Dutch artists was to be the foundation of his career as one of the greatest private art collectors that the Netherlands has ever known. Just one example, given in Neelissen's book: at a time that Piet Mondriaan, who was to become the most famous Dutch artist of the 20th century, was still virtually unknown, Esser already possessed 70 of his works. Many Dutch museums possess works donated by Esser, some of them are the crown jewels of their collection.

Esser was also a shrewd financial speculator, who bought and sold castles, palaces, theatres and grand hotels as easily as if they were toy buildings from Legoland. He was a farmer, horse-breeder, builder, hotel manager, operator of a vaudeville house, but all these were only side-activities to his practical and theoretical work as a pioneer of plastic surgery.

This by the way was a term that Esser abhorred, because it suggested trivial cosmetic operations for the idle rich. From time to time he did not feel above making some easy money that way, but his real work was quite different: he gave new faces and a bearable life to the victims of battles or of terrible accidents whose faces had exploded.

The beginning of his spectacular career as a "structive surgeon" - the term invented by Esser - was in World War I. At first he had offered his services to the French and British governments, who were not interested, and so in 1915 he went to the other side, the German and Austrian empires. With him he took four Dutch nurses, recruited from the staff of a rival Dutch surgeon who was not at all pleased. Accommodating the wishes of others was never to be a consideration in Esser's grand schemes.

From Brünn (nowadays the Czech Brno) where he arrived in 1915, he moved to Vienna, then to Budapest and finally to Berlin, where he became quite famous. A Dutch newspaper reported in 1918 that the Emperor's sister in law, the Duchess of Sleeswijk-Holstein-Coburg, took part in his operations as an assistant and that the Empress visited his clinic and conversed with his patients.

Esser performed thousands of operations and developed many new techniques, which he was to describe later in books and scientific articles. As Neelissen writes, some of these techniques were to be reinvented about fifty years later by American surgeons who had no idea that Esser had ever existed.>

Apr-25-09  Dredge Rivers: Esser, no sir!
Jul-31-09  myschkin: . . .

Photo (1904):

Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Esser won the "unofficial" Dutch championship tournament at Haarlem in 1908. He also edited the chess column in the "Algemeen Handelsblad".
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is a description of Esser's book "Biological or Artery Flaps of the Face":

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: Regarding the short match against Janowski:

Paris, end of May to beginning of June, +2 -1 in Dr. Esser's favor. Dr. Esser ground down Janowski in the Ruy Lopez with 4.Bxc6 thereby giving Janowski no chance to play in his usual combinative style as he was forced into an unfavourable endgame.

From page 252 of the 1910 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: Dr. Esser beat Eugene Ernest Colman in a match in Amsterdam with +5 =3 -2 around 1911.

From page 59 of the 1911 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: He gave a simul in Venezuela on Mar/10/1904:

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