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Johannes Esser
Number of games in database: 119
Years covered: 1896 to 1917
Overall record: +44 -57 =17 (44.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      1 exhibition game, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (20) 
    C68 C77 C79 C60 C88
 Tarrasch Defense (8) 
    D33 D32
 Ruy Lopez Exchange (5) 
    C68 C69
 Queen's Pawn Game (5) 
    D00 D02
 Orthodox Defense (4) 
    D63 D54 D55 D51
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (25) 
    C14 C01 C00 C11 C13
 Ruy Lopez (15) 
    C67 C65 C78 C68 C84
 French (10) 
    C00 C11 C13
 Classical French (9) 
    C14
 Slav (4) 
    D10
Repertoire Explorer
NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Scheveningen (1905)

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JOHANNES ESSER
(born Oct-13-1877, died Aug-09-1946, 68 years old) Netherlands (citizen of United States of America)

[what is this?]
He was Dutch champion in 1913.

Wikipedia article: Jan F. Esser


 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 119  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Loman vs J Esser  1-032 1896 Simultaneous blindfold exhibitionC11 French
2. H Strick van Linschoten vs J Esser  1-033 1898 Morphy 5th anniversaryC11 French
3. Marshall vs J Esser 1-026 1899 LondonC56 Two Knights
4. G Marco vs J Esser  ½-½23 1899 LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
5. Loman vs J Esser  1-033 1901 HaarlemC30 King's Gambit Declined
6. B Leussen vs J Esser 1-015 1901 UtrechtC26 Vienna
7. J Esser vs G V R Exner  0-156 1901 HaarlemC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
8. D Bleijkmans vs J Esser  0-163 1901 HaarlemD05 Queen's Pawn Game
9. J Esser vs J W te Kolste  ½-½45 1901 HaarlemC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
10. J Esser vs Olland  0-132 1901 UtrechtD08 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit
11. J Esser vs W Meiners  1-048 1901 HaarlemD00 Queen's Pawn Game
12. A van Foreest vs J Esser  ½-½40 1901 HaarlemC11 French
13. Olland vs J Esser  1-038 1901 HaarlemC67 Ruy Lopez
14. J Esser vs N Mannheimer  ½-½57 1901 HaarlemC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
15. B Leussen vs J Esser 1-020 1901 HaarlemC67 Ruy Lopez
16. J Esser vs W Schwan 1-036 1903 HilversumC77 Ruy Lopez
17. Olland vs J Esser  1-035 1903 MatchC14 French, Classical
18. J Esser vs A Speijer  ½-½48 1903 HilversumC77 Ruy Lopez
19. J Esser vs Duras  ½-½44 1903 HilversumD00 Queen's Pawn Game
20. Leonhardt vs J Esser  1-045 1903 HilversumD66 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
21. Olland vs J Esser  1-032 1903 MatchC14 French, Classical
22. Olland vs J Esser  1-055 1903 MatchC30 King's Gambit Declined
23. J F Heemskerk vs J Esser 1-059 1903 HilversumC67 Ruy Lopez
24. J W te Kolste vs J Esser  0-151 1903 HilversumC67 Ruy Lopez
25. J Esser vs B Leussen  0-146 1903 HilversumD54 Queen's Gambit Declined, Anti-Neo-Orthodox Variation
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 119  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Esser wins | Esser loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jun-29-04  nikolaas: Johannes Fredericus Samuel Esser.

Born in 1877 in Leiden. In 1903 he did his exams for doctor and succeeded. In 1910, he defeated Janowsky in a match. Three years later, he became Champion of the Netherlands by defeating Loman. He was a very excentric man. He even wanted a independant country for a certain kind of surgery. What's even more amazing: he nearly did it. He had chosen a little island in Grece, but he asked too much; he even wanted his own kind of stamps etc. Something like Ilyumzjinov with his chess-country.

He moved to America in 1940 and died in Chicago in 1946.

Oct-13-06  BIDMONFA: Johannes Esser

ESSER, Johannes
http://www.bidmonfa.com/esser_johan...
_

Oct-22-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: From Hans Ree's "An Unbridled Life", June 2002: http://www.chesscafe.com/text/hans7...

An excerpt:

<Jan Esser (1877-1946) was Dutch chess champion, chess columnist, president of the Dutch chess federation for a short time and founder of several chess clubs. He was an enthusiastic match player and once beat Janowski 2-1. But his most remarkable achievements were not in chess. He was a man who wanted to be the best in every field he touched and to a large extent he succeeded in this. Still, his most ambitious scheme became a failure and he died in poverty and isolation, his pioneering efforts forgotten and neglected.

While still living in the Netherlands as a general medical practitioner, his house became a meeting place of artists and intellectuals and his friendship with several of the greatest Dutch artists was to be the foundation of his career as one of the greatest private art collectors that the Netherlands has ever known. Just one example, given in Neelissen's book: at a time that Piet Mondriaan, who was to become the most famous Dutch artist of the 20th century, was still virtually unknown, Esser already possessed 70 of his works. Many Dutch museums possess works donated by Esser, some of them are the crown jewels of their collection.

Esser was also a shrewd financial speculator, who bought and sold castles, palaces, theatres and grand hotels as easily as if they were toy buildings from Legoland. He was a farmer, horse-breeder, builder, hotel manager, operator of a vaudeville house, but all these were only side-activities to his practical and theoretical work as a pioneer of plastic surgery.

This by the way was a term that Esser abhorred, because it suggested trivial cosmetic operations for the idle rich. From time to time he did not feel above making some easy money that way, but his real work was quite different: he gave new faces and a bearable life to the victims of battles or of terrible accidents whose faces had exploded.

The beginning of his spectacular career as a "structive surgeon" - the term invented by Esser - was in World War I. At first he had offered his services to the French and British governments, who were not interested, and so in 1915 he went to the other side, the German and Austrian empires. With him he took four Dutch nurses, recruited from the staff of a rival Dutch surgeon who was not at all pleased. Accommodating the wishes of others was never to be a consideration in Esser's grand schemes.

From Brünn (nowadays the Czech Brno) where he arrived in 1915, he moved to Vienna, then to Budapest and finally to Berlin, where he became quite famous. A Dutch newspaper reported in 1918 that the Emperor's sister in law, the Duchess of Sleeswijk-Holstein-Coburg, took part in his operations as an assistant and that the Empress visited his clinic and conversed with his patients.

Esser performed thousands of operations and developed many new techniques, which he was to describe later in books and scientific articles. As Neelissen writes, some of these techniques were to be reinvented about fifty years later by American surgeons who had no idea that Esser had ever existed.>

Apr-25-09  Dredge Rivers: Esser, no sir!
Jul-31-09  myschkin: . . .

Photo (1904): http://www.schaakclubutrecht.nl/his...

Jul-29-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Esser won the "unofficial" Dutch championship tournament at Haarlem in 1908. He also edited the chess column in the "Algemeen Handelsblad".
Feb-20-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is a description of Esser's book "Biological or Artery Flaps of the Face":

http://www.klinebooks.com/cgi-bin/k...

Aug-23-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: Regarding the short match against Janowski:

Paris, end of May to beginning of June, +2 -1 in Dr. Esser's favor. Dr. Esser ground down Janowski in the Ruy Lopez with 4.Bxc6 thereby giving Janowski no chance to play in his usual combinative style as he was forced into an unfavourable endgame.

From page 252 of the 1910 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Aug-25-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: Dr. Esser beat Eugene Ernest Colman in a match in Amsterdam with +5 =3 -2 around 1911.

From page 59 of the 1911 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Oct-15-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: He gave a simul in Venezuela on Mar/10/1904:

http://kranten.kb.nl/view/article/i...

Feb-16-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <GrahamClayton: Here is a description of Esser's book "Biological or Artery Flaps of the Face">

I've actually read <Biological or Artery Flaps of the Face> and it is a wonderful, hilarious, heart-warming book. Tears mixed with laughter! Highly recommended.

Feb-16-15  zanzibar: Oh, my word. The link <Graham> shows two books, priced for sale at $15k and $27k apiece.

A might bit spendy.

Feb-16-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <zanzibar: Oh, my word. The link <Graham> shows two books, priced for sale at $15k and $27k apiece. A might bit spendy>

My edition cost me €124,966 and it was worth every cent! Highly recommended!

Feb-16-15  zanzibar: I'm glad you feel that way (especially considering the price).

It's steep, but still far below qualifying for this list:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_o...

Feb-16-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: It is also on Kindle for $0.01.
Feb-16-15  zanzibar: An extensive review, of a 2003 expanded edition, en français:

<Esser, Johannes Fredericus Samuel:

Artery flaps. Introd. by J. C. van der Meulen,

B. Haeseker. Amsterdam, Erasmus Publ., 2003. XXXV, 164 p. Ill. I 85.–. ISBN 90-5235-160-0.

Rééditer le texte de la chirurgie «structive» d’Esser, voilà une excellente initiative. Soutenu par les éditions Erasmus de Rotterdam et sous la direction de J. C. van der Meulen, Johannes Fredericus Samuel Esser (1877–1946) retrouve sa place dans l’histoire de la chirurgie plastique. Souvent mis de côté, voire occulté par Harold Delf Gillies (1882–1960), un autre grand plasticien du début du XXe siècle, Esser a aussi droit à autant de reconnaissance, ce qui est accompli avec cette publication.

L’ouvrage est partagé en deux parties: une première rassemblant une introduction, deux biographies partielles et une reproduction de la plupart des comptes-rendus parus lors de l’édition originale. La deuxième partie présente une reproduction complète de Biological or artery flaps of the face publié en 1932. La première notice biographique nous conduit dans des détails assez personnels de la vie d’Esser, tandis que, dans la deuxième notice biographique, écrite par son biographe Barend Haeseker, un autre plasticien hollandais, nous découvrons beaucoup plus de faits concernant sa vie professionnelle. Pour l’historien, il aurait été souhaitable que ces deux biographies soient complétées par des références, permettant à celui qui veut en savoir plus de compléter ses connaissances. La fin de la première partie est occupée par de nombreux comptes-rendus qui mettent véritablement en exergue l’importance du travail d’Esser. Il ne fut pas seulement celui qui décrivit des lambeaux vascularisés de la face et les lambeaux de rotation mais aussi celui qui développa la technique de couverture des greffons libres de peau d’un pansement humide pour améliorer l’intégration de la greffe avec les tissus avoisinants. La deuxième partie reproduit,in extenso, le texte original de l’ouvrage d’Esser. Elle est précédée par une reproduction de l’introduction d’une édition ultérieure et non datée.Par ailleurs, l’édition reproduite est mentionnée comme deuxième impression. Cela est quelque peu confus. Quelques lignes auraient suffi pour clarifier la situation. La première édition date de 1929 et comporte 407 illustrations.

La deuxième impression, livrée dans cet 316
ouvrage, date de 1932 et comporte 408 illustrations et quelques petites modifications. L’édition ultérieure,dont l’introduction figure aussi,comporte 420 illustrations et date certainement de 1935. La qualité de reproduction des nombreuses images est excellente et le prix de 85 euros est tout à fait correct pour un tel ouvrage. Malgré ces quelques petites imperfections, il devrait prendre place dans toutes les bibliothèques de chirurgie plastique, non seulement pour rappeler l’importance d’Esser mais aussi pour démontrer l’excellence de son travail.

Albert Mudry, Lausanne>

http://www.gesnerus.ch/fileadmin/me...

I wonder how many illustrations are in your edition, my dear <offramp>?

I could xpand a bit more, but will end with a note for biographers...

Our chess player's full name appears to be

<Johannes Fredericus Samuel Esser>

Feb-16-15  zanzibar: Here is a picture of Esser, he's seated, on the far left.

http://www.endgame.nl/L1909.jpg

http://www.endgame.nl/dchamps.htm

Feb-17-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <zanzibar: Here is a picture of Esser, he's seated, on the far left. http://www.endgame.nl/L1909.jpg ...>

He is staring at Christiaan Messemaker 's faceplaps.

Feb-17-15  zanzibar: <Jan Esser arts, collector and chess

[...]

Esser as Chess [blame google translate]

Why chess will think most of the readers. Jan Esser is so called by Hans Ree (in the book Brilliant Chess) not wrongly "the forgotten champion". After all, he's been even 2x Dutch Champion.

In 1908, John Esser won ex aequo with M.F.S. Pape first prize in the main group of the Federal Contests in Haarlem. This tournament was in those days, when there was no formal championship, considered the unofficial Dutch championship. And official Dutch champion he was in 1913 by Rudolf Loman, the champion of 1912 in a match on up to six parties to defeat from 3.5 to 0.5. Esser also played a lot short matches. As he knew, for instance in 1910 with Yanowsky beat 2-1. (The same Yanowsky that in those years a match against Lasker was able to play the same.) But a world topper Esser was certainly not. In London in 1899 he scored example, only 4 out of 11, well behind real top as Marshall, Marco and Mieses.

But also as a chess organizer Esser was very active. Already in 1893 he founded in Leiden together with some classmates at the chess Morphy. From 1898 to 1915 he was on the editorial board of the Journal, organ of the Dutch Chess Federation. He was a few months in 1908/1909 President of the Dutch Chess Federation. And in 1910 he founded the Amsterdam Chess Club Parkwijk on. From 1909 to 1913 he finally also kept the Saturday chess section of the Algemeen Handelsblad.>

http://www.euwe.nl/Singer-Laren.htm

It also includes a photograph of him as a young man. Here's a picture of him much older:

http://link.springer.com/static-con...

According to this site:

http://www.europeana1914-1918.eu/fr...

<The Allies did not use his services because he did not have the right papers. >

Which differs slightly with the other story that the Allies ~ "weren't interested", as told above.

Here's a photograph of what I assume is a sample of before/after his work (warning - graphic):

https://europeana1914-1918.s3.amazo...

I also recall reading that he may of been the coiner of the medical term Stent, after its eponymous inventer, Charles Stent, a dentist:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charle...

It's clear that Esser extensively utilized stents in his reconstructive surgeries - or so I believe.

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